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Ciência & Saúde Coletiva

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30726399/-strategies-for-improving-care-in-childbirth-in-brazil
#1
LETTER
Gabriela Moreno Marques, Daniela Dagostini Marin, Diego Zapelini Nascimento, Betine Moehlecke Iser
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2019: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30726398/-the-evolution-of-the-profile-of-psychiatric-admissions-via-the-unified-health-system-in-minas-gerais-brazil-2001-2013
#2
Ana Paula Martins Lara, Fernando Madalena Volpe
The scope of this article is to analyze the evolution of the profile of psychiatric admissions via the Unified Health System in psychiatric hospitals of the State of Minas Gerais, Brazil, between 2001 and 2013. Data were obtained from the Information Technology Department of the Unified Health System. The analyses of trends were conducted by regression procedures, in which the independent variable was the year, and the dependent variables were the patients (sex, age, diagnosis) and admission characteristics (city, hospital administrative status, length of internment)...
February 2019: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30726397/dental-care-utilization-among-children-in-brazil-an-exploratory-study-based-on-data-from-national-household-surveys
#3
Jéssica Copetti Barasuol, Leila Posenato Garcia, Rafaella Coelho Freitas, Debora Martini Dalpian, José Vitor Nogara Borges Menezes, Bianca Zimmermann Santos
Wide availability of access to dental services can be considered a predictor of better oral health outcomes in a population. This article aims to compare data from the Brazilian National Household Sample Surveys (PNAD) on dental services utilization among children aged 4 to 12 years. This cross-sectional study was carried out using data from the 1998, 2003, and 2008 National Household Sample Surveys, involving a total of 61.438, 64.659 and 59.561 children, respectively. Ninety-nine percent confidence intervals were considered for the prevalence of each outcome of interest...
February 2019: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30726396/stressful-events-spirituality-and-alcohol-consumption-in-participants-of-the-12-step-aa-program
#4
Linda Azucena Rodríguez Puente, Margaritta Antonia Villar Luis, María Magdalena Alonso Castillo, Luz Patricia Diaz Heredia, Javier Álvarez Bermúdez, Nora Angélica Armendáriz García, Raúl Adrán Castillo Vargas
This work sought to determine the association between stressful events, spirituality, program participation and alcohol consumption in participants of the AA 12-step program. The study used a descriptive correlation and predictive method. The population was comprised by members from AA, Mexico. A simple random sampling by clusters was performed, the sample consisted of 72 AA participants with 95% CI. The Spiritual Perspective Scale and the Social Readjustment Rating Scale were used. Stressful events are negatively and significantly related to alcohol consumption (rs = -0...
February 2019: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30726395/intentional-homicide-drug-trafficking-and-social-indicators-in-salvador-bahia-brazil
#5
Daniel Deivson Alves Portella, Edna Maria de Araújo, Nelson Fernandes de Oliveira, Joselisa Maria Chaves, Washington de Jesus Santa'anna da Franca Rocha, Dayse Dantas Oliveira
To study the association between intentional homicide, drug trafficking and social indicators in Salvador, Bahia, Brazil in 2010. This is an ecological study, based on cases of intentional homicides and drug trafficking registered by the Civil Police of Bahia, as well as social indicators. A negative binomial regression model, utilizing R software (version 2.13.0), was used to verify the association between the homicide rate, drug trafficking and the proportion of black males aged 15 - 49. There were 1391 homicides in 2010, giving a rate of 108...
February 2019: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30726394/bolsa-fam%C3%A3-lia-programme-and-the-reduction-of-child-mortality-in-the-municipalities-of-the-brazilian-semiarid-region
#6
Everlane Suane de Araújo da Silva, Neir Antunes Paes
In 2003, the Brazilian federal government launched the Bolsa Família Programme (Programa Bolsa Família - PBF), a widespread conditional cash transfer to poor households when they comply with conditions related to health and education. A longitudinal ecological study using panel data from 1,133 municipalities of the Brazilian semiarid region was performed. The main goal was to assess the effect of the PBF on child mortality (CM) in the semiarid region of Brazil during the period of 2004-2010. Associations were estimated using a multivariate linear regression for the panel data with fixed effects...
February 2019: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30726393/social-vulnerability-and-breast-cancer-differentials-in-the-interval-between-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-women-with-different-sociodemographic-profiles
#7
Ana Lúcia Lobo Vianna Cabral, Luana Giatti, Claudina Casale, Mariângela Leal Cherchiglia
This study aimed to identify the sociodemographic profiles of women diagnosed as breast cancer in the city of Belo Horizonte and to investigate its association with interval between diagnosis and treatment. A cross-sectional study from hospital records of 715 patients undergoing treatment between 2010 and 2013. Cluster analysis was used to delineate the profiles from the variables: age, color of the skin, education and cost of treatment. The association between profiles and intervals was investigated using multinomial logistic regression...
February 2019: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30726392/jack-elinson-1917-2017-the-legacy-of-a-pioneer
#8
Everardo Duarte Nunes
This study analyzes the education and professional career of Jack Elinson (1917-2017), pioneer in the field of sociomedical sciences in introducing its teaching and research in a school of public health at Columbia University, where he worked for thirty years (1956-1986). Elinson is acknowledged for his contributions to social psychology, statistics and medical sociology, especially on health care indicators and their relationship with quality of life. In 1985 he received the Leo G. Reeder Award from the American Sociological Association for his studies in the field of medical sociology...
February 2019: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30726391/feminisms-and-men-in-the-brazilian-context-provocations-from-the-13th-awid-international-forum
#9
Benedito Medrado, Marcos Nascimento, Jorge Lyra
This paper shows some reflections based on the authors' participation in the AWID (Association for Women's Rights in Development) Forum, which took place in Brazil, in September 2016. These reflections provide key issues about principles and controversies in the work of research and activism on/with men and feminisms, based on the long path of work on masculinities and gender equality of these authors. From the field studies and political interventions on men and masculinities that take feminism as a theoretical and ethical-political framework, we discuss the production of masculinities in the feminist social transformation in contexts that are increasingly conservative and marked by male chauvinism and patriarchy...
February 2019: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30726390/-health-technologies-and-their-contributions-to-the-promotion-of-breastfeeding-an-integrative-review-of-the-literature
#10
Naélia Vidal de Negreiros da Silva, Cleide Maria Pontes, Nayara Francisca Cabral de Sousa, Maria Gorete Lucena de Vasconcelos
Technologies can be promoters of breastfeeding. The scope of this review is therefore to identify health technologies and their contribution to the promotion of breastfeeding. A search was conducted in the following databases: Lilacs, SCOPUS, Medline and CINAHL, using the key words "breastfeeding," "technology" and "health promotion." The final sample consisted of 24 original articles, among which 19 technologies were identified and classified in managerial, educational and healthcare groupings...
February 2019: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30726389/-medications-in-breastfeeding-what-evidence-is-there
#11
Michele Raminelli, Siomara Regina Hahn
Breastfeeding plays a fundamental role in the benefits for the health of the newborn child and the nursing mother. The use of medications during breastfeeding is a relevant issue, by virtue of the frequent need for pharmacological treatment in the postpartum period. The scope of this article was to conduct a review of the literature regarding the efficacy and safety of medications used during the breastfeeding period. A search was conducted in the PubMed (National Library of Medicine), ScienceDirect and Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde (BVS) databases for articles published in Portuguese, English and Spanish in the period from 1981 to 2016...
February 2019: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30726388/-the-prevalence-of-strategies-for-cessation-of-tobacco-use-in-primary-health-care-an-integrative-review
#12
Meire de Deus Vieira Santos, Stella Vieira Santos, Maria do Carmo Gullaci Guimarães Caccia-Bava
The habit of tobacco use/smoking, which is a major concern of Primary Health Care (PHC), is a serious public health problem and the main avoidable cause of death in the world. The relevance of actions, whose focus is to facilitate the cessation of this habit, motivates the discussion of studies that have different approaches to tackle this issue by seeking to train PHC professionals accordingly. A search was conducted in the Lilacs, MEDLINE and Web of Science databases for recent scientific publications (2010-2015)...
February 2019: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30726387/foster-care-time-and-characteristics-of-adolescents-under-foster-care-by-type-of-institutional-services-recife-brazil-2009-2013
#13
Raquel Moura Lins Acioli, Alice Kelly Barreira, Maria Luiza Carvalho de Lima, Simone Gonçalves de Assis, Maria Luiza Lopes Timóteo de Lima
This study aimed to analyze foster care time and characteristics of adolescents in the institutional foster care services in the city of Recife. This is a descriptive study with a quantitative approach. The study population consisted of all adolescents under foster care in the city of Recife-PE, in the period 2009-2013. The information was retrieved by consulting the Individual Assistance Plans (IAP), with 1,300 analyzed plans. Variables were categorized and described from absolute and relative frequency. Pearson's chi-square test was used to verify the association between variables, with a significance level of 0...
February 2019: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30726386/metabolic-risk-factors-clustering-among-adolescents-a-comparison-between-sex-age-and-socioeconomic-status
#14
Roseane de Fátima Guimarães, Michael Pereira da Silva, Oldemar Mazzardo, Rafael Vieira Martins, Priscila Iumi Watanabe, Wagner de Campos
The aim was to compare the metabolic risk factors (MRF) between sex, age and socioeconomic status in a sample of adolescents from Curitiba, Brazil. A cross-sectional school-based study was conducted on 997 adolescents (429 boys) aged 12-17 years old from public schools. Total Cholesterol (TC), LDL-c, HDL-c, Triglycerides, Glycemia, Blood Pressure, waist circumference and body mass index were measured. Sex, age and socioeconomic status information was obtained using a questionnaire. Descriptive analyses, Fisher Exact and Chi-Square Tests were used to establish the sample's characteristics and the MRF comparison between variables...
February 2019: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30726385/prevalence-of-sexual-violence-and-associated-factors-among-primary-school-students-brazil-2015
#15
Marconi de Jesus Santos, Márcio Dênis Medeiros Mascarenhas, Deborah Carvalho Malta, Cheila Marina Lima, Marta Maria Alves da Silva
The objective of this study was to describe and analyze factors associated with sexual violence (SV) among primary school students in Brazil. Data from the National School Health Survey (PeNSE in Portuguese) in 2015 was analyzed. The prevalence of total and disaggregated SV was calculated according to variables such as sociodemographic data, family context, mental health, risk behaviors, safety, and physical activity. The Odds Ratios of suffering SV were estimated according to variables that were statistically associated (p < 0...
February 2019: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30726384/non-ionizing-method-of-screening-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-in-schoolchildren
#16
Rozilene Maria Cota Aroeira, Jefferson Soares Leal, Antônio Eustáquio de Melo Pertence, Estevam Barbosa de Las Casas, Marcelo Greco
Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) affects 2% to 4% of young people in Brazil. Repeated exposures to radiation used in the monitoring of the deformity can be harmful to the health. This study aimed to present a photogrammetry protocol as a non-ionizing method to quantify scoliosis and relate it to the Cobb radiological method. Sixteen individuals with idiopathic scoliosis (age: 21.4 ± 6.1 years, body mass index: 19.8 ± 0.2 kg/m2) underwent standing posteroanterior X-ray examination of the trunk. Additionally, markers were placed on the spinal processes of the C7 to L5 vertebrae, and posterior trunk photographs were taken...
February 2019: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30726383/-peer-violence-school-environment-and-developmental-contexts-its-effects-on-well-being
#17
Stefania Carneiro de Alcantara, Mònica González-Carrasco, Carme Montserrat, Ferran Casas, Ferran Viñas-Poch, Desirée Pereira de Abreu
The scope of this study is to analyze the implications of peer violence in the school context, the school environment and the perceived developmental contexts on the subjective well-being of children and adolescents. The sample is comprised of 910 students in Years 6 and 7 of primary school in 27 urban and rural public and private schools in Ceará. It is a quantitative cross-sectional study and the following tools were used: scales measuring victimization and aggression among peers and the school environment; three indices on perceptions of developmental contexts (home, school, neighborhood); and three well-being scales (Students' Life Satisfaction Scale, Personal Well-being Index and Single item on Overall Life Satisfaction)...
February 2019: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30726382/-problems-associated-with-binge-drinking-among-students-in-brazil-s-state-capitals
#18
Karla Gomes, Tatiana de Castro Amato, André Bedendo, Elaine Lucas Dos Santos, Ana Regina Noto
The scope of this article is to describe and estimate the odds of problems among adolescents who reported binge drinking compared to those who reported alcohol consumption without binge drinking. The sample included 10,666 fourteen to eighteen-year-old public and private high school students in the 27 Brazilian state capitals who reported alcohol consumption at least once in the 12 months prior to the survey The odds of problems arising were estimated by ordinal logistic regression. Half of the students reported binge drinking and 33...
February 2019: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30726381/-systematic-review-of-studies-on-reports-of-violence-against-children-and-adolescents-in-brazil
#19
Davi Manzini Macedo, Laura Nichele Foschiera, Thays Carolyna Pires Mazzini Bordini, Luísa Fernanda Habigzang, Silvia Helena Koller
This systematic review investigates how violence against children and adolescents data have been accessed, analyzed and discussed in Health scientific literature in Brazil. A sample of 50 articles, based in violence cases registered in the period from 1990 to 2015, was selected throughout the bases SciELO, PePSIC, Lilacs, Web of Science e Scopus. The analysis of frequency distribution pointed out that the major document typology consulted was the violence notification to the Guardianship Council. Characteristics of victims and of the violence situation were the most frequently analyzed...
February 2019: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30726380/-process-of-accreditation-of-health-promoting-schools-worldwide-a-systematic-review
#20
Meirele Rodrigues Inácio da Silva, Alinne Paula de Almeida, Juliana Costa Machado, Luciana Saraiva da Silva, Juliana Aparecida Fialho Cardoso, Glauce Dias da Costa, Rosângela Minardi Mitre Cotta
The scope of this article is to analyze the accreditation criteria of the studies that evaluated actions of health promotion and risk factor prevention of Health Promoting Schools (HPS). A systematic review was conducted based on the recommendations proposed in the "Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (Prisma)" protocol of articles that assessed HPS in the following databases: SciELO, Lilacs, Medline, PubMed and Portal Capes. From the analysis of the three pillars for accreditation of HPS, three of the studies analyzed did not include all the criteria for certification as HPS on the "Planning Process" and "Health Promotion Activities Developed" pillars...
February 2019: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
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