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Journals International Journal of Circu...

International Journal of Circumpolar Health

https://read.qxmd.com/read/38807560/fruit-and-vegetable-intake-physical-activity-and-functional-fitness-among-older-adults-in-urban-alaska
#1
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Allexis Mahanna, Britteny M Howell, Amber K Worthington, Leslie C Redmond, Vanessa Y Hiratsuka
Older adults often face barriers to obtaining recommended diet, physical activity, and fitness levels. Understanding these patterns can inform effective interventions targeting health beliefs and behavior. This cross-sectional study included a multicultural sample of 58 older adults (aged 55+ years, M=71.98) living in independent senior housing in urban Southcentral Alaska. Participants completed a questionnaire and the Senior Fitness Test that assessed self-reported fruit and vegetable intake, physical activity, self-efficacy, and functional fitness...
December 2024: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38805610/-my-feelings-and-my-thoughts-are-my-lived-experience-not-the-numbers-they-show-me-on-a-piece-of-paper-indigenous-experiences-of-liver-transplantation-in-british-columbia-canada
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Chenoa Cassidy-Matthews, Margo Pearce, Trana Hussaini, Patricia Spittal, Nadine Caron, Cole Daley, Ruth Alfred, Eric M Yoshida
Indigenous Peoples in Canada face healthcare inequities impacting access to solid organ transplantation. The experiences of Indigenous patients during the liver transplant process, and how transplant professionals perceive challenges faced by Indigenous Peoples, has not been studied. Thirteen semi-structured qualitative interviews were conducted via telehealth with Indigenous liver transplant patients ( n  = 7) and transplant care providers ( n  = 6) across British Columbia, Canada between April 2021-May 2022...
December 2024: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38801151/hysteroscopy-needs-of-indigenous-communities-in-northern-quebec-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#3
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Andrew Zakhari, Dong Bach Nguyen, Jessica Papillon Smith, Fady W Mansour, Srinivasan Krishnamurthy
We aimed to determine the surgical output for patients from Nunavik undergoing transfer to an urban centre for hysteroscopy, and associated costs. We performed a retrospective chart review of all patients from the 14 villages of Nunavik transferred for hysteroscopic surgery from 2016 to 2021. Diagnoses, surgical intervention, and nature of the procedure were all extracted from the patient charts, and costs/length of stay obtained from logisticians and administrators servicing the Nunavik region. Over a 5-year period, 22 patients were transferred from Nunavik for hysteroscopy, of which all were elective save one...
December 2024: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38788126/subarachnoid-haemorrhage-and-intracranial-aneurysms-in-greenland-in-the-period-2018-2021-incidence-outcome-and-familial-disposition
#4
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Joo Roerholm Svendsen, Michael Lynge Pedersen, John Hauerberg, Ole Gredal
Subarachnoid haemorrhages (SAH) caused by rupture of intracranial aneurysms (IA) are a severe condition. Earlier studies found a higher incidence of SAH in Greenlandic patients compared to Danish patients, with familial aggregation also higher in Greenland. However, updated data is lacking. To investigate the contemporary incidence, outcome, and familial disposition of SAH/IA in Greenlandic patients in 2018-2021. Greenlandic patients diagnosed with ruptured or unruptured IA (UIA) during 2018-2021 were included...
December 2024: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38785137/traditional-food-security-and-food-sovereignty-in-the-coastal-region-of-south-central-alaska
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Joseph Nyholm, Amanda Walch, Leslie Redmond
A food assessment questionnaire was completed by Alutiiq and Eyak peoples of the Chugach Region of Alaska in 2016-2017. This questionnaire, conducted by the Chugach Regional Resource Commission, gathered 87 responses from adults residing in seven communities. The questions related to traditional food systems, food security, and food sovereignty and were organised into six sections: Community Food Resources, Diet and Health, Culture, Organisation and Governance, Food Resources, and Natural Resources and Environment...
December 2024: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38726478/stakeholders-perceptions-of-value-of-nature-based-interventions-in-promoting-health-in-people-with-stress-related-illness-a-qualitative-study
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Gunilla Johansson, Jeaneth Johansson, Åsa Engström, Päivi Juuso
Stress-related illness is a common and increasing cause for sick leave in Sweden. Spending time in nature reduces stress and promotes health and well-being. Accordingly, nature-based interventions (NBI) for people with stress-related illness have been developed and implemented in southern Scandinavia; however, such interventions are uncommon in the Circumpolar North. Previous studies have examined the effects and experiences of participating in NBI, but research about different stakeholders' perspectives on NBI is lacking...
December 2024: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38718274/living-well-with-diabetes-in-alaska
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Meera L Narayanan, Peter Holck, Ai-Ling Lin, Cynthia D Schraer
Many people with diabetes mellitus experience minimal or no complications. Our objective was to determine the proportion of Alaska Native people who experienced four major complications or mortality and to identify factors that may be associated with these outcomes. We used records in a diabetes registry and clinical and demographic variables in our analyses. We used logistic regression and Cox Proportional Hazards models to evaluate associations of these parameters with death and complications that occurred prior to 2013...
December 2024: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38704858/the-social-and-organisational-factors-shaping-acceptability-of-a-self-management-education-and-exercise-intervention-for-people-with-hip-or-knee-osteoarthritis-in-greenland
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Marie Tolver Nielsen, Maja Hykkelbjerg Nielsen, Sonja Sørensen, Morten Skovdal
This study aimed to explore the experiences and perspectives of people with osteoarthritis attending the "Osteoarthritis School" (OA School) in Nuuk, Greenland to generate insights and lessons that can inform the development of self-management education and exercise interventions for people with other lifestyle conditions in a Greenland context. We conducted a qualitative interpretive description (ID) study based on ten semi-structured interviews with people with hip or knee osteoarthritis. Interviews were audio-recorded, transcribed, and coded...
December 2024: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38691019/evidence-based-screening-clinical-care-and-health-education-recommendations-for-alaska-native-peoples-with-prediabetes-living-in-southcentral-alaska-findings-from-the-alaska-earth-follow-up-study
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Kathryn R Koller, Sarah H Nash, Julie A Beans, Gretchen M Day, Vanessa Y Hiratsuka, Ai-Ling Lin, Meera Narayanan, Christi A Patten, Sherry A Hammock, Barbara V Howard, Jason G Umans
Pre-diabetes (pre-DM) is a strong predictor of diabetes (DM) over time. This study investigated how much of the recent increase in pre-DM identified among Alaska Native (AN) peoples living in urban southcentral Alaska may be due to changes in diagnostic methods. We used clinical and demographic data collected at baseline between 2004 and 2006 and at follow-up collected between 2015 and 2017 from the urban southcentral Alaska Education and Research Towards Health (EARTH) cohort. We used descriptive statistics and logistic regression to explore differences in demographic and clinical variables among the identified pre-DM groups...
December 2024: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38669637/ijch-covid-19-in-the-arctic-special-issue
#10
EDITORIAL
Gwen Healey Akearok
The Circumpolar region, comprising the Arctic territories encircling the North Pole, is home to diverse Indigenous cultures facing unique socio-economic challenges. Indigenous communities such as the Inuit, Sámi, Athabaskan, Gwitchin, and Russian Arctic groups exhibit rich traditions and adaptive practices tied to their environments. Environmental diversity, from icy tundra to boreal forests, influences livelihoods and biodiversity, while significant socio-economic disparities persist, impacting access to healthcare, education, and economic opportunities...
December 2024: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38634711/nose-of-dog-eye-of-elk-and-wolf-s-liver-exploring-the-interconnectedness-of-indigenous-health-and-foraging-among-the-dukha-reindeer-herders-of-mongolia
#11
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jean Hatcherson
Recent studies show that Traditional Ecological Knowledge (TEK) of Indigenous Peoples' food systems and the transfer of that knowledge to their children are critical to physical and mental health, promote the transfer of language and culture, and further resilience. The aim of this exploratory, medical ecological study was to document TEK about foraging and plant use among the Dukha, a small, semi-nomadic reindeer herding community in Northern Mongolia. Field research was conducted at multiple remote camps in 2019 and 2023...
December 2024: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38626426/self-reported-exposure-to-dust-and-diesel-exhaust-respiratory-symptoms-and-use-of-respiratory-protective-equipment-among-arctic-miners
#12
JOURNAL ARTICLE
David Peyre-Costa, Albin Stjernbrandt, Jens Wahlström, Tiina Maria Ikäheimo, Anje Christina Höper
Arctic miners face significant risks from diesel exhaust and dust exposure, potentially leading to adverse respiratory health. Employers must limit harmful exposures, using personal protective equipment (PPE) as a last line of defense. This study explored the association between reported respiratory exposure and symptoms, and PPE training and usage. Data from the MineHealth study (2012-2014) included a total of 453 Arctic open pit miners in Norway, Sweden, and Finland. Participants answered questions on exposure to dust and diesel exhaust, respiratory symptoms, and PPE use, in addition to age, gender, BMI, smoking, and self-rated health...
December 2024: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38626421/programs-supporting-incarcerated-and-previously-incarcerated-indigenous-peoples-a-scoping-review-protocol
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Aisha Faruqui, Gabriel B Tjong, Helana Marie Boutros, Sterling Stutz, Angela Mashford-Pringle
The overincarceration of Indigenous peoples and its impacts on individual and community health is a growing concern across Canada and the United States. Federally run Healing Lodges in Canada are an example of support services for incarcerated and previously incarcerated Indigenous peoples to reintegrate into community and support their healing journey. However, there is a need to synthesise research which investigates these programmes. We report a protocol for a scoping review that is guided by the following research question: What is known about culturally informed programmes and services available to incarcerated and previously incarcerated Indigenous peoples in Canada and the US? This scoping review will follow guidelines published by the Joanna Briggs Institute and the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses extension for scoping reviews...
December 2024: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38615335/age-inclusive-arctic-outdoor-spaces-a-policy-review-in-four-nordic-countries
#14
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Anastasia Emelyanova, Bodil H Blix, Agneta Larsson, Steinunn A Olafsdottir, Arja Rautio
In the last decade, policy strategies were adopted in response to population ageing in the Nordic countries. Governmental actions have to be evaluated in terms of their efficacy. The objective of this article is to identify and review the policies related to age-inclusive outdoor spaces in the Arctic regions of Nordic countries. Our analysis focuses on central government white papers that address the older adults in Finland, Norway, Sweden, and Iceland. A review of such policy documents provides insights into the predominant understandings of older adults and healthy ageing...
December 2024: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38590216/a-cross-sectional-study-exploring-community-perspectives-on-the-impacts-of-covid-19-in-nunavut-and-recommendations-for-a-holistic-inuit-qaujimajatuqangit-approach-to-emergency-response
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Zoha Rana, Meagan Leach, Gwen K Healey Akearok, Jaylene Ukpatiku, Nmesoma Umenwofor-Nweze
The goal of this study was to examine and address critical knowledge gaps and develop an understanding of both the positive and negative societal outcomes resulting from the public health measures associated with the COVID-19 pandemic in Nunavut and the interventions being undertaken to promote positive well-being. Data collection for this study included narrative, in-person interviews in Iqaluit, Rankin Inlet, Baker Lake, and Cambridge Bay between September 2022 and January 2023. A total of 70 participants were interviewed for this study...
December 2024: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38590199/systematic-synthesis-of-intersectional-best-practices-knowledge-translation-for-circumpolar-indigenous-disability
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
John C Hayvon
Numerous theories, models, and frameworks (TMFs) currently exist for knowledge translation (KT), with scholarship that is increasingly inclusive of populations experiencing health inequalities. This study proposes two objectives: 1) exploring a nine-step method for synthesising best practices, acknowledging existing syntheses in the form of tailored-databases and review-style publications; and 2) collating best practices to inform KT that is inclusive to indigenous individuals living with disabilities in circumpolar regions...
December 2024: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38573784/diverse-methodological-approaches-to-a-circumpolar-multi-site-case-study-which-upholds-and-responds-to-local-and-indigenous-community-research-processes-in-the-arctic
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Gwen K Healey Akearok, Ay'aqulluk Jim Chaliak, Katie Cueva, David Cook, Christina Vl Larsen, Lára Jóhannsdóttir, Lena Maria Nilsson, Miguel San Sebastián, Malory Peterson, Ulla Timlin, Ann Ragnhild Broderstadt, Inger Dagsvold, Susanna Siri, Ingelise Olesen, Jon Petter A Stoor, Arja Rautio, Elizabeth Rink, Josée G Lavoie
This paper outlines the methodological approaches to a multi-site Circumpolar case study exploring the impacts of COVID-19 on Indigenous and remote communities in 7 of 8 Arctic countries. Researchers involved with the project implemented a three-phase multi-site case study to assess the positive and negative societal outcomes associated with the COVID-19 pandemic in Arctic communities from 2020 to 2023. The goal of the multi-site case study was to identify community-driven models and evidence-based promising practices and recommendations that can help inform cohesive and coordinated public health responses and protocols related to future public health emergencies in the Arctic...
December 2024: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38563298/a-qualitative-exploration-of-the-impacts-of-covid-19-in-two-rural-southwestern-alaska-communities
#18
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Katie Cueva, Malory Peterson, Ay'aqulluk Jim Chaliak, Rebecca Ipiaqruk Young
This manuscript presents a qualitative exploration of the experiences of people in two Southwestern Alaska communities during the emergence of COVID-19 and subsequent pandemic response. The project used principles of community based participatory research and honoured Indigenous ways of knowing throughout the study design, data collection, analysis, and dissemination. Data was collected in 2022 through group and individual conversations with community members, exploring impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic. Participants included Elders, community health workers, Tribal council members, government employees, school personnel, and emergency response personnel...
December 2024: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38560896/identifying-sources-of-variation-in-added-sugar-intake-for-alaska-native-children-using-a-hair-biomarker
#19
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Alice Ko, Diane O'Brien, Patricia Rivera, Lloyd Mancl, Scarlett Hopkins, Cameron Randall, Daisy Patiño Nguyen, Donald L Chi
Sugars from sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) are an important risk factor for tooth decay. The study goal was to determine if there was variation in added sugar intake across communities and between and within households. In this cross-sectional study, intakes of total sugar, added sugar, and sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) were estimated for 282 Alaska Native children ages 0-10 years from 131 households in three Yukon-Kuskokwim (YK) Delta communities using biomarker equations based on hair carbon and nitrogen isotope ratios previously developed for the Yup'ik population...
December 2024: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38546171/-you-can-feel-the-fresh-air-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-rural-alaska-native-household-perceptions-of-home-air-purifiers-and-health
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Madilyn Short, Jennifer Dobson, Gretchen Day, Brian Lefferts, Rosalyn Singleton, James Keck
Alaska Native and American Indian children experience frequent respiratory illness. Indoor air quality is associated with the severity and frequency of respiratory infections in children. High efficiency particulate air (HEPA) purifiers effectively improve indoor air quality and may protect respiratory health. In 2019, the Yukon-Kuskokwim Health Corporation implemented a pilot programme that provided education and HEPA purifiers to households of children with chronic lung conditions. The team evaluated HEPA purifier acceptability and use by interviewing representatives from 11 households that participated in the pilot programme...
December 2024: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
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