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European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30891903/step-by-step-teaching-method-improves-the-learner-achievement-in-dental-skill-training
#1
Xiaoqiang Liu, Mingyue Liu, Yang Yang, Cong Fan, Jianguo Tan
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to assess and compare the outcomes of all-in-one and step-by-step teaching methods in dental skill training. METHODS: Forty first-year dental residents were recruited into this study, which was a prospective, double blind and randomized controlled trial. The learners were randomly allocated to either the all-in-one group (control group, n = 20) or the step-by-step group (experimental group, n = 20). They performed crown preparation on a plastic tooth under different training course structures...
March 19, 2019: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30825405/measuring-the-impact-of-simulation-practice-on-the-spatial-representation-ability-of-dentists-by-means-of-impacted-mandibular-third-molar-imtm-surgery-on-3d-printed-models
#2
Coral J Yao, James Chow, W W S Choi, Nikos Mattheos
The ability of spatial representation is one of the most important competences of an oral surgeon, but also a challenging competence to assess in educational settings. The aim of this pilot study was to investigate the impact of a hands-on simulation practice on the development of the Dental Anatomy Spatial Representation Ability (DASRA) of recent dental graduates, using a novel assessment instrument based on CBCT radiographic data. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A novel instrument for the measurement of DASRA for oral surgery was developed, utilising panoramic, sagittal and horizontal slices from 3D radiographic imaging of impacted wisdom teeth...
March 2, 2019: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30746899/-between-fairness-and-fear-dental-undergraduates-attitudes-towards-osces
#3
James Puryer, Patricia Neville, Ellayne Fowler
INTRODUCTION: Objective Structured Clinical Examinations (OSCEs) are an established method of assessment for dental undergraduates. There is little published dental education research exploring the views of undergraduates towards OSCEs. AIM: To explore and describe the views of dental undergraduates towards OSCEs. METHOD: A sequential mixed methods design was applied. This included a cross-sectional survey of all 204 dental undergraduates in Years 2, 3 and 4 within a UK dental school using an anonymous self-report online questionnaire (response rate 57%), which was followed by two focus group interviews of n=10 Year-2 students...
February 11, 2019: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30734994/an-investigation-of-dental-students-perceptions-about-the-characteristics-of-effective-instructors-and-their-related-factors
#4
Muhammad Ashraf Nazir, Asim Abdulrahman Al-Ansari, Faraz Ahmed Farooqi
BACKGROUND: The characteristics of effective teachers can be used to improve student learning, support their academic achievement outcomes, and promote faculty development and career advancement. OBJECTIVES: To assess dental students' perceptions about the characteristics of effective instructors and related factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study analyzed data collected from students at a dental college in Saudi Arabia...
February 8, 2019: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30734984/-i-am-a-lefty-in-a-right-handed-world-qualitative-analysis-of-clinical-learning-experience-of-left-handed-undergraduate-dental-students
#5
Imad Al Lawati, Hind Al Maskari, Sunyoung Ma
BACKGROUND: Left-handedness is the preferential use of the left hand in single-handed activities like writing.1 There are many studies in the literature on left-handedness in relation to professional sports, medicine and surgery. Although dentistry largely depends on manual dexterity and hand skills, there has been little research to investigate the effect of left handedness on clinical dentistry, particularly in Australasia. AIM: To gain an insight into the clinical learning experience of left-handed undergraduate dental students at the Faculty of Dentistry, University of Otago...
February 8, 2019: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30729631/impact-of-a-diagnostic-workshop-on-undergraduate-teaching-learning-process-for-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-tooth-restorations-a-randomized-controlled-study
#6
Cácia Signori, Elenara F de Oliveira, Fausto M Mendes, Mariana M Braga, Niek J M Opdam, Maximiliano S Cenci
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of a diagnostic workshop on undergraduate teaching-learning process for the diagnosis and management of tooth restorations. METHODS: The first stage of the study was a randomized controlled study with two parallel groups: lecture (L) and lecture coupled with a diagnostic workshop (LW). A pool of cases of tooth restorations including secondary caries and marginal defects was used for training. Theoretical knowledge, perception about the activity, and practical abilities were evaluated...
February 7, 2019: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30729642/knowledge-of-antibiotics-and-antimicrobial-resistance-among-final-year-dental-students-of-polish-medical-schools-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Izabela Struzycka, Beata Mazinska, Teresa Bachanek, Elzbieta Boltacz-Rzepkowska, Agnieszka Drozdzik, Urszula Kaczmarek, Barbara Kochanska, Agnieszka Mielczarek, Jolanta Pytko-Polonczyk, Anna Surdacka, Marta Tanasiewicz, Danuta Waszkiel, Waleria Hryniewicz
INTRODUCTION: Antimicrobial resistance has been one of the biggest global concerns. Dentists constitute an important group of antibiotic prescribers and it was shown that their therapeutic decisions are not always rational. In this paper we present knowledge of antibiotics prescription rules and antimicrobial resistance among graduating dentistry students from all dentistry faculties of medical universities in Poland, who will soon join the group of antibiotics prescribers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A questionnaire consisting of 28 questions was developed...
February 6, 2019: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30714273/self-regulated-learning-strategies-in-world-s-first-mooc-in-implant-dentistry
#8
Min Lan, Xiangyu Hou, Xinyu Qi, Nikos Mattheos
BACKGROUND: Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) have been often described as a major innovation Higher Education, but their application in the teaching of clinical disciplines is still very limited, while there is a lack of scientific evaluations in this domain. The aim of this study was to investigate learners' behaviours and correlate patterns of Self-Regulated Learning (SRL) with performance and achievement during a MOOC in Implant Dentistry. METHODS: The clickstream data of learners from the first run of the MOOC Implant dentistry by The University of Hong Kong were modelled and quantified based on Zimmerman's SRL model...
February 3, 2019: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30714266/self-perceptions-and-actual-employment-patterns-among-recent-australian-dental-graduates
#9
Rebecca J Penco, Hanh T T Ngo, Camile S Farah
INTRODUCTION: With nine dental schools across Australia graduating over 500 dental students each year, in addition to nearly 200 overseas qualified dentists entering the workforce, dental students are anecdotally advised that they are joining a profession ubiquitous with workforce oversupply. The aim of this study was to shed light on the employment patterns of recent dental graduates from Australian universities, and their self-perceptions of the job market. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional pilot study involved an online survey conducted in 2017 on recent dental graduates from all Australian dental schools...
February 3, 2019: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30710398/a-global-perspective-on-implant-education-cluster-analysis-of-the-first-dental-implant-experience-of-dentists-from-84-nationalities
#10
Irina F Dragan, Miha Pirc, Cristina Rizea, Jie Yao, Aneesha Acharya, Nikos Mattheos
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this cross-sectional study was to explore the demographic and educational patterns related to the dentists' first implant dental experience. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Participants of a Massive Open Online Course in implant dentistry who have placed and restored implants completed a 25-item online questionnaire investigating their pathway of education and assessing their experience with the 'first implant placement'. Exploratory analysis included hierarchical clustering using 9 demographic categorical factors...
February 1, 2019: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30681749/clinical-photography-attitudes-among-dental-students-in-two-dental-institutions
#11
Rakefet Czerninski, Brooke Zaidman, Naama Keshet, John Hamburger, Avraham Zini
INTRODUCTION: Clinical photography is an important tool in teaching, clinical practice and academia especially for mucosal pathologies. Our aim was to examine differences in attitude toward clinical photography for mucosal pathologies among students. METHODS: Questionnaires about clinical photography were completed by students in dental teaching hospitals in Birmingham (U.K.) and in Israel (ISR). The questionnaires focussed on the perceived value of clinical photography for a number of purposes and also explored perceived barriers to clinical photography and technology in general...
January 25, 2019: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30681240/teaching-of-forensic-odontology-in-basic-dental-programs-in-nine-australian-dental-schools-a-survey
#12
Alistair Soon, Jeremy Graham, Richard Bassed
PURPOSE: The aim of this survey was to determine whether forensic odontology forms part of the basic dental program in the nine Australian dental schools, which aspects of forensic odontology were taught, and the barriers and issues that prevent forensic odontology being part of any dental curriculum. The survey also examines the teaching of cranio-facial anatomy and dental record keeping, as these two subjects can play an important role in clinical forensic odontology. MATERIALS AND METHODS: STUDY DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS: A postal questionnaire survey on the teaching of forensic odontology was conducted between November 2016 to April 2017, being sent to the dean of school, head of school, or acting head of school, each representing the nine Australian dental schools...
January 25, 2019: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30681237/evaluation-of-dental-students-knowledge-and-patient-care-towards-hiv-aids-individuals
#13
Adair H Lorosa, Claudia M Pereira, Renata P Hussne, Carina M Silva-Boghossian
PURPOSE: The aim was to evaluate the knowledge of the students of dental students regarding patients care towards HIV positive individuals. METHODS: 283 dental students (pre-clinical, n = 45; clinical, n = 238) answered an electronic questionnaire, approaching biosafety procedures, oral manifestations of AIDS, and knowledge of HIV infection. Data were present as an average from findings from students of 9 different semesters, grouping them by pre-clinical (1-4) and clinical (5-9) semesters, from two different university campuses...
January 25, 2019: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30022585/dreem-ing-of-dentistry-students-perception-of-the-academic-learning-environment-in-australia
#14
Nicole Stormon, Pauline J Ford, Diann S Eley
INTRODUCTION: Continuous evaluation and improvement of the learning environment are required to respond to the changing nature of dental practice and dental education. This study aimed to describe a cohort of undergraduate dentistry students' perceptions of their learning environment. METHODS: Students enrolled in years 1-4 of the Bachelor of Dental Science (Honours) programme at The University of Queensland were invited to complete an online survey which included demographics and the Dundee Ready Education Environment Measure (DREEM)...
February 2019: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30659766/moving-the-four-habits-model-into-dentistry-development-of-a-dental-consultation-model-do-dentists-need-an-additional-habit
#15
Jorun Torper, Vibeke Ansteinsson, Tonje Lundeby
A consultation model for dentistry is presented, with communication skills in a didactic and structural format, applicable for most types of visits, patients and problems. A characteristic of the dental visit is its division into dialogue phases and clinical phases, which makes verbal exchange especially challenging. The original Four Habits Model (4H) has been adapted from medicine to the specific structure and content of a dental visit, and a modified model is proposed. This article is protected by copyright...
January 19, 2019: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30659761/values-related-to-professionalism-in-dental-education-at-the-university-of-chile-student-and-faculty-perceptions
#16
Marcela Alcota, José M Manríquez, Marco Cornejo-Ovalle, Juan C Salinas, Victor M Catano, Pilar Ruiz de Gauna, Fermín E González
OBJECTIVE: It is recognized that professionalism should play a central role in dental education. However, its implementation into the curricula of dental schools is still limited. Our objective was to identify the main values related to professionalism based on the perceptions of students and faculty members from the Faculty of Dentistry, University of Chile. METHODS: A Dental Values Survey was validated and culturally adapted in order to guarantee the greatest possible internal validity...
January 19, 2019: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30659731/students-self-assessment-of-competencies-in-the-phantom-course-of-operative-dentistry
#17
A Ciardo, A Möltner, S Rüttermann, S Gerhardt-Szép
INTRODUCTION: The aim was to assess the competencies of undergraduate students in their roles of dental expert, scholar, communicator, collaborator, health advocate, manager, professional. MATERIALS AND METHODS: For this retrospective, pseudonymized observational study (pre- / post-testing), students in two cohorts in their first clinical semester in operative dentistry were asked to judge their competencies (1 = very good to 6 = insufficient) with a learning objective catalogue designed at the Goethe University Frankfurt (modelled after the National Competency-Based Learning Objective Catalogue Dentistry), at the beginning and end of their phantom course...
January 19, 2019: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30659727/human-disease-clinical-medical-sciences-for-dentistry-in-early-years-dental-graduates-transition-from-undergraduate-study-to-clinical-practice
#18
P A Atkin
Dental bodies across Europe have published curricula aiming to guide the development of a graduating dentist who is safe and competent, and which also contain direction on what knowledge and understanding of patient's health, drugs and disease a recent graduate should have. MATERIALS, METHODS AND AIM: A questionnaire to survey Foundation Dentists in Wales regarding their undergraduate teaching and assessment in human disease/clinical medical science for dentistry and how this translates to their knowledge, attitudes and confidence in the dental management of patients who may have chronic disease or disability...
January 19, 2019: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30633844/medical-reliability-of-a-video-sharing-website-the-gingival-recession-model
#19
Ahmad A Hamdan, Murad Shaqman, Ashraf Abu Karaky, Yazan Hassona, Philippe Bouchard
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the quality of the scientific/clinical information in dentistry delivered by videos hosted by a popular video-sharing website. METHODS: The gingival recession condition was used as a model, and YouTube TM as the video hosting service. A systematic observation of videos containing information on gingival recession was conducted. Videos were analyzed to evaluate (1) the scientific reliability and quality of the information using Global Quality Scale (GQS) and DISCREN criteria; and (2) the understandability of this information using a tailor-made custom comprehensiveness index (CI)...
January 11, 2019: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30632666/training-and-evaluation-of-professors-of-dentistry-in-postgraduate-programs-in-brazil
#20
Mariângela Monteiro de Melo Baltazar, Carmen Célia Barradas Correia Bastos, Marilisa Carneiro Leão Gabardo, Luiz Carlos Py Flôres, Renata Iani Werneck, Simone Tetu Moysés, Samuel Jorge Moysés
In Brazil, development of "academic dentistry" over recent decades has also been based on the models cited (3). Academic dentistry refers to everything that concerns the dental profession in an educational setting. It involves both teaching/learning in undergraduate or postgraduate, and research and development - including the training of new professors, as well as university internship in the Academy/Health services/Community environment. Although Brazilian universities have trained and developed a considerable number of new dental professionals, its approach has been criticized because epidemiological achievements have underlined a striking paradox in the oral health status of the Brazilian population, as evidenced by the last national epidemiologic survey, in which serious iniquities in oral health were observed (4)...
January 11, 2019: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
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