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European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30983430/hepatotoxicity-induced-by-a-second-generation-combined-oral-contraceptive-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#1
Søs U Stannov, Annedorte Ries, Ulrich C Bang
CASE: Second-generation combined oral contraceptives (COCs) are widely used and are believed to be safe for birth control and in the treatment of gynaecological diseases. No randomised controlled study has shown elevations in alanine transaminase (ALT) levels in relation to the use of a second-generation COC. We report a case of drug-induced liver injury (DILI) in a young, moderately obese woman, due to the use of a second-generation COC containing 30 µg ethinylestradiol and 150 µg levonorgestrel...
April 15, 2019: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30983424/twelve-year-experience-of-office-setting-removal-of-lost-intrauterine-devices-in-place-for-more-than-10-years
#2
Yoshifumi Kasuga, Bao-Liang Lin, Junko Maki, Hongxin Wang, Takuma Yoshimura, Yoshie Nagai, Sakura Nakada
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the effectiveness of removing lost intrauterine devices (IUDs) that had been in place for over 10 years, using Lin's biopsy grasper in an office setting. METHODS: This single-centre, retrospective study conducted between March 2006 and June 2018 included 49 women who had had an IUD in place for contraception for more than 10 years and who underwent removal of the lost IUD using Lin's biopsy grasper under transabdominal sonography without use of a tenaculum, anaesthesia and analgesia, after dilation of the cervical os and hysteroscopy...
April 15, 2019: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30977415/in-vitro-evaluation-of-microbial-adhesion-to-a-contraceptive-vaginal-ring-with-a-new-polymer-composition
#3
Manuela Sailer, Enrico Colli, Pedro-Antonio Regidor
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to evaluate in vitro the amount of Candida albicans and Lactobacillus acidophilus adhering to the surface of Ornibel, a contraceptive vaginal ring with a new polymer composition, in comparison with NuvaRing. METHODS: Ornibel and NuvaRing were tested for adhesion of microorganisms in vitro. The vaginal rings were aseptically sectioned into 1 cm segments. Suspensions of C. albicans (1-2 × 107 colony-forming units [CFU]/ml) and L...
April 12, 2019: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30966837/human-papilloma-virus-vaccination-and-attitudes-towards-contraception-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Anastasia Vatopoulou, Alexios Papanikolaou, Stavros Diavatis, Dimitrios G Goulis
OBJECTIVE: Human papilloma virus (HPV) vaccination may result in misconceptions that encourage young women to adopt risky contraceptive practices. The purpose of this article was to investigate whether HPV vaccination status was associated with choice of contraceptive method and adoption of risky sexual behaviour. METHODS: Vaccinated and non-vaccinated visitors to a university department paediatric and adolescent gynaecology clinic were asked to anonymously fill in a survey comprising questions on sociodemographic characteristics, sexual history, opinions on contraception and attitudes towards contraception...
April 10, 2019: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30958043/a-follow-up-study-of-the-long-term-satisfaction-reproductive-experiences-and-self-reported-health-status-of-oocyte-donors-in-spain
#5
J Gonzalo, M Perul, M Corral, M Caballero, C Conti, D García, R Vassena, A Rodríguez
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to evaluate the health of oocyte donors and explain how they regard their experience in the long-term. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study in a single fertility centre that consists of a telephone interview guided by a semi-structured questionnaire covering several aspects of reproductive health and personal experience. RESULTS: At the time of interview, 84 out of 121 women (69%) had children while 64 (53%) were already mothers at the time of their donation...
April 8, 2019: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30931648/luteinising-hormone-profiles-in-conception-and-non-conception-natural-cycles
#6
Sarah Johnson, Julia Schiffner, Guenter Freundl, Nina Bachmann, Christian Gnoth
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess whether luteinising hormone (LH) surge characteristics influenced the likelihood of conceiving naturally. METHODS: This was a single-cycle, home-based, observational, case-controlled study. Volunteers collected daily urine samples for one menstrual cycle. LH was measured and the basal levels, surge day, peak day, peak concentration and magnitude of LH surges were examined. Predictive models using sociodemographic data, LH surge characteristics, and sociodemographic data combined with LH profile properties, were evaluated...
April 1, 2019: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30931639/hormonal-contraception-without-a-prescription-opinions-of-pharmacists-general-practitioners-and-gynaecologists-in-flanders-belgium
#7
Stephanie Nieuwinckel, Stefanie Cornwell, Guido R Y De Meyer, Hans De Loof
OBJECTIVE: The accessibility of contraceptives varies greatly from country to country. Because unintended pregnancies have a considerable impact, programmes have been initiated in some countries to make certain contraceptives available without a prescription. We therefore investigated whether or not Flanders, the Dutch-speaking part of Belgium, is ready for such an initiative. METHOD: We used a mixed-methods approach with a mainly qualitative methodology. The opinions of pharmacists, general practitioners (GPs) and gynaecologists, the three types of health care provider most closely involved in the prescription and delivery of contraception, were examined...
April 1, 2019: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30931638/perceptions-of-attending-medical-staff-by-women-accessing-pregnancy-termination-in-poland-a-qualitative-study
#8
Kornelia Zareba, Michał Ciebiera, Jacek Gierus, Grzegorz Jakiel
OBJECTIVES: Polish society is strongly influenced by the Catholic Church and Poland has one of the most restrictive abortion laws in Europe. We attempted to gather information by questionnaire from women considering termination of pregnancy (TOP). Women were asked about their perceptions of the attending medical staff and whether they felt they had been fully informed of their rights, as well as about conduct of the procedure itself in light of physicians' use of the 'conscience clause'...
April 1, 2019: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30920325/trends-in-use-and-attitudes-towards-contraception-in-sweden-results-of-a-nationwide-survey
#9
Anna Hellström, Kristina Gemzell Danielsson, Helena Kopp Kallner
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to compare the results of a 2013 nationwide survey of 1001 women representative of the Swedish female population with the results of a similar survey carried out in 2017, after new guidelines for contraceptive use were published in 2014. METHODS: Women between 16 and 49 years of age took part in a telephone survey; questions covered demographics, contraceptive use, knowledge of and attitudes towards contraception, importance of monthly bleeding, and experience of unintended pregnancy...
March 28, 2019: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30920324/contraceptive-intentions-of-survivors-of-severe-acute-maternal-morbidity-in-kaduna-state-nigeria
#10
Silas Ochejele, Chris Ega, Muhammad Shakir Balogun, Patrick Nguku, Tunde Adedokun, Hadiza Usman
OBJECTIVE: Intention to use modern contraception in women with severe acute maternal morbidity (SAMM) presents a window of opportunity to scale up postpartum family planning to prevent future complications. The aim of this study was to determine the factors that affect the contraceptive intentions of women who survive SAMM in Kaduna State, northern Nigeria. METHODS: SAMM survivors aged 15-49 years were recruited after recovery and interviewed before discharge from hospital...
March 28, 2019: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30920317/viewing-ultrasound-images-in-the-abortion-clinic-clients-and-health-care-professionals-opinions
#11
J D Simpson, A Brown
OBJECTIVES: The U.K guidance recommends that health care professionals (HCPs) offer clients the opportunity to view their pre-abortion ultrasound scan. As the U.K research on this topic is limited, our objectives were to assess current practice and local population needs, through a prospective, observational survey, to improve the quality of abortion care delivery. METHODS: Over a 4 month period all clients attending the Sandyford Termination of Pregnancy and Referral (TOPAR) unit for abortion assessment were asked to fill in an anonymous questionnaire...
March 28, 2019: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30920314/postpartum-hormonal-contraception-use-and-incidence-of-postpartum-depression-a-systematic-review
#12
Angeline Ti, Kathryn M Curtis
PURPOSE: To evaluate the association between postpartum hormonal contraceptive use and postpartum depression. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We searched the literature through March 2018 on the association between postpartum hormonal contraception use and incident postpartum depression. We used the United States Preventive Services Task Force framework to assess study quality. RESULTS: Of 167 articles identified, four met inclusion criteria. Two studies found no differences in rates of postpartum depression between women using postpartum depot medroxyprogesterone and those not using hormonal contraception; however, a study of women receiving injectable norethisterone enanthate immediately postpartum found a 2-3-fold increased risk of depression at 6 weeks, though not at 3 months...
March 28, 2019: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30880509/perfect-and-typical-use-effectiveness-of-the-dot-fertility-app-over-13-cycles-results-from-a-prospective-contraceptive-effectiveness-trial
#13
Victoria Jennings, Liya T Haile, Rebecca G Simmons, Jeff Spieler, Dominick Shattuck
OBJECTIVE: Dynamic Optimal Timing (Dot) is a smartphone application (app) that estimates the menstrual cycle fertile window based on the user's menstrual period start dates. Dot uses machine learning to adapt to cycles over time and informs users of 'low' and 'high' fertility days. We investigated Dot's effectiveness, calculating perfect- and typical-use failure rates. METHODS: This prospective, 13 cycle observational study (ClinicalTrials.gov NCT02833922) followed 718 women who were using Dot to prevent pregnancy...
March 18, 2019: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30870042/follow-up-visits-to-check-strings-after-intrauterine-contraceptive-placement-cannot-predict-or-prevent-future-expulsion
#14
Luis Bahamondes, Ilza Monteiro, Arlete Fernandes, Mary E Gaffield
OBJECTIVES: In some settings women are advised to return to the clinic after intrauterine contraceptive (IUC) placement, for a follow-up visit to check the strings and identify any expulsions. Our objective was to evaluate whether the number of follow-up visits to check the strings at the external cervical os after IUC placement predicts or prevents future expulsions. METHODS: This was a retrospective study conducted at the University of Campinas Medical School, Brazil...
March 14, 2019: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30822162/james-trussell-an-eminent-scientist-and-advocate-for-women-s-sexual-and-reproductive-rights
#15
Johannes Bitzer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2019: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30761934/james-trussell-ba-bphil-phd-1949-2018
#16
Johannes Bitzer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 14, 2019: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30747547/sublingual-vs-vaginal-misoprostol-for-completion-of-first-trimester-missed-abortion-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#17
Ahmed Abdelshafy, Hassan Awwad, Amgad Abo-Gamra, Ahmed Alanwar, Ahmed M Elkotb, Mohamed Shahin, Maya Abd El-Razek, Ahmed M Abbas
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to compare the efficacy and safety of sublingual and vaginal misoprostol for termination of pregnancy in women with first trimester missed abortion. METHODS: A single-blind, parallel group, randomised clinical trial (ClinicalTrials.gov NCT02686840) was conducted in a university hospital between 1 February 2016 and 31 January 2017. All women who presented with first trimester missed abortion were invited to participate in the study and were randomised to one of two groups: one group received sublingual misoprostol in three doses of 800 μg every 4 h, while a second group received vaginal misoprostol in the same dosage regimen...
February 12, 2019: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30747544/exposure-to-mass-media-family-planning-messages-among-post-delivery-women-in-nigeria-testing-the-structural-influence-model-of-health-communication
#18
Irenius Konkor, Yujiro Sano, Roger Antabe, Moses Kansanga, Isaac Luginaah
OBJECTIVES: While media campaigns are documented to be useful for increasing the uptake of family planning, very little is known about the population prevalence and correlates of exposure to mass media family planning messages among post-delivery women in Nigeria. We aimed to address this void by exploring the underlying factors that explain disparities in exposure to mass media family planning messages among post-delivery women in Nigeria. METHODS: Our study was a secondary analysis of the Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey, a nationally representative dataset of men and women...
February 12, 2019: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30730224/men-and-post-abortion-syndrome-claims-versus-evidence
#19
Kimberly Kelly, Amanda A Gochanour
PURPOSE: Recent studies have focused on the pseudo-psychological condition 'post abortion syndrome' and women, particularly the content and veracity of these claims in the USA. What such claims say about men and the accuracy of these claims remains unclear, and we seek to remedy this. METHODS: The study proceeded in two parts. First, we identified primary documents from anti-abortion activists in the USA making claims about men and post abortion syndrome and analysed them for assertions about the effects of abortion upon men...
February 7, 2019: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30730216/the-limits-of-compromise-the-range-of-perspectives-on-women-s-reproductive-rights-in-poland
#20
Emilia Paprzycka, Joanna Dec-Pietrowska, Medard Lech
OBJECTIVES: A discourse analysis was carried out to identify how women's reproductive rights and needs are reflected in pro-life and pro-choice public debate in Poland. METHODS: The research procedure was based on the need to answer the question: how do pro-life and pro-choice discourses define women's reproductive rights in Poland (including the right to abortion)? Discourse analysis was applied to answer this question. The analysis covered materials published in rightist-conservative and leftist-feminist social-political portals and in popular media during the period 2009-2014, when the so-called 'abortion compromise' was in force, and the period 2016-2017, when a proposal for an absolute ban on abortion caused women to protest throughout Poland...
February 7, 2019: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
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