Federica Toppino, Matteo Martini, Paola Longo, Inês Caldas, Nadia Delsedime, Raffaele Lavalle, Francesco Raimondi, Giovanni Abbate-Daga, Matteo Panero
PURPOSE: Anorexia nervosa (AN) is a mental disorder for which hospitalization is frequently needed in case of severe medical and psychiatric consequences. We aim to describe the state-of-the-art inpatient treatment of AN in real-world reports. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature on the major medical databases, spanning from January 2011 to October 2023, was performed, using the keywords: "inpatient", "hospitalization" and "anorexia nervosa". Studies on pediatric populations and inpatients in residential facilities were excluded...
May 20, 2024: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Shijie Guo, Guangwei Qing, Qiqi Chen, Guang Yang
BACKGROUND: Amidst growing evidence of the intricate link between physical and mental health, this study aims to dissect the relationship between the waist-to-weight index (WWI) and suicidal ideation within a representative sample of the US population, proposing WWI as a novel metric for suicide risk assessment. METHODS: The study engaged a sample of 9500 participants in a cross-sectional design. It employed multivariate logistic and linear regression analyses to probe the association between WWI and suicidal ideation...
May 14, 2024: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Panagiota Mavrandrea, Matteo Aloi, Matteo Geraci, Androula Savva, Fragiskos Gonidakis, Cristina Segura-Garcia
INTRODUCTION: With increasing morbidity and risk of death, obesity has become a serious health problem largely attributable to difficulties in finding proper treatments for related diseases. Many studies show how detecting abnormal eating behaviors could be useful in developing effective clinical treatments. This study aims at validating the Greek version of the Eating Behaviors Assessment for Obesity (EBA-O). METHOD: After a double English/Greek forward/backward translation of the EBA-O, 294 participants completed the Greek version (GR-EBA-O), the Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire, the Binge Eating Scale, and the Yale Food Addiction Scale...
May 11, 2024: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Claudio Maffeis, Luca Busetto, Malgorzata Wasniewska, Daniele Di Pauli, Carla Maccora, Andrea Lenzi
PURPOSE: ACTION Teens (NCT05013359) was conducted in 10 countries to identify perceptions, attitudes, behaviors, and barriers to effective obesity care among adolescents living with obesity (ALwO), caregivers of ALwO, and healthcare professionals (HCPs). Here, we report data from participants in Italy. METHODS: The ACTION Teens cross-sectional online survey was completed by 649 ALwO (aged 12- < 18 years), 455 caregivers, and 252 HCPs in Italy in 2021...
May 8, 2024: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Alessio Basolo, Susanna Bechi Genzano, Jacopo Vitti, Guido Salvetti, Donatella Gilio, Giovanni Ceccarini, Giovanna Scartabelli, Chita Lippi, Rosario Bellini, Rudi Mancini, Simone D'Imporzano, Carlo Moretto, Valentina Angeli, Daniela Troiani, Paola Fierabracci, Roberta Jaccheri, Alba Calderone, Anello M Poma, Luca Chiovato, Giorgio Saponati, Ferruccio Santini
PURPOSE: Bariatric surgery (BS), an effective treatment for severe obesity and its comorbidities, may result in micronutrient and vitamin deficiencies. This monocentric prospective observational study aimed at evaluating the efficacy of a specifically designed vitamin/mineral formula (Bariatrifast, BIOITALIA S.r.l., Italy) for preventing and treating micronutrient deficiencies in patients submitted to BS. METHODS: Twenty patients with severe obesity (mean weight and BMI: 123...
May 7, 2024: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Francesca Bosello, Angiola Vanzo, Chiara Zaffalon, Luca Polinelli, Filippo Saggin, Erika Bonacci, Emilio Pedrotti, Giorgio Marchini, Ottavio Bosello
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of obesity, a chronic disease, is increasing, and obesity is now considered a global epidemic. Eye diseases are also increasing worldwide and have serious repercussions on quality of life as well as increasingly high costs for the community. The relationships between obesity and ocular pathologies are not yet well clarified and are not pathologically homogeneous: they seem to be somehow linked to excess body fat, especially to the distribution of adipose tissue and its ectopic deposits...
May 6, 2024: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Ezgi Bellikci-Koyu, Yasemin Karaağaç, Armağan Aytuğ Yürük
PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the potential relationships between the use of different section of food label, and healthy and pathological aspects of orthorexia among adults. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted using an online survey (n = 1326). Inclusion criteria were being 19-64 years and graduated from at least primary school. Pregnant and lactating women were excluded. Data were collected using questionnaire including socio-demographic variables, lifestyle factors, body weight and height, frequency of reading different sections of food label ("always", "when buying a food for the first time", "when comparing similar packaged foods", "rarely", "never"), food label literacy, and Teruel Orthorexia Scale...
May 4, 2024: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Arturo Bevilacqua, Francesca Santini, Daniela La Porta, Silvia Cimino
PURPOSE: Several studies have investigated the association between anorexia nervosa and polymorphisms of genes regulating serotonin neurotransmission, with a focus on the rs6311 polymorphism of 5-HTR2A. However, inconsistent results of these studies and conflicting conclusions of existing meta-analyses complicate the understanding of a possible association. We have updated these results and evaluated the involvement of other serotonin receptor gene polymorphisms in anorexia nervosa. METHODS: Adhering to PRISMA guidelines, we have searched studies on anorexia nervosa and serotonin-regulating genes published from 1997 to 2022, selected those concerning receptor genes and meta-analyzed the results from twenty candidate gene studies on the 5-HTR2A rs6311 polymorphism and the 5-HTR2C rs6318 polymorphism...
April 26, 2024: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 25, 2024: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Oriana Moro, Umberto Albert, Elide Francesca De Caro, Silvia Palmisano, Manuela Mastronardi, Lisa Di Blas
PURPOSE: The main research aim was to inspect whether pre-operative body shape concerns and discomfort as Body Shape Questionnaire (BSQ) scores moderate post-operative weight loss trajectory in bariatric patients. METHODS: Two studies were conducted. Study 1 analyzed cross-sectional data and verified the structural validity of the 34-item BSQ questionnaire on a sample of 327 candidates for bariatric surgery. Study 2 examined longitudinal data, with objective Body Mass Index (BMI) recorded every 6 months, from surgery intervention on, with 5 measurement occasions, from 111 patients who initially completed BSQ as bariatric surgery candidates and then underwent periodic medical post-operative follow-ups, over 2 years...
April 24, 2024: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Amy Coop, Amelia Clark, John Morgan, Fiona Reid, J Hubert Lacey
PURPOSE: The SCOFF questionnaire was designed as a simple, memorable screening tool to raise suspicion that a person might have an eating disorder. It is over 20 years since the creation of the SCOFF, during which time it has been widely used. Considering this, we wish to review the use of the SCOFF in peer-reviewed scientific journals, and to assess whether it is being used appropriately in the manner in which it was originally devised and tested. METHODS: The Preferred Reporting Items for a Systematic Review and Meta-analysis (PRISMA) guidelines were followed, and all search strategies and methods were determined before the onset of the study...
April 23, 2024: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Reza Shabahang, Sohee Kim, Xiuhan Chen, Mara S Aruguete, Ágnes Zsila
PURPOSE: Although a number of investigations have been carried out on the marketing outcomes of parasocial relationships (PSR) with food influencers on social media, little attention has been paid to the potential contribution of these one-sided emotional bonds to followers' eating attitudes and habits. Drawing on the Parasocial Theory, the role of parasocial attachment with food influencers was investigated in predicting eating disorders, food addiction, and grazing. To increase the accuracy of PSR measurement, a brief self-report scale was developed to gauge social media users' feelings of mutual awareness, attention, and adjustment with their favorite food influencer at a distance through social media...
April 22, 2024: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Amy O'Brien, Rebecca Anderson, Trevor G Mazzucchelli, Sarah Ure, Sarah J Egan
PURPOSE: Perfectionism is a transdiagnostic risk factor for eating disorders. Treating perfectionism can reduce symptoms of eating disorders. No research has examined an indicated prevention trial using internet-based Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy for Perfectionism (ICBT-P) in adolescent girls at elevated risk for eating disorders. Our aim was to conduct a preliminary feasibility trial using a co-designed ICBT-P intervention. It was hypothesised that a higher proportion of participants in the ICBT-P condition would achieve reliable and clinically significant change on perfectionism, eating disorders, anxiety and depression, compared to waitlist control...
April 12, 2024: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Viviana Finistrella, Nicoletta Gianni, Danilo Fintini, Deny Menghini, Silvia Amendola, Lorenzo Maria Donini, Melania Manco
PURPOSE: The aim of the present review is to analyze dynamic interactions between nutrigenomics, environmental cues, and parental influence, which can all lead to children's neophobic reactions and its persistence in time. METHODS: We reviewed studies available on electronic databases, conducted on children aged from birth to 18 years. We also considered official websites of Italian Institutions, providing advice on healthy eating during infancy. RESULTS: Modern day societies are faced with an eating paradox, which has severe and ever-growing implications for health...
April 8, 2024: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Lydia Maurel, Molly MacKean, J Hubert Lacey
PURPOSE: Eating disorder recovery is a poorly defined concept, with large variations among researchers' definitions. Weight maintenance is a key aspect of recovery that remains relatively underexplored in the literature. Understanding the role of weight maintenance may help guide the development of treatments. This paper aims to address this by (1) investigating the factors predicting long-term weight maintenance in anorexia nervosa (AN) patients; (2) exploring differences in predictive factors between adolescent and adult populations; and (3) exploring how weight maintenance is conceptualised in the literature...
April 6, 2024: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Silvia Tempia Valenta, Matilde Rapezzi, Federica Marcolini, Maurizio Speciani, Gabriele Giordani, Chiara De Panfilis, Diana De Ronchi, Anna Rita Atti
PURPOSE: Treatment resistance is a significant challenge in addressing eating disorders (EDs). The Autonomous and Controlled Motivation for Treatment Questionnaire (ACMTQ) has been previously validated in ED populations to assess patients' motivation for treatment. This study aimed to validate the ACMTQ in the Italian language (ACMTQ-ITA) and evaluate its psychometric properties. METHODS: We recruited a clinical sample of adults aged 18 or older, diagnosed with EDs, proficient in the Italian language, and providing written informed consent...
April 4, 2024: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Lorenzo Lucherini Angeletti, Emanuele Cassioli, Livio Tarchi, Cristiano Dani, Marco Faldi, Rachele Martini, Valdo Ricca, Giovanni Castellini, Eleonora Rossi
PURPOSE: Individuals with anorexia nervosa (AN) and bulimia nervosa (BN) frequently exhibit Non-Suicidal Self-Injury (NSSI), yet their co-occurrence is still unclear. To address this issue, the aim of this study was to elucidate the role of impairments in interoception in explaining the NSSI phenomenon in AN and BN, providing an explanatory model that considers distal (insecure attachment/IA and traumatic childhood experiences/TCEs) and proximal (dissociation and emotional dysregulation) risk factors for NSSI...
March 25, 2024: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Vinola Adams, Hunna J Watson, Trevor Mazzucchelli, Emily Jones, Thomas Callaghan, Elizabeth Bills, Sarah J Egan
BACKGROUND: There is a strong association between perfectionism and eating disorders. In a cognitive-behavioural model of compulsive exercise it has been suggested there are reciprocal associations between perfectionism, eating disorder pathology, and compulsive exercise. No study has examined if there is an indirect association between perfectionism and compulsive exercise through eating disorder pathology, which would inform a preliminary understanding of the cognitive-behavioural model of compulsive exercise...
March 24, 2024: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Signe Holm Pedersen, Dorthe Andersen Waage, Nadia Micali, Mette Bentz
PURPOSE: Family-based treatment (FBT) has contributed significantly to the treatment of anorexia nervosa (AN) in young people (YP). However, parents are concerned that FBT and the active role of parents in the task of refeeding may have a negative impact on family relations. The aim of the review is to assess whether families engaged in FBT for AN are more or less impacted in their family wellbeing and caregiver burden, compared to families with a YP diagnosed with AN, who are not undergoing treatment with FBT...
March 20, 2024: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Magdalena Kozela, Urszula Stepaniak, Karolina Koziara, Izabela Karpińska, Piotr Major, Maciej Matyja
PURPOSE: The objective of the study was to assess whether the history of psychiatric treatment was associated with (1) body weight and BMI on admission for bariatric surgery, (2) weight loss > 5 kg prior to bariatric surgery, and (3) postoperative body weight reduction. METHODS: Data from medical records of all consecutive patients admitted for surgical treatment of obesity in the 2nd Department of General Surgery Jagiellonian University Medical College were obtained...
March 15, 2024: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
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