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Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD

Kumars Pourrostami, Ramin Heshmat, Zeinab Hemati, Motahar Heidari-Beni, Mostafa Qorbani, Mohammad Esmaeil Motlagh, Alireza Raeisi, Gita Shafiee, Hasan Ziaodini, Shagayegh Beshtar, Majzoubeh Taheri, Armita Mahdavi-Gorabi, Tahereh Aminaei, Roya Kelishadi
BACKGROUND: There are few studies on the association of main meal consumption with fruit and vegetable intake. This study aims to assess the relation between skipping main meals and fruit and vegetable intake in children and adolescents. METHODS: This multi-centric cross-sectional study was conducted in 30 provinces of Iran. This study was conducted in the framework of the fifth survey of a national surveillance program entitled Childhood and Adolescence Surveillance and Prevention of Adult Non-communicable Disease study (CASPIAN- V)...
May 16, 2019: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Marie-Aude Piot, Juliette Gueguen, Daphné Michelet, Massimiliano Orri, Marie Köenig, Maurice Corcos, Jean-Sébastien Cadwallader, Nathalie Godart
PURPOSE: Despite the emergence of a growing qualitative literature about the personal recovery process in mental disorders, this topic remains little understood in anorexia nervosa (AN), especially severe AN during adolescence. This cases series is a first step that aims to understand recovery after severe AN among adolescents in France, from a first-person perspective. METHODS: This cases series applied the interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA) method to data collected in semi-structured face-to-face interviews about the recovery process of five young women who had been hospitalized with severe AN 10 years earlier during adolescence...
May 16, 2019: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Bianca Bullivant, Deborah Mitchison, Sarah Skromanis, Jonathan Mond
PURPOSE: To examine perceptions of the severity of eating disorders and obesity and the effects on these of an information manipulation while also considering the influence of potential covariates such as age, gender, physical and mental health and beliefs about the prevalence and causes of the respective conditions. METHODS: Australian women and men (n = 488) aged 18-73 years were randomly assigned to one of four conditions: no information, neutral information, eating disorders emphasis and obesity emphasis...
May 16, 2019: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Elsa Massicotte, Sarah-Maude Deschênes, Philip L Jackson
The impact of obesity on physical and psychological health is well recognized in the literature with, among others, evidence of alterations in cognition. Indeed, obese populations are characterized by lower executive functions as well as an enhanced food craving. However, the relationship between executive functions and food craving remains unexplored. Moreover, these two variables have also been shown to predict food intake, but studies in the context of obesity are lacking. Thus, this study had two objectives: (1) determining if executive functions and food craving are linked, and (2) examining the predictors of highly palatable food intake and bland food intake...
May 15, 2019: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Margaret C Fahey, Robert C Klesges, Mehmet Kocak, Gerald W Talcott, Rebecca A Krukowski
PURPOSE: The current study aimed to observe potential seasonal fluctuations in weight and self-weighing behavior among a diverse sample of adults engaged in a behavioral weight loss intervention. METHODS: Active duty personnel (N = 248) were randomized to either a counselor-initiated or self-paced 12-month behavioral weight loss intervention promoting daily self-weighing. Body weight and self-weighing frequency were collected from electronic scales (e-scales) provided at baseline...
May 15, 2019: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Rebecca Reynolds, Sarah McMahon
PURPOSE: We present pilot, cross-sectional online survey data of health professionals in Australia and New Zealand about their attitudes towards orthorexia nervosa (ON), the proposed health food eating disorder. Our primary outcome was whether the professionals believed that ON should be a distinct, clinically recognised eating disorder. METHODS: Fifty-two health professionals, predominantly psychologists and dietitians, completed the survey. RESULTS: Nearly, three-quarters of respondents (71%) believed that ON should be a distinct, clinically recognised eating disorder...
May 11, 2019: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
M Blanco, S Solano, A I Alcántara, M Parks, F J Román, A R Sepúlveda
PURPOSE: The prevalence of childhood obesity continues to increase worldwide. The aims of this study were to (1) assess the psychological well-being and rates of teasing of Spanish children with obesity (OG) and compare them with their non-overweight peers (NG), and (2) analyze the mediating role of weight-related teasing on the relation between children's BMI z score and psychological well-being. METHODS: The cross-sectional study included 50 preadolescents with obesity, matched with non-overweight children according to age, sex, and socioeconomic status, who were assessed via self-report instruments measuring anxiety, depression, self-esteem, and teasing...
May 10, 2019: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Victoria Laker, Glenn Waller
PURPOSE: This study reports on the development and validation of a brief and widely applicable measure of body comparison (the Comparison of Self-Scale-CoSS), which is a maintaining feature of eating disorders. METHODS: A sample of 412 adults completed the CoSS, an existing measure of aspects of body comparison, and eating pathology and associated states. Test-retest reliability was examined over 2 weeks. RESULTS: Exploratory factor analysis showed that 22 CoSS items loaded onto two factors, resulting in two scales-Appearance Comparison and Social Comparison-with strong internal consistency and test-retest reliability...
May 10, 2019: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Stephanie M Manasse, Helen B Murray, Megan Parker, Evan M Forman, Adrienne S Juarascio
OBJECTIVE: Although binge eating is associated with impulsivity, clinical reports suggest that some individuals with bulimia nervosa (BN) and binge eating disorder (BED) plan binge episodes in advance. This study is the first to examine: (1) the frequency of binge planning (BP; defined as both advanced knowledge that a binge episode will occur and taking steps to facilitate the binge episode); (2) associations of BP with ED severity, and (3) whether BP serves a negative reinforcement function...
May 7, 2019: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Felicity Sedgewick, Jenni Leppanen, Kate Tchanturia
PURPOSE: There has been a wealth of work on the weight outcomes of autistic children and young people, generally finding that they are more likely to be overweight or obese than their non-autistic counterparts. There has not been the same focussed study of the weight outcomes of autistic adults, however. This study, therefore, sought to examine the relationship between weight outcome and being autistic in adults. METHODS: Data were collected as part of an online study looking at eating, autism, and relationships...
May 7, 2019: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Brent Larison, Mary Pritchard
PURPOSE: The purpose of the present study was to explore the relative contributions of self-blame and internalized shame to variability in disordered eating and drive for muscularity scores in collegiate men. METHOD: One hundred and sixty-eight male college students in the Rocky Mountain region of the USA completed valid and reliable self-report survey measures: the Drive for Muscularity Scale, the Internalized Shame Scale, the Shame and Guilt Eating Scale to assess self-blame, and the Eating Attitudes Test...
May 7, 2019: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Nuha Alwardat, Laura Di Renzo, Mohammad Alwardat, Lorenzo Romano, Gemma Lou De Santis, Paola Gualtieri, Elena Carrano, Petronilla Nocerino, Antonino De Lorenzo
PURPOSE: The aim of this narrative review of the literature was to evaluate and summarize the current literature regarding the effect of lipedema on health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and psychological status. METHODS: The authors collected articles through a search into Medline, Embase, Scopus, Web of Science, Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro), and the Cochrane Review. Search terms used included "Lipoedema," "Lipedema," "psychological status," "Quality of life," "Health related quality of life," and "HRQOL...
May 6, 2019: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Amianto Federico, Angela Valentina Spalatro, Ilari Giorgio, Marzola Enrica, Giovanni Abbate Daga, Fassino Secondo
PURPOSE: To explore personological and psychopathological characteristics in individuals with obesity presenting for bariatric surgery compared with individuals with obesity not seeking bariatric surgery and healthy individuals to help clinician decision for surgical treatment. METHODS: 379 participants [160 candidates for bariatric surgery (B) vs 219 not seeking bariatric surgery (NB)] and 304 healthy subjects (HS) were assessed with a battery of well-validated psychometric tests...
May 6, 2019: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Chung-Ying Lin, Vida Imani, Pauline Cheung, Amir H Pakpour
PURPOSE: This study aimed to comprehensively and thoroughly examine the psychometric properties of two commonly used weight-related self-stigma instruments on Iranian adolescents with overweight or obesity: Weight Self-Stigma Questionnaire [WSSQ] and Weight Bias Internalization Scale [WBIS]. METHODS: After ensuring the linguistic validity of both the WSSQ and WBIS in their Persian versions, 737 Iranian adolescents with overweight or obesity (male = 354; mean age = 15...
May 4, 2019: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Abigail Matthews, Claire M Peterson, Laurie Mitan
PURPOSE: Premorbid obesity is an identified risk factor for eating disorder (ED) development among adolescent males. However, pervasive gender- and weight-related biases about ED inhibit timely diagnosis and treatment among this demographic. This study examined the psychological and medical characteristics of three adolescent males with premorbid obesity who were not diagnosed with atypical anorexia nervosa (AAN) until medical sequelae of malnutrition warranted emergent hospitalization...
May 3, 2019: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Cecilia Kwok, Victor Kwok, Huei Yen Lee, Shian Ming Tan
PURPOSE: Childhood-onset anorexia nervosa (AN) may be under-recognised and under-treated due to atypical presentations. The aims of this study are: (1) describe features of AN in patients ≤ 18 years in an Asian population; and (2) compare childhood-onset and adolescent-onset AN. METHODS: This study involved a retrospective chart review of patients ≤ 18 years in a Asian population who were treated for anorexia nervosa at the Eating Disorders Service at Singapore General Hospital between Jan 2003 and Dec 2014 (n = 435)...
April 25, 2019: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Wendy Spettigue, Nicole Obeid, Alexandre Santos, Mark Norris, Rami Hamati, Stasia Hadjiyannakis, Annick Buchholz
PURPOSE: Binge eating is a common behavior in children and adolescents who suffer from either eating disorders (EDs) or from severe obesity. The purpose of the current study was to explore the association between social anxiety and binge eating and compare prevalence rates of social anxiety between youth with severe obesity or EDs who did or did not engage in binge eating. METHODS: Retrospective data on treatment-seeking youth's (n = 490) eating behaviors and social anxiety at assessment were analyzed...
April 24, 2019: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Andrea S Hartmann
PURPOSE: To examine self-reported pica substances, situational triggers for, and associated psychosocial burden of pica eating in adolescents and adults in a Western European population. METHODS: A total of 78 individuals aged 16 years and over, who indicated consuming a substance that in their opinion is not considered as food, participated in an online survey. Two questionnaires assessed eating disorder and general psychopathology, and a third asked about the substances consumed, duration and frequency of consumption, triggers for consumption, emotions thereafter, and interest in treatment...
April 23, 2019: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Aneta Krogulska, Dominika Nowicka, Zbigniew Nowicki, Monika Parzęcka, Agnieszka Sakson-Słomińska, Renata Kuczyńska
The original article can be found online.
April 23, 2019: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Alice Beatrice Prefit, Diana-Mirela Cândea, Aurora Szentagotai-Tătar
BACKGROUND: In recent years, research has increasingly focused on body dissatisfaction, which is associated with numerous negative psychological and physical health consequences and, more importantly, with the development and maintenance of eating pathology. OBJECTIVE: In the present study, we focused on the effect of two adaptive emotion regulation strategies (acceptance and reappraisal) on body dissatisfaction compared to a control group, and pre- and post-induction of body dissatisfaction...
April 23, 2019: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
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