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Aging & Mental Health

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30773894/the-meanings-of-loneliness-for-older-persons
#1
Jiska Cohen-Mansfield, Rotem Eisner
OBJECTIVES: We identify and describe the meanings of loneliness among older persons, the kinds of relationships they are seeking in order to alleviate it, and the barriers they face in developing these connections. METHOD: Study participants were 35 older persons between the ages of 66 and 92 years from Tel Aviv, Israel, who participated in an intervention which involved group activities and individual meetings. The transcriptions of the individual meetings in which participants described their loneliness and explored potential solutions formed the data for thematic analysis...
February 17, 2019: Aging & Mental Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30761911/rural-and-urban-older-adults-perceptions-of-mental-health-services-accessibility
#2
Bob G Knight, Sonya Winterbotham
OBJECTIVES: Older adults have been recognised as a group with poor access to mental health services, particularly those in rural areas. Using a decision framework of recognizing psychological problems, deciding to seek help, and choice of help, this study investigated older adults' access to mental health services using a mixed methods design. METHODS: Ninety-four older adults from remote, regional and urban Australia returned surveys and twenty-one of them participated in focus groups and in-depth interviews...
February 14, 2019: Aging & Mental Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30744414/time-frame-problem-specificity-and-framing-the-implicit-structures-of-questions-about-memory-in-older-adults
#3
Jacqueline Mogle, Nikki Hill, Iris Bhang, Sakshi Bhargava, Emily Whitaker, Erin Kitt-Lewis
OBJECTIVE: Self-reported memory complaints in older adults are common and may be an early indicator of future cognitive decline or dementia. However, there is wide variety in self-reported memory items that lack consensus on what they intend to measure. This study explored the perspectives of older adults on items currently used to assess self-reported memory. METHOD: A convenience sample of community dwelling older adults (n = 51) completed a free card sorting task of 16 commonly used items assessing self-reports of memory problems...
February 12, 2019: Aging & Mental Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30744396/cognitive-behaviour-therapy-for-insomnia-and-depression-qualitative-reflections-from-older-adults-who-participated-in-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#4
Paul Sadler, Suzanne McLaren, Britt Klein, Megan Jenkins
OBJECTIVES: To explore the experiences of older adults who participated in a randomised controlled trial (RCT) that tested cognitive behaviour therapy for insomnia and depression. METHODS: Focus groups were conducted post treatment for older adults (M age = 75 years; 61% female) who participated in a RCT that tested two experiential interventions targeting comorbid insomnia and depression (cognitive behaviour therapy for insomnia, CBT-I; cognitive behaviour therapy for insomnia plus positive mood strategies, CBT-I+)...
February 12, 2019: Aging & Mental Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30744391/direct-and-indirect-predictors-of-burden-among-bedouin-caregivers-of-family-members-with-terminal-cancer-in-israel
#5
Y G Bachner, M Morad, C Sroussi, N O'Rourke
OBJECTIVE: The diverse demands of cancer care, which require time, psychological, physical, and material resources, often lead to caregiver burden. Studies with caregivers from ethnic minority groups suggest that they have unique beliefs and may experience different perceptions of role demands and caregiving. The aim of this study was to identify direct and indirect predictors of burden among Bedouin caregivers of family members with terminal cancer in Israel. METHODS: A total of 101 Bedouin family caregivers of terminal cancer patients participated in this study...
February 12, 2019: Aging & Mental Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30744387/an-integrative-group-movement-program-for-people-with-dementia-and-care-partners-together-paired-pli%C3%A3-initial-process-evaluation
#6
James J Casey, Krista L Harrison, Maria I Ventura, Wolf Mehling, Deborah E Barnes
OBJECTIVES: To understand feedback from participants in Paired PLIÉ (Preventing Loss of Independence through Exercise), a novel, integrative group movement program for people with dementia and their care partners, in order to refine the intervention and study procedures. METHOD: Data sources included daily logs from the first Paired PLIÉ RCT group, final reflections from the second Paired PLIÉ RCT group, and responses to requests for feedback and letters of support from Paired PLIÉ community class participants...
February 12, 2019: Aging & Mental Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30739494/widowhood-and-depression-a-longitudinal-study-of-older-persons-in-rural-china
#7
Jie Xu, Zheng Wu, Christoph M Schimmele, Shuzhuo Li
Using six waves of longitudinal data (2001-2015) collected in Anhui, China (N = 2,131) and generalized estimating equations (GEE) models, this study fulfilled several objectives. First, the study compared the widowed to the married to examine if the transition to and duration of widowhood contributes to changes in depression. Second, the study examined if the bereavement-depression relationship is a process that precedes widowhood or is an abrupt change following the death of a spouse. Third, the study examined if social resources influence the bereavement-depression relationship...
February 10, 2019: Aging & Mental Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30739493/physical-and-mental-health-correlates-of-perceived-financial-exploitation-in-older-adults-preliminary-findings-from-the-finance-cognition-and-health-in-elders-study-finches
#8
Gali H Weissberger, Laura Mosqueda, Annie L Nguyen, Anya Samek, Patricia A Boyle, Caroline P Nguyen, S Duke Han
OBJECTIVES: Financial exploitation (FE) in old age is poorly understood, particularly among those without significant cognitive impairment. The Finance, Cognition, and Health in Elders Study (FINCHES) aims to identify factors associated with FE among cognitively-healthy older adults. Preliminary findings regarding physical and mental health correlates in the pilot phase of FINCHES are reported. METHOD: Sixteen older adults who self-reported FE were demographically-matched on age, education, sex, and race/ethnicity to eighteen older adults who did not report past FE...
February 10, 2019: Aging & Mental Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30739485/identification-of-non-professional-caregivers-with-high-resilience-using-sociodemographic-care-and-personal-and-social-development-variables
#9
Vanessa Blanco, Fernando L Vázquez, María Adelina Guisande, María Teresa Sánchez, Patricia Otero
OBJECTIVES: Despite the importance of resilience in well-being and adaptation to the role of caregiver in non-professional caregivers, research on resilience in this population has been scarce and contradictory, and has methodological limitations. The objective of this study was to identify subgroups of caregivers with high levels of resilience based on a series of predictors including sociodemographic variables and variables related to care and personal and social development. METHOD: 294 non-professional caregivers (89...
February 10, 2019: Aging & Mental Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30739478/in-search-for-the-humane-staffs-perspectives-on-everyday-activities-in-a-nursing-home
#10
Margarita Mondaca, Karin Johansson, Staffan Josephsson, Lena Rosenberg
OBJECTIVES: To better understand how a dialogue about the influence of nursing home residents on their everyday activities evolve among diverse practitioners and to identify the consequences of such an understanding in practice. METHODS: Inspired by a collaborative approach, five workshops, one focus group and follow up interviews were conducted. The participants were 19 diverse practitioners. Analysis followed a dialogical approach. FINDINGS: Tensions, opportunities and challenges were articulated and discussed during the workshops and are developed in: a) Bypassing the "humane"? The dilemma between using shields preventing engagement or acting in a clandestine manner b)"What is our stance?" Seeking common ground on which to stand regarding everyday activities and c) Recognising expertise and seeking connections...
February 10, 2019: Aging & Mental Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30739477/ghosts-from-the-past-the-association-between-childhood-interpersonal-trauma-attachment-and-anxiety-and-depression-in-late-life
#11
Lies Van Assche, Luc Van de Ven, Mathieu Vandenbulcke, Patrick Luyten
OBJECTIVES: Research suggests that vulnerability for anxiety and depression in late life results from a complex interaction between (neuro)biological and environmental factors. In this context, there is growing evidence for the role of childhood trauma on vulnerability for both anxiety and depression throughout the course of life, mainly through its effects on attachment as a biologically based neurodevelopmental stress regulation system. Yet, the impact of childhood trauma on depression and anxiety in late life specifically remains unclear...
February 10, 2019: Aging & Mental Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30739472/-i-m-more-aware-now-perspectives-from-people-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-mci-supporters-and-counsellors-about-the-maxcog-cognitive-rehabilitation-intervention
#12
Bridget Regan, Yvonne Wells, Paul O'Halloran
OBJECTIVES: Cognitive Rehabilitation interventions have the potential to improve quality of life for people with MCI. We recently developed, trialled, and evaluated the use of the MAXCOG (Maximising Cognition) intervention-a very brief (four-session) face-to-face program focussing on individualised goals to improve function in daily life. Although the program assisted people reach their practical goals, we could not demonstrate broader changes to quality of life, mood, or carer burden...
February 10, 2019: Aging & Mental Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30729805/consumption-of-fruits-and-vegetables-improved-physical-health-mental-health-physical-functioning-and-cognitive-health-in-older-adults-from-11-european-countries
#13
Kerstin H Gehlich, Johannes Beller, Bernhard Lange-Asschenfeldt, Wolfgang Köcher, Martina C Meinke, Jürgen Lademann
OBJECTIVE: Regular consumption of fruits and vegetables has been found to contribute to physical health and physical functioning. However, health is not limited to the absence of physical diseases but also encompasses mental health and cognition. Thus, we wanted to examine how the consumption of fruit and vegetables is associated with overall health, including mental health and cognitive health of older European adults. DESIGN: We used multilevel regression analysis (participants nested within countries) to examine the effects of nutrition on overall health...
February 7, 2019: Aging & Mental Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30729800/age-is-not-just-a-number-age-awareness-subjective-nearness-to-death-self-esteem-and-depressive-symptoms-among-older-adults
#14
Yoav S Bergman, Ehud Bodner
OBJECTIVES: Humans often hold structured generalizations about themselves, which include attributes of qualities or characteristics they consider as important to their personal self-definitions. In this regard, holding one's age as an important defining personal category (high age awareness) was demonstrated to be connected with increased distress in older adults. However, little is known about the manner by which this connection is affected by individuals' perceptions regarding how close they are to their death on the one hand, and their personal resources on the other hand...
February 7, 2019: Aging & Mental Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30729792/a-longitudinal-study-of-the-impact-of-social-network-size-and-loneliness-on-cognitive-performance-in-depressed-older-adults
#15
Jisca S Kuiper, Nynke Smidt, Sytse U Zuidema, Hannie C Comijs, Richard C Oude Voshaar, Marij Zuidersma
OBJECTIVES: To examine the association of social network size and loneliness with cognitive performance and -decline in depressed older adults. METHOD: A sample of 378 older adults [70.7 (7.4) years] with a Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition diagnosis of current depressive disorder were recruited from primary care and specialized mental health care. Cognitive performance was assessed at baseline and 2 years follow-up with the Stroop colored-word test, a modified version of the Auditory Verbal Learning Task and the Digit Span subtest from the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale, encompassing four cognitive domains; processing speed, interference control, memory, and working memory...
February 7, 2019: Aging & Mental Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30724582/nursing-homes-underreport-antipsychotic-prescribing
#16
Becky A Briesacher, Brianne Mui, John W Devlin, Benjamin Koethe
OBJECTIVE: Determine the accuracy of nursing home self-reported antipsychotic prescribing before and after implementation of a Medicare campaign to reduce use. METHODS: Quasi-experimental study comparing trends in self-reported antipsychotic prescribing relative to claims-based prescribing. Setting is a nationwide sample of 11,912 facilities, 2011-2013. Participants are long-stay nursing home residents (n = 586,281) with prescribing data in Medicare Minimum Data Set 3...
February 6, 2019: Aging & Mental Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30724580/the-relationship-between-quality-of-life-in-a-nursing-home-and-personal-organizational-activity-related-factors-and-social-satisfaction-a-cross-sectional-study-with-multiple-linear-regression-analyses
#17
Annelies Maenhout, Elise Cornelis, Dominique Van de Velde, Valerie Desmet, Ellen Gorus, Lien Van Malderen, Ruben Vanbosseghem, Patricia De Vriendt
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate quality of life in nursing home residents and the relationship with personal, organizational, activity-related factors and social satisfaction. METHODS: In a cross-sectional survey study in 73 nursing homes in Flanders, Belgium, 171 cognitively healthy residents were randomly recruited (mean age 85.40 years [±5.88]; 27% men, 73% women). Quality of life, as the dependent/response variable, was measured using anamnestic comparative self-assessment (range -5 to +5)...
February 6, 2019: Aging & Mental Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30724575/assessing-the-relationship-between-multimorbidity-and-depression-in-older-men-and-women-the-international-mobility-in-aging-study-imias
#18
Roxanne Turuba, Catherine Pirkle, Emmanuelle Bélanger, Alban Ylli, Fernando Gomez Montes, Afshin Vafaei
OBJECTIVES: Our study aims to assess whether multimorbidity is an independent risk factor for the development of depression in older adults living in Canada, Brazil, Colombia, and Albania and examines differences in incidence of depression regarding social and psychosocial characteristics. METHODS: The longitudinal International Mobility Aging Study (IMIAS) collected information from adults between 65-74 years old. Depression was defined by a 16 or higher score assessed by the Centre for Epidemiological Studies Depression (CES-D) Scale...
February 6, 2019: Aging & Mental Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30724574/goal-oriented-attention-self-regulation-goals-training-in-older-adults
#19
Gary R Turner, Tatjana Novakovic-Agopian, Erica Kornblith, Areeba Adnan, Michelle Madore, Anthony J W Chen, Mark D'Esposito
OBJECTIVES: A common cognitive complaint of older adulthood is distractibility, or decline in ability to concentrate and maintain focus, yet few evidence-based interventions exist to address these deficits. We implemented s pilot trial of an evidence-based executive function training program, to investigate whether training in applied goal-directed attention regulation and problem solving would enhance executive control abilities in a sample of cognitively normal older adults with self-reported complaints of concentration problems...
February 6, 2019: Aging & Mental Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30700138/childhood-adversity-and-depressive-symptoms-among-middle-aged-and-older-chinese-results-from-china-health-and-retirement-longitudinal-study
#20
Lei Yang, Yaoyue Hu, Karri Silventoinen, Pekka Martikainen
OBJECTIVES: A number of studies have established the link between childhood adversity (CA) and depression across the life span. This association can be culturally specific, and it remains unclear whether and how different aspects of CA affect depressive symptoms in later life in non-Western societies. METHOD: Data were from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study in 2011, 2013, 2014 (Life Event History survey) and 2015 (N = 13,710). Depressive symptoms were measured repeatedly in 2011, 2013, and 2015 using the ten-item Centre for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D-10)...
January 31, 2019: Aging & Mental Health
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