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Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR

Areen Badwal, JoHanna Poertner, Robin A Samlan, Julie E Miller
Purpose: The zebra finch is used as a model to study the neural circuitry of auditory-guided human vocal production. The terminology of birdsong production and acoustic analysis, however, differs from human voice production, making it difficult for voice researchers of either species to navigate the literature from the other. The purpose of this research note is to identify common terminology and measures to better compare information across species. Method: Terminology used in the birdsong literature will be mapped onto terminology used in the human voice production literature...
December 11, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
Megan Y Roberts
Purpose: Despite advances in cochlear implant and hearing aid technology, many children with hearing loss continue to exhibit poorer language skills than their hearing peers. This randomized pilot trial tested the effects of a parent-implemented communication treatment targeting prelinguistic communication skills in infants and toddlers with hearing loss. Method: Participants included 19 children between 6 and 24 months of age with moderate to profound, bilateral hearing loss...
December 10, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
Maria V Stuckenberg, Chaitra V Nayak, Bernd T Meyer, Christoph Völker, Volker Hohmann, Alexandra Bendixen
Purpose: For elderly listeners, it is more challenging to listen to 1 voice surrounded by other voices than for young listeners. This could be caused by a reduced ability to use acoustic cues-such as slight differences in onset time-for the segregation of concurrent speech signals. Here, we study whether the ability to benefit from onset asynchrony differs between young (18-33 years) and elderly (55-74 years) listeners. Method: We investigated young (normal hearing, N = 20) and elderly (mildly hearing impaired, N = 26) listeners' ability to segregate 2 vowels with onset asynchronies ranging from 20 to 100 ms...
December 10, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
Jon Henner, Rama Novogrodsky, Catherine Caldwell-Harris, Robert Hoffmeister
Purpose: This article examines whether syntactic and vocabulary abilities in American Sign Language (ASL) facilitate 6 categories of language-based analogical reasoning. Method: Data for this study were collected from 267 deaf participants, aged 7;6 (years;months) to 18;5. The data were collected from an ongoing study initially funded by the U.S. Institute of Education Sciences in 2010. The participants were given assessments of ASL vocabulary and syntax knowledge and a task of language-based analogies presented in ASL...
December 6, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
Elizabeth Brookshire Madden, Tim Conway, Maya L Henry, Kristie A Spencer, Kathryn M Yorkston, Diane L Kendall
Purpose: This study investigated the relationship between non-orthographic language abilities and reading in order to examine assumptions of the primary systems hypothesis and further our understanding of language processing poststroke. Method: Performance on non-orthographic semantic, phonologic, and syntactic tasks, as well as oral reading and reading comprehension tasks, was assessed in 43 individuals with aphasia. Correlation and regression analyses were conducted to determine the relationship between these measures...
December 4, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
Christi W Miller, Joshua G W Bernstein, Xuyang Zhang, Yu-Hsiang Wu, Ruth A Bentler, Kelly Tremblay
Purpose: This study evaluated whether certain spectral ripple conditions were more informative than others in predicting ecologically relevant unaided and aided speech outcomes. Method: A quasi-experimental study design was used to evaluate 67 older adult hearing aid users with bilateral, symmetrical hearing loss. Speech perception in noise was tested under conditions of unaided and aided, auditory-only and auditory-visual, and 2 types of noise. Predictors included age, audiometric thresholds, audibility, hearing aid compression, and modulation depth detection thresholds for moving (4-Hz) or static (0-Hz) 2-cycle/octave spectral ripples applied to carriers of broadband noise or 2000-Hz low- or high-pass filtered noise...
December 4, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
Peter T Richtsmeier, Amanda K Good
Purpose: Frequent sounds and frequent words are both acquired at an earlier age and are produced by children more accurately. Recent research suggests that frequency is not always a facilitative concept, however. Interactions between input frequency in perception and practice frequency in production may limit or inhibit growth. In this study, we consider how a range of input frequencies affect production accuracy and referent identification. Method: Thirty-three typically developing 3- and 4-year-olds participated in a novel word-learning task...
December 4, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
Ingo R Titze, Tobias Riede, Anil Palaparthi, Linda S Hynan, Amy Hamilton, Laura Toles, Ted Mau
Purpose: The purposes of this study are to introduce the concept of vocal priorities based on acoustic correlates, to develop an instrument to determine these vocal priorities, and to analyze the pattern of vocal priorities in patients with voice disorders. Method: Questions probing the importance of 5 vocal attributes (vocal clarity, loudness, mean speaking pitch, pitch range, vocal endurance) were generated from consensus conference involving speech-language pathologists, laryngologists, and voice scientists, as well as patient feedback...
December 4, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
Matthew James Valleau, Haruka Konishi, Roberta Michnick Golinkoff, Kathy Hirsh-Pasek, Sudha Arunachalam
Purpose: We examined receptive verb knowledge in 22- to 24-month-old toddlers with a dynamic video eye-tracking test. The primary goal of the study was to examine the utility of eye-gaze measures that are commonly used to study noun knowledge for studying verb knowledge. Method: Forty typically developing toddlers participated. They viewed 2 videos side by side (e.g., girl clapping, same girl stretching) and were asked to find one of them (e.g., "Where is she clapping?")...
December 4, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
Rebecca Hunting Pompon, Dagmar Amtmann, Charles Bombardier, Diane Kendall
Purpose: Chronic stress is likely a common experience among people with the language impairment of aphasia. Importantly, chronic stress reportedly alters the neural networks central to learning and memory-essential ingredients of aphasia rehabilitation. Before we can explore the influence of chronic stress on rehabilitation outcomes, we must be able to measure chronic stress in this population. The purpose of this study was to (a) modify a widely used measure of chronic stress (Perceived Stress Scale [PSS]; Cohen & Janicki-Deverts, 2012) to fit the communication needs of people with aphasia (PWA) and (b) validate the modified PSS (mPSS) with PWA...
December 4, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
Janet Vuolo, Lisa Goffman
Purpose: The aim of the study was to investigate the relationship between language load and articulatory variability in children with language and speech sound disorders, including childhood apraxia of speech. Method: Forty-six children, ages 48-92 months, participated in the current study, including children with speech sound disorder, developmental language disorder (aka specific language impairment), childhood apraxia of speech, and typical development. Children imitated (low language load task) then retrieved (high language load task) agent + action phrases...
December 3, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
Susan Jerger, Markus F Damian, Cassandra Karl, Hervé Abdi
Purpose: Successful speech processing depends on our ability to detect and integrate multisensory cues, yet there is minimal research on multisensory speech detection and integration by children. To address this need, we studied the development of speech detection for auditory (A), visual (V), and audiovisual (AV) input. Method: Participants were 115 typically developing children clustered into age groups between 4 and 14 years. Speech detection (quantified by response times [RTs]) was determined for 1 stimulus, /buh/, presented in A, V, and AV modes (articulating vs...
December 3, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
Daan J van de Velde, Johan H M Frijns, Mieke Beers, Vincent J van Heuven, Claartje C Levelt, Jeroen Briaire, Niels O Schiller
Purpose: Relative to normally hearing (NH) peers, the speech of children with cochlear implants (CIs) has been found to have deviations such as a high fundamental frequency, elevated jitter and shimmer, and inadequate intonation. However, two important dimensions of prosody (temporal and spectral) have not been systematically investigated. Given that, in general, the resolution in CI hearing is best for the temporal dimension and worst for the spectral dimension, we expected this hierarchy to be reflected in the amount of CI speech's deviation from NH speech...
December 3, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
Kristen M Allison, Katherine C Hustad
Purpose: The objectives of this study were to examine different speech profiles among children with dysarthria secondary to cerebral palsy (CP) and to characterize the effect of different speech profiles on intelligibility. Method: Twenty 5-year-old children with dysarthria secondary to CP and 20 typically developing children were included in this study. Six acoustic and perceptual speech measures were selected to quantify a range of segmental and suprasegmental speech characteristics and were measured from children's sentence productions...
November 27, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
Stephanie Gillespie, Jacqueline Laures-Gore, Elliot Moore, Matthew Farina, Scott Russell, Benjamin Haaland
Purpose: The current study aimed to identify objective acoustic measures related to affective state change in the speech of adults with post-stroke aphasia. Method: The speech of 20 post-stroke adults with aphasia was recorded during picture description and administration of the Western Aphasia Battery-Revised (Kertesz, 2006). In addition, participants completed the Self-Assessment Manikin (Bradley & Lang, 1994) and the Stress Scale (Tobii Dynavox, 1981-2016) before and after the language tasks...
November 27, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
Glenda K Mason
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to examine differences in phonological accuracy in multisyllabic words (MSWs) on a whole-word metric, longitudinally and cross-sectionally, for elementary school-aged children with typical development (TD) and with history of protracted phonological development (PPD). Method: Three mismatch subtotals, Lexical influence, Word Structure, and segmental Features (forming a Whole Word total), were evaluated in 3 multivariate analyses: (a) a longitudinal comparison (n = 22), at age 5 and 8 years; (b) a cross-sectional comparison of 8- to 10-year-olds (n = 12 per group) with TD and with history of PPD; and (c) a comparison of the group with history of PPD (n = 12) with a larger 5-year-old group (n = 62)...
November 27, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
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No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 10, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
Patricia Deevy, Laurence B Leonard
Purpose: This study tested children's sensitivity to tense/agreement information in fronted auxiliaries during online comprehension of questions (e.g., Are the nice little dogs running?). Data from children with developmental language disorder (DLD) were compared to previously published data from typically developing (TD) children matched according to sentence comprehension test scores. Method: Fifteen 5-year-old children with DLD and fifteen 3-year-old TD children participated in a looking-while-listening task...
November 16, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
Jason C Chow
Purpose: The purpose of this research note is to systematically document the extent that researchers who publish in American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA) journals search for and include unpublished literature in their meta-analyses and test for publication bias. Method: This research note searched all ASHA peer-reviewed journals for published meta-analyses and reviewed all qualifying articles for characteristics related to the acknowledgment and assessment of publication bias...
November 13, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
Gary E Martin, Lauren Bush, Jessica Klusek, Shivani Patel, Molly Losh
Purpose: Pragmatic language skills are often impaired above and beyond general language delays in individuals with neurodevelopmental disabilities. This study used a multimethod approach to language sample analysis to characterize syndrome- and sex-specific profiles across different neurodevelopmental disabilities and to examine the congruency of 2 analysis techniques. Method: Pragmatic skills of young males and females with fragile X syndrome with autism spectrum disorder (FXS-ASD, n = 61) and without autism spectrum disorder (FXS-O, n = 40), Down syndrome (DS, n = 42), and typical development (TD, n = 37) and males with idiopathic autism spectrum disorder only (ASD-O, n = 29) were compared using variables obtained from a detailed hand-coding system contrasted with similar variables obtained automatically from the language analysis program Systematic Analysis of Language Transcripts (SALT)...
November 9, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
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