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Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30755045/understanding-social-and-cultural-contexts-of-alcohol-misuse-in-mexican-origin-hispanic-men
#1
Luis A Valdez, David O Garcia, John Ruiz, Eyal Oren, Scott Carvajal
Evidence suggests that Hispanic and non-Hispanic White men (NHW) have comparable prevalence rates of alcohol use. However, Hispanic men consistently have higher prevalence rates of alcohol misuse compared with NHW men. Consequently, Hispanic men experience disproportionate levels of adverse health consequences of alcohol misuse when compared with NHW men. The aim of this study was to explore Hispanic male perspectives and opinions regarding alcohol use patterns that may lead to disparate rates of alcohol misuse in Hispanic males...
February 12, 2019: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30741001/feeling-hopeful-motivates-change-emotional-responses-to-messages-communicating-comparative-risk-of-electronic-cigarettes-and-combusted-cigarettes
#2
Bo Yang, Jiaying Liu, Lucy Popova
BACKGROUND: Emotions are important in smoking-related communications, but the role of discrete positive and negative emotions in comparative risk messages about combusted and electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) is unclear. METHOD: In an online experiment, 1,202 U.S. adult current smokers or recent quitters were randomized to view one of six messages about comparative risk of e-cigarettes and cigarettes. Participants reported their feelings of hope, happiness, fear, guilt, disgust, and anger and risk perceptions and behavioral intentions about e-cigarettes and cigarettes...
February 10, 2019: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30678507/points-based-reward-systems-in-gamification-impact-children-s-physical-activity-strategies-and-psychological-needs
#3
Sun Joo Grace Ahn, Kyle Johnsen, Catherine Ball
Gamification is an increasingly popular form of health intervention but its efficacy remains elusive due to a lack of clarity in its conceptualization and operationalization. This study aimed to isolate and determine the direct causal effect of one of the most popular game elements used in gamified interventions, the points-based reward system, on physical activity (PA) in children. A 72-hour field study with children aged 9 to 13 ( N = 67) was conducted using a digital PA intervention featuring a virtual dog, with and without a points-based reward system...
January 24, 2019: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30654655/social-needs-and-health-related-outcomes-among-medicaid-beneficiaries
#4
Tess Thompson, Amy McQueen, Merriah Croston, Alina Luke, Nicole Caito, Karyn Quinn, Jennifer Funaro, Matthew W Kreuter
Unmet social needs-including food, housing, and utilities-have been associated with negative health outcomes, but most prior research has examined the health associations with a single unmet need or analyzed samples that were homogeneous along one or more dimensions (e.g., older adults or patients with chronic health conditions). We examined the association between unmet social needs and psychosocial and health-related outcomes in a sample of Medicaid beneficiaries from 35 U.S. states. In 2016-2017, 1,214 people completed an online survey about social needs, demographics, and health-related and psychosocial outcomes...
January 17, 2019: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30636448/effectiveness-of-the-vamos-strategy-for-increasing-physical-activity-and-healthy-dietary-habits-a-randomized-controlled-community-trial
#5
Simone Teresinha Meurer, Aline Cristine Souza Lopes, Fabio Araujo Almeida, Raquel de Deus Mendonça, Tânia Rosane Bertoldo Benedetti
This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of the VAMOS strategy (Health-Improving Active Life) in improving physical activity (PA), dietary habits, and anthropometric variables of primary health care (PHC) users in Brazil. A randomized controlled community trial was conducted at two units of the Health Academy Program (HAP; a service provided by PHC), which were randomly assigned either to control group (CG) or intervention group (IG). Participants in both groups (CG = 156 and IG = 135) took part in physical activity classes provided by HAP facilities with those in IG also participating in the VAMOS strategy for 12 weeks...
January 13, 2019: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30630375/a-longitudinal-examination-of-the-impact-of-major-life-events-on-physical-activity
#6
Elizabeth A Richards, Patricia A Thomas, Anna K Forster, Zachary Hass
BACKGROUND: Despite promotion of physical activity guidelines, less than one third of U.S. adults are sufficiently active and an even larger number of older adults fail to meet guidelines. To address this major public health issue, it is essential to broadly consider determinants of physical activity. AIMS: This study explores how physical activity behavior is affected by the experience of major life events and considers the stress experienced due to these events across the life course...
January 10, 2019: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30628482/predicting-college-student-drinking-and-smoking-intentions-with-cognitively-accessible-attitudes-and-norms
#7
Nancy Rhodes, Bridget Potocki, Sarah Thomas
Understanding the factors that make college students more likely to drink alcohol and smoke cigarettes is key to developing effective interventions in order to reduce these behaviors. This study sought to understand entering college students' intentions to engage in smoking and drinking behavior by examining the cognitive accessibility (ease of retrieval from memory) of attitudes and norms for drinking. A sample of 413 first-year college students living in on-campus residence halls participated in the study in the first 2 weeks of their first semester of college...
January 10, 2019: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30616381/vaccine-information-sources-and-parental-trust-in-their-child-s-health-care-provider
#8
Nikki M Eller, Nora B Henrikson, Douglas J Opel
BACKGROUND: Parental trust in their child's health care provider and the number and type of vaccine information sources are important dimensions of vaccine hesitancy and may suggest intervention components for future research. METHOD: We conducted secondary analysis of survey data from mothers of healthy newborns in Washington State, and examined the association between parental trust in their child's health care provider and vaccine information sources. RESULTS: We found that mothers with less trust in their child's health care provider used more sources, more informal sources, and were less likely to consider their child's pediatrician their main source of vaccine information compared with more trusting mothers...
January 7, 2019: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30606077/e-cigarette-social-norms-and-risk-perceptions-among-susceptible-adolescents-in-a-country-that-bans-e-cigarettes
#9
Paula Lozano, Edna Arillo-Santillán, Inti Barrientos-Gutíerrez, Luz Myriam Reynales Shigematsu, James F Thrasher
BACKGROUND: This study examined how risk perceptions and social norms around e-cigarettes are associated with susceptibility (i.e., openness to using the product in the next 12 months) of e-cigarettes and smoking among adolescents. METHODS: We analyzed data from a 2016 representative survey of 8,718 middle school students in Mexico. The study sample was restricted to students who had tried neither e-cigarettes nor cigarettes, ( N = 4471). Students reported on the risks of e-cigarettes compared with those of cigarettes, and product-specific norms were measured by assessing current use by family members, at least one close friend, and, for e-cigarettes, by perceived societal acceptability of use (i...
January 4, 2019: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30606071/-the-packaging-is-very-inviting-and-makes-smokers-feel-like-they-re-more-safe-the-meanings-of-natural-american-spirit-cigarette-pack-design-to-adult-smokers
#10
Anna E Epperson, Paige E Averett, Tiffany Blanchflower, Kyle R Gregory, Joseph G L Lee
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The aim of this investigation was to identify which design elements on Natural American Spirit packs are salient to (i.e., noticed by) U.S. adult smokers and what meanings smokers derive from these elements. METHOD: We conducted a secondary analysis of qualitative data from a study of cigarette packaging design. U.S. adult smokers ( n = 33) from all nine census regions participated in six telephone-based focus groups in March 2017. We used constant comparison analysis to identify key themes...
January 4, 2019: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30606058/a-population-study-of-health-status-among-sexual-minority-older-adults-in-select-u-s-geographic-regions
#11
Hongying Dai, Ilan H Meyer
OBJECTIVE: This study seeks to examine the health disparities of sexual minority older adults. METHOD: We used a probability sample of adults older than 50 years in select U.S. regions from the 2014, 2015, and 2016 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System with administration of the sexual orientation question ( n = 350,778). Binary and multinomial logistic regression models were performed to examine health disparities in general health conditions, lifetime chronic health conditions, limitations in activities, substance use, access to care and preventive health behaviors by sexual minority status (straight, gay/lesbian, bisexual, other, and nonresponse), stratified by sex (male vs...
January 4, 2019: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30596265/social-media-vaccine-websites-a-comparative-analysis-of-public-and-moderated-websites
#12
Jo Ann Shoup, Komal J Narwaney, Nicole M Wagner, Courtney R Kraus, Kathy S Gleason, Karen Albright, Jason M Glanz
The internet is an important source of vaccine information for parents. We evaluated and compared the interactive content on an expert moderated vaccine social media (VSM) website developed for parents of children 24 months of age or younger and enrolled in a health care system to a random sample of interactions extracted from publicly available parenting and vaccine-focused blogs and discussion forums. The study observation period was September 2013 through July 2016. Three hundred sixty-seven eligible websites were located using search terms related to vaccines...
December 29, 2018: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30592224/applying-theory-of-change-to-a-structural-change-initiative-evaluation-of-model-communities-in-a-diverse-county
#13
Yuka Asada, Kelsey Gilmet, Christina Welter, Gina Massuda-Barnett, Devangna A Kapadia, Michael Fagen
Structural change approaches, also called policy, systems, and environmental change approaches, have been increasingly promoted and adopted by public ealth agencies in the past decade. These interventions require attention to multilevel, complex and contextual influences on individual and community health outcomes, requiring a sound theoretical framework that links the many processes and outcomes over time. The Model Communities program of Cook County, Illinois Communities Putting Prevention to Work program employed a theory of change (ToC) framework to inform the evaluations' design and execution...
December 28, 2018: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30577714/the-faith-activity-and-nutrition-fan-dissemination-and-implementation-study-phase-1-implementation-monitoring-methods-and-results
#14
Ruth P Saunders, Sara Wilcox, Danielle E Jake-Schoffman, Deborah Kinnard, Brent Hutto, Melinda Forthofer, Andrew T Kaczynski
Faith-based settings offer opportunities for reaching populations at risk for chronic conditions and are optimal settings for dissemination and implementation (D&I) research. Faith, Activity, and Nutrition (FAN) is an evidence-based program designed to promote physical activity (PA) and healthy eating (HE) through church policy, systems, and environmental change. We report implementation fidelity for Phase 1 of the FAN D&I project, a countywide effort. The group randomized study included pre- and postintervention assessments of core PA and HE components...
December 21, 2018: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30466318/deaths-of-despair-in-florida-assessing-the-role-of-social-determinants-of-health
#15
Robert J Zeglin, Danielle R M Niemela, Christopher W Baynard
Deaths of despair (DOD) is a new term appearing in public health literature to describe deaths attributable to suicide, liver disease, and drug overdose. In Florida, suicide and liver disease are the 8th and 10th leading causes of death, respectively. Additional mortality data show that the rate of drug overdose deaths in Florida is 12.5% higher than the suicide death rate. Some have hypothesized that economic social determinants of health (SDH) may be responsible for the recent increase in DOD. The current study, using secondary data, sought to identify what county-level SDH were significantly associated with county-level DOD...
November 22, 2018: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30409102/james-p-lovegren-mph-1932-2018
#16
Meredith Minkler, Lawrence W Green
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29991294/assessing-levels-and-correlates-of-implementation-of-evidence-based-approaches-for-colorectal-cancer-screening-a-cross-sectional-study-with-federally-qualified-health-centers
#17
Timothy J Walker, Betsy Risendal, Michelle C Kegler, Daniela B Friedman, Bryan J Weiner, Rebecca S Williams, Shin-Ping Tu, Maria E Fernandez
Multiple evidence-based approaches (EBAs) exist to improve colorectal cancer screening in health clinics. The success of these approaches is tied to effective implementation. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to assess the implementation of EBAs for colorectal cancer screening and clinic-level correlates of implementation in federally qualified health centers (FQHCs). We conducted descriptive and cross-sectional analyses using data collected from FQHC clinics across seven states ( n = 51). A clinic representative completed electronic surveys about clinic characteristics (e...
December 2018: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29589482/psychosocial-determinants-of-food-acquisition-and-preparation-in-low-income-urban-african-american-households
#18
JaWanna L Henry, Angela C B Trude, Pamela J Surkan, Elizabeth Anderson Steeves, Laura C Hopkins, Joel Gittelsohn
BACKGROUND: Psychosocial factors are important determinants of health behaviors and diet-related outcomes, yet relatively little work has explored their relation to food-purchasing and preparation behaviors in low-income populations. AIM: To evaluate the psychosocial factors associated with food-related behaviors. METHODS: Cross-sectional data collected from 465 low-income African American adult caregivers in the baseline evaluation of the B'more Healthy Communities for Kids obesity prevention trial...
December 2018: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29478353/predictors-of-long-term-adherence-to-multiple-health-behavior-recommendations-for-weight-management
#19
Stephanie L Fitzpatrick, Lawrence J Appel, Bethany Bray, Neon Brooks, Victor J Stevens
BACKGROUND: We have demonstrated previously that patterns of behavioral adherence in the first 6 months of behavioral lifestyle interventions were associated with significant weight loss at 18 months. In this article, we extend this work to examine patterns of behavioral adherence over 18 months and to explore baseline demographic and psychosocial predictors. METHOD: Latent class analysis was applied separately to the Weight Loss Maintenance and PREMIER trials data to examine patterns of adherence to the following recommendations: (1) consuming ≥9 servings of fruits and vegetables per day, (2) ≤25% of energy from total fat, (3) ≤7% energy from saturated fat, and (4) ≥180 minutes of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity per week...
December 2018: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30409048/what-s-the-risk-in-seeking-help-for-depression-assessing-the-nature-and-pleasantness-of-outcome-perceptions-among-individuals-with-depressive-symptomatology
#20
Jennifer A Lueck
Despite a growing mental health crisis in the United States, empirical indicators of what could make a depression help-seeking message effective and why are currently not available. Even worse, some depression help-seeking messages can activate negative beliefs among depressed individuals that may make help-seeking even less likely than before. The current study is based on the premise that normative theoretical frameworks used for health promotion purposes might not work in populations affected by depression...
November 8, 2018: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
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