Journals Techniques in Hand & Upper Ext...

Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery
Paula A Pino, Kitty Y Wu, Peter C Rhee
Triceps spasticity can occur in patients with upper motor neuron syndrome. It is often undetected when there is predominant elbow flexion spasticity and/or contracture. This condition can become apparent after surgery for elbow flexor spasticity, leading to impaired active elbow. Although triceps muscle-tendon lengthening procedures can be performed, these techniques do not directly address the issue of spasticity which is neurally mediated. This article presents a surgical technique for addressing triceps spasticity with a combined approach of hyperselective neurectomy of the medial head of the triceps and muscle-tendon lengthening of the long and lateral heads...
September 25, 2023: Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery
Julia Chung, Salma Albino-Hakim, Kate Samuels, David Bodansky, Alejandro Badia
Thumb carpometacarpal (CMC) osteoarthritis is painful and debilitating. Here, we explore outcomes of a modular, press-fit thumb CMC hemiarthroplasty prosthesis (BioPro). This surgical option permits minimal bone resection, sparing the trapezium, hence allowing revision options if necessary. A retrospective review of all cases of the modular thumb CMC implants performed at one community US center between 2018 and 2021 were included and invited for email or telephone review. Electronic records were examined for demographics, patient outcomes, and morbidity...
September 22, 2023: Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery
Ismail Bulent Ozcelik, Mohd Hanifah Jusoh, Ali Cavit
Ulnar impaction syndrome occurs when excessive load across the ulnocarpal joints results in pathologic changes, especially over the articular surface of the ulnar head and proximal ulnar corner of the lunate. The 2 main surgical options in ulnar impaction syndrome are ulnar shortening osteotomy and wafer procedure, whether open or arthroscopically, to decompress the ulnocarpal joint load. However, all of these techniques have their shortcomings and drawbacks. The current study demonstrates a novel technique to decompress the ulnocarpal joint load: the "reverse wafer procedure" for ulnar impaction syndrome...
September 13, 2023: Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery
Kun-Han Lee, Hui-Kuang Huang, Jung-Pan Wang
Wrist arthroscopy could be a treatment option for dorsal ganglion cysts. To achieve a thorough dorsal capsulectomy for the removal of midcarpal ganglion cysts, it is commonly necessary to combine both the radiocarpal and midcarpal portals. We present a modified method using radiocarpal portals only for arthroscopically excising dorsal midcarpal ganglion cysts. No extra midcarpal portals are necessary, and the method potentially generates satisfactory results.
September 11, 2023: Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery
Joel O'Sullivan, Jack Jeffrey, Caroline Miller, Dominic Power
Peripheral motor nerve transfer surgery is a technique that may be used to restore motor function to paralyzed muscles. Motor nerve transfer involves harvesting an expendable motor nerve branch, and transfer to the motor branch of the denervated target muscle, using microsurgical coaptation. To date, a standardized rehabilitation protocol does not exist. The 6 stages of rehabilitation after motor nerve transfer surgery were outlined by colleagues in the Birmingham Peripheral Nerve Injury service in 2019. This article aims to provide a practical therapy perspective on the rehabilitation stages of motor nerve transfer surgery outlined in that paper, focusing on the radial to axillary nerve transfer...
August 25, 2023: Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery
Hossein Saremi, Sepehr Shirouei, Babak Shojaie
Nonunion is a rare complication after surgical treatment of olecranon fracture, but indeed it is a devastating one because of the high potential for elbow stiffness, pain, soft tissue and skin problems, and device complaining. To our knowledge, there is no treatment of choice for olecranon nonunion in the literature. Here we describe a unique and new technique by sliding osteotomy of the olecranon in the form of prism and refixation with tension band wiring. Then, we report the clinical results for our 2 patients operated using this technique...
August 17, 2023: Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery
Hsueh-Min Kuo, Hui-Kuang Huang, Cheng-Yu Yin, Yi-Chao Huang, Jung-Pan Wang
Various surgical techniques have been described for the fixation of displaced unicondylar fractures of the proximal phalanx, with K-wire and interfragmentary screws being the most commonly used. Although open reduction with joint exposure can provide direct visualization and allow for anatomic reduction, its potential drawbacks, such as joint stiffness and loss of range of motion, are of significant concern. We introduced a novel fixation technique for displaced unicondylar fractures of the proximal phalanx using antegrade intramedullary pinning and transfixation of the proximal interphalangeal joint, which is simple, effective, and does not require open reduction...
August 3, 2023: Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery
A Luke Shiver, Doyle R Wallace, Joshua D Dolan, Keri L Jones, S Mark Fulcher
Scaphoid waist fractures are the most common fracture of the scaphoid. Operative management is indicated with unstable fractures and often for nondisplaced waist fractures to decrease time to union and return to work/sport. Screw placement within the central axis of the scaphoid is paramount and correlates with outcomes. Assessment of intrascaphoid screw placement is classically done via intraoperative fluoroscopy. An additional fluoroscopic view is presented to assist in confirming implant positioning. Along with the standard anterioposterior, lateral, pronated oblique, and "scaphoid" view we obtain a "standing peanut" view for assessment of central screw placement...
August 3, 2023: Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery
Ricardo Kaempf de Oliveira, João Pedro Brunelli, Márcio Aita, Pedro J Delgado
Nonunion remains one of the main complications of scaphoid fractures, with no consensus being reached as to the best surgical technique for scaphoid pseudoarthrosis. Thus, different types of procedures for bone stability and biological stimulus for consolidation have been described. The use of arthroscopy for scaphoid pseudoarthrosis has advantages as it allows for treating associated injuries, preserving wrist proprioception by minimizing damage to the joint capsule and ligaments and not deteriorating the already fragile scaphoid vasculature, leading to a quick recovery...
August 2, 2023: Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery
Saskia J H Brinkmann, Julia van Houten, Marco J P F Ritt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 31, 2023: Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery
Dan Hayward, Tyler Kastner, Justin Harder, Gracie Baum, Cameron Cox, Brendan MacKay
Chronic distal radioulnar joint (DRUJ) instability is a complex clinical condition that is difficult to treat. Currently, there is no gold standard treatment. We present a novel technique using Arthrex Mini Tightrope for DRUJ stabilization. In this case series, a 1.6 mm K-wire was passed transversely through the distal ulna and radius. The Mini Tightrope was inserted into the end of the K-wire and pulled through the bone tunnels. Appropriate tension was achieved to stabilize the joint according to individual laxity comparable to the contralateral side...
July 24, 2023: Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery
Jorge L Orbay, John J Heifner, Robert R L Gray, Francisco Rubio, Nathan A Hoekzema, Deana M Mercer
We describe a medial approach to the coronoid where the flexor-pronator mass is released from its humeral origin by creating a proximally based tendinous flap. This technique facilitates access to the coronoid, preservation of the medial collateral ligament origin, and repair of the flexor-pronator mass. This approach has utility for all coronoid fracture variations but especially the O'Driscoll anteromedial subtype 3, which includes fractures of the sublime tubercle, the anteromedial facet, and the coronoid tip...
July 13, 2023: Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery
Nicholas Pulos, Alexander Y Shin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 13, 2023: Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery
Shelby R Smith, Elizabeth Santucci, Paul M Lamberti
Punching injuries to the hand are frequent and can result in fourth and fifth carpometacarpal (CMC) fracture-dislocations. Fourth and fifth CMC fracture-dislocations are unstable, and dorsal metacarpal dislocations are most common. Operative management for maintaining reduction of the unstable fracture-dislocation was closed reduction and percutaneous pinning; however, in delayed fractures, open reduction is necessary. We report on a plating technique used for acute and delayed, unstable fourth and/or fifth CMC fracture-dislocations...
July 11, 2023: Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery
Steven C Kronlage, Edward Alex Whitaker
Optimal surgical treatment of first carpometacarpal joint instability remains a subject of debate. Consensus on thumb carpometacarpal stability originating with the dorsoradial ligamentous complex has shifted reconstruction techniques towards stabilization dorsally. We describe a dorsal stabilization technique with internal brace augmentation of the dorsoradial ligamentous complex. A single fellowship-trained hand surgeon treated 10 women, average age 34 years (range, 21 to 52 y) and 1 man, age 34 years, between 2019 and 2022...
September 1, 2023: Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery
Luis Carlos Díaz, Enrique Vergara-Amador, Felipe Camacho Castro
The Moberg flap has been used to achieve coverage of amputations of the thumb's fingertip. However, it has been associated with flexion contractures of the interphalangeal (IP) joint of the thumb. A modification of the surgical technique is presented, adding a distal V-Y flap to allow greater advancement, and avoiding IP joint contractures. The proposed surgical technique is presented, and a case series of patients treated with this modification is introduced. A total of 5 patients underwent this surgical technique...
September 1, 2023: Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery
Mithun Pai G, Anil K Bhat, Ashwath M Acharya
In secondary brachial plexus reconstruction, exploring an area that has already been operated on is challenging and time-consuming for a surgeon, especially in centers with a single-team approach. Due to their inertness and lack of adverse effects, silicone Foley catheters were used successfully during the reconstruction of flexor tendons. Based on the concept, we have achieved an acceptable functional outcome by banking the spinal accessory nerve in a silicon catheter for gracilis reanimation, which permits smooth dissection, maintains the length, and shortens the operating time for subsequent reconstruction...
June 26, 2023: Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery
Qiao Wang, Duncan A McGrouther
Septic arthritis of the metacarpophalangeal joint (MCPJ) compromises 9% of hand infections in Singapore. Common surgical treatment is open arthrotomy and joint washout. The wound is often left open for drainage postoperatively. Repeated debridement and secondary closure are frequently needed after the index surgery. We describe a method of continuous catheter irrigation of septic MCPJ joint using an infant feeding catheter. This method provides great infection clearance to avoid repeated debridement and allows primary closure of the wound to avoid secondary closure...
June 7, 2023: Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery
Sarah H Townsley, Alexander Y Shin
Division or rupture of the flexor pollicis longus (FPL) tendon can occur secondary to direct injury, laceration, or attritional rupture. Attritional rupture is particularly common in the setting volar plate fixation of a distal radius fracture. FPL tendon discontinuity can be restored through either primary repair or reconstruction. Primary repair can be challenging if not done within the first few days after injury secondary to contraction of the FPL muscle with retraction of the proximal tendon. Repair in this environment can lead to tension across the repair site as well as necessary flexion of the interphalangeal joint to accommodate primary repair...
June 5, 2023: Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery
Neil John Jones, Anouska Ayub, Kalpesh R Vaghela, Livio DiMascio, Gregory B Firth, Daniel Williams
Despite growing concordance of opinion in the adult setting, pediatric elbow instability and its management are poorly represented in the literature due to its low prevalence and often unique circumstances. The authors present a case of posttraumatic recurrent posterior pediatric elbow instability in a patient with joint hypermobility. Our patient, a 9-year-old girl, sustained a right-sided supracondylar fracture of the humerus in April 2019. Having been managed operatively, the elbow remained unstable and dislocated posteriorly in extension...
June 1, 2023: Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery
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