Journals Annals of Thoracic and Cardiov...

Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Atsushi Osoegawa, Miyuki Abe, Michiyo Miyawaki, Takashi Karashima, Yohei Takumi, Shinkichi Takamori, Kenji Sugio
PURPOSE: Robot-assisted thoracic surgery (RATS) has become popular because of its minimally invasive nature and reduced burden on surgeons. The anterior approach (AA) is beneficial because it utilizes the same field of view and procedures as thoracotomy and video-assisted thoracic surgery, although the disadvantages are less well-known. METHODS: We retrospectively examined 35 consecutive patients who underwent RATS lobectomy via the AA, focusing on clinical factors and postoperative complications...
November 30, 2023: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Liangwan Chen, Zhihuang Qiu, Yunnan Hu, Yue Shen, Guanhua Fang, Heng Lu, Qingsong Wu
PURPOSE: The conventional surgical treatment for postinfarction left ventricular aneurysm (LVA) is open-heart repair with cardiopulmonary bypass. However, the risk of the open-heart surgery under cardiopulmonary bypass may result in an unacceptable risk for many patients with multiple comorbidities. Here, we reported a new off-pump repair technique for postinfarction apical LVA. METHODS: A new off-pump repair technique, circular banding and occlusion technique, was applied to repair the postinfarction apical LVA in 12 patients...
November 21, 2023: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Goki Inno, Yosuke Takahashi, Kenta Nishiya, Munehide Nagao, Takumi Kawase, Akimasa Morisaki, Toshihiko Shibata
The Y-incision technique introduced by Dr. Bo Yang in 2021 is a very innovative technique that can enlarge the aortic annulus by two or more sizes without violating the left atrium or mitral valve. However, we encountered a case in which the left coronary artery ostium was located close to the left-non commissure. Therefore, we considered it would be dangerous to expand the incision to the left coronary annulus. We therefore devised a new technique that enlarges only the noncoronary annulus in an "L" fashion instead of a "Y" fashion...
November 2, 2023: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Jasmin H Shahinian, Harry Lappiere, Juan Grau, David Glineur
PURPOSE: Reimplanting the radial artery in the left internal thoracic artery as a composite graft allows total arterial revascularization (TAR) without aortic manipulation. The limitation of this strategy is the length of the radial artery required to reach distal right coronary artery (RCA) branches. Our analysis focuses on the feasibility of this strategy. METHODS: A total of 169 patients underwent TAR using the radial artery in a composite grafting configuration...
October 28, 2023: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Yuki Orimoto, Hiroyuki Ishibashi, Takahiro Arima, Yusuke Imaeda, Yuki Maruyama, Hiroki Mitsuoka, Akio Kodama
PURPOSE: We aimed to investigate the effects of initial abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) diameter on aneurysmal sac expansion/shrinkage, endoleaks, and reintervention postelective simple endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR). METHODS: Overall, 228 patients monitored for >1 year after EVAR were analyzed. Male and female participants with initial AAA diameters <55 mm and <50 mm, respectively, composed the small group (group S), while those with initial AAA diameters ≥55 mm (men) and ≥50 mm (women) composed the large group (group L)...
October 24, 2023: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Kohei Abe, Hiroyuki Nishi, Kazuma Okamoto, Hitoshi Yokoyama, Hirokuni Arai, Hitoshi Yaku, Shuichiro Takanashi, Hirofumi Takemura, Tohru Asai, Young-Kwang Park
PURPOSE: Coronary anastomosis is the most key factor to accomplish coronary artery bypass grafting, which is one of the largest areas in cardiovascular surgery. Although we have organized on-site simulator training courses of coronary anastomosis using BEAT YOUCAN, it became difficult to continue it because of COVID-19. Therefore, we established a real-time evaluation sheet instead of an Objective Structured Assessment of Technical Skills (OSATS) evaluation sheet. The purposes of this study was to develop the real-time assessment system and to prove the correlation between the score obtained by the OSATS and the score obtained by the real-time evaluation system...
September 29, 2023: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Bing Han, Zheng Qin, Peirui Chen, Liqiang Yuan, Mingqiang Diao
PURPOSE: Functional preserving sublobectomy (FPSL), a novel balancing strategy for segmentectomy and wedge resection, allows rapid and accurate removal of invisible nodules without the use of any preoperative localization markers. This study aimed to share single-center experience of lateral dorsal basal lung resection based on FPSL, so as to provide new surgical options for thoracic surgeons. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed on 13 patients who underwent thoracoscopic basal lung resection after FPSL at XX hospital from January 2021 to August 2022...
September 20, 2023: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Georgi Manchev, Vassil Gegouskov, Vladimir Kornovski, Georgi Yankov, Valya Goranovska, Vicktoria Ilieva, Vicktoria Petrova
PURPOSE: The distal suture line during aortic dissection repair can be performed by a closed technique or by an open technique. This study presents a retrospective comparison of both methods regarding their postoperative outcomes. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 120 patients who underwent surgery for acute aortic dissection type A were divided into two groups. In group A (n = 81), open distal anastomosis was performed under hypothermic circulatory arrest and selective cerebral perfusion...
September 20, 2023: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Fumiaki Shiratori, Takashi Suzuki, Satoshi Yajima, Yoko Oshima, Tatsuki Nanami, Kimihiko Funahashi, Hideaki Shimada
PURPOSE: The lactate dehydrogenase-to-albumin ratio (LAR) has been reported as a potential prognostic biomarker in various cancers; however, only a few pieces of information have been reported on esophageal cancer. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the prognostic significance of preoperative LAR in patients with esophageal cancer. METHODS: This study included 236 patients (193 men and 43 women; mean age of 66 years [range, 41-83 years]) with esophageal cancer who underwent curative surgery between September 2008 and March 2020...
October 20, 2023: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Tomohiro Watanabe, Yoshikane Yamauchi, Ryo Takeyama, Shinya Kohmaru, Hitoshi Dejima, Yuichi Saito, Yukinori Sakao
PURPOSE: A prolonged air leak (PAL) is one of the common postoperative complications of pulmonary resection. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of pleurodesis with sterile talc or OK-432 for postoperative air leak. METHODS: Patients with postoperative air leak who received chemical pleurodesis using sterile talc or OK-432 were retrospectively identified from medical records data. For pleurodesis with either agent, prior assessment and approval by the hospital safety department were carried out for each case, in addition to individual consent...
August 30, 2023: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Aya Saito, Noboru Motomura, Hiraku Kumamaru, Hiroaki Miyata, Hirokuni Arai
PURPOSE: Continuous annual reporting on coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgical practice is key for quality control and improvement of clinical results. In this report, Japanese nationwide features and trends in the extent of coronary artery disease and the characteristics of those undergoing CABG procedures in 2019 are presented. Clinical results of related ischemic heart disease are also presented. METHODS AND RESULTS: The Japanese Cardiovascular Surgery Database (JCVSD) is a nationwide surgical case registry system...
August 20, 2023: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Kemin Liu, Qing Ye, Yichen Zhao, Cheng Zhao, Li Song, Jiangang Wang
PURPOSE: This study explored the sex differences in the outcomes of degenerative mitral valve repair (MVr). METHODS: From 2010 to 2019, 1069 patients who underwent MVr due to degenerative mitral disease at Beijing Anzhen Hospital were analyzed. The average patient follow-up was 5.1 years (interquartile range: 5-7 years). The primary endpoint was overall survival. Secondary endpoints were freedom from reoperation and recurrent mitral regurgitation. A propensity-matched analysis was used to compare the outcomes of males and females...
August 20, 2023: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Toshiaki Fukutomi, Yusuke Taniyama, Chiaki Sato, Hiroshi Okamoto, Hiromichi Niikawa, Yoshinori Okada, Takashi Kamei
PURPOSE: With de novo cancer, esophagectomy after lung transplantation (LTx) can be challenging because of intrathoracic adhesions, delayed wound healing, and postoperative pulmonary complications, which might be lethal. CASE PRESENTATION: A 52-year-old woman with esophageal cancer had undergone bilateral LTx for end-stage diffuse panbronchiolitis at 50 years of age. Thoracoscopic esophagectomy was performed. Bilateral bronchial arteries and subcarinal and bilateral bronchial lymph nodes were preserved to maintain blood supply to the transplanted bronchi...
August 20, 2023: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Yukiharu Sugimura, Moritz Benjamin Immohr, Arash Mehdiani, Udo Boeken, Hug Aubin, Artur Lichtenberg, Payam Akhyari
PURPOSE: This study aimed to elucidate the strategy of an effective Impella support for better clinical outcomes in patients with a postcardiotomy cardiogenic shock (PCCS). METHODS: This single-center retrospective observational study enrolled 31 patients with PCCS undergoing an elective open-heart surgery followed by Impella support between November 2018 and February 2022 for further analysis. RESULTS: The preoperative Euroscore II and left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction were 9...
August 3, 2023: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Kazuhisa Tanaka, Hidemi Suzuki, Terunaga Inage, Takamasa Ito, Yuichi Sakairi, Ichiro Yoshino
PURPOSES: Secondary spontaneous pneumothorax (SSP) is occasionally observed in elderly patients suffering from diffuse lung diseases. The purpose of this study was to analyze the outcomes of surgical treatment of SSP patients with chronic lung diseases. METHODS: In total, 242 patients who underwent surgery for spontaneous pneumothorax at Chiba University Hospital from January 2006 to October 2016 were included in this study. The patients' records were reviewed retrospectively for data on their background, surgical treatment, morbidity, mortality, and recurrence...
July 28, 2023: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Ryo Nakamura, Kentaro Honda, Hideki Kunimoto, Takahiro Fujimoto, Kota Agematsu, Yoshiharu Nishimura
PURPOSE: Saphenous vein grafts (SVGs) sometimes occur as vein graft stenosis or failure in coronary artery bypass grafting. The purpose of this study was to detect the factors affecting vein graft atherosclerosis. METHODS: We performed two analysis. In the first analysis, we enrolled 120 grafts using conventionally harvested saphenous vein graft (C-SVG) and followed-up with multiple coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA). We examined the factors that contribute to the graft atherosclerosis defined by graft failure at subsequent CCTA or substantial progression of graft stenosis (a decrease of ≥0...
July 19, 2023: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Fuxiu Zhong, Haoruo Zhang, Yanchun Peng, Xueying Lin, Liangwan Chen, Yanjuan Lin
PURPOSE: Intensive care unit-acquired weakness (ICUAW) affects patient prognosis after cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) surgery, but its risk factors remain unclear. We investigated these risk factors and developed a nomogram for predicting ICUAW after CPB. METHODS: Baseline characteristics, preoperative laboratory data, and intra- and postoperative variables of 473 patients after CPB were determined in this prospective cohort study. Lower limb muscles on bedside ultrasound images were compared 1 day before and 7 days after CPB...
July 15, 2023: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Yuji Katayama, Takahiro Miho, Eijiro Nogami, Kohei Hamada, Masahide Shichijo, Kouta Shimauchi, Keiji Kamohara
The excellent long-term patency of no-touch (NT) saphenous vein grafts (SVGs) makes the grafts very attractive for coronary artery bypass grafting; however, NT-SVG harvesting has a greater incidence of wound complications than conventional methods. Since 2009, we have performed endoscopic vein harvesting (EVH) in our department with very few major wound complications. Because NT-SVG harvesting is expected to provide long-term patency, if performed with EVH, the incidence of wound complications will be reduced...
July 7, 2023: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Nobunari Tomura, Satoshi Honda, Misa Takegami, Kensaku Nishihira, Sunao Kojima, Morimasa Takayama, Satoshi Yasuda
PURPOSE: Little is known about the outcomes of patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) or non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) who undergo coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in the current percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) era. METHODS: We analyzed 25120 acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients hospitalized between January 2011 and December 2016. In-hospital outcomes were compared between patients who underwent CABG during hospitalization and those who did not undergo CABG in the STEMI group (n = 19428) and NSTEMI group (n = 5692)...
July 7, 2023: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Jian-Feng Liu, Si-Jia Zhou, Xiu-Hua Chen, Hua Cao, Qiang Chen
PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of optimizing regional cerebral oxygen saturation (rScO2 ) on the incidence of postoperative delirium and surgical outcome in infants with congenital heart disease. METHODS: Sixty-one infants experienced desaturation in rScO2 of 10% from baseline for more than 30 seconds during surgery between January 2020 and January 2022. Among them, 32 cases (Group A) received the corresponding treatment in the process of desaturation and 29 cases (Group B) were observed without receiving any treatment...
July 1, 2023: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
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