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Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology

Christina Samuelsson, Anna Ekström
BACKGROUND: People with dementia frequently suffer from communication disabilities, which usually influence their quality of life. The communication disabilities may affect a person's possibility to participate in interaction as a result of reduced ability to initiate new topics and difficulties in contributing new information to maintain the conversational topic. Technical aids have been proved useful to facilitate communicative activities by supporting memory and stimulating communicative initiatives...
February 11, 2019: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
Elina Kankare, Ben Barsties V Latoszek, Youri Maryn, Marja Asikainen, Eija Rorarius, Sarkku Vilpas, Irma Ilomäki, Jaana Tyrmi, Leena Rantala, Anne-Maria Laukkanen
BACKGROUND: The Acoustic Voice Quality Index (AVQI) is a multiparametric tool for objectively measuring the general acoustic characteristics of voice. The AVQI uses both sustained vowel and continuous speech in its analysis, and therefore, a validation is required for different languages. In the present study, validation was performed in the Finnish-speaking population. METHODS: The study included 200 native Finnish-speaking participants of whom 115 were voice patients attending a phoniatric clinic, and the remaining 85 subjects participated in the study as healthy controls...
February 5, 2019: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
Marek Frič, Angelika Pavlechová
OBJECTIVE: Classification of voices into types depends on several factors: physiological - the size of the laryngeal and vocal tracts; acoustic-musically acceptable vocal range; position of formants; and properties of timbre. The aim of the study is to verify whether a group of experienced voice pedagogues and singers can determine the vocal type of the artist based on listening to a part of the aria better than a group of musicians can, and to determine what acoustic properties of the recordings are linked with the perceptual results of their evaluation...
February 4, 2019: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
Laura Lund Kuhlmann, Jenny Iwarsson
OBJECTIVE: Former studies have shown that humans unintentionally adopt speech characteristics from their conversation partners, a phenomenon known as speech convergence. This study investigated imitation of fundamental frequency (Fo ) in nine healthy females in a repetition task. METHOD: The design included two conditions; loud reading (baseline) and repetition after a model talker. The model talker was a female with a high-pitched voice and stimuli included both words and nonwords...
January 30, 2019: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
Elisabeth Dalby Kristiansen, Gitte Rasmussen, Elisabeth Muth Andersen
PURPOSE: The study aims to show how practices of manipulation are used by a member of staff in a care situation where the member of staff has to perform two tasks at once. METHOD: The study is an ethnomethodological conversation analytic single-case study of a care situation in residential dementia care. The analyses are based on video recordings and observations conducted during 9 months of fieldwork at a residential care facility for persons with dementia. RESULTS: The study details the methods by which a member of staff engages in manipulation by constructing her actions as responses to a resident's wish which has in fact never been stated...
January 29, 2019: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
Gitte Rasmussen, Elisabeth Muth Andersen, Elisabeth Dalby Kristiansen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 29, 2019: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
Elisabeth Muth Andersen, Elisabeth Dalby Kristiansen, Gitte Rasmussen
PURPOSE: Routinized activities create security for persons with dementia (PWDs) and help care staff manage everyday tasks, but care staff also assist PWDs with constructing routines during their leisure time. This paper investigates how a PWD negotiates how to use the common room in a dementia ward as a social space with co-present staff members, other residents, and a visiting researcher. METHODS: Based on ethnographic observations and video recordings and using conversation analytical methodology, the paper presents sequential analyses of video recorded data collected at a dementia unit in a Danish care facility...
January 29, 2019: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
Camilla Lindholm, Camilla Wide
PURPOSE: Dementia is associated with an ongoing decline in language function, involving both language production and comprehension. Maintaining a conversation with persons with dementia may be challenging. In this study, we investigate how the contributions of professional caregivers affect the linguistic contributions of the speaker with dementia. METHODS: This is a conversation analytic case study of one individual with dementia. The data are drawn from a five-hour video corpus collected at a Swedish speaking care facility in Finland...
January 29, 2019: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
Angélique Remacle, Ysaline Genel, Magali Segers, Marc de Bodt
PURPOSE: Previous research proposed normative data on gender- and age-specific voice acoustics for adults. Such reference values are lacking for children, particularly under the age of 6. This study was intended (1) to collect reliable normative data for the acoustic parameters of 5-year-old children's voices, and (2) to investigate potential gender-specific differences. STUDY: Prospective and cross-sectional. METHODS: Acoustic analyses were done on the voices of 53 normophonic children (26 girls; 27 boys) aged 5;0-5;11 years, using Praat software...
January 16, 2019: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
Ehsan Naderifar, Ali Ghorbani, Negin Moradi, Hossein Ansari
PURPOSE: Hearing-impaired (HI) speakers show changes in vowel production and formant frequencies, as well as more cases of overlapping between vowels and more restricted formant space, than hearing speakers. This study was intended to explore whether the use of different acoustic parameters (Formant Centralization Ratio (FCR), Vowel Space Area (VSA), F2i/F2u ratio (second formant of/i,u/)) was suitable or not for characterizing impairments in the articulation of vowels in the speech of HL speakers...
January 15, 2019: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
Chiara Mezzedimi, Maria Carla Spinosi, Tommaso Massaro, Fabio Ferretti, Jacopo Cambi
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of the vocal warm-up and cool-down on the singing voice through Fundamental Frequency (F0), Jitter, Shimmer and harmonics-to-noise ratio (HNR). METHODS: Thirty-two female singing students were recorded four times while uttering the vowel [a] for at least 5''. The first two recordings were collected before and after a vocal warm-up session and the last two before and after a vocal cool-down session. Between those sessions the participants underwent an intense vocal activity...
December 6, 2018: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
Elizabeth U Grillo
PURPOSE: A voice evaluation typically involves aerodynamic and acoustic measures captured through repeated /pi/s. The current study addresses the need for a more functional utterance that better approximates connected speech. METHODS: Healthy voice users and patients with voice disorders produced repeated /pi/s and a phrase, "Pooh, pay Pia pea pie," into the Phonatory Aerodynamic System across two trials. RESULTS: In Experiment 1 with healthy voice users, subglottic pressure (Ps ), airflow, fundamental frequency (F0 ), and sound pressure level (SPL) demonstrated strong reliability for speech tasks and trials...
December 4, 2018: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
Sheila T de Almeida, Elton L Ferlin, Antonio C Maciel, Simone C Fagondes, Sidia M Callegari-Jacques, Fernando Fornari, de Barros Sérgio G Silva, Helena A S Goldani
Objetive: The aim of this study was to characterize the acoustic signal of silent tracheal aspiration in children with oropharyngeal dysphagia (OPD). METHOD: Thirty-two children with OPD were examined with combined digital cervical auscultation (DCA) and videofluoroscopic swallow study (VFSS). Power spectral density (PSD, in 1/√Hz) of the acoustic signal from a sequential series of five liquid swallows was used for comparisons between children who silently aspirated and children who did not aspirate on VFSS...
December 2018: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
Cassandra Pedro, Marisa Lousada, Rita Pereira, Andreia Hall, Luis M T Jesus
PURPOSE: There is a need to develop letter knowledge assessment tools to characterise the letter knowledge in Portuguese pre-schoolers and to compare it with pre-schoolers from other countries, but there are no tools for this purpose in Portugal. The aim of this paper is to describe the development and validation procedures of the Prova de Avaliação de Competências de Pré-Literacia (PACPL), which assesses letter knowledge. METHOD: This study includes data that has been gathered in two phases: pilot and main study...
October 2018: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
Cecilia Nakeva von Mentzer, Martina Sundström, Karin Enqvist, Mathias Hällgren
To meet the need for a linguistic speech perception test in Swedish, the 'Listen-Say test' was developed. Minimal word pairs were used as speech material to assess seven phonetic contrasts in two auditory backgrounds. In the present study, children's speech discrimination skills in quiet and in four-talker (4T) speech background were examined. Associations with lexical-access skills and academic achievement were explored. The study included 27 school children 7-9 years of age. Overall, the children discriminated phonetic contrasts well in both conditions (quiet: Mdn 95%; 4T speech; Mdn 91% correct)...
October 2018: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
Yong Tae Hong, Min Ju Park, Ki Hwan Hong
PURPOSE: Laser cordectomy (LC) or radiotherapy (RT) is often recommended in the early stage of laryngeal cancer. We conducted perceptual and acoustic analysis to compare sustained vowel and stop consonants since there is no article evaluating both the sustained vowel and stop consonants. Eventually, we might determine which management is superior in terms of speech production. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A total of 28 patients who underwent LC and RT for early T1 glottic cancer were selected...
October 2018: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
Mustafa Yüksel, Bülent Gündüz
Long-term average speech spectra (LTASS) are a voice analysis method that is recommended to be used in various areas, such as hearing aid fittings, automatic speaker recognition and voice disorders. Evaluations of LTASS in different languages have been published; however, this analysis has not been conducted for the Turkish. Therefore, the first aim of this study was to conduct this analysis, generate normative values and compare the obtained LTASS curve for the Turkish with those obtained for other languages reported in the literature...
October 2018: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
Fadwa A Khwaileh, Firas S D Alfwaress, Ann W Kummer, Ma'moun Alrawashdeh
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to establish the validity of passages for measuring nasalance of Jordanian speakers of Arabic. DESIGN: Two Arabic text passages were constructed; the Spring Passage is devoid of nasal consonants and the Home Passage contains both oral and nasal consonants. Nasalance was measured for participants while reciting each passage three times. Perceptual ratings of hypernasality were also obtained for each participant on each passage using a 5-point equal-appearing rating scale...
October 2018: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
Annerose Keilmann, Kirsten Neumann, Daniela Zöller, Christina Freude
PURPOSE: The present trial investigated the D.E.L.P.H.I.N. (Deblockierungsimpuls, Entspannung, Logopädie, Phonetik, Hör-Wahrnehmungstraining, Intensität, nasaler Schwingungsakzent) speech treatment for children and adolescents who stutter, an approach using fluency shaping with an intensive time schedule and group sessions. METHODS: Participants were 42 male and 14 female persons who stuttered with a median age of 13.0 years. Participants and their parents completed the strength and difficulties questionnaire at the beginning of the therapy and 1 year later...
September 11, 2018: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
K Jonas Brännström, Heike von Lochow, Viveka Lyberg-Åhlander, Birgitta Sahlén
PURPOSE: This study examines the influence of voice quality and multi-talker babble noise on processing and storage performance in a working memory task performed by children using cochlear implants (CI) and/or hearing aids (HA). METHODS: Twenty-three children with a hearing impairment using CI and/or HA participated. Age range was between 6 and 13 years. The Competing Language Processing Task (CLPT) was assessed in three listening conditions; a typical voice presented in quiet, a dysphonic voice in quiet, and a typical voice in multi-talker babble noise (signal-to-noise ratio +10 dB)...
September 11, 2018: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
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