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Journal of Attention Disorders

Gisli Hannes Gudjonsson, Rafael Gonzalez, Susan Young
OBJECTIVE: To investigate salient predictors of self-reported false confessions. The conditions included mild intellectual disability (ID), autism spectrum disorder (ASD), ADHD, conduct disorder (CD), psychiatric symptoms, and compliance. METHOD: The sample consisted of 386 male Scottish prisoners, who completed a diagnostic ADHD interview, psychometric tests, and a questionnaire about false confessions they had given to police over their lifetime. RESULTS: There was a high rate of reported false confessions (33...
March 21, 2019: Journal of Attention Disorders
Christine H Wang, Julia W Felton, Barbara Baumann, William E Pelham, Andrea Chronis-Tuscano
OBJECTIVE: To examine recurrence and timing of maternal depression as predictors of depressive and conduct symptoms in children with and without ADHD. METHOD: Children aged 4 to 6 years (125 ADHD, 122 comparison) were followed over 8 years. Maternal depression was assessed annually. Youth depressive and conduct symptoms were assessed at ages 12 to 14. RESULTS: Recurrence of maternal depression predicted youth depressive and conduct symptoms at ages 12 to 14; child ADHD moderated relations between recurrence of maternal depression and youth depressive (but not conduct) symptoms...
March 6, 2019: Journal of Attention Disorders
Nardia Zendarski, Fiona Mensah, Harriet Hiscock, Emma Sciberras
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to (a) identify longitudinal trajectories of emotional and conduct problems from middle childhood to early adolescence in a sample of 130 adolescents diagnosed with ADHD and (b) examine trajectories in relation to early adolescent academic achievement and engagement. METHOD: Group-based trajectory models (GBTMs) were constructed from the parent-rated strengths and difficulties questionnaire (SDQ) subscales of emotional and conduct problems at three time points, mean ages 10...
March 5, 2019: Journal of Attention Disorders
Sibelnur Avcil, Pınar Uysal, Çiğdem Yenisey, Burçin Irem Abas
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article is to measure serum antioxidant melatonin, the oxidants of nitric oxide, and malondialdehyde levels to calculate the serum oxidant-antioxidant balance based on the nitric oxide/melatonin and malondialdehyde/melatonin ratios in children with ADHD. METHOD: The serum melatonin, nitric oxide, malondialdehyde, and the nitric oxide/melatonin and malondialdehyde/melatonin ratios were calculated and compared between the children with ADHD ( n = 103) and healthy control participants ( n = 73)...
February 28, 2019: Journal of Attention Disorders
Trevor R Buckley
OBJECTIVE: Investigate rates of Performance Validity Test (PVT) failures in a group of active duty (AD) military participants referred for ADHD evaluations and other characteristics of those referred for evaluation. METHOD: AD service members referred for ADHD evaluations were given PVTs as part of assessment. PVT pass/fail groups were compared on age, estimated premorbid intelligence, history of ADHD, other mental health problems, and functional impairment. RESULTS: PVT failure rate was consistent with other studies...
February 14, 2019: Journal of Attention Disorders
Gurmukh Singh, Priti Arun, Subhash Das, Damanjeet Kaur
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study is to predict the early changes in electroencephalography (EEG) at 1 week and its correlation to clinical response at 6 weeks after treatment with atomoxetine in children with ADHD. METHOD: In 50 children (6-14 years) with ADHD ( Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders [5th ed.; DSM-5]), Vanderbilt ADHD Parent Rating Scale (VADPRS) and Vanderbilt ADHD Teachers Rating Scale (VADTRS) were applied at baseline, 1, 4, and 6 weeks...
February 14, 2019: Journal of Attention Disorders
Mats Fredriksen, Jens Egeland, Jan Haavik, Ole Bernt Fasmer
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine whether reaction time parameters in adult patients with ADHD could predict their response to methylphenidate (MPH). METHOD: Previously unmedicated patients ( N = 123) were administered the Conners' Continuous Performance Test II (CPT II) at baseline and after 6 weeks of treatment with immediate-release MPH. In addition to traditional CPT measures, we extracted intraindividual raw data and analyzed time series using linear and nonlinear mathematical models...
February 14, 2019: Journal of Attention Disorders
Kelsey E Woods, Heather Mazursky-Horowitz, Sharon R Thomas, Lea R Dougherty, Andrea Chronis-Tuscano
OBJECTIVE: Separate literatures have examined the associations between maternal ADHD symptoms and parenting and maternal emotion regulation (ER) and parenting. This study examined the effects of both maternal ADHD symptoms and ER on parenting. METHOD: This cross-sectional study used a multi-method evaluation of parenting behavior to examine the independent and interactive effects of maternal ADHD symptoms and ER on self-reported and observed parenting among 79 demographically diverse families of 5- to 10-year-old children...
February 14, 2019: Journal of Attention Disorders
Whitney L M Wood, Lawrence J Lewandowski, Benjamin J Lovett
OBJECTIVE: This study compared the psychological profiles of college students who self-reported an ADHD diagnosis in contrast to students without a diagnosis who reported above-threshold ADHD symptoms. METHOD: A large sample of college students yielded four subgroups: students with a self-reported diagnosis who met symptom criteria (Diagnosed, n = 40), students with a self-reported diagnosis who did not meet symptom criteria (Low Symptoms, n = 47), students who had no diagnosis and did not meet symptom criteria (Controls, n = 87), and students who had no diagnosis yet met symptom criteria (Undiagnosed, n = 38)...
February 11, 2019: Journal of Attention Disorders
Anette Bünger, Natalie Urfer-Maurer, Alexander Grob
OBJECTIVE: We examined whether children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) differ from children without ADHD in attention, executive functions, and motor skills and whether measures of parents' perceptions and children's performance reveal comparable results. METHOD: About 52 children with ADHD and 52 children without ADHD aged 6 to 13 years completed performance-based measures of attention, executive functions, and motor skills. Parents completed questionnaires to rate their children's skills...
January 30, 2019: Journal of Attention Disorders
Ayson C Gerdes, Theresa L Kapke, Margaret Grace, Al Castro
OBJECTIVE: To advance our knowledge about the most effective way to treat Latino youth with ADHD, the current feasibility and pilot study compared a culturally adapted evidence-based treatment (CAT) for ADHD to standard evidence-based treatment (EBT). METHOD: Following a comprehensive ADHD assessment, 61 Latino families of school-aged children (mean age of 8 years) were randomly assigned to either CAT or standard EBT (i.e., parent management training). RESULTS: CAT outperformed standard EBT when examining homework completion and mother-reported treatment satisfaction...
January 22, 2019: Journal of Attention Disorders
Stéphanie Baggio, Roland Hasler, Véronique Giacomini, Hiba El-Masri, Sébastien Weibel, Nader Perroud, Marie-Pierre Deiber
OBJECTIVE: Our study aimed to provide empirical evidence on the usefulness of one of the most popular neuropsychological tests, the Continuous Performance Test (CPT), as a marker of ADHD severity and presentations among adults. METHOD: ADHD participants were recruited in a specialized center for the diagnosis and treatment of adults suffering from ADHD ( n = 201). Measures included the CPT3™ and ADHD symptoms using a clinical interview and self-reported measures...
January 17, 2019: Journal of Attention Disorders
Pablo Riesco-Matías, José Ramón Yela-Bernabé, Antonio Crego, Elena Sánchez-Zaballos
OBJECTIVE: We reviewed previously published meta-analyses of neurofeedback applied to children with ADHD and conducted a new meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that updates previous results and incorporates methodological modifications. METHOD: Searches were carried out through PubMed, Sage, PsycINFO, SpringerLink, and Psicodoc. We used Hedges' (adjusted) g and a random-effects model. To assess heterogeneity, Q and I2 were calculated. We performed different analyses depending on the control groups, ADHD symptoms, pre- and/or posttreament data used and symptom evaluator...
January 15, 2019: Journal of Attention Disorders
Pavla Linhartová, Jan Širůček, Anastasia Ejova, Richard Barteček, Pavel Theiner, Tomáš Kašpárek
OBJECTIVE: Impulsivity, observed in patients with various psychiatric disorders, is a heterogeneous construct with different behavioral manifestations. Through confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), this study tests hypotheses about relationships between dimensions of impulsivity measured using personality questionnaires and behavioral tests. METHOD: The study included 200 healthy people, 40 patients with borderline personality disorder, and 26 patients with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) who underwent a comprehensive impulsivity test battery including the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale (BIS), UPPS-P Impulsive Behavior Scale, a Go-NoGo task, a stop-signal task, and a delay discounting task...
January 10, 2019: Journal of Attention Disorders
Lea E Taylor, Kevin M Antshel
OBJECTIVE: Despite the association between childhood ADHD and long-term negative outcomes, there is a significant delay to treatment and a low rate of lifetime treatment contact for individuals with ADHD. METHOD: The current study examined (a) variables associated with parental treatment-seeking attitudes and information-seeking behaviors and (b) the relationship between these attitudes and behaviors in 87 non-treatment-seeking parents whose children had elevated ADHD symptoms...
January 9, 2019: Journal of Attention Disorders
Lena Grünewald, Andreas G Chiocchetti, Heike Weber, Claus-Jürgen Scholz, Christoph Schartner, Florian Freudenberg, Andreas Reif
OBJECTIVE: The DIRAS2 gene is associated with ADHD, but its function is largely unknown. Thus, we aimed to explore the genes and molecular pathways affected by DIRAS2. METHOD: Using short hairpin RNAs, we downregulated Diras2 in murine hippocampal primary cells. Gene expression was analyzed by microarray and affected pathways were identified. We used quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) to confirm expression changes and analyzed enrichment of differentially expressed genes in an ADHD GWAS (genome-wide association studies) sample...
January 9, 2019: Journal of Attention Disorders
Sandro M Sodano, Jessica P Tamulonis, Gregory A Fabiano, Abigail M Caserta, Kevin F Hulme, Karen L Hulme, Gina R Stephan, Federica Tronci
OBJECTIVE: Interpersonal functioning is a core area of impairment for young adults with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), yet the assessment of their interpersonal problems has not been approached using a comprehensive model of interpersonal behaviors. METHOD: Interpersonal problems of young adults with ADHD ( n = 24) were compared to non-ADHD peers ( n = 26) by self- and collateral-report using the Inventory of Interpersonal Problems-Circumplex-Item Response Theory (IIP-C-IRT)...
January 7, 2019: Journal of Attention Disorders
Joshua L Doidge, David B Flora, Maggie E Toplak
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether males and females with ADHD differ in their preferences for delayed rewards, since there is some evidence that suggests a sex difference with typically developing (TD) samples. METHOD: We used meta-analyses to examine sex differences on delay of gratification and temporal discounting tasks in both TD and ADHD samples. We identified 28 papers with 52 effect sizes for children and adults, and calculated the average effect size for sex comparisons within TD and ADHD samples...
December 31, 2018: Journal of Attention Disorders
Esther Lázaro, Imanol Amayra, Juan Francisco López-Paz, Oscar Martínez, Manuel Pérez, Sarah Berrocoso, Maitane García, Amaia Jometón, Mohammad Al-Rashaida, Mireia Oliva, Pamela Parada, Holger Hoffmann
OBJECTIVE: This study presents the validation of a computerized assessment tool that studies the ability to recognize emotional facial expressions in children between 8 and 11 years of age: the Facially Expressed Emotion Labeling Test (FEEL Test). METHOD: The two tests composing the protocol were applied using a laptop in the following order: the FEEL Test followed by the Deusto-e-Motion 1.0 Test.The sample consisted of a total of 1,189 schoolchildren aged between 8 and 11 years, 594 boys and 594 girls...
April 2019: Journal of Attention Disorders
Steven R Pliszka
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2019: Journal of Attention Disorders
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