T A A M Habeeb, M Podda, M Chiaretti, A Kechagias, J B Lledó, Abd-Elfattah Kalmoush, Fawzy M Mustafa, Mohammed Shaaban Nassar, Mohamed Fathy Labib, Sobhy Rezk Ahmed Teama, Mohammed Hassan Elshafey, Hamdi Elbelkasi, Mohamed Ibrahim Abo Alsaad, Ahmed M Sallam, Hassan Ashour, Mohamed Ibrahim Mansour, Abdelshafy Mostafa, Tamer Mohamed Elshahidy, Ahmed M Yehia, Tamer Rushdy, Alaaedin Ramadan, Abd Elwahab M Hamed, Mahmoud Abdou Yassin, Abd-Elrahman M Metwalli
BACKGROUND: In elderly patients with external full-thickness rectal prolapse (EFTRP), the exact differences in postoperative recurrence and functional outcomes between laparoscopic ventral mesh rectopexy (LVMR) and perineal stapler resection (PSR) have not yet been investigated. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective multicenter study on 330 elderly patients divided into LVMR group (n = 250) and PSR (n = 80) from April 2012 to April 2019...
April 15, 2024: Techniques in Coloproctology
E Ergüder, C Verkade, D K Wasowicz, B S Langenhoff, S Altiner, D D E Zimmerman
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic ventral mesh rectopexy (LVMR) is considered to be the gold standard for managing rectal prolapse. Nevertheless, concerns have been expressed about the use of this procedure in elderly patients. The aim of the current study was to examine the perioperative safety of primary LVMR operations in the oldest old in comparison to younger individuals and to assess our hospital policy of offering LVMR to all patients, regardless of age and morbidity. METHODS: A retrospective study analysed demographic information, operation notes, meshes utilised, operation times, lengths of hospital stay (LOS) and American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) scores of patients who underwent LVMR at Elisabeth-TweeSteden Hospital between 2012 and 2023...
April 13, 2024: Techniques in Coloproctology
J Faucheron, O Alao, B Trilling
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 13, 2024: Techniques in Coloproctology
A O'Connor, C Molyneux, K Foster, G Faulkner, A Sharma, E Kiff, D H Vasant, K Telford
BACKGROUND: Faecal incontinence (FI) is common, with a significant impact on quality of life. Percutaneous tibial nerve stimulation (PTNS) is a therapy for FI; however, its role has recently been questioned. Here we report the short-term clinical and manometric outcomes in a large tertiary centre. METHODS: A retrospective review of a prospective PTNS database was performed, extracting patient-reported FI outcome measures including bowel diary, the St Marks's Incontinence Score (SMIS) and Manchester Health Questionnaire (MHQ)...
April 3, 2024: Techniques in Coloproctology
Tommaso Violante, Kevin T Behm, Sherief F Shawki, Davide Ferrari, Anne-Lise D D'Angelo, Scott R Kelley, Mishra Nitin, David W Larson
BACKGROUND: Up to 20% of patients with ileal pouch will develop pouch failure, ultimately requiring surgical reintervention. As a result of the complexity of reoperative pouch surgery, minimally invasive approaches were rarely utilized. In this series, we present the outcomes of the patients who underwent robotic-assisted pouch revision or excision to assess its feasibility and short-term results. METHODS: All the patients affected by inflammatory bowel diseases and familial adenomatous polyposis who underwent robotic reoperative surgery of an existing ileal pouch were included...
April 1, 2024: Techniques in Coloproctology
D Carter, D Bykhovsky, A Hasky, I Mamistvalov, Y Zimmer, E Ram, O Hoffer
BACKGROUND: Imaging is vital for assessing rectal cancer, with endoanal ultrasound (EAUS) being highly accurate in large tertiary medical centers. However, EAUS accuracy drops outside such settings, possibly due to varied examiner experience and fewer examinations. This underscores the need for an AI-based system to enhance accuracy in non-specialized centers. This study aimed to develop and validate deep learning (DL) models to differentiate rectal cancer in standard EAUS images. METHODS: A transfer learning approach with fine-tuned DL architectures was employed, utilizing a dataset of 294 images...
April 1, 2024: Techniques in Coloproctology
Jean-Luc Faucheron, Damien Vincent, Mihaela Barbut, Isabelle Jacquet-Perrin, Pierre-Yves Sage, Alison Foote, Alexandre Bellier, Jean-Louis Quesada, Fatah Tidadini, Bertrand Trilling
BACKGROUND: There is scarce literature on the effect of mechanical abdominal massage on the duration of ileus after colectomy, particularly in the era of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS). The aim of this study was to determine whether abdominal massage after colorectal surgery with anastomosis and no stoma helps toward a faster return of intestinal transit. METHODS: This study was a superiority trial and designed as a prospective open-label, single-center, randomized controlled clinical trial with two parallel groups...
March 22, 2024: Techniques in Coloproctology
Matthew S Meece, Nivedh V Paluvoi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 21, 2024: Techniques in Coloproctology
T McKechnie, L Heimann, T Kazi, G Jessani, Y Lee, N Sne, D Hong, C Eskicioglu
BACKGROUND: Traditional teaching has been to place patients in the left lateral decubitus starting position for colonoscopies. Recent randomized controlled trials (RCTs) have compared left lateral decubitus starting position to other approaches. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to compare different starting positions for colonoscopies and their effect on cecal intubation. METHODS: MEDLINE, Embase, and CENTRAL were searched from inception to July 2023...
March 20, 2024: Techniques in Coloproctology
W Liu, W Zhou, Y Zhang, X Ge, W Qi, T Lin, Q Cao, L Cao
BACKGROUND: Resection and strictureplasty are the two surgical modalities used in the management of Crohn's disease (CD). The objective of this study was to compare morbidity and clinical recurrence between patients who underwent strictureplasty and patients who underwent resection. METHODS: Patients with CD who underwent strictureplasty between January 2012 and December 2022 were enrolled. The patients were well matched with patients who underwent resection without strictureplasty...
March 20, 2024: Techniques in Coloproctology
Marianna Maspero, David Liska, Hermann Kessler, Jeremy Lipman, Scott R Steele, Tracy Hull, Taha Qazi, Florian Rieder, Benjamin Cohen, Stefan D Holubar
ABTRACT: BACKGROUND: When constructing an ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA), the rectal cuff should ideally be 1-2 cm long to avoid subsequent complications. METHODS: We identified patients from our IBD center who underwent redo IPAA for a long rectal cuff. Long rectal cuff syndrome (LRCS) was defined as a symptomatic rectal cuff ≥ 4 cm. RESULTS: Forty patients met the inclusion criteria: 42.5% female, median age at redo surgery 42...
March 7, 2024: Techniques in Coloproctology
Can Luo, Dongmei Wei, Kaiyin Pang, Ling Mei, Yueyue Chen, Xiaoyu Niu
BACKGROUND: Sacral nerve neuromodulation (SNM) has been considered the optimal second-line treatment for fecal incontinence (FI). However, SNM involves high cost and requires highly skilled operators. Percutaneous tibial nerve stimulation (PTNS) has emerged as an alternative treatment modality for FI, yielding varying clinical outcomes. We conducted this meta-analysis to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of PTNS compared to sham electrical stimulation for FI. METHODS: PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library were searched for studies from May 12, 2012 to May 12, 2022...
February 24, 2024: Techniques in Coloproctology
M Pescatori
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 21, 2024: Techniques in Coloproctology
Adrian Siu, Daniel Steffens, Nabila Ansari, Sascha Karunaratne, Henna Solanki, Nima Ahmadi, Michael Solomon, Brendan Moran, Cherry Koh
BACKGROUND: Rural Australians typically encounter disparities in healthcare access leading to adverse health outcomes, delayed diagnosis and reduced quality of life (QoL) parameters. These disparities may be exacerbated in advanced malignancies, where treatment is only available at highly specialised centres with appropriate multidisciplinary expertise. Thus, this study aims to determine the association between patient residence on oncological, surgical and QoL outcomes following cytoreductive surgery (CRS) and hyperthermic intra-peritoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC)...
February 20, 2024: Techniques in Coloproctology
C Sabbagh, L Beyer-Berjot, M Ouaissi, P Zerbib, V Bridoux, G Manceau, M Karoui, Y Panis, E Buscail, A Venara, I Khaoudy, M Gaillard, P Ortega-Deballon, M Viennet, A Thobie, B Menahem, C Eveno, C Bonnel, J-Y Mabrut, B Badic, C Godet, Y Eid, E Duchalais, Z Lakkis, E Cotte, A Laforest, V Defourneaux, L Maggiorri, L Rebibo, N Christou, A Talal, D Mege, C Bonnamy, A Germain, F Mauvais, C Tresallet, O Ahmed, J-M Regimbeau, J Roudie, A Laurent, B Trilling, M Bertrand, D Massalou, B Romain, H Tranchart, U Giger, O Dejardin, A Pellegrin, A Alves
BACKGROUND: In the decision to perform elective surgery, it is of great interest to have data about the outcomes of surgery to individualize patients who could safely undergo sigmoid resection. The aim of this study was to provide information on the outcomes of elective sigmoid resection for sigmoid diverticular disease (SDD) at a national level. METHODS: All consecutive patients who had elective surgery for SDD (2010-2021) were included in this retrospective, multicenter, cohort study...
February 19, 2024: Techniques in Coloproctology
I Kildusiene, A Dulskas, G Smailyte
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to examine whether the combination of serum tumor markers (carcinoembryonic antigen [CEA], carbohydrate antigen [CA]72-4, CA19-9) improves sensitivity and accuracy in the diagnosis of colorectal cancer and precancerous lesion tubular adenoma. METHODS: An automatic electrochemiluminescence immunoassay with matched kits (ECLIA) was performed on a Roche Cobas e411 analyzer to determine the levels of serum CEA, CA72-4, and CA19-9 in 35 patients with early colorectal cancer, 87 patients with tubular adenoma, and 58 healthy people undergoing colonoscopy after positive fecal immunochemical test (FIT) in a colorectal cancer screening program 2021 January to April...
February 15, 2024: Techniques in Coloproctology
L Blanco Terés, C Cerdán Santacruz, A Correa Bonito, L Delgado Búrdalo, A Rodríguez Sánchez, E Bermejo Marcos, J García Septiem, E Martín Pérez
BACKGROUND: Evidence on early closure (EC) of defunctioning stoma (DS) after colorectal surgery shows a favorable effect when patients are carefully selected. Therefore, a clinical pathway adapted to the implementation of an EC strategy was developed in our center. The aim of this study was to carry out a comparative analysis of time until DS closure and DS-related morbidity before and after the implementation of an EC protocol (ECP). METHODS: This study is a before-and-after comparative analysis...
February 13, 2024: Techniques in Coloproctology
G N Piozzi, V Burea, R Duhoky, S Stefan, C So, D Wilby, D Tsepov, J S Khan
BACKGROUND: Bowel endometriosis impacts quality of life. Treatment requires complex surgical procedures with associated morbidity. Precision approach with robotic surgery leads to organ preservation. Bowel endometriosis requires a multidisciplinary management to improve patient outcomes. This study evaluates perioperative outcomes of bowel endometriosis undergoing multidisciplinary planning and robotic surgery. METHODS: Consecutive cases of multidisciplinary robotic bowel endometriosis procedures (January 2021-December 2022) were evaluated from a prospectively maintained database in a national endometriosis accredited centre...
February 8, 2024: Techniques in Coloproctology
Seyed Mostafa Meshkati Yazd, Reza Shahriarirad, Mohammad Reza Keramati, Mehdi Fallahi, Soheila-Sadat Nourmohammadi, Alireza Kazemeini, Mohammad Sadegh Fazeli, Amir Keshvari
BACKGROUND: Low anterior resection in patients with rectal cancer may require a defunctioning loop ileostomy formation that requires closure after a period of time. There are three common techniques for ileostomy closure: anterior repair (AR or fold-over closure), resection and hand-sewn anastomosis (RHA), and resection and stapled anastomosis (RSA). We aimed to compare them on the basis of operative and postoperative features. METHODS: Patients with rectal cancer who underwent low anterior resection without complications were included in this study and randomly assigned to three parallel groups to undergo loop ileostomy closure via either AR, RHA, or RSA...
February 7, 2024: Techniques in Coloproctology
P Solis-Pazmino, L Figueroa, K La, O Termeie, K Oka, M Schleicher, J Cohen, M Barnajian, Y Nasseri
BACKGROUND: Liposome bupivacaine (LB) is a long-acting anesthetic to enhance postoperative analgesia. Studies evaluating the efficacy of the LB against an active comparator (bupivacaine or placebo) on acute postoperative pain control in hemorrhoidectomy procedures are few and heterogeneous. Therefore, we performed a systematic review and meta-analysis comparing LB's analgesic efficacy and side effects to conventional/placebo anesthetic in hemorrhoidectomy patients. METHODS: We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials investigating the use of LB after haemorrhoidectomy...
January 31, 2024: Techniques in Coloproctology
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