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Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30727047/the-health-of-older-new-zealanders-in-relation-to-housing-tenure-analysis-of-pooled-data-from-three-consecutive-annual-new-zealand-health-surveys
#1
Megan Pledger, Janet McDonald, Phoebe Dunn, Jacqueline Cumming, Kay Saville-Smith
OBJECTIVE: To explore relationships between the housing tenure of older New Zealanders and their health-related behaviours, and physical and mental health. METHODS: Pooled data were analysed for 15,626 older adults (aged 55+) from three consecutive, annual, nationally representative New Zealand Health Surveys to compare owner-occupiers, private renters and public renters. RESULTS: Most in the sample were owner-occupiers (83.2%), with 12.4% private renters and 4...
February 6, 2019: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30727034/factors-associated-with-induced-abortion-over-time-secondary-data-analysis-of-five-waves-of-the-australian-longitudinal-study-on-women-s-health
#2
Angela J Taft, Rhonda L Powell, Lyndsey F Watson, Jayne C Lucke, Danielle Mazza, Kathleen McNamee
OBJECTIVE: A trend analysis of associations with induced abortion. METHODS: Secondary analysis of the 1973/78 cohort of the Australian Longitudinal Study of Women's Health of women responding to two or more consecutive surveys out of five (N=9,042), using generalised estimating equations. RESULTS: New abortions dropped from 7% to 2% at surveys 4 and 5. By survey 5, 16% of respondents reported abortions, only 2% of them new. Women aged in their twenties were more likely to terminate a pregnancy if they reported less-effective contraceptives (aOR2...
February 6, 2019: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30727033/-you-ve-got-to-breathe-you-know-asthma-patients-and-carers-perceptions-around-purchase-and-use-of-asthma-preventer-medicines
#3
Sharon R Davis, Jacqueline Tudball, Anthony Flynn, Kirsty Lembke, Nicholas Zwar, Helen K Reddel
OBJECTIVE: To explore influences on patients' purchase and use of asthma preventer medicines and the perceived acceptability of financial incentives via reduced patient co-payments. METHODS: Semi-structured telephone or face-to-face interviews were conducted with adults and carers of children with asthma. Interviews were recorded, transcribed verbatim and coded. Data were analysed using thematic analysis via grounded theory. RESULTS: Twenty-four adults and 20 carers for children aged 3-17 years with asthma were interviewed...
February 6, 2019: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30727032/high-burden-of-infectious-disease-and-antibiotic-use-in-early-life-in-australian-aboriginal-communities
#4
Will Cuningham, Jodie McVernon, Michael J Lydeamore, Ross M Andrews, Jonathan Carapetis, Therese Kearns, Danielle Clucas, Roslyn Gundjirryirr Dhurrkay, Steven Y C Tong, Patricia T Campbell
OBJECTIVE: To quantify the childhood infectious disease burden and antibiotic use in the Northern Territory's East Arnhem region through synthesis and analysis of historical data resources. METHODS: We combined primary health clinic data originally reported in three separate publications stemming from the East Arnhem Healthy Skin Project (Jan-01 to Sep-07). Common statistical techniques were used to explore the prevalence of infectious conditions and the seasonality of infections, and to measure rates of antibiotic use...
February 6, 2019: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30727031/dual-use-of-electronic-cigarettes-and-tobacco-in-new-zealand-from-a-nationally-representative-sample
#5
Alana Oakly, Greg Martin
OBJECTIVE: There is strong interest in the use of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) globally. Not much is known about the dual use of e-cigarettes and combustible tobacco cigarettes, or if there are demographic differences among dual users and e-cigarette only users. This paper reports on the demographics of dual users and e-cigarette only users in New Zealand in a nationally representative sample. METHODS: The Health and Lifestyles Survey (HLS) is a biennial face-to-face in-house survey of New Zealand adults aged 15 years or over...
February 6, 2019: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30727023/challenges-in-recruitment-to-an-epidemiological-study-of-young-australian-women-the-grollo-ruzzene-foundation-young-women-s-health-study
#6
Marina A Skiba, Robin J Bell, Rakibul M Islam, Susan R Davis
OBJECTIVE: To describe the challenges in recruitment of a national sample of young Australian women for a study of their physical and psychological wellbeing. METHODS: Women, aged 18 to 39 years, were invited by email to complete an online questionnaire and, if not using systemic hormones, pregnant or breast feeding, to provide a blood sample. RESULTS: A total of 94,546 email invitations were sent. Follow-up of 1,000 randomly selected non-responders by text message recruited 15 additional women...
February 6, 2019: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30690842/a-national-profile-of-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-health-workers-2006-2016
#7
Alyson Wright, Karl Briscoe, Ray Lovett
OBJECTIVE: To undertake a descriptive analysis of the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Worker workforce to quantify the changes from 2006-2016. METHOD: We analysed data on Indigenous Health Workers from three waves of Australian Census: 2006, 2011 and 2016. We described the workforce by gender, age and state/territory. RESULTS: There has been overall growth in the number of Indigenous Health Workers (from 1,009 in 2006 to 1,347 in 2016), but this is not commensurate with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population growth (221 Indigenous Health Workers per 100,000 people in 2006 to 207 Indigenous Health Workers per 100,000 people in 2016)...
January 28, 2019: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30690829/what-happens-once-a-program-has-been-implemented-a-call-for-research-investigating-strategies-to-enhance-public-health-program-sustainability
#8
Luke Wolfenden, Li Kheng Chai, Jannah Jones, Tameka McFadyen, Rebecca Hodder, Melanie Kingsland, Andrew J Milat, Nicole Nathan, John Wiggers, Sze Lin Yoong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 28, 2019: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30690821/trends-in-hepatitis-b-prevalence-and-associated-risk-factors-among-indigenous-and-non-indigenous-prison-entrants-in-australia-2004-to-2013
#9
Tayla Coles, Paul Simpson, Dina Saulo, John Kaldo, Alun Richards, Michael Levy, Christopher Wake, Deborah Anne Siddall, Mary Ellen Harrod, Azar Kariminia, Tony Butler
Objective This study describes and compares prevalence trends of markers for hepatitis B (HBV) from 2004 to 2013 and HBV risk factors between Indigenous and non-Indigenous prison entrants. Methods A cross-sectional survey carried out over two weeks in 2004, 2007, 2010 and 2013 in reception prisons in New South Wales, Queensland, Western Australia and Tasmania. Results The study included 2,223 prison entrants; 544 were Indigenous. Indigenous prison entrants had significantly higher hepatitis C core antibody (anti-HBc) prevalence than non-Indigenous prisoners in 2004 (29% vs...
January 28, 2019: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30690820/educating-for-indigenous-public-health-competence-how-do-we-stack-up-in-australia
#10
Leanne Coombe, Vanessa Lee, Priscilla Robinson
OBJECTIVE: Internationally, work is underway to develop or revise public health graduate competencies, of which Indigenous public health competencies are a subset in Australia. This paper outlines the summative results from a review of Master of Public Health (MPH) programs undertaken to determine the level of coverage of Indigenous health in core content and to explore factors that influence the extent of integration. METHODS: Of the 22 Australian universities offering an MPH program at the commencement of this study, seven were eventually reviewed using a mixed methods approach...
January 28, 2019: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30681231/when-to-apply-sunscreen-a-consensus-statement-for-australia-and-new-zealand
#11
David C Whiteman, Rachel E Neale, Joanne Aitken, Louisa Gordon, Adele C Green, Monika Janda, Catherine M Olsen, H Peter Soyer
INTRODUCTION: Cancers of the skin are the most common cancers in humans, with Australia and New Zealand having the world's highest incidence. Primary prevention campaigns advise people to apply sunscreen to exposed body sites when outdoors. However, despite growing evidence that cumulative sub-erythemal exposures cause mutational damage, and trial data demonstrating benefit from daily sunscreen use, current policies do not consider the hazards of incidental (everyday) sun exposure. Thus, a Sunscreen Summit was convened to review the evidence and update the policies for people living in Australia and New Zealand...
January 25, 2019: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30673149/potential-sources-of-cessation-support-for-high-smoking-prevalence-groups-a-qualitative-study
#12
Ashleigh Parnell, Emily Box, Billie Bonevski, Terry Slevin, Julia Anwar-McHenry, Lorena Chapman, Simone Pettigrew
Objective This study aimed to: i) explore potential sources of cessation support as nominated by disadvantaged smokers; and ii) identify factors influencing decisions to use these sources. Methods Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 84 smokers accessing community service organisations from the alcohol and other drugs, homeless, and mental health sectors. Transcripts were coded and thematically analysed. Results Doctors emerged as the most commonly recognised source of cessation support, followed by Quitline, community service organisation staff; and online resources...
January 23, 2019: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30602072/impacts-of-social-integration-and-loneliness-on-mental-health-of-humanitarian-migrants-in-australia-evidence-from-a-longitudinal-study
#13
Wen Chen, Shuxian Wu, Li Ling, Andre M N Renzaho
OBJECTIVE: To examine the impacts of social integration and loneliness on the mental health of humanitarian migrants (HMs) in Australia over time. METHODS: A total of 1,723 HMs who held permanent visas from the first to third waves (2013-2016) of a longitudinal study in Australia (Building a New Life in Australia) were included in the study. Dependent variables included poor general health, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and severe mental illness (SMI). Predictors were social integration stressors and loneliness...
January 2, 2019: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30548966/men-s-work-women-s-work-and-suicide-a-retrospective-mortality-study-in-australia
#14
Allison Milner, Tania King
OBJECTIVES: This research sought to investigate the influence of being a in male-dominated occupation on suicide. METHODS: A population-level retrospective mortality study was conducted over the period 2001 to 2015. Data from the Australian Census and the National Coronial Information System were combined. Negative binomial regression was used to assess the relationship between occupational gender ratio and suicide rates, controlling for age, socioeconomic status and year of death...
December 13, 2018: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30548953/the-impact-of-an-alcohol-consumption-intervention-in-community-sports-clubs-on-safety-and-participation-an-rct
#15
Bosco Rowland, Melanie Kingsland, Luke Wolfenden, Alan Murphy, Karen E Gillham, Matthew Fuller-Tyszkiewicz, John Wiggers
OBJECTIVE: Sports clubs have been identified as settings where high levels of risky alcohol consumption occurs. Settings characterised by such behaviour are likely to negatively impact on levels of safety, participation and amenity. DESIGN: The study was part of a randomised control trial, designed to help community sports clubs responsibly manage the sale and consumption of alcohol; the primary outcome was reduction in alcohol consumption. This study examined the secondary effects of safety and participation...
December 13, 2018: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30548950/the-health-and-wellbeing-of-australian-lesbian-gay-and-bisexual-people-a-systematic-assessment-using-a-longitudinal-national-sample
#16
Francisco Perales
OBJECTIVE: This study revisits disparities in health and wellbeing by sexual identity in Australia, identifying which domains demand priority policy intervention, documenting differences between gay/lesbian vs. bisexual populations, and examining change over time in the relative health and wellbeing of sexual minorities. METHOD: I fitted multivariable ordinary least squares and random-effect panel regression models on 20 outcomes to compare the health and wellbeing of heterosexual, gay/lesbian and bisexual people, using 2012/2016 data from a national probability sample - the Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia (HILDA) Survey...
December 13, 2018: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30548949/identification-of-smoking-status-in-the-census-is-needed-but-what-about-the-healthcare-system
#17
Louise Ross, Paul S Haber, Carolyn A Day
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 13, 2018: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30548948/what-young-australians-think-about-a-tax-on-sugar-sweetened-beverages
#18
Tom E Richardson, Brendan A Yanada, David Watters, Douglas Stupart, Prabhat Lamichhane, Colin Bell
OBJECTIVE: To determine support for a tax on sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) among young Australian adults and the potential impact on SSB consumption if a tax is introduced. METHODS: Cross-sectional convenience survey of Australians aged 18-30 years sampled in the City of Greater Geelong, Australia, in November-December 2017. RESULTS: A total of 1,793 responses were recorded. Overall, 48% supported a tax on SSBs, which increased to 74% and 72% if tax revenue was allocated to subsidising fruit and vegetables or funding community exercise facilities, respectively...
December 13, 2018: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30516311/-no-one-s-driving-this-bus-qualitative-analysis-of-prep-health-promotion-for-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-gay-and-bisexual-men
#19
Alec Hope, Bridget Haire
OBJECTIVE: HIV prevention tools such as pre-exposure prophylaxis require equitable access and uptake to protect all at-risk populations. This project assessed the perceived barriers to accessible HIV prevention for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander gay and bisexual men (GBM) and evaluated the presence of health promotion for pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for this population from the perspective of service providers. METHODS: Eighteen semi-structured interviews with healthcare providers, researchers and AIDS Council employees were qualitatively analysed for themes and concepts related to PrEP-specific health promotion...
December 5, 2018: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30516310/culture-positive-shigellosis-cases-are-epidemiologically-different-to-culture-negative-pcr-positive-cases
#20
Emma Quinn, Zeina Najjar, Esther Huhtinen, Edward Jegasothy, Leena Gupta
OBJECTIVE: To review the epidemiological differences between culture-positive and culture-negative (but ipaH PCR-positive) cases of shigellosis in Sydney Local Health District (SLHD), NSW, to inform whether changes to the national case definition for shigellosis are required. METHODS: An audit of all cases of shigellosis (culture-positive vs. culture-negative/PCR-positive) in SLHD from 1 January 2013 to 30 June 2015 was conducted and demographic, clinical and risk factors were analysed and compared between these groups...
December 5, 2018: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
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