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Journals International Journal of Infec...

International Journal of Infectious Diseases : IJID

https://read.qxmd.com/read/38701913/association-of-covid-19-vaccination-with-risks-of-hospitalization-due-to-cardiovascular-and-other-diseases-a-study-using-data-from-the-uk-biobank
#21
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yong Xiang, Yaning Feng, Jinghong Qiu, Ruoyu Zhang, Hon-Cheong So
OBJECTIVES: To explore whether COVID-19 vaccination protects against hospital admission by preventing infections and severe disease. METHODS: We leveraged the UK-Biobank(UKBB) and studied associations of COVID-19 vaccination (BioNTech-BNT162b2 or Oxford-AstraZeneca-ChAdOx1) with hospitalizations from cardiovascular and other selected diseases(N=393,544; median follow-up=54 days among vaccinated). Multivariable Cox, Poisson regression, propensity score matching(PSM) and inverse probability treatment weighting(IPTW) analyses were performed...
May 1, 2024: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38697608/delineating-the-evolutionary-pathway-to-multidrug-resistant-outbreaks-of-a-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-l4-1-2-1-haarlem-sublineage
#22
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Naira Dekhil, Helmi Mardassi
OBJECTIVES: We sought to capture the evolutionary itinerary of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis L4.1.2.1/Haarlem sublineage, northern Tunisia, where it caused a major multidrug-resistant (MDR-TB) outbreak, in a context strictly negative for HIV infection. METHODS: We combined whole genome sequencing and Bayesian approaches using a representative collection of drug-susceptible and drug-resistant L4.1.2.1/Haarlem clinical strains (n =121) recovered from the outbreak region over 16 years...
April 30, 2024: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38697607/clinical-molecular-and-drug-resistance-epidemiology-of-hiv-in-jordan-2019-2021-a-national-study
#23
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Faris G Bakri, Heyam H Mukattash, Hiam Esmeiran, Glenna Schluck, Casey K Storme, Erica Broach, Tsedal Mebrahtu, Mohammad Alhawarat, Anais Valencia-Ruiz, Oussama M'Hamdi, Jennifer A Malia, Zebiba Hassen, Mah'd M S Shafei, Ala Y Alkhatib, Mahmoud Gazo, Saied A Jaradat, Yessenia Gomez, Samantha McGeehon, Melanie D McCauley, Sarah C Moreland, Janice M Darden, Mihret Amare, Trevor A Crowell, Sandhya Vasan, Nelson L Michael, Julie A Ake, Kayvon Modjarrad, Paul T Scott, Sheila A Peel, Shilpa Hakre
BACKGROUND: Limited epidemiologic studies have been conducted in Jordan describing the HIV epidemic. This study aimed to address this gap to inform HIV prevention and control. METHODS: A nationally-representative cross-sectional study was conducted among adults living with HIV in Jordan. Laboratory testing included HIV viral load and next-generation-sequencing-based clinical genotype. Log-binomial regression estimated risk ratios (RRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs)...
April 30, 2024: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38697606/prevalence-risk-factors-and-outcomes-of-secondary-infections-among-hospitalised-patients-with-covid-19-or-post-covid-19-conditions-in-victoria-2020-2023
#24
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Hugh C Murray, Michael Muleme, Darcie Cooper, Bridgette J McNamara, Mohammad A Hussain, Caroline Bartolo, Daniel P O'Brien, Eugene Athan
OBJECTIVES: Estimates of secondary infections are variedly reported, with few studies done in Australia. We investigated the occurrence and impact of secondary infections complicating COVID-19 and post-COVID-19 admissions in Victoria, Australia, 2020-2023. METHODS: We used linked population-wide datasets and ICD-10 codes to identify and estimate occurrence of secondary infections. Using hospital/ICU length of stay (LOS) in negative binomial regression, and mortality, we examined the impact of secondary infections...
April 30, 2024: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38697605/dynamics-of-anti-sars-cov-2-igg-antibody-responses-following-breakthrough-infection-and-the-predicted-protective-efficacy-a-longitudinal-community-based-population-study-in-china
#25
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Xiaolong Yan, Xin Zhao, Yin Du, Hao Wang, Li Liu, Qi Wang, Jianhua Liu, Sheng Wei
OBJECTIVES: To assess the dynamics of the anti-SARS-CoV-2 IgG antibody levels and their efficacy against COVID-19. METHODS: We conducted a longitudinal serological analysis of 852 breakthrough COVID-19 infections among the community-based population in Yichang, China. Anti-SARS-CoV-2 IgG levels were measured by chemiluminescence at approximately 3, 4, and 9 months after infection. A linear mixed model predicted IgG antibody decline over 18 months. The effectiveness of antibodies in preventing symptomatic and severe infections was determined using an existing meta-regression model...
April 30, 2024: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38697604/infective-dermatitis-associated-with-human-t-cell-lymphotropic-virus-type-1-an-underdiagnosed-disease
#26
REVIEW
Bittencourt Al, Farre L
Infective dermatitis associated with human T-cell lymphotropic virus type-1 (HTLV-1) (IDH) is a severe form of chronically infected eczema occurring in early childhood, although very rarely cases have been reported in adults. Most of the cases are from Jamaica and Brazil and occur in individuals with low socioeconomic status. IDH is always associated with refractory Staphylococcus aureus or beta-hemolytic Streptococcus infection of the skin and nasal vestibules. Patients with IDH may develop other even more severe HTLV-1-associated diseases, such as HTLV-1-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP) of early or late appearance and adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma...
April 30, 2024: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38697603/gene-variants-rs5182-rs2074192-and-rs4343-in-the-renin-angiotensin-aldosterone-system-are-associated-with-symptom-severity-higher-odds-of-hospitalization-and-death-in-covid-19
#27
JOURNAL ARTICLE
M L Martinez-Fierro, A Perez-Favila, S M Zorrilla Alfaro, S A Oropeza-de Lara, I Garza-Veloz, L S Hernandez-Marquez, E F Gutierrez-Vela, I Delgado-Enciso, I P Rodriguez-Sanchez
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the gene variants of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) and determine their association with the severity and outcome of coronavirus disease 19 (COVID-19). METHODS: A total of 104 patients were included in the study: 34 asymptomatic patients with COVID-19 as controls and 70 symptomatic patients as cases. The genetic variants ACE rs4343, ACE2 rs2074192, AGTR1 rs5182, and AGT rs4762, were identified using TaqMan genotyping tests...
April 30, 2024: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38670483/diagnostic-efficacy-and-clinical-impact-of-image-guided-core-needle-biopsy-of-suspected-vertebral-osteomyelitis
#28
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Winston L Winkler, Ige A Geroge, Sumanth Gandra, Jonathan C Baker, Anderanik Tomasian, Benjamin Northrup, Theodore L Vander Velde, Travis J Hillen, Chongliang Luo, Resten Imaoka, Gino M Dettorre, Jack W Jennings
OBJECTIVES: The diagnostic yield and clinical impact of image-guided core needle biopsy(ICNB) of suspected vertebral osteomyelitis in adults is heterogenous in published studies due to small sample size, indicating the need for large cohort studies. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of ICNBs was performed from 2010-2021 for patients with imaging findings consistent with vertebral osteomyelitis. For each biopsy, a series of factors were analyzed, as well as if histopathology was diagnostic of osteomyelitis and if microbiological cultures were positive...
April 24, 2024: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38670482/the-contributions-of-vaccination-and-natural-infection-to-the-production-of-neutralizing-antibodies-against-the-severe-acute-respiratory-syndrome-coronavirus-2-sars-cov-2-prototype-strain-and-variants
#29
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Hui Xie, Junnan Zhang, Shuang Bai, Min Lv, Juan Li, Weixin Chen, Luodan Suo, Meng Chen, Wei Zhao, Shanshan Zhou, Jian Wang, Ao Zhang, Jianxin Ma, Fengshuang Wang, Le Yan, Dongmei Li, Jiang Wu
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the neutralizing antibody (NAbs) levels against the SARS-CoV-2 Omicron variants BF.7, BQ.1, BQ.1.1, XBB.1, and XBB.1.5 after vaccination and natural infection. METHODS: The NAbs against the different viral strains of 490 SARS-CoV-2 infected and 187 uninfected individuals in Beijing COVID-19 outbreak during December 2022 to January 2023 were analyzed. RESULTS: In uninfected individuals, limited levels of NAbs were produced against both the prototype and variant strains after two doses vaccine, but significantly increased after three or four doses vaccine...
April 24, 2024: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38670481/time-to-care-and-factors-influencing-appropriate-sudan-virus-disease-care-among-case-patients-in-uganda-september-to-november-2022
#30
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Rebecca Akunzirwe, Simone Carter, Brenda N Simbwa, Mercy W Wanyana, Sherry R Ahirirwe, Saudah K Namubiru, Mackline Ninsiima, Allan Komakech, Alex R Ario, Daniel Kadobera, Benon Kwesiga, Richard Migisha, Lilian Bulage, Helen N Naiga, Jane F Zalwango, Brian Agaba, Zainah Kabami, Marie G Zalwango, Patrick King, Thomas Kiggundu, Peter C Kawungezi, Doreen N Gonahasa, Irene B Kyamwine, Immaculate Atuhaire, Alice Asio, Sarah Elayeete, Edirisa J Nsubuga, Veronica Masanja, Stella M Migamba, Petranilla Nakamya, Rose Nampeera, Andrew Kwiringira, Mary Choi, Terrence Lo, Julie R Harris
BACKGROUND: Early isolation and care for Ebola Disease patients at Ebola Treatment Units (ETU) curb outbreak spread. We evaluated time to ETU entry and associated factors during the 2022 Sudan virus disease (SVD) outbreak in Uganda. METHODS: We included persons with RT-PCR-confirmed SVD with onset September 20-November 30, 2022. We categorized days from symptom onset to ETU entry ('delays') as short (≤2), moderate (3-5), and long (≥6); the latter two were 'delayed isolation'...
April 24, 2024: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38663477/safety-and-effectiveness-of-isavuconazole-in-real-life-non-neutropenic-patients
#31
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Patricia Monzó-Gallo, Carlos Lopera, Ana M Badía-Tejero, Marina Machado, Julio García-Rodríguez, Pablo Vidal-Cortés, Esperanza Merino, Jorge Calderón, Jesús Fortún, Zaira R Palacios-Baena, Javier Pemán, Joan Roig Sanchis, Manuela Aguilar-Guisado, Carlota Gudiol, Juan C Ramos, Isabel Sánchez-Romero, Pilar Martin-Davila, Luis E López-Cortés, Miguel Salavert, Isabel Ruiz-Camps, Mariana Chumbita, Tommaso Francesco Aiello, Olivier Peyrony, Pedro Puerta-Alcalde, Alex Soriano, Francesc Marco, Carolina Garcia-Vidal
BACKGROUND: Information is scarce on clinical experiences with non-neutropenic patients with invasive fungal infection (IFI) receiving isavuconazole. We aimed to report the safety and effectiveness of this drug as a first-line treatment or rescue in real life. METHODS: A retrospective, observational multicentric study of non-neutropenic patients who received isavuconazole as an IFI treatment at 12 different university hospitals (January 2018 - 2022). All patients met criteria for proven, probable or possible IFI according to EORTC-MSG...
April 23, 2024: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38649006/death-after-cure-mortality-among-pulmonary-tuberculosis-survivors-in-rural-uganda
#32
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Joseph Baruch Baluku, Brenda Namanda, Sharon Namiiro, Diana Karungi Rwabwera, Gloria Mwesigwa, Catherine Namaara, Bright Twinomugisha, Isabella Nyirazihawe, Edwin Nuwagira, Grace Kansiime, Enock Kizito, Mary G Nabukenya-Mudiope, Moorine Penninah Sekadde, Felix Bongomin, Joshua Senfuka, Ronald Olum, Aggrey Byaruhanga, Ian Munabi, Sarah Kiguli
OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence of mortality and its predictors among pulmonary TB (PTB) survivors treated at a rural Ugandan tertiary hospital. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective chart review of data between 2013 and 2023. We included all people that met the WHO's definition of tuberculosis cure and traced them or their next of kin to determine vital status (alive/deceased). We estimated the cumulative incidence of mortality per 1,000 population, crude all-cause mortality rate per 1,000 person-years, and median years of potential life lost (YPLL) for deceased individuals...
April 20, 2024: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38649005/long-term-remission-of-candidiasis-with-fermented-lingonberry-mouth-rinse-in-an-adult-patient-with-apeced
#33
Pirjo Pärnänen, Juho Suojanen, Mikael Laine, Timo Sorsa, Annamari Ranki
We report a long-term remission in candidiasis in a 57-year-old Finnish female with autoimmune polyendocrinopathy-candidiasis-ectodermal dystrophy (APECED) suffering from recurrent oral, esophageal, gastric, vaginal, and anal candidiasis since childhood. Candidiasis treatment with antifungal medicines fluconazole, itraconazole, posaconazole, voriconazole, caspofungin, nystatin or amphotericin-B during 2008-2021 had variable effects and intermittent development of antifungal resistance and hospital periods. The patient started using fermented lingonberry juice (FLJ) as a mouth rinse daily in April 2021...
April 20, 2024: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38643867/sars-cov-2-mrna-vaccination-and-short-term-changes-in-viral-load-and-cd4-cd8-t-cell-counts-in-people-living-with-hiv
#34
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Alessandra Vergori, Alessandro Cozzi-Lepri, Alessandro Tavelli, Valentina Mazzotta, Anna Maria Azzini, Roberta Gagliardini, Ilaria Mastrorosa, Alessandra Latini, Giovanni Pellicanò, Lucia Taramasso, Francesca Ceccherini-Silberstein, Maddalena Giannella, Evelina Tacconelli, Giulia Marchetti, Antonella d'Arminio Monforte, Andrea Antinori
OBJECTIVES: To investigate if SARS-CoV-2 mRNA vaccination has an impact on HIV-related viro-immunological parameters. METHODS: PWH of the VAXICONA-ORCHESTRA cohort who received ≥1 dose of SARS-CoV-2 mRNA vaccine and for whom paired measures of immuno-virological markers [Viral Load (VL), CD4, CD8 count 1 month before and after a vaccine dose (VD)] were available, were included. Paired t-test and generalized estimating equation linear regression analyses were used to study changes over ± 1 month around the VD...
April 19, 2024: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38641317/age-specific-prevalence-of-igg-against-measles-rubella-and-the-impact-of-routine-and-supplementary-immunization-activities-a-multistage-random-cluster-sampling-study-with-mathematical-modelling
#35
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Masahiko Hachiya, Emilia Vynnycky, Yoshio Mori, Hung Thai Do, Mai Kim Huynh, Long Hoang Trinh, Duy Duc Nguyen, Nhu Anh Thi Tran, Thanh Tien Hoang, Hai Hang Thi Hoang, Ngoc Dieu Thi Vo, Thieu Hoang Le, Yasunori Ichimura, Shinsuke Miyano, Sumiyo Okawa, Moe Moe Thandar, Yuta Yokobori, Yosuke Inoue, Tetsuya Mizoue, Makoto Takeda, Kenichi Komada
BACKGROUND: Vietnam continues to have measles and rubella outbreaks following supplementary immunization activities (SIA) and routine immunization despite both having high reported coverage. To evaluate immunization activities, age-specific immunity against measles and rubella, and the number of averted Congenital Rubella Syndrome (CRS) cases, must be estimated. METHODS: Dried blood spots were collected from 2,091 randomly selected individuals aged 1-39 years. Measles and rubella virus-specific immunoglobulin G (IgG) were measured by enzyme immunoassay...
April 17, 2024: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38641316/incidence-of-sars-cov-2-seropositivity-in-pediatric-healthcare-workers-prior-to-widespread-vaccination-a-five-month-longitudinal-cohort-study
#36
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Mark Griffiths, Dunia Hatabah, Patrick Sullivan, Grace Mantus, Travis Sanchez, Maria Zlotorzynska, Stacy Heilman, Andres Camacho-Gonzalez, Deborah Leake, Rawan Korman, Mimi Le, Mehul Suthara, Jens Wrammert, Miriam B Vos, Claudia R Morris
OBJECTIVES: Determine SARS-CoV-2 IgG antibody incidence over time in unvaccinated pediatric healthcare workers (pHCWs). DESIGN: Prospective longitudinal cohort of unvaccinated pHCWs measuring incidence of new infection after initial prevalence was established at 4.1% with seropositive predominance in emergency department (ED)-based pHCWs. Serum samples were collected at follow-up visits to detect new SARS-CoV-2 seropositivity. Univariate analysis was performed to estimate different incidence rates between participant demographics, job, employment location and community risk factors...
April 17, 2024: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38657759/why-is-sharing-knowledge-about-hand-hygiene-and-infection-prevention-and-control-still-so-important
#37
EDITORIAL
Claire Kilpatrick, Ermira Tartari, Julie Storr, Didier Pittet, Benedetta Allegranzi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 16, 2024: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38636684/global-analysis-of-respiratory-viral-circulation-and-timing-of-epidemics-in-the-pre-covid-19-and-covid-19-pandemic-eras-based-on-data-from-the-global-influenza-surveillance-and-response-system-gisrs
#38
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Marco Del Riccio, Saverio Caini, Guglielmo Bonaccorsi, Chiara Lorini, John Paget, Koos van der Velden, Adam Meijer, Mendel Haag, Ian McGovern, Patrizio Zanobini
INTRODUCTION: The COVID-19 pandemic significantly changed respiratory viruses' epidemiology due to non-pharmaceutical interventions and possible viral interactions. This study investigates whether the circulation patterns of respiratory viruses have returned to pre-pandemic norms by comparing their peak timing and duration during the first three SARS-CoV-2 seasons to pre-pandemic times. METHODS: GISRS data from 194 countries (2014-2023) was analyzed for epidemic peak timing and duration, focusing on pre-pandemic and pandemic periods across both hemispheres and the intertropical belt...
April 16, 2024: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38631509/avian-bird-flu-undue-media-panic-or-genuine-concern-for-pandemic-potential-requiring-global-preparedness-action
#39
EDITORIAL
Eskild Petersen, Ziad A Memish, David S Hui, Alessandra Scagliarini, Lone Simonsen, Edgar Simulundu, Jennifer Bloodgood, Lucille Blumberg, Shui- Shan Lee, Alimuddin Zumla
epidemics, avian influenza, H5N1, highly pathogenic avian influenza, HPAI.
April 15, 2024: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38631508/comparison-of-prevalence-estimates-of-pfhrp2-and-pfhrp3-deletions-in-plasmodium-falciparum-determined-by-conventional-pcr-and-multiplex-qpcr-and-implications-for-surveillance-and-monitoring
#40
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Michelle L Gatton, David Smith, Cielo Pasay, Karen Anderson, Selam Mihreteab, Hugo O Valdivia, Juan F Sanchez, Khalid B Beshir, Jane Cunningham, Qin Cheng
OBJECTIVES: Accuracy of malaria rapid diagnostic tests is threatened by Plasmodium falciparum with pfhrp2/3 deletions. This study compares gene deletion prevalence determined by multiplex qPCR and conventional PCR (cPCR) using existing samples with clonality previously determined by microsatellite genotyping. METHODS: Multiplex qPCR was used to estimate prevalence of pfhrp2/3 deletions in three sets of previously collected patient samples from Eritrea and Peru. The qPCR was validated by multiplex digital PCR...
April 15, 2024: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
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