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Spinal Cord

Jason S Au, Yoshi-Ichiro Kamijo, Victoria L Goosey-Tolfrey, Christof A Leicht, Maureen J MacDonald, Yuki Mukai, Fumihiro Tajima
STUDY DESIGN: Experimental study. OBJECTIVE: Individuals with spinal cord injuries (SCI) may present with impaired sympathetic control over thermoregulatory responses to environmental and exercise stressors, which can impact regional core temperature (Tcore ) measurement. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether regional differences in Tcore responses exist during exercise in individuals with SCI. SETTING: Rehabilitation centre in Wakayama, Japan...
February 14, 2019: Spinal Cord
Nirupama S Wijesuriya, Danny J Eckert, Amy S Jordan, Rachel Schembri, Chaminda Lewis, Hailey Meaklim, Lauren Booker, Doug Brown, Marnie Graco, David J Berlowitz
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled, cross-over trial of nasal decongestion in tetraplegia. OBJECTIVES: Tetraplegia is complicated by severe, predominantly obstructive, sleep apnoea. First-line therapy for obstructive sleep apnoea is nasal continuous positive airway pressure, but this is poorly tolerated. High nasal resistance associated with unopposed parasympathetic activation of the upper airway contributes to poor adherence...
February 13, 2019: Spinal Cord
Gary J Farkas, Marika A Pitot, Arthur S Berg, David R Gater
The authors noted that there were two typographical errors in Table 2. Under the 'Tetraplegia' group of 'Gorgey et al. [55]' the 'RMR' value was originally given as '14,101 ± 10'. This has now been corrected to '1411 ± 10'. Under the 'Tetra' group of 'Sabour et al. [22]' the 'Energy intake' was originally given as '20,123 ± 681'. This has now been corrected to '2013 ± 681'. This has been corrected in both the PDF and HTML versions of the Article.
February 11, 2019: Spinal Cord
Erin Albaum, Emily Quinn, Saba Sedaghatkish, Parminder Singh, Amber Watkins, Kristin Musselman, Josh Williams
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional. OBJECTIVES: (1) Assess the accuracy of the Actigraph wGT3x-BT accelerometer to count steps taken by inpatients with incomplete spinal cord injury (iSCI) in physical therapy (PT) sessions and self-directed activities, and (2) compare the number of steps/min taken in PT sessions to that in self-directed activities during inpatient rehabilitation. SETTING: Inpatient spinal cord injury rehabilitation. METHODS: Seventeen individuals with subacute motor iSCI were observed for up to 45-min of both PT and self-directed activities, during which steps were simultaneously tracked by the Actigraph wGT3x-BT and a researcher using a hand tally counter...
February 8, 2019: Spinal Cord
Daisuke Kudo, Naohisa Miyakoshi, Michio Hongo, Yuji Kasukawa, Yoshinori Ishikawa, Noriyuki Ishikawa, Yoichi Shimada
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective epidemiological study. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the epidemiology of traumatic spinal cord injury (TSCI) in the fastest aging area in Japan. SETTING: Hospitals in Akita Prefecture, Japan. Akita Prefecture has the highest ratio of people aged 65 or older in Japan (30.4% in 2012 and 34.6% in 2016). METHODS: Patients with acute TSCI who required hospital treatment between 2012 and 2016 were included...
February 7, 2019: Spinal Cord
Katherine J Desneves, Maya G Panisset, Jillian Rafferty, Helena Rodi, Leigh C Ward, Andrew Nunn, Mary P Galea
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, observational OBJECTIVES: To evaluate agreement between a reference method (doubly labelled water, DLW) of total energy expenditure (TEE) and published equations for estimating energy requirements in acute spinal cord injury (SCI). SETTING: Victoria, Australia METHODS: Twenty participants (18 male) within 8 weeks of traumatic SCI completed DLW, anthropometric and dietary intake assessments. Energy requirements were predicted using Harris-Benedict, Schofield, Henry, Nelson, Buchholz and Chun equations, multiplied by a combined activity and stress factor of 1...
February 6, 2019: Spinal Cord
Nisha Aravind, Lisa A Harvey, Joanne V Glinsky
STUDY DESIGN: A systematic review. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review was to determine the effectiveness of physiotherapy (PT) interventions for increasing voluntary muscle strength in people with spinal cord injuries (SCI). METHODS: We included randomised controlled trials of PT interventions for people with SCI. We were interested in two comparisons: PT interventions compared with sham or no intervention, and PT interventions compared to each other...
February 5, 2019: Spinal Cord
Marcel Dijkers
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 5, 2019: Spinal Cord
Marcel P Dijkers
STUDY DESIGN: A narrative review of principles, benefits and disadvantages, as well as methods of research data sharing. OBJECTIVES: To assist prospective Spinal Cord authors and others with understanding and implementing data sharing, so that various benefits of such sharing can accrue to all spinal cord injury research stakeholders. SETTING: International. METHODS: The medical research and health care services literature was reviewed nonsystematically for relevant articles, and web sites were explored for information and services offered by various pertinent organizations...
February 5, 2019: Spinal Cord
Junsik Kim, Bum Suk Lee, Hye-Jin Lee, Hye-Ri Kim, Duk-Youn Cho, Jung-Eun Lim, Jin-Ju Kim, Ha Yeon Kim, Zee-A Han
In the original version of the article the authors incorrectly stated that: "One case study provided evidence of some improvements in motor performance and spasticity [19], while several other studies only provided evidence on the feasibility of UER as an assessment tool; however, the fact that the manufacturer funded these studies lessens their objectivity [15, 20-24]." This is not correct as the manufacturers did not fund the studies. The correct phrase therefore should have read: "One case study provided evidence of some improvements in motor performance and spasticity [19], while several other studies provided evidence focusing more on the feasibility of UER rather than the clinical efficacy [15, 20-24]...
February 4, 2019: Spinal Cord
L Rauschenbach, E Kocakavuk, D Pierscianek, Y Ahmadipour, S Kebir, M Glas, B Scheffler, U Sure, R Jabbarli
STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review. OBJECTIVES: The overall incidence of intramedullary spinal cord tumors (IMSCT) remains low and clinical trials or standardized treatment strategies are missing. Therefore, multiple animal-based xenograft models (AXM) have been developed to foster preclinical research efforts on IMSCT. We constructed a systematic literature review to summarize and compare all AXM for IMSCT, published until April 16, 2018. METHODS: The review was conducted using 4 independent research databases following the PRISMA (preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses) guidelines...
February 1, 2019: Spinal Cord
Anja M Raab, Jörg Krebs, Mirjam Pfister, Claudio Perret, Maria Hopman, Gabi Mueller
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effect of training intensity and -volume on improvements in respiratory muscle strength in individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI). SETTING: SCI rehabilitation center in Switzerland. METHODS: Inpatients with SCI, lesion level C4-T12, who had at least 10 individualized inspiratory muscle training sessions with respiratory function measurements before and after the training period...
January 30, 2019: Spinal Cord
Young-Ah Choi, Yale Kim, Hyung-Ik Shin
STUDY DESIGN: A single-blind crossover study. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate neuropathic pain in persons with spinal cord injury (SCI) after the application of transcutaneous spinal direct current stimulation (tsDCS). SETTING: Outpatient Clinic of the Rehabilitation Department, Seoul National University Hospital. METHODS: The effect of single sessions of both anodal and sham tsDCS (2 mA, 20 min) on chronic neuropathic pain in ten volunteers with complete motor cervical SCI was assessed...
January 30, 2019: Spinal Cord
Mai Tanaka, Ryo Momosaki, Hidetaka Wakabayashi, Toshihiko Kikura, Keisuke Maeda
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the relationship of nutritional status with improvement of activities of daily living in individuals with cervical spinal cord injury. SETTING: A convalescent rehabilitation ward at the Toyama Prefectural Rehabilitation Hospital and Support Center for Children with Disabilities in Japan. METHODS: This retrospective analysis investigated adults (age ≥20 years) with cervical spinal cord injury who were consecutively admitted to a convalescent rehabilitation ward between 2006 and 2015...
January 30, 2019: Spinal Cord
Sergio Ricardo Thomaz, Gerson Cipriano, Magno Ferreira Formiga, Emerson Fachin-Martins, Graziella França Bernardelli Cipriano, Wagner Rodrigues Martins, Lawrence Patrick Cahalin
STUDY DESIGN: This work is a systematic review with meta-analysis OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the effect of electrical stimulation (ES) on skeletal muscle volume and spasticity in individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI). SETTING: University of Brasilia, Brazil METHODS: Searches were conducted of the Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, CINAHL, PEDro, PsycINFO and EMBASE electronic databases for relevant articles published up to June 2018. No restrictions were imposed regarding the year of publication...
January 29, 2019: Spinal Cord
Bruno Trezzini, Mirjam Brach, Marcel Post, Armin Gemperli
STUDY DESIGN: Observational study. OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence, predictors, and consequences of self-reported service needs among community-dwelling persons with SCI. SETTING: Community-based, Switzerland. METHODS: Participants were 490 people who took part in the health services module of the Swiss Spinal Cord Injury Cohort Study (SwiSCI) 2012 community survey. We determined the prevalence of 20 service needs and the extent to which they were unmet...
January 29, 2019: Spinal Cord
Marcel W M Post, Jacqueline M P Leenders, Marga Tepper, Govert J Snoek, Luc H V van der Woude, Jacinthe J E Adriaansen
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey OBJECTIVES: To describe computer and Internet use (other than for work or study) among people with long-standing spinal cord injury (SCI), examine associations between demographic and lesion characteristics and Internet use, and examine associations between Internet use and mental health, participation, and life satisfaction. SETTING: Community, The Netherlands METHODS: Participants were 265 individuals living with SCI for at least 10 years, who were 18-35 at the onset of SCI, aged 28-65 at the time of the study and wheelchair-user...
January 28, 2019: Spinal Cord
Heleen Kuiper, Christel C M van Leeuwen, Janneke M Stolwijk-Swüste, Marcel W M Post
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional psychometric study. OBJECTIVES: To compare psychometric properties of the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC) with 25, 10, and 2 items, and to assess the agreement between these versions in individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI). SETTING: Standard psychological screening at a Dutch rehabilitation centre during the first 2 weeks of inpatient rehabilitation. METHODS: Anonymous data from the psychological screening were analysed...
January 22, 2019: Spinal Cord
Peter H Gorman, William Scott, Leslie VanHiel, Keith E Tansey, W Mark Sweatman, Paula Richley Geigle
STUDY DESIGN: Randomized dual center controlled clinical trial. OBJECTIVE: To determine and compare the cardiorespiratory impact of 3 months of aquatic and robotic therapy for individuals with chronic motor incomplete spinal cord injury (CMISCI). SETTINGS: Two rehabilitation specialty hospitals. METHODS: Thirty-one individuals with CMISCI with neurological level between C2-T12 at least 1 year post injury were randomized to either aquatic or robotic treadmill therapy for 36 sessions...
January 18, 2019: Spinal Cord
Marlon L Wong, Jacqueline Tibbett, Temitope Adedolapo, Eva Widerstrom-Noga
STUDY DESIGN: Cohort/psychometric study. OBJECTIVES: Assessment of dorsal column medial lemniscus (DCML) function is important for the clinical evaluation of people with spinal cord injury (SCI) because it provides useful information to guide rehabilitation and for prognosticating outcomes. For example, research suggests that damage to the DCML pathway may be associated with neuropathic pain after SCI. Tests for graphesthesia and directional cutaneous kinesthesia (DCK) are commonly used clinically to assess DCML function...
January 16, 2019: Spinal Cord
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