Ludovica Palladino, Ilaria Ruotolo, Anna Berardi, Alessandra Carlizza, Giovanni Galeoto
STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a pathological condition that provokes the loss of one or more body functions due to an injury to the spinal cord as a result of trauma or disease. Hydrotherapy plays a key role in the rehabilitation of neurological patients due to the properties of water environments. OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of hydrotherapy in patients who suffer from SCIs. METHODS: We searched 5 different databases: CINAHL, PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, and PEDro for studies to include...
March 25, 2023: Spinal Cord
Rachel Y Kim, Christina Calhoun Thielen, Giulia Heydeman, M J Mulcahey
STUDY DESIGN: Qualitative studies. OBJECTIVE: To develop clear and specific administration and scoring procedures for the Spinal Cord Independence Measure Version 3.0 as a performance-based and interview assessment. SETTING: Research lab. METHODS: Modified Delphi Technique survey methods were used in this study. Previously developed SCIM-III administration and scoring procedures for performance-based and interview versions were presented to clinicians experienced in SCI and SCIM-III using the Qualtrix (Qualtrics, Provo, UT) online survey platform...
March 25, 2023: Spinal Cord
Mar Cogollos-Paja, Juan Angel García-Reneses, Rafael Herruzo
UNLABELLED: Road traffic accidents are a real pandemic and incur expenses amounting to 1-2% of every country's GDP. AESLEME (Association for the Study of Spinal Cord Injuries) has celebrated its 30th anniversary here in Spain. AESLEME's instructors are health workers and people with spinal cord injuries caused by road accidents: their presentations-teaching road safety and sharing information on irreversible injuries-are enhanced by personal stories that help schoolchildren to acquire knowledge on this matter...
March 24, 2023: Spinal Cord
Brooke M Wadsworth, Peter S Kruger, Craig A Hukins, Gabrielle A Modderman, Duncan Brown, Jennifer D Paratz
STUDY DESIGN: A prospective cohort of patients with acute tetraplegia. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine the feasibility of using mouthpiece ventilation (MPV) in the intensive care unit (ICU) for patients who are extubated after suffering an acute cervical spinal cord injury (CSCI). SETTING: ICU, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Brisbane Australia. METHODS: New admissions to ICU in the 14 months between April 2017 and June 2018 with a CSCI who underwent intubation were assessed for inclusion...
March 17, 2023: Spinal Cord
Ahmad M Alazzam, Jacob A Goldsmith, Refka E Khalil, M Rehan Khan, Ashraf S Gorgey
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. OBJECTIVES: To compare muscle size, body composition, bone mineral density (BMD), and metabolic profiles in denervated versus innervated individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI). SETTING: Hunter Holmes McGuire Veterans Affairs (VA) Medical Center. METHODS: Body composition, bone mineral density (BMD), muscle size, and metabolic parameters were collected in 16 persons with chronic SCI (n = 8 denervated, n = 8 innervated) using dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and fasting blood samples...
March 10, 2023: Spinal Cord
Kristine L Hendry, Antonio Vecchio
To ensure that research outcomes are relevant and meet the needs of the spinal cord jury (SCI) community, it is essential that people with lived experience of SCI ('consumers') are actively involved in all stages of the research process. One of the goals of the Spinal Research Institute (SRI) ( ) is to facilitate this active engagement of consumers in research. In order to support consumer involvement, appropriate resources, including remuneration, need to be in place. This paper sets out the process undertaken by the SRI to develop a Policy for Consumer Remuneration...
March 10, 2023: Spinal Cord
Wei-Jie Liao, Bo-Lin Sun, Jia-Bao Wu, Ning Zhang, Rong-Ping Zhou, Shan-Hu Huang, Zhi-Li Liu, Jia-Ming Liu
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study. OBJECTIVE: Traumatic cervical spinal cord injury (TSCI) is often associated with disc rupture. It was reported that high signal of disc and anterior longitudinal ligament (ALL) rupture on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were the typical signs of ruptured disc. However, for TSCI with no fracture or dislocation, there is still difficult to diagnose disc rupture. The purpose of this study was to investigate the diagnostic efficiency and localization method of different MRI features for cervical disc rupture in patient with TSCI but no any signs of fracture or dislocation...
March 10, 2023: Spinal Cord
Samer Shamout, Sara Nazha, Alice Dragomir, Richard Baverstock, Jacques Corcos, Lysanne Campeau
STUDY DESIGN: Economic evaluation study. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the long-term cost-effectiveness of clean intermittent catheterization (CIC) compared with suprapubic catheters (SPC) and indwelling urethral catheters (UC) among individuals with neurogenic lower urinary tract dysfunction (NLUTD) related to spinal cord injury (SCI) from a public healthcare perspective. SETTING: University affiliated hospital in Montreal, Canada. METHODS: A Markov model with Monte Carlo simulation was developed with a cycle length of 1 year and lifetime horizon to estimate the incremental cost per quality-adjusted life years (QALYs)...
March 9, 2023: Spinal Cord
Cameron Zamanian, Gloria Kim, Chiduziem Onyedimma, Abdul Karim Ghaith, Ryan Jarrah, Stephen Graepel, F M Moinuddin, Mohamad Bydon
Spinal cord injuries (SCI) are traumatic events with limited treatment options. Following injury, the lesion site experiences a drastic change to both its structure and vasculature which reduces its ability for tissue regeneration. Despite the lack of clinical options, researchers are investigating therapies to induce neuronal regeneration. Cell-based therapies have long been assessed in the context of SCI to promote neuronal protection and repair. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) not only demonstrates this ability, but also demonstrates angiogenic potential to promote blood vessel formation...
March 6, 2023: Spinal Cord
Yue Cao, Nicole D DiPiro, James S Krause
STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study. OBJECTIVE: To identify five-year longitudinal changes in employment, health, participation, and quality-of-life outcomes (QOL) among participants with chronic spinal cord injury (SCI) and to compare the amount of change in these outcomes between those surviving and those not surviving until follow-up. METHODS: Participants were 1157 individuals from the SCI Longitudinal Aging Study, who have completed at least two self-report assessments separated by five-year intervals...
February 28, 2023: Spinal Cord
Marco Franceschini, Lorenzo Cecconi, Jacopo Bonavita, Sanaz Pournajaf, Salvatore Ferro, Maria Cristina Pagliacci
BACKGROUND: Secondary conditions may reduce function and participation in individuals with chronic Spinal Cord Injury (SCI). The knowledge of reasons for readmission to the hospital may be enlightening to prevent them and remodel the health services. STUDY DESIGN: Multicenter prospective observational study of all consecutive readmissions of persons with SCI after rehabilitation completion. OBJECTIVES: To explore the characteristics of individuals with SCI readmitted to the hospital, the reasons for readmissions and the burden on hospitalization in terms of length of stay (LoS) for different conditions...
February 25, 2023: Spinal Cord
Rachel E Elam, Cara E Ray, Scott Miskevics, Frances M Weaver, Beverly Gonzalez, William Obremskey, Laura D Carbone
STUDY DESIGN: This is a retrospective case-control study. OBJECTIVES: To identify predictors of lower extremity (LE) long bone fracture-related amputation in persons with traumatic spinal cord injury (tSCI). SETTING: US Veterans Health Administration facilities (2005-2015). METHODS: Fracture-amputation sets in Veterans with tSCI were considered for inclusion if medical coding indicated a LE amputation within 365 days following an incident LE fracture...
February 16, 2023: Spinal Cord
Alice A S N Christofi, Denise G Tate, Carla Witter, Angelica Castilho Alonso, Julia Maria D'Andrea Greve
STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional, descriptive study. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the demographic, clinical behavioral, and rehabilitation predictors of the quality of life (QoL) of people with spinal cord injury/disease (SCI/D) in a middle-income country. METHOD: Ninety-five participants living in the community were evaluated with the following instruments: World Health Organization Quality of Life - Bref; International SCI Core DataSet; Clinical Interview; Spinal Cord Secondary Conditions Scale and Patient Health Questionnaire; Numerical Pain Intensity Scale; Short-Form 12 Health Survey - Item 8 (how much pain hinders activities); Patient Health Questionnaire 2, Numerical Fatigue Scale...
February 16, 2023: Spinal Cord
Anna M Jedrusik, Martin W G Brinkhof, Lorena L Müller, Susanna B Meier, Jürgen Pannek, Inge E Eriks-Hoogland
STUDY DESIGN: Population-based prospective study. OBJECTIVES: To provide a population-based description of length of stay (LOS) and person-related risk factors following unplanned hospital admission due to a secondary health condition (SHC) in persons with spinal cord injury (SCI). SETTING: Specialized SCI hospital and rehabilitation center in Switzerland. METHODS: Descriptive analysis of LOS using routine clinical data of persons with SCI, who were acutely hospitalized between 01...
February 13, 2023: Spinal Cord
Annette Halvorsen, Aslak Steinsbekk, Annelie Schedin Leiulfsrud, Marcel W M Post, Fin Biering-Sørensen, Kristine Pape
STUDY DESIGN: A register based cohort study. OBJECTIVES: To investigate labour market participation following spinal cord injury (SCI) and to describe the impact of personal and SCI characteristics. SETTING: Norway. METHODS: Persons registered with SCI in the Norwegian SCI registry 2011-2017, and matched reference individuals without SCI from the general population (named controls) were followed for up to six years after injury using national registry data on employment, education, income, and social security benefits...
January 30, 2023: Spinal Cord
Verna Stavric, Nicola L Saywell, Nicola M Kayes
STUDY DESIGN: Qualitative study. OBJECTIVES: The benefits of exercise to reduce shoulder pain in people with spinal cord injury (SCI) are well documented. Digital health interventions offer a potential solution to overcome barriers to access rehabilitation support for exercise. The aim of this project was to gain people's perspectives to inform the development of a self-guided web-based exercise intervention. Shoulder Pain Intervention delivered over the interNet (SPIN) is a self-guided web-based intervention to prescribe, monitor, and progress evidence-based exercises for people living with SCI and shoulder pain...
January 26, 2023: Spinal Cord
Thangavelu Senthilvelkumar, Prashanth H Chalageri, Samuel Kirubakaran Durairaj, Maheswari Venkatraman, Bobeena Rachel Chandy, Grace Rebekah, Raji Thomas, Jacob George
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. OBJECTIVE: To analyse the orthotic walking outcome of patients with Low Thoracic Spinal Cord Injury (LT-SCI). SETTING: The Rehabilitation Institute at Christian Medical College, Vellore, India. METHODS: Data between January 2005 and June 2015 were retrospectively collected from electronic medical reports of patients with motor complete LT- SCI who were admitted for the comprehensive rehabilitation program...
January 25, 2023: Spinal Cord
Anne E Palermo, Libak Abou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 20, 2023: Spinal Cord
Anneke Hertig-Godeschalk, Anke Scheel-Sailer, Yannick Wey, Claudio Perret, Dirk Lehnick, Jörg Krebs, Andreas Jenny, Joelle L Flueck
STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the vitamin D status after acute spinal cord injury (SCI) onset. SETTING: Specialized SCI rehabilitation center in Switzerland. METHODS: Patients admitted to the center after an acute SCI onset were included. The prevalence of a deficient (25(OH)D ≤ 50 nmol/l), insufficient (50 < 25(OH)D ≤ 75 nmol/l) and sufficient (25(OH)D > 75 nmol/l) vitamin D status were determined after admission...
March 2023: Spinal Cord
Ariane Zamarioli, Mariana M Butezloff, João P B Ximenez, José B Volpon
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) on the quality of femoral fracture callus formation in rats with severe osteoporosis secondary to spinal cord injury (SCI). METHODS: Forty-five male rats were equally divided into three groups: the Sham group underwent sham surgery for SCI followed by surgery for femoral fracture on day ten post-spine surgery; the SCI group sustained a complete transection of the spinal cord and a femoral fracture ten days post-SCI; and the SCI group treated with ultrasound (SCI + US), which also sustained a femoral fracture on day ten post-SCI, concomitant with daily application of LIPUS at the fracture site...
February 2023: Spinal Cord
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