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Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30764762/a-descriptive-study-of-solitary-death-in-yokohama-city
#1
Yasuhiro Kakiuchi, Ryoko Nagao, Eriko Ochiai, Yu Kakimoto, Motoki Osawa
BACKGROUND: The solitary death rate in Japan is expected to continue increasing because of its growing super-aged society and the rapid growth of home care in the country. To accurately determine the actual status of solitary deaths, we used a novel analysis method of combining vital statistics and ambulatory care information in Yokohama City. METHODS: Data of persons who died at home in 2013 were obtained from death certificate notifications. We also obtained the emergency transportation records that matched the cases of these death certificate notifications...
February 14, 2019: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30764759/self-report-occupational-related-contact-dermatitis-prevalence-and-risk-factors-among-healthcare-workers-in-gondar-town-northwest-ethiopia-2018-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Tesfaye Hambisa Mekonnen, Dawit Getachew Yenealem, Beyene Mindaye Tolosa
BACKGROUND: Occupational skin diseases are the second most common occupational diseases and are responsible for an estimated 25% of all lost work days. Occupational contact dermatitis (OCD) comprises 70-90% of all occupational skin diseases. In Ethiopia, information about the prevalence and factors which determine developments of contact dermatitis is not recognized. The objective of this study was to investigate prevalence and factors influencing the occurrences of occupational-related contact dermatitis among healthcare workers in Gondar town, Northwest Ethiopia...
February 14, 2019: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30732577/impact-of-fatty-pancreas-and-lifestyle-on-the-development-of-subclinical-chronic-pancreatitis-in-healthy-people-undergoing-a-medical-checkup
#3
Makoto Fujii, Yuko Ohno, Makoto Yamada, Yoshihiro Kamada, Eiji Miyoshi
BACKGROUND: Although fat accumulation in human organs is associated with a variety of diseases, there is little evidence about the effect of a fatty pancreas on the development of subclinical chronic pancreatitis over the clinical course. METHODS: We conducted a prospective cohort study from 2008 to 2014 of patients who underwent a medical checkup consultation for fat accumulated in the pancreas. Patients included in the analysis were divided into a non-fatty pancreas group (n = 9710) and fatty pancreas group (n = 223)...
February 7, 2019: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30684963/association-between-exposure-to-household-smoking-and-dental-caries-in-preschool-children-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Yuko Goto, Keiko Wada, Kie Konishi, Takahiro Uji, Sachi Koda, Fumi Mizuta, Michiyo Yamakawa, Kaori Watanabe, Kyoko Ando, Jun Ueyama, Takaaki Kondo, Chisato Nagata
BACKGROUND: We aimed to examine the association of exposure to environmental tobacco smoke with dental caries among preschool children. Exposure to environmental tobacco smoke was assessed in terms of urinary cotinine concentrations and pack-years of exposure to smoking by parents and other family members at home. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 405 preschool children aged 3-6 years from two preschools in Japan in 2006. Information on the smoking habits of family members living with the child was obtained from parent-administered questionnaires...
January 26, 2019: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30684957/hospital-based-screening-to-detect-patients-with-cadmium-nephropathy-in-cadmium-polluted-areas-in-japan
#5
Toru Sasaki, Hyogo Horiguchi, Akira Arakawa, Etsuko Oguma, Atsushi Komatsuda, Kenichi Sawada, Katsuyuki Murata, Kazuhito Yokoyama, Takehisa Matsukawa, Momoko Chiba, Yuki Omori, Norihiro Kamikomaki
BACKGROUND: In health examinations for local inhabitants in cadmium-polluted areas, only healthy people are investigated, suggesting that patients with severe cadmium nephropathy or itai-itai disease may be overlooked. Therefore, we performed hospital-based screening to detect patients with cadmium nephropathy in two core medical institutes in cadmium-polluted areas in Akita prefecture, Japan. METHODS: Subjects for this screening were selected from patients aged 60 years or older with elevated serum creatinine levels and no definite renal diseases...
January 26, 2019: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30654738/intra-individual-variations-of-organophosphate-pesticide-metabolite-concentrations-in-repeatedly-collected-urine-samples-from-pregnant-women-in-japan
#6
Keisuke Hioki, Yuki Ito, Naoko Oya, Shoji F Nakayama, Tomohiko Isobe, Takeshi Ebara, Kanemitsu Shibata, Naomi Nishikawa, Kunihiko Nakai, Tomota Kamida, Jun Ueyama, Mayumi Sugiura-Ogasawara, Michihiro Kamijima
BACKGROUND: Low-dose exposure to organophosphate (OP) insecticides during pregnancy may adversely affect neurodevelopment in children. To evaluate the OP exposure levels, single urine sampling is commonly adopted to measure the levels of dialkylphosphates (DAPs), common OP metabolites. However, the inter-day variations of urinary DAP concentrations within subjects are supposed to be large due to the short biological half-lives of the metabolites, and it is thus considered difficult to accurately assess OP exposure during pregnancy with single sampling...
January 17, 2019: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30630405/dioxins-levels-in-human-blood-after-implementation-of-measures-against-dioxin-exposure-in-japan
#7
Basilua Andre Muzembo, Miyuki Iwai-Shimada, Tomohiko Isobe, Kokichi Arisawa, Masayuki Shima, Tetsuhito Fukushima, Shoji F Nakayama
BACKGROUND: Over the past few decades, the Japanese Ministry of the Environment has been biomonitoring dioxins in the general Japanese population and, in response to public concerns, has taken measures to reduce dioxin exposure. The objectives of this study were to assess the current dioxin dietary intake and corresponding body burden in the Japanese and compare Japanese dioxin data from 2011 to 2016 and 2002-2010 surveys. We also examined the relationship between blood dioxins and health parameters/clinical biomarkers...
January 10, 2019: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30611201/having-few-remaining-teeth-is-associated-with-a-low-nutrient-intake-and-low-serum-albumin-levels-in-middle-aged-and-older-japanese-individuals-findings-from-the-nippon-data2010
#8
Mieko Nakamura, Toshiyuki Ojima, Tomomi Nagahata, Imako Kondo, Toshiharu Ninomiya, Katsushi Yoshita, Yusuke Arai, Takayoshi Ohkubo, Keiko Murakami, Nobuo Nishi, Yoshitaka Murakami, Naoyuki Takashima, Nagako Okuda, Aya Kadota, Naoko Miyagawa, Keiko Kondo, Tomonori Okamura, Hirotsugu Ueshima, Akira Okayama, Katsuyuki Miura
BACKGROUND: Oral health is thought to be associated with diet quality, and socioeconomic status (SES) affects both oral health and diet. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between the number of teeth and dietary intake as well as nutritional biomarker, considering the subjects' SES. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of data from 2049 individuals aged ≥ 50 years from the National Integrated Project for Prospective Observation of Non-communicable Disease and its Trends in the Aged 2010...
January 5, 2019: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30611198/environmental-extreme-temperature-and-daily-preterm-birth-in-sabzevar-iran-a-time-series-analysis
#9
Danial Mohammadi, Elham Naghshineh, Alireza Sarsangi, Mohammad Javad Zare Sakhvidi
OBJECTIVES: Most of the studies on the effect of heat stress on preterm birth (PTB) are conducted in temperate climates. Evidence on this effect in hot and arid countries with low and middle income is limited. This paper describes the short-term effect of exposure to the hot and cold environment on a daily number of PTB in Iran. METHODS: The daily number of PTB was obtained from all hospitals of the city. Meteorological and air pollution data from 2011 to 2017 were obtained from a metrological station in the city...
January 5, 2019: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30611194/at-risk-internet-addiction-and-related-factors-among-junior-high-school-teachers-based-on-a-nationwide-cross-sectional-study-in-japan
#10
Ayumi Iwaibara, Mari Fukuda, Hideki Tsumura, Hideyuki Kanda
BACKGROUND: School teachers have a possibility toward at-risk Internet addiction (IA) due to increased opportunities to use the Internet, along with the spread of the Internet in recent years. Burnout syndrome (BOS) is found to be one of the symptoms related to unhealthy mental health, especially among teachers. This study aims to research the relationship between at-risk IA and the Internet usage or BOS by conducting a nationwide cross-sectional survey and examining the factors associated with IA...
January 5, 2019: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30611191/how-job-stress-influences-job-performance-among-chinese-healthcare-workers-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Jianwei Deng, Yilun Guo, Tengyang Ma, Tianan Yang, Xu Tian
OBJECTIVES: Public service motivation refers to the idea of commitment to the public service, pursuit of the public interest, and the desire to perform work that is worthwhile to society. This study investigates how challenge stress and hindrance stress influence job performance among healthcare workers in Chinese public hospitals. It has also examined the mediating effect of public service motivation. METHODS: Data of 1594 healthcare workers were obtained from typical public hospitals in eastern, central, and western China...
January 5, 2019: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30611190/glutamine-protects-against-oxidative-stress-injury-through-inhibiting-the-activation-of-pi3k-akt-signaling-pathway-in-parkinsonian-cell-model
#12
Yingqian Zhao, Qiang Wang, Yuan Wang, Jie Li, Gang Lu, Zhibin Liu
BACKGROUND: Parkinson's disease is a neurodegenerative disorder, and recent studies suggested that oxidative stress contributes to the degeneration of dopamine cell in Parkinson's disease. Glutamine also has a positive role in reducing oxidative stress damage. In this study, we hypothesized that glutamine offers protection against oxidative stress injury in 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP+ )-induced Parkinson's disease cell model. METHODS: MPP+ was used to induce PD models in PC12 cells and classified into control, M0 (MPP+ ), G0 (glutamine), and M0+G0 groups...
January 5, 2019: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30579355/relationship-of-relative-poverty-and-social-relationship-on-mortality-around-retirement-a-10-year-follow-up-of-the-komo-ise-cohort
#13
Hirokazu Tanaka, Atsushi Miyawaki, Satoshi Toyokawa, Yasuki Kobayashi
BACKGROUND: As society is aging, retirement takes on increasing importance for individuals in the later life. This study aimed to describe mortality before and after retirement in the Japanese middle-aged/elderly with special attention to socioeconomic position and social relationships. METHODS: We conducted a 10-year follow-up study (the Komo-Ise cohort study) and assessed mortality according to socioeconomic positions (relative poverty and occupation) and social relationships (e...
December 22, 2018: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30579344/sugary-beverage-consumption-mediates-the-relationship-between-late-chronotype-sleep-duration-and-weight-increase-among-undergraduates-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Wei Li, Mengyun Wu, Fang Yuan, Huadong Zhang
BACKGROUND: The study aimed to explore whether sugary beverage consumption is a key mediator of late chronotype, sleep duration, and weight increase in college students in China. METHODS: The cross-sectional study was conducted in four universities using a sample of 800 undergraduate students recruited by cluster sampling. A self-reported questionnaire was given out to collect information, including the characteristic of social demography, state of physical exercise and sugary beverage intake, the types of chronotype, and psychological conditions...
December 22, 2018: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30547743/association-between-time-related-work-factors-and-dietary-behaviors-results-from-the-japan-environment-and-children-s-study-jecs
#15
Rie Tanaka, Mayumi Tsuji, Koichi Kusuhara, Toshihiro Kawamoto
BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined the association of workhours and shift work (referred to here as "time-related work factors") with dietary behaviors. We aimed to investigate this association, as well as the dietary behaviors among individuals with occupations characterized by time-related work factors. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed using data from the Japan Environment and Children's Study. The study included 39,315 working men. Dietary behaviors (i...
December 14, 2018: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30522430/dynamic-cerebral-autoregulation-after-confinement-in-an-isolated-environment-for-14-days
#16
Tomokazu Kato, Ryo Yanagida, Chiharu Takko, Takuya Kurazumi, Natsuhiko Inoue, Go Suzuki, Yojiro Ogawa, Satoshi Furukawa, Ken-Ichi Iwasaki
BACKGROUND: To develop human space exploration, it is necessary to study the effects of an isolated and confined environment, as well as a microgravity environment, on cerebral circulation. However, no studies on cerebral circulation in an isolated and confined environment have been reported. Therefore, we investigated the effects of a 14-day period of confinement in an isolated environment on dynamic cerebral autoregulation. METHODS: We participated in an isolation and confinement experiment conducted by the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency in 2016...
December 6, 2018: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30497366/prevalence-of-dental-caries-and-associated-factors-among-primary-school-children-a-population-based-cross-sectional-study-in-riyadh-saudi-arabia
#17
Yazeed Abdullah Alhabdan, Abdulhameed Ghassan Albeshr, Nagarajkumar Yenugadhati, Hoda Jradi
BACKGROUND: Dental caries is a preventable childhood disease, but public health efforts are hampered due to limited information on associated factors in vulnerable populations. Our study was aimed at estimating the prevalence of dental caries and identifying key associated factors in four major risk domains, including socioeconomic factors, child oral health behavior and practices, child feeding practices, and dietary habits among primary school children in Saudi Arabia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study design was used to recruit 578 male Saudi primary school children, aged 6-8 years, from 12 primary schools in five different regions of Riyadh...
November 30, 2018: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30428827/correction-to-skin-cancer-risk-perception-and-sun-protection-behavior-at-work-at-leisure-and-on-sun-holidays-a-survey-for-danish-outdoor-and-indoor-workers
#18
Kasper Grandahl, Kristina Sophie Ibler, Gunnar Hellmund Laier, Ole Steen Mortensen
Following publication of the original article [1], it was highlighted that Table 3 contained an error.
November 14, 2018: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30404597/factors-associated-with-social-support-in-child-rearing-among-mothers-in-post-disaster-communities
#19
Mika Nishihara, Yasuhide Nakamura, Toru Fuchimukai, Mayumi Ohnishi
BACKGROUND: Natural disasters have long-term negative impacts on the health and socioenvironmental conditions of a population, affecting the physical environment as well as the relationships within the community, including social networks. Mothers in post-disaster communities may have difficulty receiving social support not only from family members and relatives but also from members of their community, such as people in their neighborhoods. This study focused on mothers with infants and preschool-aged children in post-disaster communities...
November 7, 2018: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30400772/association-of-hemoglobin-concentration-with-handgrip-strength-in-relation-to-hepatocyte-growth-factor-levels-among-elderly-japanese-men-aged-60-69-years-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Yuji Shimizu, Hirotomo Yamanashi, Yuko Noguchi, Jun Koyamatsu, Mako Nagayoshi, Kairi Kiyoura, Shoichi Fukui, Mami Tamai, Shin-Ya Kawashiri, Kazuhiko Arima, Takahiro Maeda
BACKGROUND: Hemoglobin concentration reportedly is positively associated with muscle strength, for example, handgrip strength. However, hemoglobin cannot repair muscle directly, but is beneficial only in a supportive role. Since hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) regulates muscle satellite cell production and differentiation, which is stimulated by organ injury, the supportive effect of hemoglobin should thus be stronger for participants with high HGF than for those with low HGF. However, the association between hemoglobin concentration and handgrip strength in relation to HGF levels remains unknown...
November 6, 2018: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
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