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Ethnicity & Health

Tina L Rochelle
OBJECTIVES: Examine masculinity as a predictor of engagement in health behaviour, and explore the mediating effect of age and social support on the relationship between conformity to masculine norms and health behaviour among a sample of Hong Kong Chinese, mainland Chinese, Caucasian, and South Asian men living in Hong Kong. METHODS: A cross-cultural community sample of 495 men aged 18-81 years (Mage  = 39.87 years) were recruited to the study. Participants completed self-report measures of conformity to masculine norms (CMNI), social support (MSPSS), and health behaviour (HBI)...
February 15, 2019: Ethnicity & Health
Eva Kahana, Boaz Kahana, Tirth Bhatta, Kaitlyn Barnes Langendoerfer, Jeong Eun Lee, Nirmala Lekhak
OBJECTIVES: Although many older adults fear frailty and loss of independence in late life, relatively few make plans for their future care. Such planning is particularly limited among racial minorities. Given the benefits of future care planning (FCP), it is important to understand factors that facilitate or hamper FCP in late life. Our study explored racial, demographic, and dispositional influences on thinking about and engagement in FCP among community-dwelling older adults. DESIGN: This study utilized data from the Elderly Care Research Center's longitudinal study of successful aging based on interviews with 409 older adults...
January 29, 2019: Ethnicity & Health
Melissa A Simon, Laura S Tom, Shaneah Taylor, Ivy Leung, Dan Vicencio
OBJECTIVES: Chinese American women living in linguistically isolated communities are among the least likely to utilize healthcare services. Qualitative research methods can help identify health system vulnerability points to improve local healthcare delivery for this population. DESIGN: We conducted 6 focus groups among 56 Chinese-speaking adult women in Chicago's Chinatown between July and August 2014 to explore their perceptions of experiences receiving medical care and interacting with healthcare providers in Chinatown healthcare settings...
January 28, 2019: Ethnicity & Health
Cristian Alvarez, Marcelo Flores-Opazo, Rodrigo Mancilla, Cristian Martínez-Salazar, Pedro Mangiamarchi, Farid Sade-Calles, Rodrigo Ramírez-Campillo
BACKGROUND: In spite of there are a wide knowledge of the prevalence of hypertension in adult, there is poor information on schoolchildren of different ethnicity and gender. AIM: To compare the levels of blood pressure and other cardiometabolic risk factors for hypertension between schoolchildren of different gender and ethnicity. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, 540 schoolchildren (6-13 years) ascendants from a Chilean public school population were analysed by ethnicity and gender in four groups (Mapuches N = 55; European boys N = 199, and Mapuches N = 64, and European girls N = 222)...
January 25, 2019: Ethnicity & Health
Deeonna E Farr, Heather M Brandt, Daniela B Friedman, Swann Arp Adams, Cheryl A Armstead, Jeanette K Fulton, Douglas M Bull
INTRODUCTION: Abnormal mammograms confirmed as benign are known as false-positive mammography (FPM) results. Research indicates that a history of FPM results may be linked to diagnostic delays in Black women, yet much of the research on FPM has focused on White women. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to examine: 1) The influence of FPM on breast cancer (BrCa) screening beliefs and intentions among Black women and 2) Whether emotional states, personality traits or coping behaviors altered the previously described relationships...
January 24, 2019: Ethnicity & Health
Timothy Tong, Alyson K Myers, Aditya A Bissoonauth, Renee Pekmezaris, Andrzej Kozikowski
OBJECTIVES: Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and its complications disproportionately affect non-Hispanic blacks and Hispanic/Latinos more than non-Hispanic whites. These disparities stem from complex interactions between biological, behavioral and socioeconomic factors. In recent years, telemedicine has been used to manage Type 2 Diabetes; however limited recruitment and retention of black and Hispanic/Latino patients into clinical trials exploring the use of telemedicine have necessitated the elucidation of their perceptions regarding participation in such trials...
January 15, 2019: Ethnicity & Health
Jones K Adjei, Prince A Adu, Betty B B Ackah
OBJECTIVE: Evidence shows that recent immigrants are healthier than the native-born population, a phenomenon known as the healthy immigrant effect. With increasing duration of stay, this health gap significantly narrows as immigrants' health deteriorates to either resemble or become worse than the host population. However, little is known about the category of immigrants for whom this decline is most pronounced since the extant research largely considers immigrants as a homogeneous group, thus overlooking important racial/ethnic differences...
January 13, 2019: Ethnicity & Health
Elizabeth J D'Amico, Daniel L Dickerson, Ryan A Brown, David J Klein, Denis Agniel, Carrie Johnson
OBJECTIVES: There are limited public health data on urban American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) populations, particularly adolescents. The current study attempted to address gaps by providing descriptive information on experiences of urban AI/AN adolescents across northern, central, and southern California. DESIGN: We describe demographics and several behavioral health and cultural domains, including: alcohol and other drug (AOD) use, risky sexual behavior, mental and physical health, discrimination experiences, involvement in traditional practices, and cultural pride and belonging...
January 9, 2019: Ethnicity & Health
Laura R Glasman, Julia Dickson-Gomez, A Michelle Corbett, Noel A Rosado, Carol L Galletly, José Salazar
OBJECTIVES: Latinos in the United States experience a disproportionate number of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and higher use of alcohol and illegal drugs, which has been attributed to increases in risk behaviors following immigration. Whereas substantial research documents these behavioral changes, little is known about how immigrants increase their risk or why some immigrants increase their risk and other immigrants do not. This study explored how the social and normative context affects sexual and substance use behaviors among Latino immigrant men in a midsized Midwestern city of the United States...
December 28, 2018: Ethnicity & Health
Deanna Kepka, Julia Bodson, Djin Lai, Ana C Sanchez-Birkhead, France A Davis, Doriena Lee, Fahina Tavake-Pasi, Edwin Napia, Jeannette Villalta, Valentine Mukundente, Ryan Mooney, Heather Coulter, Louisa A Stark
OBJECTIVES: To assess factors associated with HPV vaccine-related awareness and knowledge among caregivers of adolescents from five ethnic community groups in Utah. DESIGN: For this community-based participatory research study, we surveyed N = 228 caregivers of teens aged 11-17 years from African American, African refugee, American Indian/Alaskan Native, Hispanic/Latino, and Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander community groups in Utah about their HPV vaccine awareness and knowledge...
December 27, 2018: Ethnicity & Health
Tasleem J Padamsee, Rachel Meadows, Megan Hils
OBJECTIVES: To understand how various decision-making dynamics interact to shape the risk-management choices of African American women at high-risk of breast cancer, and to explore whether African American and White women have differential access to the information and interactions that promote proactive, confident risk-management behavior. DESIGN: This paper draws on 50 original in-depth, semi-structured interviews with African American and White women at elevated risk of breast cancer...
December 27, 2018: Ethnicity & Health
Matthew A Town, Karina L Walters, E Roberto Orellana
Objectives Research regarding men who have sex with men (MSM) indicates that exposure to discrimination based on race and sexuality are positively associated with increased incidence of unprotected anal intercourse (UAI). In an effort to better understand this association, we assessed the associations of discriminatory distress with UAI among a sample of 183 American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) MSM using survey data drawn from the HONOR Project. Design The HONOR Project examined the relationship between trauma, coping, and health behaviors among Two-Spirits (a contemporary name for gender and sexual minorities among American Indian and Alaska Native people)...
December 18, 2018: Ethnicity & Health
Kristin Z Black, Alexandra F Lightfoot, Jennifer C Schaal, Mary S Mouw, Christina Yongue, Cleo A Samuel, Yanica F Faustin, Kristen L Ackert, Barbara Akins, Stephanie L Baker, Karen Foley, Alison R Hilton, Lilli Mann-Jackson, Linda B Robertson, Janet Y Shin, Michael Yonas, Eugenia Eng
BACKGROUND: Cancer patients can experience healthcare system-related challenges during the course of their treatment. Yet, little is known about how these challenges might affect the quality and completion of cancer treatment for all patients, and particularly for patients of color. Accountability for Cancer Care through Undoing Racism and Equity is a multi-component, community-based participatory research intervention to reduce Black-White cancer care disparities. This formative work aimed to understand patients' cancer center experiences, explore racial differences in experiences, and inform systems-level interventions...
December 13, 2018: Ethnicity & Health
Wejdan Shahin, Ieva Stupans, Gerard Kennedy
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate beliefs, and attitudes about health of refugees with chronic conditions such as diabetes mellitus type 2, hypertension, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and posttraumatic stress disorder and the consequent effects on self-care in comparison to resident populations. DESIGN: A systematic review methodology was used. PubMed, Embase, PsycINFO and CINAHL databases were searched for relevant articles. The main terms analysed were health beliefs, chronic conditions and refugee populations...
December 11, 2018: Ethnicity & Health
Lei Wang, Hsien-Chang Lin, Y Joel Wong
OBJECTIVE: Suicide ideation and attempts are serious public health concerns in the U.S. Previous studies focus mainly on individual factors that cause suicide and therefore, it is imperative to examine the impact of the environment on the onset of suicide risk. This study explored the effects of perceived race/ethnicity-based discrimination (PD; perceived institutional discrimination and perceived interpersonal discrimination) on the change in suicidal thoughts and attempts among racial/ethnic minority (REM) participants at risk for depression over time using a longitudinal nationally representative dataset...
December 10, 2018: Ethnicity & Health
Sarah-Jane Paine, Ricci Harris, Donna Cormack, James Stanley
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to investigate the prevalence of self-reported sleep complaints in New Zealand adults and determine the independent association of sleep complaints with adverse health outcomes. DESIGN: We used 2002/03 New Zealand Health Survey data (n = 12,500 adults, ≥15 years). The prevalence of self-reported sleep complaints was estimated by ethnicity. The relationship between sleep complaints and mental health, physical health and health risk behaviors were investigated using multivariable logistic regression models...
January 2019: Ethnicity & Health
Qi Zhang, Ruicui Liu, Leigh A Diggs, Youfa Wang, Li Ling
OBJECTIVE: This paper reviews available studies on the relationship between acculturation and obesity among children of immigrants who have at least one foreign-born parent. METHODS: A systematic review of relevant studies was undertaken using PubMed, Web of Science, and PsychInfo. RESULTS: The initial search identified 1317 potentially relevant publications, of which 21 were retained after three rounds of screening. Most studies were conducted in the U...
January 2019: Ethnicity & Health
T L Finlayson, N Y Beltran, K Becerra
OBJECTIVE: This qualitative study sought to gain an in-depth understanding of Hispanic mother's parenting experiences and perceptions about select psychosocial factors. How psychosocial factors influence mothers' engagement in recommended oral health-related behaviors for their preschool-aged children (3-5 years) was explored. Psychosocial resources and barriers explored included maternal knowledge about children's oral health, beliefs such as perceived self-efficacy and health locus of control, and parenting experience and stress...
January 2019: Ethnicity & Health
Karina Christiansen, Preety Gadhoke, Marla Pardilla, Joel Gittelsohn
The purpose of this study was to understand what factors influenced work-family balance and related health behaviors among a sample of rural North American Indian women. We interviewed 89 women through both in-depth interviews and focus groups across four tribal communities in the American Southwest and Upper Midwest between July 2010 and August 2011. Interviews were transcribed, coded, and analyzed for emerging themes related to work- family demands placed on women and resources available to cope with those demands...
January 2019: Ethnicity & Health
Kanayo F Umeh
OBJECTIVE: There is limited understanding of ethnic inequalities in doctor-patient communication regarding personal care plans (PCPs). This study investigated the mediating effects of positive mental wellbeing on differences in PCP-related doctor-patient communication amongst South Asian and Caucasian UK residents. DESIGN: Data from 10,980 respondents to the 2013 Health Survey for England was analysed using bootstrapping methods. Constructs from the WEMWBS (Warwick and Edinburgh Mental Wellbeing Scale) (Stewart-Brown, S...
January 2019: Ethnicity & Health
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