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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30699230/clinical-implications-of-cognitive-impairment-and-alcohol-dependence
#1
Gerardo Flórez, Ashkan Espandian, Rocío Villa, Pilar A Sáiz
Editorial of vol. 31-1.
January 1, 2019: Adicciones
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30627731/influence-of-the-type-of-childhood-violence-on-cannabis-abuse-and-dependence-among-adolescents-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Lucía Martínez Mota, Graciela Jiménez Rubio, Olivia Tania Hernández Hernández, Nayeli Páez Martínez
The use of cannabis for recreational purposes has increased worldwide, and the proportion of cannabis users in the adolescent population is high. Susceptibility to cannabis use involves various factors, including childhood adversity; however, the effects of different types of violence on cannabis use have not been evaluated. The aim of this review was to analyze the effects of different types of violence on cannabis use in adolescence. We searched electronic databases (PubMed, Science Direct, Web of Science, Ovid and CONRICyT) using the following algorithm: (("Cannabis" OR "Marijuana Smoking" OR "Marijuana Abuse") AND ("Child Abuse" OR "Domestic Violence" AND "Adolescent")), considering all articles published up to November 3th, 2017...
December 20, 2018: Adicciones
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30627729/experiential-avoidance-and-excessive-smartphone-use-a-bayesian-approach
#3
Ana María Ruiz-Ruano García, María Dolores López-Salmerón, Jorge López Puga
The smartphone is a common tool in our everyday lives. However, recent research suggests that using the smartphone has both positive and negative consequences. Although there is no agreement on the concept or the term to label it, researchers and clinical practitioners are worried about the negative consequences derived from excessive smartphone usage. This study aims to analyse the relationship between smartphone addiction and experiential avoidance. A sample of 1176 participants (828 women) with ages ranging from 16 to 82 (M = 30...
December 20, 2018: Adicciones
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30627728/bibliometric-and-academic-network-analysis-of-spanish-theses-on-drug-dependence-in-the-teseo-database
#4
Lourdes Castelló-Cogollos, Francisco Jesús Bueno Cañigral, Juan Carlos Valderrama Zurián
The present study aims to reveal the structure of positions in the field of addiction through the analysis of doctoral theses read in Spain. The source consulted for the selection of the theses was TESEO. Searching for the keywords drug abuse, alcoholism, drug effects and drug addiction treatment during the period 1976-2017 produced 728 theses. The most productive period is 2013-2017, with 208 (28.6%) doctoral theses. The overall rate of publication is increasing, but in the period 2003-2007 output decreased significantly to 5...
December 20, 2018: Adicciones
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30627727/adolescent-substance-use-and-its-association-with-risk-and-protective-factors-an-exploratory-analysis-of-the-large-scale-school-survey-of-comunidades-que-se-cuidan-colombia
#5
Pablo Montero Zamora, María Fernanda Reyes Rodríguez, Francisco Cardozo Macías, Eric C Brown, Augusto Pérez Gómez, Juliana Mejía Trujillo, Jennifer Toro Bermúdez, Mayra Paredes Aguilar
Communities That Care (CTC) is a prevention system aimed at reducing antisocial behaviors in adolescents. In Colombia, this system has been developed and adapted under the name of Comunidades Que se Cuidan (CQC). Successful implementation of CQC depends on valid associations between measured risk and protective factors (RPFs) for substance use and substance use outcomes. This study assessed these associations using large-scale, school-based surveys of Colombian youth. A cross-sectional analysis was performed...
December 20, 2018: Adicciones
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30627726/birth-sex-cohort-alcohol-use-transitions-in-the-general-population-the-cross-sectional-pegasus-murcia-project
#6
Mathilde M Husky, Chrianna Bharat, Gemma Vilagut, Diego Salmerón, Salvador Martínez, Carmen Navarro, Jordi Alonso, Ronald C Kessler, Fernando Navarro-Mateu
To examine the potential impact of prevalence of alcohol use in a birth-sex cohort on subsequent initiation and progression of alcohol use in the PEGASUS-Murcia project, a cross-sectional survey of a representative sample of non-institutionalized adults in Murcia (Spain). Data on lifetime history of alcohol use, DSM-IV use disorders, and remission were collected from 1,459 adults using face-to-face interviewers based on the Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI 3.0). Life-table estimates based on survival functions for alcohol use age-of-onset and remission were used as time-varying predictors of subsequent individual-level alcohol use in discrete-time survival models...
December 20, 2018: Adicciones
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30627730/patterns-of-alcohol-tobacco-and-illicit-drug-use-among-transsexuals
#7
Esther Gómez-Gil, Egle Simulionyte, Mercè Balcells-Oliveró, Manuel Valdés, Manel Salamero, Antonio Guillamón, Isabel Esteva
This study evaluated the patterns of substance use in a large sample of male-to-female (MtoF) and female-to-male (FtoM) transsexuals. A total of 251 transsexual subjects (163 MtoF and 88 FtoM), attended in the Catalonia Gender Unit, completed self-administrated questionnaires on consumption of alcohol, tobacco, cannabis, cocaine, opioids, and designer drugs. Results were compared with the general population in Catalonia using data from the National Health Service (EDADES 2013 study). Current consumption of alcohol (70...
December 19, 2018: Adicciones
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30627732/waterpipe-and-cigarette-smoking-among-adolescents-in-seville-spain-prevalence-and-potential-determinants
#8
Juan Manuel Sáenz-Lussagnet, Fernando Rico-Villademoros, Luis Gabriel Luque Romero
Letter to the editor.
November 21, 2018: Adicciones
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30627725/the-age-of-onset-for-alcohol-consumption-among-adolescents-implications-and-related-variables
#9
Antonio Rial Boubeta, Sandra Golpe, Carmen Barreiro, Patricia Gómez, Manuel Isorna Folgar
Adolescence is a critical period in the development of addictive behaviors. In particular, the age at which adolescents start drinking is not a trivial matter, given the important consequences that it has. However, relatively little is known about what it is that causes them to start drinking at an ever earlier age. The aim of this paper is to collect new empirical data about the implications of an early age of onset and, at the same time, to identify possible associated variables. Furthermore, the mean age of onset of the different substances is updated by expanding the sample frame of the ESTUDES (14-18 years) to incorporate adolescents aged 12 and 13...
November 21, 2018: Adicciones
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30627724/visual-and-auditory-contextual-cues-differentially-influence-alcohol-related-inhibitory-control
#10
Adam Qureshi, Rebecca L Monk, Charlotte Rebecca Pennington, Xiaoyun Li, Thomas Leatherbarrow, Jennifer R Oulton
Representing a more immersive testing environment, the current study exposed individuals to both alcohol-related visual and auditory cues to assess their respective impact on alcohol-related inhibitory control. It examined further whether individual variation in alcohol consumption and trait effortful control may predict inhibitory control performance. Twenty-five U.K. university students (Mage = 23.08, SD = 8.26) completed an anti-saccade eye-tracking task and were instructed to look towards (pro) or directly away (anti) from alcohol-related and neutral visual stimuli...
November 21, 2018: Adicciones
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30627723/onset-and-progression-of-drug-use-in-the-general-population-of-catalonia-spain
#11
Albert Sánchez-Niubò A, Luis Sordo, Gregorio Barrio G, Blanca I Indave, Antonia Domingo-Salvany A
The aim of the present study was to retrospectively study the onset and progression sequence of the most frequent pathways of drug use initiation in a sample of the Spanish general population. Data come from the 2011 household survey on drug use in Catalonia, Spain, on non-institutionalized individuals aged 15-64 in the general population. The final sample was of 2,069 individuals and had the same age distribution as the general population. Progressions of drug initiation were pictured by quantifying transitions from a previous state in terms of the number of individuals and weighted percentages...
November 21, 2018: Adicciones
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30627722/influence-of-substance-use-and-cognitive-impairment-on-adherence-to-antiretroviral-therapy-in-hiv-patients
#12
Irene Sánchez-Rivero, Agustín Madoz-Gúrpide, Carlos Parro-Torres, Daniel Hernández-Huerta, Enriqueta Ochoa Mangado
Strict adherence to antiretroviral treatment (ART) is needed to ensure the effectiveness of HIV treatment. The adverse effects of substance abuse and neurocognitive impairment on medication adherence have both been suggested by several studies. Therefore, the aim of this research is to study the relationship among adherence to ART, cognitive dysfunction, and abuse of certain substances (alcohol, heroin, cocaine, other stimulants, cannabis and benzodiazepines) and/or methadone treatment in our social environment...
November 21, 2018: Adicciones
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30059594/banned-substances-and-their-incidence-a-retrospective-view-of-the-national-laboratory-of-prevention-and-doping-control-of-mexico
#13
Karina Mercado Soberanes, Evangelina Camacho Frías, Leonardo Rodríguez Balandrán, Martha Elena Rodríguez Fermán, Nancy Mendoza Méndez, Benjamin Velasco-Bejarano
The use of banned substances to increase athletes' performance has been a scourge in international sport. In this sense, the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA-AMA) has implemented a series of standards that harmonize the fight against doping. In particular, accredited WADA-AMA laboratories play an important role in the eradication of sports doping. This report shows the data obtained in the National Laboratory of Prevention and Control of Doping (LNPCD-CONADE) according to the incidence of Adverse Analytical Findings (AAF) in the 2009-2015 interval, which were obtained from the analysis of a total of 18,085 biological doping-control samples...
July 20, 2018: Adicciones
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30059588/e-cigarettes-in-airports-and-on-flights-europe-and-the-us
#14
Mª José López Medina, Xavier Continente, Andrea Soong, Frances Stillman, Laura Zheng, Esther Garcia-Esquinas, Yuanjie Pang, Ana Navas-Acien
BACKGROUND: While progress has been made to create smoke-free airports, sales of e-cigarettes at airports and airplanes and the presence of advertisements might detract from these smoke-free policies. The objective of this study is to describe the presence of policies, advertising, sales and use of e-cigarettes in airports and on flights in Europe and the US. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted between March-May, 2014. The study included 21 large and mid-sized airports of Europe and the US as well as 19 flights...
July 20, 2018: Adicciones
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30059587/blunted-autonomic-responses-to-emotional-stimuli-in-alcoholism-relevance-of-impulsivity
#15
Martina Carmona-Perera, Xavier Sumarroca-Hernández, Angelina Santolaria-Rossell, Miguel Pérez-García, Gustavo A Reyes Del Paso
Alcohol dependence is associated with abnormalities in the processing of emotional signals and impulsive alcohol-seeking behaviours, and these alterations compromise the effectiveness of treatment approaches. However, there is a lack of studies linking the experience of emotions to everyday motivationally relevant stimuli in alcohol-dependent individuals using both autonomic and self-report measures. We analysed heart rate (HR), skin conductance (SC) and subjective emotional reactivity to everyday affective stimuli in alcohol-dependent individuals, and their associations with impulsivity and degree of alcohol consumption...
July 20, 2018: Adicciones
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30059586/role-of-alcohol-and-drug-detection-by-regular-urine-sample-testing-in-pre-transplant-evaluation-for-alcohol-liver-disease
#16
Hugo López Pelayo, Jose Altamirano, Eva López, Pablo Barrio, Ana López, Antoni Gual, Anna Lligoña
Alcohol Liver Disease (ALD) is one of the most prevalent conditions leading to liver transplantation for end-stage liver disease. There is lacking evidence of regular urine screening testing (RUST) impact on survival or liver transplantation of ALD patients. The aims of this study were to compare the sensitivity of RUST, to assess its impact on survival and liver transplantation, and to evaluate factors associated with adherence to RUST. We performed a single-centered retrospective study (N = 84) with ALD candidates for liver transplantation...
July 20, 2018: Adicciones
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30059585/impulsivity-and-problem-awareness-predict-therapy-compliance-and-dropout-from-treatment-for-gambling-disorder
#17
María F Jara-Rizzo, Juan F Navas, Trevor Steward, Marta López-Gómez, Susana Jiménez-Murcia, Fernando Fernández-Aranda, José C Perales
This study investigates the predictive value of impulsivity traits (as measured by the UPPS-P impulsive behaviour scale) and relevant covariates (sociodemographics, gambling severity, dysphoric mood, other potentially addictive behaviours, and non-verbal intelligence) with regard to treatment dropout and level of adherence to therapy guidelines and instructions in patients with gambling disorder. Sixty-six patients seeking treatment for gambling disorder, and recruited to participate in a larger protocol (G-Brain), were initially assessed in impulsivity traits and relevant covariates in the first six months after admission...
July 20, 2018: Adicciones
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30059584/exploring-the-direct-or-inverse-association-of-physical-activity-with-behavioral-addictions-and-other-self-regulation-problems
#18
Cinderella K Cardol, Cristopher I Escamilla, Winifred A Gebhardt, José C Perales
This cross-sectional survey study had the aim of clarifying the relationships between leisure time physical activity (LTPA) and non-drug-re-lated self-regulation problems (non-drug-related SRPs), including behavioral addictions, and the role of impulsive personality traits therein. Spanish university students (N = 329; Mage = 21.20) completed questionnaires for each of these constructs. Fitness and Bodybuilding LTPA was negatively associated with video gaming-related SRPs, r = -.13, p = .019, 95% CI (bootstrapped) [-...
July 20, 2018: Adicciones
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30059593/demotivating-outcome-of-asymmetrical-nucleus-accumbens-disconnection-for-cocaine-related-disorder-a-translational-point-of-view
#19
Gonzalo Haro Cortés, Julia Renau-Lagranja, Víctor Costumero, Abel Baquero, Emilio Meneu, John Salamone, Mercè Correa
Letter to the editor.
July 13, 2018: Adicciones
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30059592/the-influence-of-cigarrette-smoking-when-choosing-a-partner-for-a-casual-intimate-relationship
#20
Isaac Amigo Vázquez, María Álvarez Fernández, Roberto Secades-Villa
Letter to the editor.
July 13, 2018: Adicciones
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