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British Journal of Health Psychology

Samantha A Miadich, Leah D Doane, Mary C Davis, Kathryn Lemery-Chalfant
OBJECTIVES: The current study examined the influence of early parental stress and positive parent personality during infancy on sleep in middle childhood. Further, the role of positive parent personality as a buffer of the association between parental stress and sleep was considered. METHODS: Participants included 381 twins and their primary caregivers who were recruited from birth records in the United States. Primary caregivers completed survey assessments via phone when twins were 12 and 30 months of age to assess multiple dimensions of parental stress and positive parent personality...
April 19, 2019: British Journal of Health Psychology
M Gabrielle Pagé, Daniel Ziemianski, Marc Olivier Martel, Yoram Shir
OBJECTIVES: To develop and examine the psychometric properties of the Treatment Expectations in Chronic Pain (TEC) scale, a brief measure of treatment expectations of chronic non-cancer pain treatment. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study design was used. METHODS: After conducting a literature review and expert discussions, a preliminary version of the TEC scale was developed. Cognitive interviews with 10 clinicians and 14 patients were conducted to examine the scale's face validity and item wording...
April 15, 2019: British Journal of Health Psychology
Chris Keyworth, Tracy Epton, Joanna Goldthorpe, Rachel Calam, Christopher J Armitage
OBJECTIVES: Internationally, public health strategies encourage health care professionals to deliver opportunistic behaviour change interventions. The present study: (1) examines the barriers and enablers to delivering interventions during routine consultations, and (2) provides recommendations for the design of interventions to increase delivery of opportunistic behaviour change interventions. DESIGN: Qualitative interview study. METHODS: Twenty-eight semi-structured interviews were conducted with patient-facing health care professionals...
April 12, 2019: British Journal of Health Psychology
Richard J E James, David A Walsh, Eamonn Ferguson
PURPOSE: To examine the interplay between pain and disability in arthritis when adjusting for patient heterogeneity in pain progression. There is consistent evidence to suggest that people experience osteoarthritis heterogeneously, with subgroups of people having different trajectories of pain. However, at present it is unclear how these pain trajectories are related to functional disability. We ask the question: Do levels of disability track changes in pain across different pain trajectories? METHODS: Secondary analysis of a subset (n = 889) from a cohort of older English adults, representative of the general population (the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing)...
April 7, 2019: British Journal of Health Psychology
Annie S K Jones, Maria Kleinstäuber, Leslie R Martin, Sam Norton, Justin Fernandez, Keith J Petrie
OBJECTIVE: Patients are likely to have individual preferences for learning about health, which may influence their comprehension and utilization of health information. Some patients may prefer visual health information, which can make complex health information easier to understand. Aligning health information presentation with preferences may increase understanding and improve health outcomes, yet no scale measures preferences for visual health information. DESIGN: Two studies examined the psychometric properties of the Health Visual Information Preference Scale (Health VIPS), a new measure designed to assess preferences for visual health information...
April 7, 2019: British Journal of Health Psychology
Trey W Armstrong, Meredith L C Williamson, Timothy R Elliott, Warren T Jackson, Nathan T Kearns, Tiffany Ryan
OBJECTIVE: We examined predictors of clinically significant levels of psychological distress among individuals with upper limb loss (ULL). DESIGN: A multisite, cross-sectional study completed at six prosthetic rehabilitation centres throughout the United States. METHODS: Oral administration of a brief assessment battery to 307 participants with ULL including demographic variables, injury information, screening instruments for PTSD and depression, pain interference, and activity restriction measures...
April 3, 2019: British Journal of Health Psychology
André Hajek, Hans-Helmut König
OBJECTIVES: It has been shown that negative health comparisons (i.e., when one's health is viewed as worse than the health of relevant others) are associated with subjective well-being (SWB). However, it remains an open question whether negative consequences of health comparisons on SWB might be attenuated by moderating resilience factors. Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate whether optimism, self-esteem, and self-efficacy moderate the relationship between health comparisons and SWB using a longitudinal approach...
March 30, 2019: British Journal of Health Psychology
Janelle M Jones, Deva M Schönherr, Shannon Zaitsoff, Rachelle Pullmer
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether changes in overweight identification were associated with dieting behaviours and body measurements over time. DESIGN: Longitudinal study with assessments at three time points: before and twice during (i.e., baseline, 6 months, 12 months) a 1-year self-directed weight loss attempt. METHOD: Eighty individuals with overweight or obesity (classified by BMI ≥ 25) reported their personal (i.e., I see myself as overweight), social (i...
March 28, 2019: British Journal of Health Psychology
Stephen L Brown, Xiaoying Chen, Robin G Coakley, Nobukhosi Hlabangana, Esme Oakley, Sophie Trenholme
OBJECTIVE: Self-affirmation of personal values can reduce defensive responses to threatening health promotion messages, probably because it induces a positive and expansive view of the self. However, coping with threat is also an interpersonal process. We developed other-affirmation inductions that focus on values held by others. Two studies examined the effects of common affirmation inductions modified for other-affirmation: affirmation of a specific value (kindness) and affirmation of a personally chosen value...
March 28, 2019: British Journal of Health Psychology
Ida Katrina Flink, Katja Boersma, Ester Klein-Strandberg, Steven James Linton
OBJECTIVES: The term context sensitivity refers to whether a response is in tune with the ever changing demands of the context, while insensitivity is the lack of responding to these cues. To date, we know little about how well patients with pain respond emotionally to changes in the cues provided by the social context, that is, how emotionally context (in)sensitive they are and if this is related to problem severity. The aim of this experimental study was to test a method for determining levels of context sensitivity in individuals with subacute and chronic pain and to explore the link between context (in)sensitivity and pain-related problems...
March 24, 2019: British Journal of Health Psychology
Sharon L Manne, Deborah A Kashy, Talia Zaider, David Kissane, David Lee, Isaac Y Kim, Carolyn J Heckman, Frank J Penedo, Evangelynn Murphy, Shannon Myers Virtue
OBJECTIVES: Few couple-focused interventions have improved psychological and relationship functioning among men diagnosed with localized prostate cancer and their spouses. This study compared the impact of intimacy-enhancing therapy (IET), a general health and wellness intervention (GHW), and usual care (UC) on the psychological and relationship functioning of localized prostate cancer patients and their partners. Relationship length, relationship satisfaction, and patient masculinity were evaluated as moderators...
March 10, 2019: British Journal of Health Psychology
Katrin Hulme, Paul Little, Abigail Burrows, Anna Julia, Rona Moss-Morris
OBJECTIVES: Fatigue is a common symptom in primary care. Chronic fatigue research highlights the value of preventing chronicity, but little research has investigated the early, subacute stage of the fatigue trajectory (<3 months). We aimed to examine patient and general practitioner (GP) perspectives of subacute fatigue in primary care: (1) to gain a better understanding of fatigue during this stage and (2) to explore how management could be improved. DESIGN: A qualitative study design was used...
March 8, 2019: British Journal of Health Psychology
Sébastien Mas, Alice Le Bonniec, Florence Cousson-Gélie
BACKGROUND: Why do patients practice fasting? The effects of fasting before treatment with chemotherapy for cancer in humans are currently unknown. However, there is an apparent enthusiasm for fasting among cancer patients. This qualitative study provides data on the motivations to fast and the experience of fasting among a population of women with breast cancer. METHOD: Sixteen semi-structured interviews were conducted, and two researchers independently performed a thematic analysis...
March 1, 2019: British Journal of Health Psychology
Madelynne A Arden, Sarah Drabble, Alicia O'Cathain, Marlene Hutchings, Martin Wildman
OBJECTIVES: Adherence to nebulizer treatment in adults with Cystic Fibrosis (CF) is poor, and interventions are needed. This research aimed to identify the factors affecting nebulizer adherence using the Theoretical Domains Framework (TDF) and to compare these for participants with different levels of adherence. DESIGN: Data-prompted interviews using the TDF. METHODS: Eighteen semi-structured interviews were conducted with adults with CF during which objectively measured adherence data were discussed...
March 1, 2019: British Journal of Health Psychology
Rebecca Dalgetty, Christopher B Miller, Stephan U Dombrowski
PURPOSE: Health interventions based on theory may be more effective than those that are not. This review of reviews synthesizes all published randomized controlled trial (RCT) meta-analytic evidence from the last decade to examine whether theory-based interventions were found to be associated with more effective adult health behaviour change interventions. METHODS: Systematic reviews including meta-analyses were identified by searching Medline, CINAHL, PsycINFO, and CDSR...
February 21, 2019: British Journal of Health Psychology
Benjamin Gardner, Amanda L Rebar, Phillippa Lally
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2019: British Journal of Health Psychology
Alicia M de Vries, Vicki S Helgeson, Torben Schulz, Josué Almansa, Ralf Westerhuis, Jan Niesing, Gerjan J Navis, Maya J Schroevers, Adelita V Ranchor
OBJECTIVES: The identification of positive psychological changes, including benefit finding (BF), in chronic illness has gained substantial interest. However, less is known about BF in the context of a positive medical intervention. End-stage renal disease (ESRD) can be regarded as a burdensome condition, but transplantation is expected to restore physical and psychological functioning to a large extent after a period of illness. The aim of this study was to examine (1) changes in BF from pre- to 12 months post-transplantation, (2) the concurrent association of disease-related characteristics and optimism to BF, and (3) the potential causal relations between BF and distress...
February 2019: British Journal of Health Psychology
Dana Schultchen, Julia Reichenberger, Theresa Mittl, Tabea R M Weh, Joshua M Smyth, Jens Blechert, Olga Pollatos
OBJECTIVES: Physical activity and healthy eating seem to be protective against experiencing stress and negative affect as well as increase positive affect. At the same time, previous studies showed that people reduce salutogenic behaviours such as physical activity and healthy eating in the face of stress and negative affect while increasing such behaviours in the context of positive affect. Due to daily fluctuations of these behaviours, the present study examined these relationships in daily life using ecological momentary assessment (EMA)...
January 22, 2019: British Journal of Health Psychology
Tara J Cheetham-Blake, Julie M Turner-Cobb, Hannah E Family, James E Turner
OBJECTIVES: To assess the interplay of prior life stress and characteristics of resilience in determining how children cope with potentially stressful situations, using a two-phase study that triangulates parent-child dyadic interview data with subsequent experience of an acute laboratory stressor in 7-11-year-olds. METHODS: Participants (n = 34) were designated as being in one of four groups based on high/low levels of prior stress experience and high/low resilience ratings assessed during at-home interviews and from questionnaires measuring recent life events, hassles, and trait coping...
January 13, 2019: British Journal of Health Psychology
Monika Boberska, Karolina Horodyska, Magdalena Kruk, Nina Knoll, Diana Hilda Hohl, Jan Keller, Aleksandra Luszczynska
OBJECTIVES: This study provides an insight into associations between: (1) parental and child perceptions of parental strategies restricting screen use among children, (2) child perceptions of the presence and availability of screen-based equipment at home, (3) child sedentary screen use behaviours, and (4) child body fat. DESIGN: A prospective study with two assessment periods (Time 1, T1; Time 2, T2), spanning 7-8 months. METHODS: At T1, 879 parent-child dyads (83...
January 11, 2019: British Journal of Health Psychology
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