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Angiology and Vascular Surgery

I S Mukhamadeev, A A Oborin
Endarterectomy is considered to be the most physiological technique of correcting arterial blood flow, since it does not require implantation of a synthetic material, with blood flow restored through its own bed. However, surgeons have long sought to work out the most effective modification of endarterectomy, which eventually resulted in creation of a method known as loop endarterectomy. Mention should be made that some researchers report patency which may be comparable to that of autovenous bypass grafting, while others report negative results of using loop endarterectomy...
2019: Angiology and Vascular Surgery
A V Gavrilenko, E M Oleĭnik
Buerger's disease, also known as thromboangiitis obliterans, is a severe invalidating systemic vascular disease. To one of the modern methods, which is distinguished by its radically new principles of action, as well as holding much promise for further study and application in treatment of patients with lower limb chronic ischaemia induced by thromboangiitis obliterans belongs the use of genetically engineered complexes based on vascular endothelial growth factor VEGF-165 ('Neovasculgen'). 'Neovasculgen' is a genetically engineered complex being a circular DNA (native plasmid on the CELO vector and Ad5), carrying the human VEGF-165 gene, encoding VEGF synthesis...
2019: Angiology and Vascular Surgery
A M Cherniavskiĭ, S A Al'sov, V R Tsirikhov, E N Kliver
Presented herein is the remote (more than 15-year follow up) result of successful surgical treatment of aortic coarctation complicated by septic aortitis and a false aneurysm of the anastomosis between the graft and the aortic arch. In 2002, after correction of aortic coarctation the woman was admitted to our Clinic with an incompetent proximal anastomosis and an infected aortic pseudoaneurysm. Taking into consideration the general and local septic process, repeat reconstruction of the thoracic aorta was impossible due to the risk for generalization of the infectious process and fatal complications...
2019: Angiology and Vascular Surgery
M A Cherniavskiĭ, N N Zherdev, A V Chernov, A A Gusev, D V Chernova, Iu A Kudaev
Presented in the article is a clinical case report regarding hybrid surgical management of a saccular aneurysm of the aortic arch: simultaneous right-left-carotid-left-subclavian bypass grafting and endovascular isolation of the aneurysm. Taking into consideration the findings of multislice computed tomography-aortography (MSCT aortography) prior to surgery, the anatomical location of the aneurysm with the involvement of the ostium of the left subclavian artery, close location of the proximal branches of the aortic arch at an acute angle relative to each other required performing simultaneous debranching in order to enlarge the proximal zone of fixation of a stent graft at the level of the brachiocephalic trunk (BCT)...
2019: Angiology and Vascular Surgery
B N Kozlov, V V Zatolokin, Iu Iu Vecherskiĭ, D S Panfilov, S L Andreev, K A Petlin, M S Kuznetsov, G G Nasrashvili, V M Shipulin
Improvement of surgical treatment for ischaemic heart disease is one of the main trends in modern medicine. After the operation of coronary bypass grafting, further functioning of blood flow in the grafts largely depends upon its domination over the native blood flow in the target coronary arteries. Therefore, intraoperative diagnosis of functional competence of coronary bypass grafts by means of flowmetry is currently of special importance. The purpose of this study was flowmetric quantitative assessment of the curves of blood flow through the coronary bypass grafts, depending on the degree of stenosis of the target coronary arteries...
2019: Angiology and Vascular Surgery
V V Bazylev, F L Bartosh, R M Babukov, A I Mikuliak
The authors carried out a retrospective study aimed at revealing predictors of early incompetence of coronary bypass grafts in patients with the ejection fraction below 30%. The study included a total of 104 patients presenting with coronary artery disease and the ejection fraction below 30%, who over the period from 2009 to 2016 underwent coronary artery bypass grafting with the use of autovenous and autoarterial conduits. 77 patients endured plasty of an aneurysm of the left ventricle (LV), 89 patients sustained plasty of the valvular apparatus...
2019: Angiology and Vascular Surgery
N B Shchelkunov, V S Arakelian, S P Gliantsev
The authors retrospectively analysed episodes of bleeding after reconstructive operations on the aorta, its branches, and peripheral arteries. The sources of information were the archival medical records of the Department of Vascular Surgery of formerly the Institute of Cardiovascular Surgery named after A.N. Bakulev under the USSR Academy of Medical Sciences (now known as the National Medical Research Centre of Cardiovascular Surgery named after A.N. Bakulev) over the period from 1961 to 1983. A total of 3,787 operations on the aorta and arteries had been performed over that time period...
2019: Angiology and Vascular Surgery
R N Komarov, P A Karavaĭkin, A A Kuznetsov, V M Shcherbenev, R A Bredikhin, A S Gnevashev, A N Iudin, V N Tsekhanovich, D B Andreev
The problem of haemostasis in cardiovascular surgery is of current concern. Recent trends are towards increased use of topical haemostatic agents. Tachocomb has been used for more than 30 years in abdominal surgery and oncology. The purpose of the present publication is to analyse the literature data and formulate the indications for the use of Tachocomb in cardiovascular surgery. Multicenter randomized and local studies have demonstrated efficacy of Tachocomb in treatment of surgical haemorrhage in operations on the heart, thoracic aorta, carotid arteries and lower-limb arteries, resulting in significantly decreased time to achieve haemostasis, decreased volume of blood loss and haemotrasfusion, as well as reduced frequency of complications...
2019: Angiology and Vascular Surgery
A V Pinchuk, Iu A Anisimov, I V Dmitriev, R V Storozhev, A G Balkarov, R Sh Muslimov, I V Khodilina
In multiple organ procurement, taking into consideration certain peculiarities of the vascular architectonics of the celiac trunk or an iatrogenic injury to the superior mesenteric artery, it is impossible to perform standard arterial reconstruction of a pancreas transplant with the use of a Y-shaped vascular allograft. This results in refusal from transplanting a potentially suitable organ. The purpose of our study was to assess the possibility of transplantation of the pancreatoduodenal complex with isolated blood supply via the splenic artery...
2019: Angiology and Vascular Surgery
V V Sokolov, N V Rubtsov, A V Redkoborodyĭ, N R Chernaia, M V Parkhomenko, R Sh Muslimov
Contemporary approaches to treatment of patients with dissection of the descending aorta (DA), as well as the data of international registries and guidelines are contradictory. The endovascular method of treatment of patients with descending aortic dissection has been recognized to be revolutionary. However, there seems to be no commonly accepted concept concerning appropriate use of currently available techniques of treating patients with DA dissection. This study was aimed at analysing the experience gained in using various methods of treatment of patients with descending aortic dissection (DAD)...
2019: Angiology and Vascular Surgery
D F Beloiartsev
Analysed herein are the indications for primary interventions in patients with atherosclerotic lesions of internal carotid arteries according to the recommendations laid down in the 2017 Guidelines of the European Society for Vascular Surgery.
2019: Angiology and Vascular Surgery
A N Kazantsev, R S Tarasov, N N Burkov, A N Volkov, K I Grachev, E Ia Iakhnis, R Iu Lider, A R Shabaev, L S Barbarash
The aim of this study was comparative assessment of in-hospital outcomes after hybrid and staged surgical management of patients presenting with haemodynamically significant lesions of the coronary (CA) and brachiocephalic arteries (BCA) treated by means of either endovascular or surgical techniques. Over the period from 2010 to 2017, we operated on a total of 197 patients with stenotic lesions of the carotid and coronary arteries. The strategy of revascularization included transcutaneous coronary intervention (TCI) and carotid endarterectomy (CEA)...
2019: Angiology and Vascular Surgery
A B Sannikov, V M Emel'ianenko
The method of cyanoacrylate ablation of varicose veins is currently considered as a possible alternative to traditional methods of thermal obliteration. One of significant advantages of this method is no need for performing tumescent anaesthesia. Over the period from 1995 to 2002, cyanoacrylate obliteration of varicose veins was carried out in a total of 96 patients, with clinical assessment of the complication rate and efficacy at various time intervals, with the maximum follow-up period amounting to 3 years...
2019: Angiology and Vascular Surgery
Iu M Stoĭko, M N Iashkin, V P Tiurin, V G Gudymovich
Analysed herein is the experience with micronized purified flavonoid fraction (MPFF) in treatment of geriatric patients with decompensated forms of chronic venous diseases. A total of 218 geriatric patients were examined and treated. Of these, 132 patients had trophic disorders (C4-C6 class), including 40 patients found to have venous trophic ulcers (VTU). Therapeutic policy consisted in wound cleansing, application of topical antiseptics, hydroalginate dressing, stimulation of regenerative processes by therapy with MPFF at a dose of 1,000 mg daily...
2019: Angiology and Vascular Surgery
I N Son'kin, D A Borsuk, A A Fokin
Stenting of the iliac veins in patients with post-thrombotic syndrome is an intervention associated with a low risk of complications, high primary and secondary patency rates, low incidence of restenosis, leading to a significant decrease in the severity of symptoms of chronic venous disease and a high rate of trophic ulcer healing, as compared with conservative therapy. Unlike subcutaneous veins, the formation of calcinates in deep veins after endured thrombosis is of considerably less frequent occurrence...
2019: Angiology and Vascular Surgery
D A Nekrasov, A V Korotkikh, V A Blagovisnaia
The presence of an ipsilateral aneurysm in stenosis of the internal carotid artery is determined by the findings of CT angiography in 1.8-3.2% of cases. The available literature has described a wide variety of treatment for this pathology: isolated or alternate, with a method of simultaneous endovascular treatment, i. e., carotid stenting and endovascular embolization of an aneurysm, currently gaining popularity. The major difficulties associated with therapeutic decision-making in this cohort of patients include stage-wise nature, temporal parameters, the need for removal of an intracranial aneurysm, and assessment of perioperative complications...
2019: Angiology and Vascular Surgery
A I Chernookov, M R Kuznetsov, A A Ataian, S A Iarkov, M I Ivanova, É O Khachatrian
Analysed herein are the results of endovascular revascularization of the superior mesenteric artery (SMA). The study included a total of 18 patients with acute impairment of mesenteric circulation in the stage of intestinal ischaemia. The patients underwent multispiral computed tomography (MSCT) and once impairments of blood flow in the SMA were revealed, we performed endovascular revascularization of the artery. Patency of the SMA was assessed by repeat contrast-enhanced MSCT. Thirteen (72.2%) patients were found to have occlusion in the system of the SMA and five (27...
2019: Angiology and Vascular Surgery
G V Savrasov, A V Gavrilenko, A S Borde, A G Ivanova, D N Fedorov, A G Arakelian
The last decade has seen active development of minimally invasive (endovenous) methods of surgical removal of lower limb varicose veins (LLVV); however, the problem of increasing efficacy of these methods and improving long-term results still remains of current importance. The authors of this work propose a method of ultrasound ablation of subcutaneous veins of lower extremities. Our experimental study was aimed at determining the pattern of venous wall damage after ultrasound exposure. Samples of segments of the trunk of the great saphenous vein (GSV) were divided into 5 groups: group 1 - the control group, group 2 - treatment with a sclerosant in the amount of 0...
2019: Angiology and Vascular Surgery
R V Sidorov, E P Talalaev, V N Shchetko, D Iu Pospelov, I F Shlyk
Coronary artery bypass grafting is a widely used cardiosurgical intervention which may be performed either on the arrested heart in conditions of artificial circulation or on the beating heart without artificial circulation. However, in a series of works, the results of bypass grafting using both techniques had no significant differences. In our article, we analyse the flowmetric parameters of blood flow through the coronary bypass grafts in high-surgical risk patients presenting with ischaemic heart disease and undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting in conditions of artificial circulation and on the beating heart...
2019: Angiology and Vascular Surgery
B S Sukovatykh, D V Sidorov, M B Sukovatykh
BACKGROUND: 30% of patients in the remote period appear to develop restenosis of the anastomoses formed during reconstructive-restorative operations on vessels. Two major causes of restenosis have been determined: intimal hyperplasia and smooth muscle cell proliferation. The reaction of connective-tissue elements of vascular walls in response to implantation of grafts remains unstudied. OBJECTIVE: The study was undertaken to examine the reaction of connective tissue of the arterial and venous walls to implantation of synthetic and biological grafts...
2019: Angiology and Vascular Surgery
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