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C Zorn, J-P Dillenseger, E Bauer, E Moerschel, B Bachmann, C Buissink, B Jamault
INTRODUCTION: Role-play simulation is implemented in different radiography institutions. This tool develops Knowledge, Skills and Competences (KSC) in students. The aim of this study was to identify the strategies implemented by trainers in order to encourage student motivational dynamics and to find those that resonate with students. METHODS: Three role-play simulation sessions using a grid were observed in two different radiography institutions that have a simulation centre (two French institutions and one Swiss)...
February 2019: Radiography
K Alzyoud, P Hogg, B Snaith, K Flintham, A England
INTRODUCTION: Within medical imaging variations in patient size can generate challenges, especially when selecting appropriate acquisition parameters. This experiment sought to evaluate the impact of increasing body part thickness on image quality (IQ) and effective dose (E) and identify optimum exposure parameters. METHODS: An anthropomorphic pelvis phantom was imaged with additional layers (1-15 cm) of animal fat as a proxy for increasing body thickness. Acquisitions used the automatic exposure control (AEC), 100 cm source to image distance (SID) and a range of tube potentials (70-110 kVp)...
February 2019: Radiography
C Sá Dos Reis, B Strøm, N Richli-Meystre, J A Pires Jorge, A Henner, T Kukkes, E Metsälä
INTRODUCTION: The study aimed to characterize breast imaging education and identify its strengths, difficulties and needs across five European countries according to student, radiographer and teaching staff perspectives. METHODS: An observation grid was used to collect data regarding breast imaging education and three questionnaires targeted to key-participants were developed/applied to collect data on strengths, difficulties and needs. Descriptive statistics and thematic analysis were performed according to the nature of the questions...
February 2019: Radiography
E R Andersen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2019: Radiography
C L Eccles, S Nill, T Herbert, E Scurr, H A McNair
On-treatment imaging in radiotherapy has evolved over the last 60 years, bringing with it changes in the roles of radiographers, radiologists and oncologists. The ability to acquire and interpret high quality images (2D kilovoltage and megavoltage imaging and 3D CT and cone-beam CT) for radiotherapy planning and delivery requires therapy radiographers to have skills and knowledge that overlap with those of diagnostic radiographers. With the implementation of MRI-guided radiotherapy, treatment radiographers and clinical oncologists are exploring new territory, requiring truly collaborative working practices with their radiology partners...
February 2019: Radiography
C W E Younger, M J Wagner, C Douglas, H Warren-Forward
INTRODUCTION: Meaningfully explaining the risk of an ionising radiation examination is a challenging undertaking. Patients must contextualise the risk against the expected benefit of the imaging examination, often in a situation of heightened emotion. This systematic review seeks to explore the literature to identify what techniques are advocated for disclosing the risk to patients of ionising radiation from clinical medical imaging examinations. METHODS: A systematic review of peer-reviewed literature was undertaken...
February 2019: Radiography
T J Sevens, P J Reeves
INTRODUCTION: The national sonographer workforce deficit is not a new challenge and has been driven by the increasing demand for ultrasound services. The current educational models only facilitate small trainee numbers and are unable to keep abreast of the demand for trained sonographers. This is partially due to the intensive (and often one to one) sonographer training which has instigated much debate relating to alternative models of education. Alongside this, debate continues on the educational level of any future training models; one suggestion being the introduction of a graduate sonographer and the subsequent integration into the current workforce...
February 2019: Radiography
T Nakamura, S Suzuki, Y Takei, I Kobayashi, N Pongnapang, K Kato
INTRODUCTION: Breast cancer incidence increases from the age of 30 years. As this age range coincides with that in which women usually pursue pregnancy, undergoing medical examinations for conditions such as breast cancer is a concern, especially when pregnancy is uncertain during the first eight weeks. Moreover, in this age range, breast often exhibits a high density, thus compromising diagnosis. For such density, digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) provides a more accurate diagnosis than 2D mammography given its higher sensitivity and specificity...
February 2019: Radiography
A Marzouq Muhanna, M J Floyd
INTRODUCTION: Although a Mammography Screening Service (MSS) has been established in Kuwait since 2014, the attendance rate for eligible women is only 4.2% in comparison to 72.1% attendance in the United Kingdom (UK) mammography screening service. The aim of this study was to determine Kuwaiti women's knowledge of breast cancer (BC), their attitudes toward BCS and the reasons for not attending Mammography Screening (MS). METHODS: A pragmatic qualitative methodology was used which included the use of two focus groups conducted at two women only social organisations in Kuwait with a total of 23 women...
February 2019: Radiography
A Rusandu, A Ødegård, G C Engh, H M Olerud
INTRODUCTION: Use of CT in the investigation of pulmonary embolism in radiosensitive patients such as pregnant and young female patients entails the need for protocol optimization. The aim of this study was to analyze the dose reduction and image quality achieved by using 80 kV instead of 100 kV in CT pulmonary angiography protocols. METHODS: 80 examinations of non-obese patients were analyzed (40 consecutive patients for each protocol, equally distributed on two CT scanners)...
February 2019: Radiography
W K Antwi, P Reeves, C Ferris, L Aziato
INTRODUCTION: Radiographers are well placed to flag non accidental injury in children due to their unique position within the imaging chain. Being able to identify (or suspect) physical abuse in children and reporting the incident are, however, two different issues. This study was conducted to explore the external influences in the decision making of the Ghanaian radiographer to report suspected child physical abuse (CPA). METHOD: This was a qualitative study which applied interpretive phenomenology...
February 2019: Radiography
P K Miller, L Waring, G C Bolton, C Sloane
INTRODUCTION: By 2013, the UK government's Migration Advisory Committee had determined sonography to be a formal shortage speciality, and understaffing remains a key concern for research in the domain. This paper, emergent of a qualitative study funded by Health Education North West, explores unit managers' perspectives on the present state of UK ultrasound. The focus herein falls upon the personal and interpersonal consequences of this circumstance for individuals working in specific understaffed departments...
February 2019: Radiography
M Clarkson, G Heads, D Hodgson, H Probst
INTRODUCTION: In the current clinical working environment it is important that therapeutic radiography students are fully prepared not just clinically but emotionally for a working professional life. Mindfulness has shown promise, as a self-care strategy, in the improvement of burnout, resilience and compassion fatigue in other professions; however, it has not been used with therapeutic radiography students. METHODS: Eight pre-registration therapeutic radiography students were recruited to undergo a five week mindfulness course; six students from the year below were recruited to act as a control arm (no mindfulness)...
February 2019: Radiography
N C Moneme, J Curtis
INTRODUCTION: Mammographers in the NHSBSP are required to implement the Eklund ('Pushback') technique after viewing a training DVD or receiving cascade training. This study aims to evaluate Radiographers' attitudes towards imaging the augmented breast following viewing the training DVD or receiving cascade training. METHODOLOGY: Questionnaires containing both open and closed questions collected quantitative and qualitative data across three breast screening units...
February 2019: Radiography
V Kızılgöz, A K Sivrioğlu, G R Ulusoy, K Yıldız, H Aydın, T Çetin
INTRODUCTION: The posterior tibial slope (PTS) is believed to be a risk factor for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury. The aim of this study was to reveal the differences in terms of PTS measurements on lateral knee radiographs between ruptured and non-injured cases as well as between males and females in regard to ACL alignment. METHODS: The study cohort included 92 patients (61 males and 31 females) with ACL rupture and 101 individuals (59 males and 42 females) who visited the Orthopedics Department but had no ACL injury...
February 2019: Radiography
P J Mowlem, A Gouveia, J Pinn, M Hardy
INTRODUCTION: Attendance of adult patients to the Emergency Department (ED) with acute abdominal pain is a frequent event. Abdominal X-ray imaging (AXR) is commonly the first line of investigation but previous studies have suggested that the AXR has no place in assessing acute abdominal pain because of its low diagnostic yield and limited contribution to direct clinical decision making. However, no evaluation of the impact of a negative AXR on the clinical confidence and decision making of emergency clinicians has been undertaken...
February 2019: Radiography
R Prasad, K Gelder, R Wiles
INTRODUCTION: Fluoroscopy and MRI are currently used to investigate defaecation and pelvic floor dysfunction, with advantages and disadvantages to both modalities. Anecdotally it is suspected that MRI, allowing more privacy, may be better tolerated by patients but that symptoms may be more easily replicated with fluoroscopic technique due to the physiological position. The aim of this study was to evaluate the patient experience of both techniques to potentially help guide the choice of defaecating proctography modality in the future...
February 2019: Radiography
J du Plessis
PURPOSE: The aim of this investigation was to suggest practices to improve the delivery of work-integrated learning (WIL) in radiography training in South Africa (SA). METHODS: An extensive survey was conducted among all universities in SA involved in the training of radiography students, to investigate the current delivery of WIL. Data were collected by means of quantitative questionnaires with open-ended qualitative components. The questionnaire was distributed to lecturers (n = 32), clinical supervisors (n = 44) and final-year students in Radiography (n = 146)...
February 2019: Radiography
S Kada, M Satinovic, L Booth, P K Miller
INTRODUCTION: Building on existing work, this paper aims to develop a detailed analysis of the practical coping strategies developed by children who had not previously experienced an MRI, regarding a non-emergency examination of the brain. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews with 22 children, aged between eight and sixteen years, were conducted immediately post-procedure. Emergent data were thematically analysed in line with the core precepts of Grounded Theory, and triangulated against interview data with their parents where pertinent...
February 2019: Radiography
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