Valentina Delle Donne, Valentina Massaroni, Alberto Borghetti, Arturo Ciccullo, Alex Dusina, Francesca Lombardi, Rebecca Jo Steiner, Valentina Iannone, Pierluigi Francesco Salvo, Simona Di Giambenedetto
Evidence accumulated during past years confirm that people living with HIV (PLWH) still have to deal with comorbidities and chronic complications that can increase physical and psychological issues and can affect daily functioning, quality of life and mental health. Moreover, during the COVID-19 pandemic PLWH proved to be a population at increased risk of psychological distress. We explored the ongoing issues and the characteristics of the mental health interventions for which a cohort of Italian PLWH interacted with a psychologist over the past five years...
June 7, 2023: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Christodoulou Efstratios, Pavlidou Eleni, Mantzorou Maria, Koutelidakis Antonios, Vadikolias Konstantinos, Psara Evmorfia, Vorvolakos Theofanis, Antasouras Georgios, Serdari Aspasia, Vasios Georgios, Giaginis Constantinos
The present study is a cross-sectional study that aimed to investigate the potential associations between depression status, health-related quality of life, physical activity levels and sleep quality in a representative Greek elderly population. Three thousand four hundred five (3405) men and women over 65 years old from 14 different Greek regions were enrolled. Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) was used to assess depression status, Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQOL) was evaluated using Short Form Health Survey, physical activity levels were assessed via the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) and sleep quality was evaluated using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI)...
June 6, 2023: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Juliet R Samraj, David J Wright, Hazel McMurtrie
To date, there is increasing evidence to suggest that age and adult attachment styles, such as secure, anxious and avoidant attachment are predictive or protective for psychological distress. The study aimed to investigate the extent to which age and adult attachment style, measured by the Attachment Style Questionnaire, predicted psychological distress, measured by the Kessler 10 Psychological Distress Scale, in the Singapore general population during COVID-19. Ninety-nine residents of Singapore (44 females, 52 males, 3 prefer not to state their gender) aged between 18 and 66 completed an online survey, which collected information on age, adult attachment styles and levels of psychological distress...
June 6, 2023: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Xiumei Liu, Ge Zhan
Anxiety and depression are frequently noticed in glioma patients, while few studies report this issue in recurrent glioma patients. Hence, this study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of anxiety and depression, as well as their risk factors and prognostic value in recurrent glioma patients. Eighty recurrent glioma patients, 40 newly-diagnosed glioma patients, and 40 healthy controls were enrolled in this study. Then, the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale for anxiety (HADS-A) and for depression (HADS-D) were used to assess the anxiety and depression status of all subjects...
June 4, 2023: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Erin L Merz, K Brooke Russell, Hannah Sell, Fiona Schulte, Kathleen Reynolds, Lianne Tomfohr-Madsen
Bedtime digital media use (BDM) is linked to poor sleep and fatigue in many populations. Pediatric cancer patients have been observed to engage in BDM in clinical settings, but it is unknown whether BDM rates are higher in this population or how this impacts their sleep and fatigue during treatment and into survivorship. The goal of this study was to evaluate patterns of BDM and its relationship with sleep and fatigue in a sample of pediatric cancer survivors and to compare these patterns with children from their own family (i...
May 30, 2023: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Heng Lu, Gang Liang, Dan-Lin Li, Min-Xin Liu, Zhi-Jian Yin, Yue-Zu Li, Tianyang Zhang, Chen-Wei Pan
College freshmen are special populations facing great challenges in adapting to the brand new environment, and their lifestyle and emotional states are worthy of attention. Especially during the COVID-19 pandemic, their screen time and prevalence of negative emotions were significantly increased, but few studies have focused on such situation of college freshmen and illustrated relevant mechanisms. Thus, based on a sample of Chinese college freshmen during the COVID-19 pandemic, the current study aimed to investigate the association between their screen time and negative emotions (depression, anxiety and stress), and further explore the mediating effects of sleep quality...
May 25, 2023: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Jenna L Adamowicz, Zoe Sirotiak, Emily B K Thomas
Functional somatic syndromes (FSS) are associated with functional impairments and distress. FSSs are common among young adults, and psychological flexibility may be a transdiagnostic process appropriate for treatment of FSS in this population. The objective of the current study was to compare physical and mental health in young adults with and without a self-reported FSS and examine which psychological flexibility processes are associated with better physical and mental health in the FSS subset. A total of 447 young adults participated in the current study...
May 25, 2023: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Xiaomin Zhang, Xingying Luo, Feina Xiao, Wenhua Xu, Ling Ma, Jun Yan
Fluid-control adherence was important for hemodialysis (HD) patients, and while significant correlations between treatment adherence and illness perceptions have been found, there is limited research that explored the relationship between illness perceptions and fluid-control adherence. We sought to assess illness perceptions and fluid-control adherence and to explore the relationship between them among Chinese hemodialysis patients. A cross-sectional study of 253 Chinese HD patients was conducted. We recorded sociodemographic and disease characteristics, Revised Illness Perception Questionnaire (IPQ-R) responses, Fluid Control in Hemodialysis Patients Scale (FCHPS) scores and the interdialytic weight gain (IDWG)...
May 25, 2023: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Reyna Jazmín Martínez-Arriaga, Alejandro Dominguez-Rodriguez, Paulina Erika Herdoiza-Arroyo, Rebeca Robles-Garcia, Anabel de la Rosa-Gómez, Jairo Alejandro Figueroa González, Yineth Alejandra Muñoz Anacona
Healthcare workers have been one of the groups most severely affected by the COVID-19 pandemic, leaving them with serious psychological effects. Some of these effects have not been treated promptly, leading to further psychological symptoms. The objective of this study was to evaluate suicide risk in healthcare workers seeking psychological help during the COVID-19 pandemic, and factors associated with this risk on participants that were searching for treatment during the COVID-19 pandemic. This is a cross-sectional study analyzing data from 626 Mexican healthcare workers seeking psychological help due to the COVID-19 pandemic through the www...
May 24, 2023: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Nazlı Nur Aslan Çİn, Murat Açik, Oktay Faysal Tertemİz, Çile Aktan, Didem Tuba Akçali, Funda Pınar Çakiroğlu, Ayşe Özfer Özçelİk
It has recently been observed that microorganisms in the gut can regulate brain processes through the gut microbiota-brain axis, affecting pain, depression, and sleep quality. Consequently, prebiotics and probiotics may potentially improve physical, psychological, and cognitive states in those with fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) who have an altered microbiota balance. In a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial to determine the effects of probiotic and prebiotic treatments on pain, sleep, quality of life, and psychological distress (depression and anxiety) in FMS, 53 female participants with FMS were randomised to receive either: 1) 4 × 1010 CFUs per day for the 18 patients in the probiotics group; 2) 10 g dose inulin per day for the 17 patients in the prebiotic group; or 3) a placebo for 8 weeks for the 18 patients in this group...
May 24, 2023: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Xuanyi Wang, Wenqi Weng, Mei Li, Jiang Xue, Shulin Chen
Underutilization of mental health services is common and associated with substantial suffering, mental disorders and death. The present study aimed to explore factors significantly affecting the professional psychological help-seeking behavior based on the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB). A sample of 597 Chinese college students recruited online completed the questionnaires, which measured four constructs of TPB including help-seeking intention, attitude, subjective norm and perceived behavioral control in December 2020...
May 23, 2023: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Meghan M Gillen, Diane L Rosenbaum, Virginia Ramseyer Winter, Steven A Bloomer
The goal of the current study was to examine associations between hormonal contraceptive use and indicators of well-being including body image, eating behavior, sleep and energy level. Drawing on a health protection framework, we expected that individuals who use hormonal contraceptives would be more attuned to health and report more positive health attitudes and behaviors on these dimensions. Undergraduate college women ( N  = 270; M  = 19.39 years, SD = 2.43, range 18-39 years) from diverse racial/ethnic and sexual orientation groups completed a survey online...
May 23, 2023: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Damien Ridremont, Emilie Boujut
The objectives of our study were: (1) to establish the prevalence of burnout among French pediatric healthcare workers during the COVID-19 pandemic; (2) to identify the psychosocial factors that predict burnout in these healthcare workers. To achieve these objectives, a total of 99 physicians and 55 nurses from various French pediatric services completed a protocol questioning socio-demographic characteristics, the specific stress of pediatric care workers, the stress related to the COVID-19 pandemic, occupational stress (JSS), coping strategies (WCC-R) and burnout (MBI)...
May 22, 2023: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Daniel Tilley, Lloyd Denzil Christopher, Thomas Farrar, Navindhra Naidoo
Escalation in Deliberate Self-Harm (DSH) is indicative of a rise in poor mental health and/or a failure of social and health services. The phenomenon of DSH exacerbates mental illness sequela, while being an essential indicator of suicide risk. Globally, about 800 000 people commit suicide yearly, averaging almost one suicide every 40 s. Based on a Retrospective Cross-Sectional Study, the aim sought to establish the scope of the DSH, suicidality and suicide case-load from a Western Cape Emergency Medical Services (EMS) prehospital perspective...
May 18, 2023: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Marie Neubert, Philipp Süssenbach, Winfried Rief, Frank Euteneuer
Past research regarding the relationship between different constructs of social status and different aspects of pain has yielded divergent results. So far, there are few experimental studies to investigate the causal relationship between social status and pain. Therefore, the present study aimed to examine the effect of perceived social status on pain thresholds by experimentally manipulating participants' subjective social status (SSS). 51 female undergraduates were randomly assigned to a low- or high-status condition...
May 17, 2023: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Hao Wang, Xianwei Guo, Qiuxia Song, Qiwei Liang, Wanying Su, Ning Li, Xiuxiu Ding, Qirong Qin, Mingchun Chen, Liang Sun, Mingming Liang, Yehuan Sun
Adverse childhood experiences are a widespread phenomenon that can have a variety of negative effects on children. Emotional and behavioral problems (EBP) in children have been gaining interest in recent years. Therefore, this study aims to explore the association between emotional and physical abuse (EPA) and preschool children's EBP, as well as to assess the mediating effects of family function and resilience in this association. A cross-sectional study was conducted, and we recruited 3,636 participants from 26 kindergartens in three cities...
May 15, 2023: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Francisco García-Torres, Marcin Jacek Jabłoński, Ángel Gómez-Solís, María José Jaén-Moreno, Juan A Moriana, María José Moreno-Díaz, Enrique Aranda
In cancer caregivers, anxiety and depression may negatively impact quality of life. Information regarding correlations and the predictive capacity of anxiety and depression with regard to the domains of quality of life of caregivers 6 months after a patient's cancer diagnosis is sparse. Sixty-seven caregivers of cancer patients were recruited and completed the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and the Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36) 30-45 days (T1) and 180-200 days (T2) after diagnosis...
May 4, 2023: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Huiqing Long, Qingshu Li, Xiaogang Zhong, Lu Yang, Yiyun Liu, Juncai Pu, Li Yan, Ping Ji, Xin Jin
Professional burnout refers to mental weariness caused by occupational stress. However, there is a lack of systematic studies on the prevalence of professional burnout among dentists. The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of professional burnout among dentists. Databases including PubMed, PsycINFO, Embase, Cochrane, and Web of Science were systematically searched from inception to 28 October 2021. The random-effects model and forest plots were used to assess the pooled prevalence of professional burnout among dentists...
May 3, 2023: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Vasilis S Vasiliou, Issari Philia, Constantina Drosatou, Efi Mitsi, Ioannis Tsakonas
The post-COVID-19 pandemic era has placed new demands on physicians. One of these demands is the need to use targeted knowledge and soft communication skills, to address the psychosocial problems (e.g. vaccine hesitancy, fears) of individuals with Chronic Physical Illnesses (CPIs). Focusing on training physicians in targeted soft communication skills can help health care systems to address psychosocial-type problems. Yet, such training programs are rarely implemented, effectively.This study aimed to (a) understand physicians' implementation challenges when using soft communication skills during the COVID-19 pandemic; (b) identify beliefs, barriers, and facilitators that can influence physicians' behaviours to use soft communication skills; and (c) inform the content of the LeadinCare; a new digital training platform, designed to improve physicians' soft communication skills, by leveraging the TDF Theoretical Domain Framework (TDF)...
May 2, 2023: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Li Fang, Shan Ye, Guoquan Sun, Ling Liu, Shiyi Xie, Yan Hu, Yang Yang, Marong Fang, Zhiying Hu
Postpartum depression (PPD) is a major public health problem that has negative effects on mothers, infants, and society. This study was aimed at investigating the prevalence of PPD and elucidating the delivery factors implicated in PPD so as take more targeted measures for reducing the potential risk factors. A prospective cohort study was conducted. Following the criterion, 151 pregnant women were included in the study. The Edinburgh Postpartum Depression Scale (EPDS) and the general questionnaire were filled out 2-3 days after delivery...
May 1, 2023: Psychology, Health & Medicine
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