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Psychology, Health & Medicine

Paul Kenneth Hitchcott, Maria Chiara Fastame, Federica Corona, Giuseppina Pilloni, Micaela Porta, Massimiliano Pau, Rachele Conti, Maria Pietronilla Penna
Parkinson's Disease (PD) is a neurological disorder characterized by motor symptoms and other clinical conditions, such as cognitive impairment, negative mood, anxiety. The present study explored the impact of PD on self-reported physical and mental health, objective cognition and postural control. The relationship among these variables was examined in order to understand the impact on quality of life. Fifty-four participants, 27 with and 27 without PD, were recruited in Sardinia - an area with an atypical prevalence of PD and psychological characteristics that might mitigate the impact of PD on life quality...
February 7, 2019: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Malwina Tuman, Anne Moyer
Mobile devices have become widely popular in recent years. This popularity has been accompanied by the adoption of technologies created for those devices such as mobile applications (apps), many of which have been designed to facilitate achieving health goals. This study examined health-related intentions and behaviors, and their associations with mobile health app ownership in a large, nationally representative sample. Data from the Health Information National Trends Survey (HINTS) from the 2014 collection wave were analyzed...
February 7, 2019: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Eylem Pasli Gurdogan, Ezgi Kınıcı, Berna Aksoy
In order to provide dying individuals with the necessary care, firstly nurses and nursing students should be aware of their own emotions regarding death. The aim of this research is to determine the relationship between death anxiety and attitudes toward the care of dying patient in nursing students. This study planned as a descriptive was carried out 376 students who were educated in the first, second, third and fourth grades of the nursing department of faculty of health sciences of a university in Turkey...
February 6, 2019: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Catherine A Rowe, Fuschia M Sirois, Loren Toussaint, Niko Kohls, Eberhard Nöfer, Martin Offenbächer, Jameson K Hirsch
Fibromyalgia is a chronic illness characterized by pain and fatigue. Persons with fibromyalgia experience increased the risk for poor mental and physical health-related quality of life, which may be dependent on multiple factors, including health beliefs, such as confidence in physicians and the health-care system, and health behaviors, such as treatment adherence. Respondents with fibromyalgia (n = 409) were recruited nationally, via support organizations, and completed self-report measures: Multidimensional Health Profile - Health Functioning Index (MHP-H), Short-Form-36 Health Survey (SF-36v2), and Medical Outcomes Study (MOS) Measure of Patient Adherence - General Adherence Items...
February 6, 2019: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Yuanni Huang, Yanhong Huang, Mian Bao, Shukai Zheng, Taifeng Du, Kusheng Wu
The psychological resilience (PR) of postoperative patients is found relatively low in clinical work. We recruited 220 postoperative women with breast cancer to survey PR of them and the influencing factors. General demographic data and physical exercise status were collected by questionnaire, clinical characteristics data were obtained from medical records. Measures comprised the Chinese version of the Connor and Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC), General Self-Efficacy Scale (GSES), Family Hardiness Index (FHI) and Social Support Rate Scale (SSRS)...
February 5, 2019: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Yanli Zeng, Guofu Wang, Caixia Xie, Xiuying Hu, Jan D Reinhardt
Nursing students from vocational college programs contribute to over 60% of the nursing student population in China. However, there remains a lack of systematic, quantitative studies examining the prevalence of mental health problems in this population. The purpose of this study was to explore the prevalence of depression, anxiety and stress symptoms and associated factors in vocational college nursing students in Sichuan, China. A total of 554 nursing students from vocational colleges participated in this cross-sectional study...
February 4, 2019: Psychology, Health & Medicine
V Walburg, M Rueter, S Lamy, G Compaci, M Lapeyre-Mestre, G Laurent, F Despas
The aim of this study was to measure the prevalence of FCR among a sample of French lymphoma survivors and to determine factors associated with clinical levels of FCR. The study was conducted with two cross-sectional measures: sociodemographic and anxiety, depression as well as health-related quality of life (HRQoL) scores were measured at the baseline of the post-cancer period and FCR was evaluated during the first 3 years of survivorship. The prevalence of clinical levels of FCR (≥13) was evaluated by the Fear of Cancer Recurrence Inventory - Short Form (FCRI-SF) among non- and Hodgkin lymphoma survivors undergoing prior first-line chemotherapy...
February 4, 2019: Psychology, Health & Medicine
M Sobol-Kwapinska, W Plotek, M Mandecki, M Cybulski, P Bąbel, A Kluzik, J Krystianc
The aim of this article was to test time perspective as a moderator of the relationship between pain before surgery and acute postoperative pain. Time perspective (ZTPI) and pain before surgery (SF-MPQ) were assessed pre-operatively in 112 patients. The results suggest that past-negative time perspective and fatalistic perspective are significant moderators of the link between preoperative pain and acute postoperative pain. In a case of weak past-negative perspective and weak present-fatalistic perspective, the relationship between preoperative pain and acute postoperative pain is not significant...
February 1, 2019: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Svetlana V Doubova, Claudia Infante, Georgina Lizeth Villagrana-Gutiérrez, Ingrid Patricia Martínez-Vega, Ricardo Pérez-Cuevas
This study evaluates the health literacy of people with type 2 diabetes and its association with health outcomes. We conducted a cross-sectional survey in two family medicine clinics of the Mexican Institute of Social Security that included 778 diabetic patients >19 years of age. The Spanish version of the European Health Literacy questionnaire served to measure health literacy. Multiple logistic regressions were performed to determine the association between the independent variable (health literacy) and dependent variables (good self-rated health, glycemic control, and diabetes-related hospitalizations) after controlling for conceptually relevant patient's characteristics...
February 1, 2019: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Vahideh MoghaddamHosseini, Alexandra Makai, Katalin Varga, Pongrác Ács, Viktória Prémusz, Ákos Várnagy
This study aimed to assess fear of childbirth (FOB) among Hungarian pregnant women and determine predictors based on WDEQ-A subscales. This cross-sectional study was conducted among 423 healthy pregnant women during their third trimester. A socio-demographic and obstetrics characteristics, the Hungarian version of WDEQ-A, Beck Depression Inventory-Short Form and Beck Anxiety Inventory were used. The analysis was performed using multivariate linear regression. Among four WDEQ-A subscales, Fear (19%) and Lack of positive emotion (13%) obtained the largest and smallest percentages of cases with severe FOB...
January 29, 2019: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Xiaomin Wang, Kaiyong Huang, Li Yang
The present study aims to determine the association between bus drivers' socio-demographic characteristics, personality traits, mental health and traffic violations. This case-control study included 596 bus drivers who were recruited during October 2014 to May 2016, including 295 drivers with traffic violations and 301 drivers without traffic violations. The bus drivers' personality traits and mental health were assessed by the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQ) and the Symptom Checklist (SCL-90-R). Drivers aged 26-35 years were 72% less likely to be involved in traffic violations compared to drivers aged ≤25 years (OR:0...
January 24, 2019: Psychology, Health & Medicine
B Everitt-Penhale, A Kagee, J F Magidson, J Joska, S A Safren, C O'Cleirigh, J Witten, J S Lee, L S Andersen
There is a need for a culturally adapted, evidence-based, psychotherapy treatment that is effective, acceptable, and feasible for integration into primary care in South Africa. This qualitative study used exit interviews to examine participants' experiences of an adapted cognitive-behavioural therapy treatment for adherence and depression, task-shifted and delivered by nurses in two peri-urban HIV clinics near Cape Town. Nine semi-structured exit interviews were conducted with isiXhosa-speaking females and analysed using thematic analysis...
January 17, 2019: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Rosa María Baños, Elia Oliver, Jessica Navarro, Mª Dolores Vara, Ausiàs Cebolla, Empar Lurbe, Julio Alvarez Pitti, Mª Isabel Torró, Cristina Botella
Recently, the prevalence of childhood obesity has increased alarmingly. Interventions combining eating habits, physical activity (PA), behavioral components, and family support have been shown to be effective, although variables such as self-efficacy beliefs and motivation seem to be important in achieving stable changes. Information and communication technologies (ICTs) can provide additional resources to traditional treatments. The objective is to analyze the efficacy of two treatments: a cognitive and behavioral treatment (CBT) focused on the promotion of healthy eating and PA habits, and this CBT intervention supported by a web platform (ETIOBE)...
January 16, 2019: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Jennifer Cunningham-Erves, Jason Deakings, Tilicia Mayo-Gamble, Kendria Kelly-Taylor, Stephania T Miller
Parental trust in medical researchers is a commonly cited barrier to their child's participation in clinical research. Yet, there is little understanding of factors influencing parental trust to be implemented in interventions to address their concerns. This study seeks to identify psychosocial and modifying factors influencing parental trust in medical researchers to improve child and adolescent patients clinical trial participation, and potentially their health outcomes. We conducted a cross-sectional study with 307 parents...
January 10, 2019: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Karl Peltzer, Supa Pengpid
The study aims to investigate the prevalence and social and health correlates of insomnia symptoms in a national sample of older Indonesians who formed part of the 'Indonesia Family Life Survey (IFLS-5)' in 2014-15. A community-based cross-sectional study with a probability sample of 31,432 persons 15 years or older was conducted in Indonesia. Measures included information on insomnia, socio-demographic, health, physical activity, anthropometric and blood pressure. Results indicate that 55.7% of participants had no insomnia, 33...
January 8, 2019: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Shinichi Nagata, Bryan McCormick, Jennifer Piatt
Clinically significant depression has been consistently identified as a phenomenon directly linked to stress and stress coping. Leisure behavior as purposeful coping strategy (i.e. leisure coping) has been advanced as a potential approach to address depression; however, the leisure coping effect on depressive symptoms has not examined with two potential confounders: physical activity and extraversion. Physical activity's anti-depressant effect is widely known, and there is also a link between extraversion and lower depressive symptoms...
December 12, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Maria Auxiliadora F Vertamatti, Rodolfo Strufaldi, Dabney P Evans, Jefferson Drezett, Caio Parente Barbosa, Luiz Carlos de Abreu
Negative health outcome and its relationship with length and severity of Childhood Sexual Abuse is well established in the literature. Until recently, this literature consisted disproportionately of studies of adults recalling past events. For guidelines for the treatment of childhood survivors, research focused on child victims may be more relevant. We aim to characterize factors related to long-term and severe sexual abuse among children in São Paulo, Brazil. We conducted a cross-sectional study of children up to the age of ten, referred to a specialty program on sexual abuse between 2004 and 2013...
December 12, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Junyi Li, Xiaoyu Wang, Chengwei Wang, Lijun Sun
The present study attempted to explore the moderating effect of depression on the association between posttraumatic growth (PTG) and quality of life (QoL) in low-grade glioma patients in China. A prospective study design was conducted. Patients completed the survey approximately 1 month and 1 year after surgery. A hierarchical linear model was used to examine the linear and the quadratic relationships between PTG and QoL. The interaction term of PTG and depression was included in the model to explore the moderating effect of depression...
December 11, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Paul D Loprinzi, Breanna Wade
The purpose of this study was to examine the association between exercise and estimated cardiorespiratory fitness on subjective memory complaints in young adults. Four-hundred and 64 young adult college students (18-35 yrs) completed an online survey. Exercise behavior was assessed from the Physical Activity Vital Signs Questionnaire. Cardiorespiratory fitness was evaluated from an algorithm that included an assessment of age, gender, body mass index, waist circumference, resting heart rate, habitual physical activity behavior, and smoking status...
December 11, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
N Aujla, M Walker, K Vedhara, N Sprigg
The Common Sense Model (CSM) is a useful framework for understanding mood and treatment adherence amongst survivors in the acute phase of stroke. CSM stroke studies have thus far focused on the single outcomes, mood and medication adherence, neglecting other aspects of post-stroke recovery (i.e., Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQL) and disability). The purpose of this study was to examine relationships between baseline illness beliefs and three-month post-stroke HRQL, mood and disability. A longitudinal observational design was adopted, involving 50 survivors (mean age = 66...
December 11, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
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