Vincent J Palusci
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 19, 2024: Child Maltreatment
Lottie G Harris, Daryl J Higgins, Megan L Willis, David Lawrence, Ben Mathews, Hannah J Thomas, Eva Malacova, Rosana Pacella, James G Scott, David Finkelhor, Franziska Meinck, Holly E Erskine, Divna M Haslam
This study aimed to explore key characteristics of the out-of-home care subgroup of a nationally representative Australian sample. To ensure that mental health services are appropriately targeted, it is critical that we understand the differential impacts of childhood experiences for this cohort. Using the Australian Child Maltreatment Study ( N = 8503), we explored patterns of childhood maltreatment and adversity of participants who reported ever being placed in out-of-home care, such as foster care or kinship care...
April 16, 2024: Child Maltreatment
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 15, 2024: Child Maltreatment
Faith Summersett Williams, Hayley Goldenthal, Liga Eihentale, Maya Lakshman, Cassandra Kisiel, Neil Jordan
The purpose of this study is to investigate the mediating role of multisystemic strengths in the association between complex trauma (CT) exposure and placement stability among racialized youth using the Child and Adolescent Needs and Strength (CANS) assessment. Participants were 4022 Black and Latinx youth in the child welfare system in a midwestern state. Negative binomial regressions revealed a significant indirect effect of CT exposure on placement stability through interpersonal strengths ( p < .01), coping skills ( p < ...
April 7, 2024: Child Maltreatment
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 5, 2024: Child Maltreatment
Margaret C Stevenson, Vaishnavi M Ravipati, Cynthia T Schaefer
Because COVID triggered elevated rates of child abuse, but diminished rates of child abuse reporting, we explored predictors of nurses' attitudes toward reporting suspected child abuse during the COVID pandemic. In particular, we expected that compassion fatigue and compassion satisfaction would mediate the effects of COVID-related stressors (i.e., exposure to COVID patient death and suffering; COVID-related family income loss; frequent direct care of COVID patients; and parental burnout) on nurses' negative attitudes toward reporting suspected child abuse...
March 28, 2024: Child Maltreatment
Michael R Hoffmeister, Kristen S Slack
The public child welfare system is plagued with high turnover, which is consistently associated with job-related stress. However, the COVID-19 pandemic introduced challenges that impact both the work and caseworkers' decision to stay in their job. To better understand stressors and intention to stay amid the COVID-19 pandemic, one state-level agency implemented a survey, completed by forty-eight percent of public child welfare caseworkers in the state. The current analysis employs multinomial logistic regression to predict intention to stay in the job and in the field and narrative analysis to describe caseworker experiences...
March 19, 2024: Child Maltreatment
Caitlin Rancher, Megan M Wallace, Austen McGuire, Daniel W Smith, Alyssa Rheingold
To slow the spread of COVID-19 many mental health providers transitioned to telehealth delivery of trauma-focused treatment for maltreated children. However, these providers faced myriad challenges, including equitable access to equipment and technical demands of telehealth software. Training clinics overseeing pre-doctoral clinical psychology interns experienced the added challenge of providing quality supervision and training via telehealth. This study involves a retrospective application of the Exploration, Preparation, Implementation, and Sustainment (EPIS) framework to describe the innovative adaptation to a telehealth service delivery model in a training clinic providing evidence-based trauma-focused treatment to children and their families...
March 14, 2024: Child Maltreatment
Liwei Zhang, Yuerong Liu, Melissa Jonson-Reid
Ample research has examined how point-in-time or static measures of economic deprivation are associated with children's mental health outcomes. Less is known about the relationship between early childhood unstable income and mental health outcomes. Using the Future of Families and Child Wellbeing Study, this study examined (1) the latent patterns of early childhood economic well-being, predicted by income level and instability (i.e., direction and frequency of income change); (2) the association of income deprivation patterns with subsequent anxiety and depression symptoms, paying particular attention to the mediating roles of parenting stress and child maltreatment risk...
March 4, 2024: Child Maltreatment
Megan C Goslin, Carrie Epstein
This study evaluated whether telehealth delivery of the Child and Family Traumatic Stress Intervention (CFTSI) was associated with posttraumatic stress symptom reduction for children exposed to potentially traumatic events and their caregivers. The Child and Family Traumatic Stress Intervention is a brief (5-8 session), evidence-based, trauma-focused mental health treatment developed for implementation with children and caregivers in the early phase of the trauma response. Within traditional in-person outpatient settings, CFTSI has demonstrated effectiveness in reducing posttraumatic stress symptoms and reducing or interrupting Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in trauma-exposed youth and their caregivers, including those with extensive trauma histories...
February 20, 2024: Child Maltreatment
Tami L Mark, Melissa Dolan, Benjamin Allaire, William Parish, Diana Poehler, Claire Strack, Emily Madden, Valeria Butler
Parents with serious mental health (MH) and substance use disorders (SUD) can face profound challenges caring for their children. MH/SUD treatment can improve outcomes for both parents and their children. This study evaluated whether parents with Medicaid with MH/SUD conditions whose children had child protective services (CPS) involvement were receiving MH/SUD treatment and whether receipt differed by race. We analyzed the 2020 Child and Caregiver Outcomes Using Linked Data (CCOULD) which contains Medicaid and child welfare records from Kentucky and Florida on 58,551 CPS-involved caregivers...
February 20, 2024: Child Maltreatment
Heather A Turner, David Finkelhor, Deirdre Colburn
This paper describes incident characteristics and dynamics associated with six specific forms of image-based sexual exploitation and abuse of children (IBSEAC). Data were collected on a national sample of 2639 individuals aged 18-to-28 from a probability-based online panel. Respondents completed a self-administered survey questionnaire, providing detailed follow-up information on their experiences of image-based sexual victimization before the age of 18. A total of 607 incidents of IBSEAC were included in the analyses...
February 20, 2024: Child Maltreatment
Alicia Summers, Sophia I Gatowski
To promote open and safe access to court hearings for families and professionals during the COVID-19 pandemic, juvenile and family courts across the United States shifted towards virtual hearings in child welfare cases. Drawing on findings from a four state court observation study conducted pre and post emergence of the pandemic, as well as from a national survey of court professionals and a survey of parents, we reflect on the experiences of courts and court participants with virtual hearings in child welfare cases and specific impacts on hearing quality...
February 6, 2024: Child Maltreatment
Cosima A Nimphy, Marie-Louise J Kullberg, Katharina Pittner, Renate Buisman, Lisa van den Berg, Lenneke Alink, Marian Bakermans-Kranenburg, Bernet M Elzinga, Marieke Tollenaar
Previous studies have shown that parents with a history of childhood abuse are at increased risk of perpetrating child abuse. To break the cycle of childhood abuse we need to better understand the mechanisms that play a role. In a cross-sectional extended family design including three generations ( N = 250, 59% female), we examined the possible mediating role of parental psychopathology and emotion regulation in the association between a history of childhood abuse and perpetrating child abuse. Parents' own history of childhood abuse was associated with perpetrating abuse toward their children, and externalizing (but not internalizing) problems partially mediated this association statistically...
February 1, 2024: Child Maltreatment
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 25, 2024: Child Maltreatment
Daryl J Higgins, David Lawrence, Divna M Haslam, Ben Mathews, Eva Malacova, Holly E Erskine, David Finkelhor, Rosana Pacella, Franziska Meinck, Hannah J Thomas, James G Scott
This study presents the most comprehensive national prevalence estimates of diverse gender and sexuality identities in Australians, and the associations with five separate types of child maltreatment and their overlap (multi-type maltreatment). Using Australian Child Maltreatment Study (ACMS) data ( N = 8503), 9.5% of participants identified with a diverse sexuality and .9% with a diverse gender. Diverse identities were more prevalent in the youth cohort, with 17.7% of 16-24 years olds identifying with a diverse sexuality and 2...
January 12, 2024: Child Maltreatment
Chad E Shenk, Kenneth A Shores, Nilam Ram, John M Felt, Ulziimaa Chimed-Ochir, Anneke E Olson, Zachary F Fisher
Contamination is a methodological phenomenon occurring in child maltreatment research when individuals in an established comparison condition have, in reality, been exposed to maltreatment during childhood. The current paper: (1) provides a conceptual and methodological introduction to contamination in child maltreatment research, (2) reviews the empirical literature demonstrating that the presence of contamination biases causal estimates in both prospective and retrospective cohort studies of child maltreatment effects, (3) outlines a dual measurement strategy for how child maltreatment researchers can address contamination, and (4) describes modern statistical methods for generating causal estimates in child maltreatment research after contamination is controlled...
December 26, 2023: Child Maltreatment
Grace S Woodard, Ashley Smith Cheng, Dominique A Phillips, Elizabeth Lane, Teresa Toranzo, Kate Adams, Emily Becker-Haimes, Lucia Walsh Pedersen, Vanesa Mora Ringle, Amanda Jensen-Doss
Consultation following evidence-based practice (EBP) training enhances the uptake of EBPs. Yet, little is known about what occurs during consultation, and it is often difficult for providers to engage in consultation. This study examined provider engagement in consultation and the content and strategies used during consultation following training in Trauma-focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (TF-CBT) as part of a community-based learning collaborative (CBLC). Minute-to-minute live coding of consultation calls revealed most content was clinically-oriented and the most common strategies used by consultants were didactic in nature...
December 14, 2023: Child Maltreatment
Matthew Baker, Katie A Berens, Crystal J Giesbrecht, Kaila C Bruer, Angela D Evans, Heather L Price, Shanna Williams
Children were at a greater risk of adverse experiences, including maltreatment, during the COVID-19 pandemic given the increased stress experienced by families and reduced visibility outside the home. Child maltreatment investigators witnessed the effects of the pandemic on maltreated children and offer valuable insight regarding children's experiences during the pandemic. The objective of this study was to examine child maltreatment investigators' perspectives of the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on maltreated children and their families in Canada...
December 12, 2023: Child Maltreatment
Lisa Speropolous
Many educational programs aimed at addressing child maltreatment focus on teaching people how to recognize only one type of child maltreatment, most commonly child sexual abuse, rather than all types of abuse and neglect children might experience. Limited empirical evidence exists on the effectiveness of educational programs that teach adults how to identify all types of child maltreatment, as well as what reporting responsibilities are and how to properly make a report of maltreatment once it is suspected...
December 9, 2023: Child Maltreatment
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