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Vesalius: Acta Internationales Historiae Medicinae

Alfredo Musajo-Somma
The challenge to dig in the interplayed aspects linking the Pontus area to the innovative Flemish anatomist Andreas Vesalius (1514-1564) is offered by many suggestions and figures language of metaphor, as well as artistic expressions drawn in this "papers" coupled with moments of his personal and professional life.
December 2016: Vesalius: Acta Internationales Historiae Medicinae
Laura Musajo-Somma, Alfredo Musajo-Somma
If youth and body appearance enhancement is as old as Homo Sapiens, reliable medical technology for such activities is only about 100 years old. At the dawn of the 20th century, surgical operations performed under the Voronoff's treatment plan (monkey gonads' tissue grafting into humans) or the Steinach's technique (vasoligation) offered a promise of longevity, beauty and therefore youth restoration. The many links with a newly recognized discipline, endocrinology, offer a critical insight on the strong interactions between medicine and surgery in the promise of successful antiaging...
December 2016: Vesalius: Acta Internationales Historiae Medicinae
Tatiana S Sorokina
The first written reports about the effect of high-altitude air on the human organism in Ancient China (the 30s BC) and in South America during the conquest (late XVI century) are discussed in this paper.
December 2016: Vesalius: Acta Internationales Historiae Medicinae
Ana Maria Rosso
In Ancient times, an active trade of exotic and peculiar drugs tool place along the Silk Road. Coming through China, India, Central Asia, Armenia, including Colchis, Arabia, Nubia as far as Greece and Rome, it was centered during Ptolemaic and Roman times in Alexandria, the world Emporium, remarkably advanced in scientific medicine. Physicians required a variety of active ingredients for their pharmacotherapy, following various related branches of medicine. These included: 1) herbal remedies: including toxic plants 2) polypharmacy: missing together all kind of drugs 3) dreckapotheke or copropharmacy, employing unclean materials 4) organic therapy, using exotic or domestic animal products 5) aromatherapy, lined to essential oils and perfumes 6) 'medical astrology and botany', regarding the laws of sympathy in the natural world 7) alchemy and magic medicine: with occult knowledge...
December 2016: Vesalius: Acta Internationales Historiae Medicinae
Athanasios Diamandopoulos
In all art forms, Medea is mainly represented as the tragic witch from Colchis (contemporary Georgia), who slaughtered her sons and killed her erotic rival Glauke and her father, King Creon of Corinth, by offering an elaborate poisonous nuptial garment. Euripides described the victims' symptoms as a sudden extreme inflammation, leading anyone coming into contact with the garment to death. In other version, the inflammation is described as pure fire. The symptoms resemble what current medical knowledge describes as an immune contact sensitivity reaction...
December 2016: Vesalius: Acta Internationales Historiae Medicinae
Ramaz Shengelia
This paper reviews the ancient traditions about Colchis. It considers the legends of the Argonauts and the Golden Fleece, of Medea and the plant lore which is well established in Georgia. Many remedies and poisons are native to the area. Hippocrates is said to have visited Colchis to study local healing traditions, describing the country, with its rich flora and fauna as well as its diseases. Thus, Medea can be considered a pioneer of cosmetics, haematology, surgery and toxicology leading the way for the development of modern medicine...
December 2016: Vesalius: Acta Internationales Historiae Medicinae
Brian Reid
Based on a study of the history of exploration and settlement in North Australia in the 18th and 19th centuries, I became particularly interested in the concept of a 'good port' in the tropics and how in time this concept shifted. The threat of fevers played a significant part in these shifts. In this overview, I examine how similar shifts in the concept of a good port occurred in the maritime silk and spice routes of South and Shout East Asia.
December 2016: Vesalius: Acta Internationales Historiae Medicinae
Rosa Maria Lucifora
This passages of this discussion are related tot he VIIth book of the Metamorphoses. In the first extract Ovid illustrates the scientific method by which Medea rejuvenates Aeson, her father-in-law; in the second episode, Medea applies the same "treatment" to Baccus' nurturers, with a similar result. Then there's a famous hoax against Pelias: Medea, pretending to rejuvenate the old tyrant, kills him. The sham uses an accurate simulation of medicine's professional gestures and actions, that are similar to the ones of the previous episode to all the appearances: reflection and diagnosis, prognosis, patient;s anaesthesia, administration of the medications, surgery, etc...
December 2016: Vesalius: Acta Internationales Historiae Medicinae
Janine Thinard-Morel
At the end of the Middle Ages, in 1492, the Hôtel-Dieu de Paris was still and establishment of charity intended to receive thepoor which came there to find a shelter and some food. Three centuries later, just before the French Revolution, it became an establishment of care mainly destined to receive the patients, to feed them, take care of them and if possible cure them. This medicalization of the Hôtel-Dieu de Paris is related to the progressive emergence of the medical function, which resulted in the creation and the development of a doctor's and surgeon's profession, but also in the development of the apothecary and its drugs...
December 2016: Vesalius: Acta Internationales Historiae Medicinae
Jean-Marie Mouthon
Savoy, annexed by the French Revolution from 1792 to 1815, became again Sardinian within the kingdom of Piedmont-Sardinia until 1860, the year of annexation to France. These changes have not prevented many students from Savoy to come to France for their medical studies, mostly in Paris. While disorganized by the Revolution, medical training and education systems were put in order as of 1803. The Theses of 142 Savoy students (found largely thanks to foreign students in Paris file prepared by Pierre Moulinier) could be consulted in the archives of the Bibliothèque interuniversitaire de santé de Paris...
December 2016: Vesalius: Acta Internationales Historiae Medicinae
Martin Duke
Harry Goldblatt (1891-1977) was an American pathologist whose research and experiments on renovascular hypertension were an important contribution to understanding and treating this disease. His life and his legacy are discussed in this paper.
December 2016: Vesalius: Acta Internationales Historiae Medicinae
Anne-Sophie Drouin, Emmanuel Drouin, Yann Pereon
The publication of Charles Darwin's On the Origin of Species in 1859 is widely suppose to have initiated a revolution in science. In 1837, he broke with dogmatic fixism and argued that the adaptation of populations to their local environment was the cause of transmutation. Some contributors helped him start his reasoning: he indeed expressed his indebtedness to Samuel Rowley for having called his attention to Charles Wells' notions of natural selection. Darwin was certainly not the first to suggest the idea of evolution as an alternative to the creation of species by God...
December 2016: Vesalius: Acta Internationales Historiae Medicinae
Fulvio Mazzocchi
One of the winners of the 2015 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine drew inspiration for her research from Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM). Beginning with a brief history of such a research, some remarks are offered on the event. It is argued that two (however interacting) streams of TCM seem to coexist today in China: one that has embraced modernization and another one that has striven to preserve its distinctiveness with respect to entitled to contribute to medical pluralism.
December 2016: Vesalius: Acta Internationales Historiae Medicinae
Meropi K Konstantinidou
The practice of medicine is a complex situation from an ethical point of view in the modern Western societies. But some very simple principles could help the immediate and effective response, at least to a percentage of the problems encountered. Such assistance can be derived from the writings of the Hippocratic Corpus, not only from the so-called ethical or theoretical texts. In this direction, the book titled De arte contains remarks about the right way of practicing medicine and the skills needed by the doctor...
December 2016: Vesalius: Acta Internationales Historiae Medicinae
Pascale Pollier
A search for the intimate relationship between art and science in the study of the human body inevitably leads to the beautiful pictures of Vesalius’ Fabrica. Medical artists and scientific researchers alike discover the enhanced power of text and iconography in transmitting knowledge as well as beauty of expression. Pursuing this goal, a facial reconstruction was made of Vesalius’ portrait in the Fabrica. Final proof of the correctness of this reconstruction will be given when Vesalius’ s grave and remains may be found on the island of Zakynthos where Vesalius died and was buried...
June 2016: Vesalius: Acta Internationales Historiae Medicinae
Alfredo Musajo-Somma
The anatomist whose name became a trademark for all that is high standard in medicine was more engaging and nuanced than his portrait suggests. Padua was the epicenter of the Italian Renaissance in the XVI century, a place of unparalleled artistic and intellectual attainments where Vesalius started the revolutionary road towards the development of medical knowledge.
June 2016: Vesalius: Acta Internationales Historiae Medicinae
Theo Dirix
Andreas Vesalius’s popularity increases with every anniversary. The commemorations in 2014/2015, the quincentenary of his birth, were no exception and may mark the turning point in Vesalius research. Hoaxes surrounding the life and death of this famed anatomist, some of which have survived despite strong counter-evidence published some fifty, and even one hundred, years ago are finally dying out, while new myths are swiftly nipped in the bud thanks to today’s speed of publication and communication.
June 2016: Vesalius: Acta Internationales Historiae Medicinae
Giuseppe Rolma
The rapid technological progress of these last decades has brought refined instruments to neuroradiologists and consequently to anatomists, physiologists, neuroscientists. A short outline is given on recent advancements in the field. Looking at these wonderful images we must not forget the works of our predecessors, to whom we owe an inextinguishable gratitude.
June 2016: Vesalius: Acta Internationales Historiae Medicinae
Adrian M K Thomas
The discovery of X-rays in 1895 by Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen transformed our understanding of both the physical world and our understanding of ourselves. Traditional anatomy as shown by Andreas Vesalius was learnt from dissection of the supine deceased body. Radiology showed anatomy in the living in a manner previously not possible, and has transformed our anatomical understanding, particularly of human growth and variation.
June 2016: Vesalius: Acta Internationales Historiae Medicinae
(no author information available yet)
Girolamo Fabrici d’Acquapendente (ca.1533–1619) left a rich collection of anatomical paintings in colours, which are today preserved in the Marciana Library in Venice. The third series, entitled De Anatomia Capitis Cerebri Nervorum, contains the only known illustrations by Fabrici regarding neuroanatomy since, apart from them, he never published on the nervous system. For this reason, a thorough study of these plates is pivotal to a better understanding of his contribution to the knowledge of the Nervous System...
June 2016: Vesalius: Acta Internationales Historiae Medicinae
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