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Journals Clinical Microbiology and Infe...

Clinical Microbiology and Infection

https://read.qxmd.com/read/36963567/which-trial-do-we-need-a-global-adaptive-platform-trial-to-reduce-death-and-disability-from-tuberculous-meningitis
#1
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Guy E Thwaites, James Watson, Nguyen Thuy Thuong Thuong, Julie Huynh, Timothy Walker, Nguyen Hoan Phu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 22, 2023: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36963566/oral-antiviral-drugs-for-treatment-of-cytomegalovirus-in-transplant-recipients
#2
REVIEW
Raymund R Razonable
BACKGROUND: Cytomegalovirus is an opportunistic pathogen responsible for substantial morbidity after solid organ transplantation and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Treatment of CMV disease involves a two-pronged approach with antiviral drug treatment coupled with strategies to minimize the intensity of immune suppression. OBJECTIVE: This narrative review examines the evidence for the current treatment of CMV disease in transplant recipients, including the use of oral antiviral drugs...
March 22, 2023: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36963565/detection-of-viable-sars-cov-2-in-retrospective-analysis-of-aerosol-samples-collected-from-hospital-rooms-of-patients-with-covid-19
#3
LETTER
Audray Fortin, Marc Veillette, Adriana Larrotta, Yves Longtin, Caroline Duchaine, Nathalie Grandvaux
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 22, 2023: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36958687/which-trial-do-we-need-piperacillin-tazobactam-compared-to-a-carbapenem-for-the-treatment-of-graft-pyelonephritis-caused-by-extended-spectrum-betalactamase-esbl-producing-enterobacteriaceae
#4
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Romain Gueneau, Benoit Henry
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 21, 2023: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36934874/rational-therapeutic-management-of-periprosthetic-joint-infection
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Werner Zimmerli, Rihard Trebse
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 17, 2023: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36934873/which-trial-do-we-need-culture-of-preservation-fluid-in-abdominal-organ-transplant-recipients
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Oriol Manuel, Lorena van den Bogaart, Nicolas J Mueller, Dionysios Neofytos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 17, 2023: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36934872/clinical-outcomes-of-the-sars-cov-2-omicron-and-delta-variant-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-33-studies-covering-6-037-144-covid-19-positive-patients
#7
REVIEW
Feihong Hu, Yijie Jia, Danyan Zhao, Xuelei Fu, Wanqing Zhang, Wen Tang, Shiqi Hu, Hua Wu, Mengwei Ge, Wei Du, Wangqin Shen, Bin Zhu, Honglin Chen
BACKGROUND: Although the SARS-CoV-2 Omicron variant is considered to induce less severe disease, there have been no consistent results on the extent of the decrease in severity. OBJECTIVES: To compare the clinical outcomes of COVID-19 positive patients with Omicron and Delta variant infection. DATA SOURCES: Searches were implemented up to 8 November 2022 in PubMed, Web of Science, BioRvix, and MedRvix. STUDY ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: Eligible studies were cohort studies reporting the clinical outcomes of COVID-19 positive patients with omicron and delta variant infection, including hospitalization, ICU admission, receiving invasive mechanical ventilation (IMV), and death...
March 17, 2023: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36934871/climate-change-animals-and-candida-auris-insights-into-the-ecological-niche-of-a-new-species-from-a-one-health-approach
#8
REVIEW
Victor Garcia-Bustos, Marta Dafne Cabañero-Navalon, Alba Cecilia Ruiz-Gaitán, Miguel Salavert, María Ángeles Tormo-Mas, Javier Pemán
BACKGROUND: One of the most puzzling traits of Candida auris is the recent simultaneous and independent emergence of five genetically distinct clades on three continents. Global warming has been proposed as a contributing factor for this emergence due to C. auris high thermotolerance compared to phylogenetically close Candida species. This hypothesis postulates that climate change induced an environmental ancestor to become pathogenic through thermal adaptation and was then globally disseminated by an intermediate host...
March 17, 2023: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36925107/the-ongoing-streptococcus-pyogenes-group-a-streptococcus-outbreak-in-london-united-kingdom-in-december-2022-a-molecular-epidemiology-study
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Adela Alcolea-Medina, Luke B Snell, Christopher Alder, Themoula Charalampous, Tom G S Williams, Synnovis Microbiology Laboratory Group, Mark Tan, Noor Al-Yaakoubi, Gul Humayun, William Newsholme, Simon Goldenberg, Gaia Nebbia, Stuart J D Neil, Rahul Batra, Jonathan D Edgeworth
OBJECTIVES: Epidemiological and whole genome sequencing (WGS) analysis of the ongoing outbreak of Streptoccous pyogenes (Group A Streptococcus) in London (United Kingdom). METHODS: Prospective identification of Group A Streptococcus cases from a diagnostic laboratory serving central and south London between November 27th and December 10th 2022. Case notes were reviewed and isolates retrieved. Case numbers were compared with the previous 5 years. Whole genome sequencing was performed with long-read, nanopore technology for emm typing and identification of superantigen genes...
March 14, 2023: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36925106/overinterpretation-of-findings-in-diagnostic-accuracy-studies-of-infectious-diseases
#10
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Solange Bramer, Ho Yee Cheung, Wesley Do, Mariska M G Leeflang
OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of overly positive interpretation - also called 'spin'- of results in diagnostic accuracy studies of infectious diseases and to identify suggestions for improvement. METHODS: A PubMed search was performed to identify diagnostic accuracy studies of infectious diseases published between January and March 2019. Each article was assessed by two authors independently to identify study characteristics and forms of actual and potential overinterpretation...
March 14, 2023: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36921718/impact-of-selective-reporting-of-antibiotic-susceptibility-testing-results-for-urinary-tract-infections-in-the-outpatient-setting-a-prospective-controlled-before-after-intervention-study
#11
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Maïa Simon, Sébastien Fougnot, Patrice De Monchy, Alain Duda, Nathalie Thilly, Céline Pulcini
OBJECTIVES: The use of selective reporting of antibiotic susceptibility testing (AST) results is a recommended antimicrobial stewardship strategy to improve the appropriateness of antibiotic prescriptions. We conducted a large, pragmatic, prospective, multicentre, controlled (selective reporting versus complete reporting) before-after intervention study to assess the impact of selective reporting of AST results for Escherichia coli-positive urine cultures on the prescription of broad-spectrum antibiotics carrying a higher risk of selection of resistance (i...
March 13, 2023: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36921717/prevalence-of-hiv-syphilis-and-hepatitis-b-and-c-virus-infections-in-pregnant-women-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Shouyuan Wu, Jianjian Wang, Qiangqiang Guo, Hui Lan, Yajia Sun, Mengjuan Ren, Yunlan Liu, Ping Wang, Ling Wang, Renfeng Su, Juanjuan Zhang, Yaolong Chen, Guobao Li
BACKGROUND: At the 74th World Health Assembly, the World Health Organization (WHO) issued a strategy for the prevention and control of several major infectious diseases. To achieve the WHO-initiated targets for these infectious diseases, the elimination of mother-to-child transmission is essential. To date, a systematic review of the global and regional prevalence of infections with relevant mother-to-child transmission and outside the spectrum of congenital infections is lacking. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to systematically review the prevalence of HIV, HBV, HCV and syphilis in pregnant women...
March 13, 2023: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36921716/covid-19-associated-mucormycosis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-958-cases
#13
REVIEW
Laşin Özbek, Umur Topçu, Mehtap Manay, Buğra Han Esen, Sevval Nur Bektas, Serhat Aydın, Barış Özdemir, Sofya N Khostelidi, Nikolai Klimko, Oliver Cornely, Johnny Zakhour, Souha S Kanj, Danila Seidel, Martin Hoenigl, Önder Ergönül
BACKGROUND: Mucormycosis, a rare fungal infection, has shown an increase in the number of reported cases during the COVID-19 pandemic. OBJECTIVES: To provide a comprehensive insight into the characteristics of COVID-19-associated mucormycosis (CAM), through a systematic review and meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, Cochrane, CINAHL, Ovid MEDLINE, and FungiSCOPE. STUDY ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: Studies reporting individual-level information in adult CAM patients between January 1, 2020 and December 28, 2022...
March 13, 2023: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36921715/immunogenicity-of-omicron-ba-1-adapted-bnt162b2-vaccines-randomized-trial-3%C3%A2-months-follow-up
#14
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Noam Barda, Yaniv Lustig, Victoria Indenbaum, Daniel Zibly, Gili Joseph, Keren Asraf, Yael Weiss-Ottolenghi, Sharon Amit, Limor Kliker, Bian Abu-Kadar, Eytan Ben-Ami, Michal Canetti, Ravit Koren, Shiri Katz-Likvornik, Osnat Halpern, Ella Mendelson, Ram Doolman, Dror Harats, Yitshak Kreiss, Michal Mandelboim, Gili Regev-Yochay
OBJECTIVES: The capability of the SARS-CoV-2 Omicron variant to escape immunity conferred by mRNA vaccines has led to the development of Omicron-adapted vaccines. In this study we aimed to compare the immune response to the ancestral strain and to the BA.1 Omicron variant following administration of the original vaccine and the Omicron-adapted vaccine. METHODS: This is an ongoing phase 3, double-blinded randomized controlled trial, comparing the original BNT161b2 vaccine, monovalent Omicron BA...
March 13, 2023: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36918144/clinical-characteristics-and-outcome-of-mycobacterium-chimaera-infections-after-cardiac-surgery-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-180-heater-cooler-unit-associated-cases
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Nils Wetzstein, Thomas A Kohl, Margo Diricks, Silvia Mas-Peiro, Tomas Holubec, Johanna Kessel, Christiana Graf, Benjamin Koch, Eva Herrmann, Maria J G T Vehreschild, Michael Hogardt, Stefan Niemann, Christoph Stephan, Thomas A Wichelhaus
BACKGROUND: Since 2013, heater-cooler unit (HCU) associated M. chimaera infections linked to a global outbreak have been described. These infections were characterised by high morbidity and mortality due to delayed diagnosis, as well as challenges in antimycobacterial and surgical therapy. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the clinical characteristics and outcome of published cases of HCU-associated M. chimaera infections. DATA SOURCES: We searched PubMed and the Web of Science until June 15th 2022...
March 12, 2023: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36918143/understanding-how-diagnostics-influence-antimicrobial-decision-making-is-key-to-successful-clinical-trial-design
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Timothy M Rawson, Luke Sp Moore
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 12, 2023: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36918142/an-unusual-pediatric-case-of-post-kala-azar-dermal-leishmaniasis-a-hidden-parasite-under-the-veil-of-white
#17
LETTER
Aakanksha Arora, Alpana Mohta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 12, 2023: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36914071/bacteriophage-therapy-in-humans
#18
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ran Nir-Paz, Ed J Kuijper
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 11, 2023: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36914070/the-association-of-infectious-diseases-consultation-and-30-day-mortality-rates-among-veterans-with-enterococcal-bacteremia-a-propensity-score-matched-retrospective-cohort-study
#19
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Joseph Tholany, Hiroyuki Suzuki, Daniel J Livorsi, Eli N Perencevich, Michihiko Goto
OBJECTIVES: Infectious disease consultation (IDC) has been associated with improved outcomes in several infections, but the benefit of IDC among patients with enterococcal bacteremia has not been fully evaluated. METHODS: We performed a 1:1 propensity-score matched retrospective cohort study evaluating all patients with enterococcal bacteremia at 121 Veterans Health Administration acute-care hospitals from 2011 to 2020. The primary outcome was 30-day mortality. We performed conditional logistic regression to calculate the odds ratio (OR) to determine the independent association of IDC and 30-day mortality adjusted for vancomycin susceptibility and the primary source of bacteremia...
March 11, 2023: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36914069/prognosis-of-hospitalized-adult-patients-with-respiratory-syncytial-virus-infection-a-multicenter-retrospective-cohort-study
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Héloïse Celante, Nadia Oubaya, Slim Fourati, Sébastien Beaune, Mehdi Khellaf, Enrique Casalino, Jean-Damien Ricard, Antoine Vieillard-Baron, Nicholas Heming, Armand Mekontso Dessap, Etienne de Montmollin, Sara Benghanem, Nicolas Epaillard, Richard Layese, Nicolas de Prost
OBJECTIVES: Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a common agent of viral respiratory infections with significant morbidity and mortality in adults. The objective of this study is to determine risk factors for mortality, invasive mechanical ventilation and to describe the characteristics of patients who received ribavirin. METHODS: Retrospective multicenter observational cohort study conducted in Great Paris area hospitals, including patients hospitalized between January 1, 2015 and December 31, 2019 for documented RSV infection...
March 11, 2023: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
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