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Topics in Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30774295/reviewer-acknowledgments-2018
#1
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2019: Topics in Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30774294/foreword
#2
Lawrence C Vogel, Kathy Zebracki
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2019: Topics in Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30774293/interdisciplinary-intensive-activity-based-treatment-for-intrauterine-spinal-cord-infarct-a-case-report
#3
Cara E Felter, Erin E Neuland, Shannon C Iuculano, Janet Dean
Intrauterine spinal cord infarcts (IUSCI) with resulting tetraplegia are extremely rare, and there is minimal evidence describing outcomes in this population. This case describes the functional progress of a 3-year-old girl born with IUSCI who participated in activity-based therapies (ABT). Children have developing nervous systems and are particularly suited to benefit from ABT. Over the course of treatment, the child in this case has demonstrated improvements in developmental milestone achievement including fine and gross motor skills and social/cognitive development...
2019: Topics in Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30774292/impact-of-passive-leg-cycling-in-persons-with-spinal-cord-injury-a-systematic-review
#4
Chetan P Phadke, Luciana Vierira, Sunita Mathur, Gerson Cipriano, Farooq Ismail, Chris Boulias
Background: Passive leg cycling is an important clinical tool available for rehabilitation after spinal cord injury (SCI). Passive cycling can be used to derive exercise-related benefits in patients with poor motor control. There have been a number of studies examining the effects of passive cycling on a variety of outcomes. There is need for a systematic assessment of the cycling parameters and the associated clinical changes in cardiovascular, neuromuscular, and musculoskeletal outcomes after passive cycling...
2019: Topics in Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30774291/efficacy-of-various-cooling-techniques-during-exercise-in-persons-with-spinal-cord-injury-a-pilot-crossover-intervention-study
#5
Michelle Trbovich
Background: Decentralization of the sympathetic nervous system in persons with spinal cord injury (SCI) results in impaired vasomotor and sudomotor activity and, subsequently, impaired thermoregulatory capacity during exercise in the heat. Hyperthermia can be life-threatening and, as such, cooling interventions are needed to prevent this sequela. Objectives: To measure change in core temperature (ΔTC ) over time during exercise in normothermic and high ambient heat conditions to compare thermoregulatory capacity in persons with varying degrees of intact vasomotor and sudomotor activity and to determine the efficacy of three cooling interventions in mitigating TC rise...
2019: Topics in Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30774290/understanding-the-changing-health-care-needs-of-individuals-aging-with-spinal-cord-injury
#6
Stephen B Kern, Louis N Hunter, Ashley C Sims, Davis Berzins, Helena Riekena, Marisa L Andrews, Jillian K Alderfer, Kelly Nelson, Reva Kushner
Background: Individuals over age 65 are projected to account for over 20% of the general population by 2030. This trend is reflected in an increase in the age of individuals sustaining traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI). Based on current evidence, there is concern regarding the needs of older individuals aging with SCI and current health care services. Research is limited regarding factors that contribute to health status and treatment outcomes associated with aging 5 or more years post SCI. Objective: The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore changing health care needs of individuals aging with SCI and their caregivers and to identify the environmental supports and barriers to achieving long-term health and treatment outcomes...
2019: Topics in Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30774289/factors-influencing-participation-in-daily-activities-by-persons-with-spinal-cord-injury-lessons-learned-from-an-international-scoping-review
#7
Yeasir Arafat Alve, Peter Bontje
Background: It is important to develop further understanding regarding the facilitating and constraining factors that influence participation in daily activities, including social and human rights issues faced by persons with spinal cord injury (SCI) that affect their opportunities to lead full social lives. Objectives: To identify, describe, and compare factors that influence participation in daily activities by persons with SCI living in high-income countries (HICs) and in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs)...
2019: Topics in Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30774288/factors-protecting-against-pressure-injuries-in-medically-underserved-adults-with-spinal-cord-injury-a-qualitative-study
#8
Alix G Sleight, Alison M Cogan, Valerie A Hill, Elizabeth A Pyatak, Jesus Díaz, Lucía I Floríndez, Jeanine Blanchard, Cheryl Vigen, Susan L Garber, Florence A Clark
Background: Pressure injuries negatively impact quality of life and participation for individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI). Objective: To examine the factors that may protect against the development of medically serious pressure injuries in adults with SCI. Methods: A qualitative analysis was conducted using treatment notes regarding 50 socioeconomically disadvantaged individuals who did not develop medically serious pressure injuries during a 12-month pressure injury prevention intervention program. Results: Eight types of potentially protective factors were identified: meaningful activity, motivation to prevent negative health outcomes, stability/resources, equipment, communication and self-advocacy skills, personal traits, physical factors, and behaviors/activities...
2019: Topics in Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30774287/early-colostomy-formation-can-improve-independence-following-spinal-cord-injury-and-increase-acceptability-of-bowel-management
#9
Michelle Boucher, Suzie Dukes, Sandra Bryan, Graham Branagan
Background: Colostomy formation can solve complications of bowel management following spinal cord injury (SCI). Newly injured patients at this spinal unit have chosen colostomy as a preferred option for bowel management. Objectives: To discover the reasons patients choose colostomy formation early following SCI and make comparison with those choosing it later, and to establish whether early colostomy is safe and advisable. Methods: Medical and nursing records of patients with SCI who chose to have a colostomy during the period 2005-2016 were examined retrospectively...
2019: Topics in Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30774286/identifying-and-classifying-quality-of-life-tools-for-assessing-neurogenic-bowel-dysfunction-after-spinal-cord-injury
#10
Mohamed-Amine Choukou, Krista L Best, B Catharine Craven, Sander L Hitzig
Objectives: To identify and classify tools for assessing the influence of neurogenic bowel dysfunction (NBD) on quality of life (QoL) after spinal cord injury (SCI). Methods: In this systematic review, MEDLINE/PubMed, CINAHL, and PsycInfo were searched to identify studies assessing the influence of NBD on QoL (or related construct) after SCI. Two independent reviewers screened titles and abstracts, and both reviewers classified tools as subjective or objective according to Dijkers' theoretical QoL framework...
2019: Topics in Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30459501/identification-and-management-of-cardiometabolic-risk-after-spinal-cord-injury-clinical-practice-guideline-for-health-care-providers
#11
Mark S Nash, Suzanne L Groah, David R Gater, Trevor A Dyson-Hudson, Jesse A Lieberman, Jonathan Myers, Sunil Sabharwal, Allen J Taylor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Topics in Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30459500/ultrasonography-detects-deep-tissue-injuries-in-the-subcutaneous-layers-of-the-buttocks-following-spinal-cord-injury
#12
Jillian M Swaine, William Breidahl, D L Bader, C W J Oomens, Edmond O'Loughlin, Nick Santamaria, Michael C Stacey
Background: Ultrasonography may have potential as an effective diagnostic tool for deep tissue injury (DTI) in tissues overlying bony prominences that are vulnerable when under sustained loading in sitting. Methods: Three cases of DTI in the fat and muscle layers overlying the ischial tuberosity of the pelvis in 3 persons with spinal cord injury (SCI) with different medical histories and abnormal tissue signs are described. Conclusion: There is a need for prospective studies using a reliable standardized ultrasonography protocol to diagnose DTI and to follow its natural history to determine its association with the development of pressure injuries...
2018: Topics in Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30459499/psychosocial-and-health-outcomes-of-adults-with-violently-acquired-pediatric-spinal-cord-injury
#13
Alicia M January, Suzanne Kirk, Kathy Zebracki, Kathleen M Chlan, Lawrence C Vogel
Objective: To describe the psychosocial and medical outcomes of individuals with pediatric-onset spinal cord injury (SCI) as a result of violent injuries. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study assessing adult outcomes associated with pediatric-onset SCI. Participants completed measures assessing demographics, injury characteristics, secondary conditions, and psychosocial functioning. Results: Participants included 483 adults (ages 19-51 years; M = 32.89, SD = 6.81) who sustained an SCI prior to age 19 (0-18 years; M = 14...
2018: Topics in Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30459498/effectiveness-of-4-aminopyridine-for-the-management-of-spasticity-in-spinal-cord-injury-a-systematic-review
#14
Joshua Wiener, Jane Hsieh, Amanda McIntyre, Robert Teasell
Background: Spasticity is a common secondary complication of spinal cord injury (SCI), which can severely impact functional independence and quality of life. 4-Aminopyridine (4-AP) is a potassium channel blocker that has been studied as an intervention for spasticity in individuals with SCI. Objective: To conduct a systematic review of the available evidence regarding the effectiveness of 4-AP for the management of spasticity in individuals with SCI. Methods: A comprehensive literature search was conducted on five electronic databases for articles published in English up to January 2017...
2018: Topics in Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30459497/strength-and-step-activity-after-eccentric-resistance-training-in-those-with-incomplete-spinal-cord-injuries
#15
Whitley J Stone, Sandra L Stevens, Dana K Fuller, Jennifer L Caputo
Background: Individuals with spinal cord injuries (SCIs) often experience general weakness in the lower extremities that undermines daily step activity. Objective: To investigate the efficacy of eccentrically biased resistance training on lower extremity strength and physical activity of individuals with spinal injuries. Methods: Individuals with long-standing incomplete SCIs ( N = 11) capable of completing a 10-meter walk assessment were included. All participants who completed the familiarization period finished the training...
2018: Topics in Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30459496/examining-the-effects-of-a-powered-exoskeleton-on-quality-of-life-and-secondary-impairments-in-people-living-with-spinal-cord-injury
#16
Michael Juszczak, Estelle Gallo, Tamara Bushnik
Background: Secondary impairments associated with spinal cord injury (SCI) limit one's independent functionality and negatively impact quality of life (QoL). Objective: The purpose of this study was to explore changes in secondary health conditions that may result from using a powered exoskeleton as well as their potential impact on QoL. Methods: Forty-five participants presenting with SCI ranging from T3-L2 were included in this study. Outcome measures included self-reported assessments of pain, spasticity, bladder/bowel function, Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS), and Modified Ashworth Scale (MAS)...
2018: Topics in Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30459495/quality-of-life-outcomes-for-veterans-with-spinal-cord-injury-receiving-individual-placement-and-support-ips
#17
Bridget A Cotner, Lisa Ottomanelli, Danielle R O'Connor, Eni N Njoh, Scott D Barnett, Edward J Miech
Background: Individual Placement and Support (IPS) is an evidence-based practice that helps persons with mental and/or physical disabilities, including spinal cord injury, find meaningful employment in the community. While employment is associated with positive rehabilitation outcomes, more research is needed on the impact of IPS participation on non-vocational outcomes, particularly quality of life (QOL). Objective : To identity QOL outcomes experienced with (1) IPS participation and (2) IPS participation leading to employment...
2018: Topics in Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30459494/experiences-with-navigating-and-managing-information-in-the-community-following-spinal-cord-injury
#18
Alyse Lennox, Belinda Gabbe, Andrew Nunn, Sandra Braaf
Background: People living with spinal cord injury (SCI) have reported difficulties managing information in the community, which can negatively impact their functional independence and ability to prevent secondary complications. Objective: This exploratory qualitative study aimed to describe the experiences of people living with SCI with navigating and managing information in the community from their perspective. Methods: Participants were recruited through the Australian Quadriplegic Association. Twenty-two semi-structured in-depth interviews were conducted with purposively selected participants to ensure representation of age, gender, SCI level, and compensation status...
2018: Topics in Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30459493/relationships-between-community-reintegration-and-clinical-and-psychosocial-attributes-in-individuals-with-spinal-cord-injury-in-a-nigerian-city
#19
Kikelomo Olawunmi Atobatele, Olubukola Adebisi Olaleye, Francis A Fatoye, Talhatu Kolapo Hamzat
Background: The bio-psychosocial model for comprehensive understanding of community reintegration among individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI) varies across communities. Yet, information about community reintegration in Nigeria is not available. Objective: To investigate the association between community reintegration and clinical and psychosocial attributes among Nigerians with SCI. Methods: Fifty individuals (31 females; 19 males) with SCI aged 38.6 ± 11.1 years participated in this longitudinal survey...
2018: Topics in Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30459492/experience-and-utility-of-using-the-participatory-research-method-photovoice-in-individuals-with-spinal-cord-injury
#20
Sherri L LaVela, Salva Balbale, Jennifer N Hill
Background: There is a need to engage persons with spinal cord injuries/disorders (SCI/D) in research methodologies beyond traditional approaches. This provides an opportunity for individuals to convey their perspectives in a variety of ways. Photovoice empowers people to share their perspectives through photographs and narrative; this is well-suited for individuals who are less comfortable speaking up when other methods are used, such as focus groups. Objective: To examine photovoice methodology in US Veterans with SCI/D to describe their experiences with and the utility of photovoice...
2018: Topics in Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation
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