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Redox Report: Communications in Free Radical Research

Ana Lucia Bernardo Carvalho Morsch, Elvis Wisniewski, Thais Fernandes Luciano, Vitor Hugo Comin, Gustavo de Bem Silveira, Scherolin de Oliveira Marques, Anand Thirupathi, Paulo Cesar Silveira Lock, Claudio Teodoro De Souza
Many pathological conditions linked to cigarette smoking are caused by the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS). The present study was conducted to analyze the effect of ROS on the lungs of Swiss mice exposed to cigarette smoking, focusing on autophagy-mediated mechanisms, and investigate the involvement of SESN2, AMPK, and mTOR signaling. Mice were exposed to cigarette smoke (CS) for 7, 15, 30, 45, and 60 days; the control group was not exposed to CS. Only mice exposed to CS for 45 days were selected for subsequent N-acetylcysteine (NAC) supplementation and smoke cessation analyses...
December 2019: Redox Report: Communications in Free Radical Research
W Alfredo Ríos-Ocampo, Toos Daemen, Manon Buist-Homan, Klaas Nico Faber, María-Cristina Navas, Han Moshage
OBJECTIVES: The occurrence of oxidative stress and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress in hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection has been demonstrated and play an important role in liver injury. During viral infection, hepatocytes must handle not only the replication of the virus, but also inflammatory signals generating oxidative stress and damage. Although several mechanisms exist to overcome cellular stress, little attention has been given to the adaptive response of hepatocytes during exposure to multiple noxious triggers...
December 2019: Redox Report: Communications in Free Radical Research
Hitesh Soni, Taisiya Yakimkova, Anberitha T Matthews, Paul K Amartey, Robert W Read, Randal K Buddington, Adebowale Adebiyi
OBJECTIVE: Oxidative stress, a common feature in cardiovascular and renal disease is associated with the causes and consequences of fetal growth restriction. Hence, renal redox status is likely an early determinant of morbidity in small-for-gestational-age (SGA) infants. In this study, we examined renal oxidative stress in naturally-farrowed SGA newborn pigs. METHODS: We studied SGA newborn pigs with 52% less body weight and 59% higher brain/liver weight ratio compared with their appropriate-for-gestational-age (AGA) counterparts...
December 2019: Redox Report: Communications in Free Radical Research
Xinhang Wang, Shen Tang, Fu Qin, Yuyang Liu, Ziwei Liang, Haiqing Cai, Laiming Mo, Deqiang Xiao, Songcao Guo, Yiqiang Ouyang, Bin Sun, Cailing Lu, Xiyi Li
OBJECTIVES: Protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A), a major serine/threonine phosphatase, is also known to be a target of ROS. The methylation of PP2A can be catalyzed by leucine carboxyl methyltransferase-1 (LCMT1), which regulates PP2A activity and substrate specificity. METHODS: In the previous study, we have showed that LCMT1-dependent PP2Ac methylation arrests H2 O2 -induced cell oxidative stress damage. To explore the possible protective mechanism, we performed iTRAQ-based comparative quantitative proteomics and phosphoproteomics studies of H2 O2 -treated vector control and LCMT1-overexpressing cells...
December 2019: Redox Report: Communications in Free Radical Research
Shangfu Xu, Dongshun Hou, Jie Liu, Lili Ji
OBJECTIVES: Glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) are phase-II metabolic enzymes playing important roles in drug metabolism, anti-oxidative stress and anti-aging. Age is a key factor influencing GSTs expression. Thus, age-related changes of 10 GSTs were examined. METHODS: Livers from male Sprague-Dawley rats at fetus (-2 d), neonates (1, 7, 14 and 21 d), puberty (28 and 35 d), adulthood (60 and 180 d), and aging (540 and 800 d), were collected and subjected to qPCR analysis...
December 2018: Redox Report: Communications in Free Radical Research
Hyun-Yong Kim, Jung-Ran Noh, Sung-Je Moon, Dong-Hee Choi, Yong-Hoon Kim, Kyoung-Shim Kim, Hong-Sun Yook, Jin-Pyo An, Won-Keon Oh, Jung Hwan Hwang, Chul-Ho Lee
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate the effect of Sicyos angulatus (SA) ethanolic extracts as antioxidants and potential treatments for liver disease. METHODS: To establish a mouse model of liver injury, C57BL/6 male mice were injected via the caudal vein with a single dose of concanavalin A (Con A, 15 mg kg-1 ). SA extracts were administered once by oral gavage 30 min before Con A injection. RESULTS: In vitro studies showed that SA decreased tert-butyl hydroperoxide (t-BHP)-induced reactive oxygen species (ROS) production...
December 2018: Redox Report: Communications in Free Radical Research
Azubuike P Ebokaiwe, Omamuyovwi M Ijomone, Sharon O Osawe, Chukwuma J Chukwu, Chukwunonso E C C Ejike, Guolin Zhang, Fei Wang
OBJECTIVES: Loranthus micranthus is widely used in Nigerian folklore treatment of male infertility and diabetes complications. We investigated this claim in rats rendered diabetic by streptozotocin (STZ). METHODS: Induction of diabetes mellitus in adult male Wistar rats was by intraperitoneal injection of STZ (60  mg/kg). The diabetic rats were thereafter treated orally once/day with 5 mg/kg Gilbenclamide or L. micranthus (100 mg/kg or 200 mg/kg) and monitored for 14 days...
December 2018: Redox Report: Communications in Free Radical Research
Jung Hyun Park, Hyeong Jun Ku, Jeen-Woo Park
OBJECTIVES: A number of studies have suggested that acrolein-induced lung injury and pulmonary diseases are associated with the depletion of antioxidants and the production of reactive oxygen species. Therefore, compounds that scavenge reactive oxygen species may exert protective effects against acrolein-induced apoptosis. Because hesperetin, a natural flavonoid, has been reported to have an antioxidant activity, we investigated the effect of hesperitin against acrolein-induced apoptosis of lung cells...
December 2018: Redox Report: Communications in Free Radical Research
Georgeta Bocheva, Maria Valcheva-Traykova, Boycho Landzhov
OBJECTIVES: We investigated the mutual effects of overt hypothyroidism and prolonged sunlight exposure on free radical accumulation and oxidative skin damage. METHODS: Free radical accumulation was evaluated by monitoring the transformation of 3-(4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-Diphenyltetrazolium Bromide (MTT) into MTT-formazan. The pro-oxidant enzymes xanthine oxidase (XO) and NADPH-diaphorase were measured in the skin. XO activity was estimated based on the yield of uric acid, while NADPH-diaphorase reactivity was monitored histochemically as an indirect marker of nitric oxide synthase and nitric oxide activity...
December 2018: Redox Report: Communications in Free Radical Research
Ibraheem Husain, Mohd Akhtar, Tushar Madaan, Malik Zainul Abdin, Mohammad Islamuddin, Abul Kalam Najmi
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of our study were to investigate the possible effect of rosuvastatin in ameliorating high salt and cholesterol diet (HSCD)-induced cognitive impairment and to also investigate its possible action via the Nrf2-ARE pathway. METHODS: In silico studies were performed to check the theoretical binding of rosuvastatin to the Nrf2 target. HSCD was used to induce cognitive impairment in rats and neurobehavioral studies were performed to evaluate the efficacy of rosuvastatin in enhancing cognition...
December 2018: Redox Report: Communications in Free Radical Research
Iraselia Garcia, Wendy Innis-Whitehouse, Alma Lopez, Megan Keniry, Robert Gilkerson
OBJECTIVE: To explore the impact of oxidative insults on mitochondrial dynamics. In mammalian cells, oxidative insults activate stress response pathways including inflammation, cytokine secretion, and apoptosis. Intriguingly, mitochondria are emerging as a sensitive network that may function as an early indicator of subsequent cellular stress responses. Mitochondria form a dynamic network, balancing fusion, mediated by optic atrophy-1 (OPA1), and fission events, mediated by dynamin-related protein-1 (DRP1), to maintain homeostasis...
December 2018: Redox Report: Communications in Free Radical Research
Yoshio Ogura, Munehiro Kitada, Itaru Monno, Keizo Kanasaki, Ai Watanabe, Daisuke Koya
OBJECTIVES: Mitochondrial oxidative stress is involved in the pathogenesis of diabetic kidney disease. The objective of our study is to identify the mechanisms of renal mitochondrial oxidative stress, focusing on Sirt3, which is nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+ ; oxidized NAD)-dependent deacetylase in mitochondria. METHODS: Renal mitochondrial oxidative stress and Sirt3 activity, using Zucker diabetic fatty rats (ZDFRs) and cultured proximal tubular cells under high-glucose condition were evaluated...
December 2018: Redox Report: Communications in Free Radical Research
Bruna Marmett, Ramiro Barcos Nunes, Kellen Sábio de Souza, Pedro Dal Lago, Cláudia Ramos Rhoden
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of chromium picolinate (CrPic) supplementation associated with aerobic exercise using measures of oxidative stress in rats exposed to air pollution. METHODS: Sixty-one male Wistar rats were divided into eight groups: residual oil fly ash (ROFA) exposure and sedentary (ROFA-SED); ROFA exposure, sedentary and supplemented (ROFA-SED-CrPic); ROFA exposure and trained (ROFA-AT); ROFA exposure, supplemented and trained (ROFA-AT-CrPic); sedentary (Sal-SED); sedentary and supplemented (Sal-SED-CrPic); trained (Sal-AT); and supplemented and trained (Sal-AT-CrPic)...
December 2018: Redox Report: Communications in Free Radical Research
Patrick Orlando, Sonia Silvestri, Roberta Galeazzi, Roberto Antonicelli, Fabio Marcheggiani, Ilenia Cirilli, Tiziana Bacchetti, Luca Tiano
OBJECTIVES: Physical exercise significantly impacts the biochemistry of the organism. Ubiquinone is a key component of the mitochondrial respiratory chain and ubiquinol, its reduced and active form, is an emerging molecule in sport nutrition. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of ubiquinol supplementation on biochemical and oxidative stress indexes after an intense bout of exercise. METHODS: 21 male young athletes (26 + 5 years of age) were randomized in two groups according to a double blind cross-over study, either supplemented with ubiquinol (200 mg/day) or placebo for 1 month...
December 2018: Redox Report: Communications in Free Radical Research
Rui Lai, Dehai Xian, Xia Xiong, Lingyu Yang, Jing Song, Jianqiao Zhong
Psoriasis is a common, chronic, inflammatory skin disease that affects 2%-4% of the global population. Recent studies have shown that increased oxidative stress (OS) and T-cell abnormalities are central to the pathogenesis of this disease. The resulting reactive oxygen species (ROS) induces proliferation and differentiation of Th17/Th1/Th22 cells and inhibits the anti-inflammatory activities of regulatory T lymphocytes (Treg). Subsequent secretions of inflammatory cytokines, such as interleukin (IL)-17, IL-22, tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), and interferon-gamma (IFN-γ), and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), stimulate keratinocyte proliferation and angiogenesis...
December 2018: Redox Report: Communications in Free Radical Research
David Polson, Nuria Villalba, Kalev Freeman
OBJECTIVES: Oxidation-reduction potential (ORP) measurement can demonstrate the extent of oxidative stress in patients with severe illness and/or injury. A novel ORP diagnostic platform using disposable sensors (RedoxSYS) has been validated by comparison to mass spectrometry, but the optimal methods of sample handling for best performance of the device have not been described. METHODS: We sought to optimize ORP measurement in human plasma under controlled conditions...
December 2018: Redox Report: Communications in Free Radical Research
Yiqun Bian, Hao Wang, Shui Sun
Osteoarthritis (OA), characterized by pain and stiffness, swelling, deformity and dysfunction of joints, affects large numbers of population. The purpose of this study was to discover the effects of taurine in human OA chondrocytes and explore the underlying mechanisms. 46 patients with different grades of OA were recruited. Of these patients, 24 underwent total knee replacement and cartilages were harvested. The mRNA expressions of type II collagen (Collagen II) and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress markers (GRP78, GADD153 and Caspase-12) in cartilages were quantified by qRT-PCR...
December 2018: Redox Report: Communications in Free Radical Research
Kaitlyn Beyfuss, David A Hood
BACKGROUND: p53 is a tumor suppressor protein involved in regulating a wide array of signaling pathways. The role of p53 in the cell is determined by the type of imposed oxidative stress, its intensity and duration. The last decade of research has unravelled a dual nature in the function of p53 in mediating the oxidative stress burden. However, this is dependent on the specific properties of the applied stress and thus requires further analysis. METHODS: A systematic review was performed following an electronic search of Pubmed, Google Scholar, and ScienceDirect databases...
December 2018: Redox Report: Communications in Free Radical Research
José Francisco Taty Zau, Rodrigo Costa Zeferino, Nádia Sandrine Mota, Gerez Fernandes Martins, Salvador Manoel Serra, Therezil Bonates da Cunha, Daniel Medeiros Lima, Basilio de Bragança Pereira, Emília Matos do Nascimento, Danilo Wilhelm Filho, Rozangela Curi Pedrosa, Roberto Coury Pedrosa
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease is the main cause of morbidity and mortality in the world and oxidative stress has been implicated in the pathogenesis. Cardiac rehabilitation in patients with coronary artery disease submitted to coronary artery bypass grafting may prevent cardiovascular events probably through the attenuation of oxidative stress. The aim of this study was to evaluate the benefits of a cardiac rehabilitation program in the control of the systemic oxidative stress. METHODS: The studied population consisted of 40 patients, with chronic stable coronary artery disease submitted to coronary artery bypass grafting, who attended a cardiac rehabilitation program...
December 2018: Redox Report: Communications in Free Radical Research
Anna Katharina Schuh, Babak Sheybani, Esther Jortzik, Bernd Niemann, Jochen Wilhelm, Andreas Boening, Katja Becker
OBJECTIVES: Redox regulation plays a crucial role in balancing the cardiovascular system. In this prospective study we aimed to identify currently unknown correlations valuable to cardiovascular research and patient management. METHODS: Blood samples from 500 patients were collected directly before cardiosurgical interventions (Ethics Committee reference number 85/11). Four central redox parameters were determined together with about 30 clinical, anthropometric, and metabolic parameters...
December 2018: Redox Report: Communications in Free Radical Research
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