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Health & Place

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30776768/using-spatially-adaptive-floating-catchments-to-measure-the-geographic-availability-of-a-health-care-service-pulmonary-rehabilitation-in-the-southeastern-united-states
#1
Kevin A Matthews, Anne H Gaglioti, James B Holt, Anne G Wheaton, Janet B Croft
A spatially adaptive floating catchment is a circular area that expands outward from a provider location until the estimated demand for services in the nearest population locations exceeds the observed number of health care services performed at the provider location. This new way of creating floating catchments was developed to address the change of spatial support problem (COSP) by upscaling the availability of the service observed at a provider location to the county-level so that its geographic association with utilization could be measured using the same spatial support...
February 15, 2019: Health & Place
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30772595/stranger-support-how-former-prisoners-with-mental-illnesses-navigate-the-public-landscape-of-reentry
#2
Liat S Kriegel
BACKGROUND: Prisoners with mental illnesses (MI) are released from prison into environments where they are under-treated and under-supported by our criminal justice, social service, and health systems. Public space and interactions within those spaces have been shown to have positive effects in similar populations, including individuals with MI. This qualitative study explored the role different interactions play during the course of reentry. The study aimed to understand the more everyday relational dynamics that former prisoners with MI experience in public and private spaces...
February 14, 2019: Health & Place
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30743089/neighborhood-built-environment-associations-with-adolescents-location-specific-sedentary-and-screen-time
#3
Carolina M Bejarano, Jordan A Carlson, Christopher C Cushing, Jacqueline Kerr, Brian E Saelens, Lawrence D Frank, Karen Glanz, Kelli L Cain, Terry L Conway, James F Sallis
Less is known about how neighborhood environments relate to sedentary time as compared to physical activity. This study examined relations of perceived and objective neighborhood environments with TV time, total screen time, total sedentary time, sedentary time at home, sedentary time in the home neighborhood, and time spent at home, in 524 12-16 year olds. Better perceived aesthetics and a perceived neighborhood environment index were related to less TV and screen time, and greater cul-de-sac density was related to less total and home sedentary time...
February 8, 2019: Health & Place
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30738348/on-the-moderation-of-the-relation-between-overeducation-and-depressive-symptoms-through-labor-market-and-macro-economic-factors
#4
Pieter Dudal, Piet Bracke
Empirical research has consistently shown that overeducation is positively associated with depressive symptoms. However, little is known about the cross-national variation of this association. This study investigates the issue by examining how macro-economic factors and labor-market policies moderate the link between two objective measures of overeducation (the realized-matches and job-analyst methods) and depressive symptoms. Analysis is based on individual-level data from the European Social Survey, Rounds 3, 6, and 7 (N = 51,054)...
February 6, 2019: Health & Place
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30738347/would-increasing-access-to-recreational-places-promote-healthier-weights-and-a-healthier-nation
#5
Sandy J Slater, Elizabeth Tarlov, Kelly Jones, Stephen A Matthews, Coady Wing, Shannon N Zenk
Addressing gaps in evidence on causal associations, this study tested the hypothesis that better access to recreational places close to home helps people to maintain lower body mass index (BMI) using a retrospective longitudinal study design and up to 6 years of data for the same individuals (1,522,803 men and 183,618 women). Participants were military veterans aged 20-64 who received healthcare through the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs in 2009-2014 and lived in a metropolitan area. Although there were cross-sectional associations, we found no longitudinal evidence that access to parks and fitness facilities was associated with BMI for either men or women in the full sample or in subgroups of residential movers and stayers...
February 6, 2019: Health & Place
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30735881/not-a-level-playing-field-a-qualitative-study-exploring-structural-community-and-individual-determinants-of-greenspace-use-amongst-low-income-multi-ethnic-families
#6
Anna Cronin-de-Chavez, Shahid Islam, Rosemary R C McEachan
Greenspace is important for physical and mental health. Low-income, multi-ethnic populations in deprived urban areas experience several barriers to using greenspace. This may exacerbate health inequalities. The current study explored structural and individual determinants of greenspace use amongst parents of young children in an urban, deprived, multi-cultural area situated in the North of England, UK. Semi-structured in-depth interviews and focus group discussions were conducted with 30 parents of children aged 0-3 between December 2016 and May 2017 from a range of ethnic groups...
February 5, 2019: Health & Place
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30716668/the-potential-for-walkability-to-narrow-neighbourhood-socioeconomic-inequalities-in-physical-function-a-case-study-of-middle-aged-to-older-adults-in-brisbane-australia
#7
Venurs Hy Loh, Jerome N Rachele, Wendy J Brown, Fatima Ghani, Simon Washington, Gavin Turrell
Residents of disadvantaged neighbourhoods have poorer physical function than their advantaged counterparts, although the reasons for this remain largely unknown. We examined the moderating effects of walkability in the relationship between neighbourhood disadvantage and physical function using 2013 cross-sectional data from 5115 individuals aged 46-72 living in 200 neighbourhoods in Brisbane, Australia. The relationship between neighbourhood disadvantage and physical function differed by levels of walkability: positive associations as levels of walkability increased for those living in more disadvantaged neighbourhoods, and no difference for those living in more advantaged neighbourhoods...
February 1, 2019: Health & Place
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30716667/-if-i-pay-rent-i-m-gonna-smoke-insights-on-the-social-contract-of-smokefree-housing-policy-in-affordable-housing-settings
#8
Diana Hernández, Carolyn B Swope, Cindi Azuogu, Eva Siegel, Daniel P Giovenco
Smoke-free housing policy in multi-unit housing has emerged as a promising tobacco control initiative, yet full compliance remains elusive and is a critical impediment to policy effectiveness. There is a gap in existing research on potential factors preventing optimal smoke-free policy adoption and corresponding solutions. Using qualitative and quantitative data from resident surveys (N = 115) as well as key informant interviews, a focus group, and observational fieldwork, this study 1) assesses smoking behaviors and experience with secondhand smoke in buildings after adoption of a smoke-free policy; 2) examines resident and property management perceptions of the policy; and 3) identifies socioecological factors that influence the policy's effectiveness in affordable housing settings in New York City...
February 1, 2019: Health & Place
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30711776/perceived-neighborhood-social-cohesion-moderates-the-relationship-between-neighborhood-structural-disadvantage-and-adolescent-depressive-symptoms
#9
Christyl T Dawson, Wensong Wu, Kristopher P Fennie, Gladys Ibañez, Miguel Á Cano, Jeremy W Pettit, Mary Jo Trepka
There is a dearth of research exploring the moderating role of the social environment on neighborhood structural disadvantage and depressive symptoms, particularly among adolescents. Therefore, we examined if adolescent perceptions of neighborhood social cohesion and safety moderated the association between neighborhood structural disadvantage and adolescent depressive symptoms. This cross-sectional study used data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health). The study sample consisted of 12,105 adolescents enrolled in 9th-12th grades during the 1994-1995 school year across the United States (U...
January 31, 2019: Health & Place
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30711775/the-impact-of-urban-street-tree-species-on-air-quality-and-respiratory-illness-a-spatial-analysis-of-large-scale-high-resolution-urban-data
#10
Yuan Lai, Constantine E Kontokosta
Urban trees play a key role in reducing greenhouse gas emissions, cleaning air, promoting physical activity, and improving mental health. However, it is still largely unknown how the density and species of urban street trees may impact local public health. This study demonstrates how open data mining and large-scale spatial data integration can contribute to deeper insights into the effects of urban forestry. We analyze the impact of the spatial distribution of street trees by species in New York City by combining crowd-sourced tree census data - which includes geolocation, species, size, and condition for each of 652,169 street trees - with pollen activity, allergen severity, land use, housing conditions, and neighborhood demographic data...
January 31, 2019: Health & Place
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30710836/deinstitutionalization-of-mental-hospitals-and-rates-of-psychiatric-disability-an-international-study
#11
Christopher G Hudson
This study tests several hypotheses regarding the impact of deinstitutionalization of inpatient care on levels of psychiatric disability. It employs a secondary analysis of existing datasets from the World Health Organization's mental health program, the Global Burden of Disease study, as well as supplemental datasets on the national environments examined. The primary model accounts for 87.1% of the variation in global disability levels, but only a quarter or 28.3% of the recent changes in these levels between 1990 and 2015...
January 30, 2019: Health & Place
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30710835/recovery-from-severe-mental-illness-in-qu%C3%A3-bec-the-role-of-culture-and-place
#12
Marie-Eve Boucher, Danielle Groleau, Rob Whitley
This paper examines the role of culture and place in recovery from severe mental illness amongst a group of Québécois living in Montreal, Canada. Results indicate that dominant cultural characteristics of Québécois, such as a marked Roman Catholic heritage, use of the French language and a close affiliation with the natural territory of Québec can all play important roles in recovery from severe mental illness. The findings suggest that participants weave together places with cultural, familial and personal meaning to create their own healing landscapes...
January 30, 2019: Health & Place
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30703630/measuring-spatio-temporal-accessibility-to-emergency-medical-services-through-big-gps-data
#13
Tianqi Xia, Xuan Song, Haoran Zhang, Xiaoya Song, Hiroshi Kanasugi, Ryosuke Shibasaki
Medical accessibility is an important indicator for evaluating the effectiveness of public health services. However, the previous medical accessibility studies mainly focus on spatial accessibility without considering temporal variation in population distribution which is significant for evaluating access to emergency medical service (EMS). This paper proposes a model of spatio-temporal accessibility to EMS called ST-E2SFCA based on adapting the enhanced two-step floating catchment area (E2SFCA) method. We apply our method to the greater Tokyo area for a large volume of GPS dataset with millions of users and compare the accessibility difference over space and time...
January 28, 2019: Health & Place
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30690281/everyday-wild-urban-natural-areas-health-and-well-being
#14
Alison E Cheesbrough, Theresa Garvin, Candace I J Nykiforuk
Cities are increasingly home to the world's population. Creating healthy and vibrant cities is one way to positively contribute to the health of populations. Parks and green spaces in cities contribute many health benefits. This case study explored the perceived health and well-being effects of access to Natural Area Parks in Edmonton, Canada through photovoice interviews with 33 participants. The research found the wild aspects of the parks of particular importance. Critically, the therapeutic value of the park emerged from the totality of the experience rather than from its individual components...
January 25, 2019: Health & Place
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30690280/healthy-spaces-exploring-urban-indigenous-youth-perspectives-of-social-support-and-health-using-photovoice
#15
Ashley Goodman, Marcie Snyder, Kathi Wilson, Jason Whitford
Ongoing injustices perpetrated by colonization and racism have resulted in a disproportionate burden of health disparities among Indigenous peoples, with youth being particularly vulnerable. However, very little is known about the health experiences of Indigenous youth, particularly how they understand and interpret such experiences. In collaboration with an Indigenous-led youth program, this research explored the relationship between social support and health among a unique group of Indigenous youth living in Winnipeg, Canada...
January 25, 2019: Health & Place
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30690279/the-impacts-of-ageing-on-connection-to-nature-the-varied-responses-of-older-adults
#16
Claire Freeman, Debra L Waters, Yvette Buttery, Yolanda van Heezik
Access to nature is important for wellbeing at all ages with significant benefits for older adults. This paper explores the impacts of older adults' age-related health conditions on nature connection, their responses to the changes and identifies the types of nature connections and greenspaces available to and prioritised by older adults. It is based on the experiences of 72 New Zealand older adults aged 65-99, living in family homes, down-sized homes and rest homes. Data were gathered through interviews, photographs and assessments of the natural features of their home environment...
January 25, 2019: Health & Place
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30684822/convergent-validity-of-an-activity-space-survey-for-use-in-health-research
#17
Shannon N Zenk, Amber N Kraft, Kelly K Jones, Stephen A Matthews
We explored the validity of a survey measuring activity spaces for use in health research in a racially/ethnically diverse adult sample (n = 86) living in four Chicago neighborhoods. Participants reported on the location and visit frequency of 64 activities and wore a GPS data logger. We assessed the spatial congruence of survey- and GPS-derived convex hull measures and the number of GPS points within 100 m and 1000 m of survey locations. The survey-derived convex hull measures captured a small percentage (median = 35...
January 23, 2019: Health & Place
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30682657/public-spaces-and-happiness-evidence-from-a-large-scale-field-experiment
#18
Francisco Benita, Garvit Bansal, Bige Tunçer
This study examines the relationships between public spaces, immediate environment and momentary subjective wellbeing (M-SWB). The empirical findings are based on a unique dataset collected from tens of thousands of students in Singapore. The students wore a sensor for one week, and happy moments were captured as well as geospatial an environmental data throughout the country. This is a large-scale in-the-wild user study. The findings provide weak empirical evidence that visiting parks and community centers increase the probability of experiencing M-SWB compared with commercial areas...
January 22, 2019: Health & Place
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30660742/income-inequality-and-psychological-distress-at-neighbourhood-and-municipality-level-an-analysis-in-the-netherlands
#19
Özcan Erdem, Frank J Van Lenthe, Alex Burdorf
This study examines the associations between income inequality at neighbourhood and municipality level and psychological distress in a country with a relatively low income inequality, the Netherlands. Multilevel linear regression analyses were used to investigate associations between income inequality and mean income at the neighbourhood (n = 7803) and municipality (n = 406) level and psychological distress (scale range 10-50), in a country-wide sample of 343,327 individuals, adjusted for gender, age, ethnicity, marital status, education and household income...
January 17, 2019: Health & Place
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30639203/tobacco-use-in-the-sexual-borderlands-the-smoking-contexts-and-practices-of-bisexual-young-adults
#20
Julia McQuoid, Johannes Thrul, Emily Ozer, Danielle Ramo, Pamela M Ling
Little is known about why bisexual people use tobacco at higher rates than any other sexual identity group. Non-binary sexualities, such as bisexuality, exist within the socially constructed borderland between homosexuality and heterosexuality. Exploration of the everyday smoking contexts and practices of bisexual individuals may reveal unique mechanisms driving tobacco use. We employed a novel mixed method, integrating real-time, smartphone-administered surveys of (non)smoking situations, location tracking, spatial visualization of participant data, and subsequent map-led interviews...
January 10, 2019: Health & Place
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