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Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30753721/life-course-socioeconomic-conditions-and-frailty-at-older-ages
#1
Bernadette Wilhelmina Antonia van der Linden, Boris Cheval, Stefan Sieber, Dan Orsholits, Idris Guessous, Silvia Stringhini, Rainer Gabriel, Marja Aartsen, David Blane, Delphine Courvoisier, Claudine Burton-Jeangros, Matthias Kliegel, Stéphane Cullati
Objectives: This paper aimed to assess associations of childhood socioeconomic conditions (CSC) with the risk of frailty in old age and whether adulthood socioeconomic conditions (ASC) influence this association. Methods: Data from 21 185 individuals aged 50 years and older included in the longitudinal Survey of Health, Ageing, and Retirement in Europe were used. Frailty was operationalized as a sum of presenting weakness, shrinking, exhaustion, slowness, or low activity...
February 7, 2019: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30726982/how-older-men-with-multimorbidity-relate-to-successful-aging
#2
Alexandra Ryborg Jønsson, Susanne Reventlow, Ann Dorrit Guassora
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 6, 2019: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30726959/neighborhood-environments-and-cognitive-decline-among-middle-aged-and-older-people-in-china
#3
Ye Luo, Lingling Zhang, Xi Pan
Objectives: Despite the growing interest in the effects of neighborhood environments on cognitive function, most studies on older people are based on cross-sectional survey data from developed countries. This study examines the relationship between neighborhood environments and decline in cognitive function over time among middle-aged and older people in China and whether this relationship varies between rural and urban residents. Methods: The three waves of China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS 2011-2015) were used...
February 6, 2019: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30715517/spousal-education-and-cognitive-functioning-in-later-life
#4
Minle Xu
Objectives: Numerous studies have documented the relationship between education and cognitive functioning at the individual level. Yet few studies have examined whether a spouse's education spills over to influence the other spouse's cognitive functioning. This study, therefore, investigated the association between spousal education and cognitive functioning, the pathways that may account for this association, and gender differences in this association. Method: Growth curve models were analyzed by using longitudinal couple data from the Health and Retirement Study (N=5,846 individuals)...
February 4, 2019: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30698814/empathic-accuracy-worse-recognition-by-older-adults-and-less-transparency-in-older-adult-expressions-compared-to-young-adults
#5
Ted Ruffman, Jamin Halberstadt, Janice Murray, Fiona Jack, Tina Vater
Objectives: We examined empathic accuracy, comparing young versus older perceivers, and young versus older emoters. Empathic accuracy is related to but distinct from emotion recognition because perceiver judgments of emotion are based, not on what an emoter looks to be feeling, but on what an emoter says s/he is actually feeling. Method: Young (≤ 30 years) and older (≥ 60 years) adults ("emoters") were unobtrusively videotaped while watching movie clips designed to elicit specific emotional states...
January 30, 2019: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30698810/grandparents-financial-contributions-to-grandchildren-in-rural-china-the-role-of-remittances-household-structure-and-patrilineal-culture
#6
Merril Silverstein, Wencheng Zhang
Objectives: This investigation examined predictors of monetary transfers made by grandparents for the benefit of their grandchildren in rural China. Predictors included family factors related to financial supply (remittances received from the parents of grandchildren), household demand (living in a skipped-generation household) and patrilineal culture (targeting sons and grandsons). Method: The 2015 wave of the Longitudinal Study of Older Adults in Anhui Province was used to study financial transfers made by 831 grandparents to grandchildren in the families of 1,633 parents...
January 30, 2019: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30690549/parental-holocaust-exposure-related-ptsd-symptoms-and-subjective-aging-across-the-generations
#7
Amit Shrira
Objectives: Traumatic exposure and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are related to less favorable perceptions of aging. The current study examined parental PTSD and perceptions of aging amongst old Holocaust survivor (HS) parents and their middle-aged offspring. Method: Parents (mean age=81.79) and their offspring (mean age=55.41) reported PTSD symptoms, attitudes toward aging and subjective age. Offspring also rated how they perceive both their parents' aging and subjective age...
January 21, 2019: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30668830/cognitive-functional-measures-predict-alzheimer-s-disease-dependent-on-hippocampal-volume
#8
Hossein Tabatabaei-Jafari, Marnie E Shaw, Erin Walsh, Nicolas Cherbuin
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the predictive value of cognitive/functional measures in combination with hippocampal volume on the probability of conversion from mild cognitive impairment (MCI) to Alzheimer's disease (AD). METHODS: The Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test for immediate memory, Mini Mental State Examination, a functional assessment for independent daily activities and Alzheimer's Disease Assessment Scale were used as cognitive/functional measures and hippocampal volume as neuroimaging measure...
January 21, 2019: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30657966/executive-function-and-subjective-well-being-in-middle-and-late-adulthood-evidence-from-the-midlife-development-in-the-united-states-study
#9
Wei Xing Toh, Hwajin Yang, Andree Hartanto
Objectives: A growing body of research has investigated psychosocial predictors of subjective well-being (SWB), a key component of healthy ageing, which comprises life satisfaction and affective well-being. However, few studies have examined how executive function (EF)-a collection of adaptive, goal-directed control processes-could affect SWB in middle and late adulthood. Methods: By analyzing a nationally representative adult cohort ranging from early 30s to early 80s from the Midlife Development in the United States 2 study, we examined two potential mediators (i...
January 18, 2019: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30649560/predicting-control-beliefs-in-older-adults-a-micro-longitudinal-study
#10
Shenghao Zhang, Alyssa A Gamaldo, Shevaun D Neupert, Jason C Allaire
Objectives: The present study examined potential sources of intra- and inter-individual differences in older adults' control beliefs using a micro-longitudinal design. Method: Older adults (n = 205) ranging in age from 60 to 94 (M = 72.70, SD= 6.72) completed 8 in-person testing sessions within 3 weeks which included assessments of control beliefs (Locus of Control and Perceived Competence), physical health (physical symptoms and sleep self-efficacy), stressors, emotional well-being (Positive Affect and Negative Affect), and cognition (basic cognition tests, everyday cognition, and memory failures)...
January 12, 2019: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30624724/a-cross-national-analysis-of-the-psychometric-properties-of-the-geriatric-anxiety-inventory-gai
#11
Helge Molde, Inger-Hilde Nordhus, Torbjørn Torsheim, Knut Engedal, Anette Bakkane Bendixen, Gerard J Byrne, María Márquez-González, Andres Losada, Lei Feng, Elisabeth Kuan Tai Ow, Kullaya Pisitsungkagarn, Nattasuda Taephant, Somboon Jarukasemthawee, Alexandra Champagne, Philippe Landreville, Patrick Gosselin, Oscar Ribeiro, Gretchen J Diefenbach, Karen Blank, Sherry A Beaudreau, Jerson Laks, Narahyana Bom de Araújo, Rochele Paz Fonseca, Renata Kochhann, Analuiza Camozzato, Rob van den Brink, Mario Fluiter, Paul Naarding, Loeki P R M Pelzers, Astrid Lugtenburg, Richard Oude Voshaar, Nancy A Pachana
Objectives: Assessing late-life anxiety using an instrument with sound psychometric properties including cross-cultural invariance is essential for cross-national aging research and clinical assessment. To date, no cross-national research studies have examined the psychometric properties of the frequently used Geriatric Anxiety Inventory (GAI) in depth. Method: Using data from 3,731 older adults from 10 national samples (Australia, Brazil, Canada, The Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Singapore, Thailand, USA), this study used bifactor modelling to analyze the dimensionality of the GAI...
January 8, 2019: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30624721/a-large-scale-semantic-analysis-of-verbal-fluency-across-the-aging-spectrum-data-from-the-canadian-longitudinal-study-on-aging
#12
Vanessa Taler, Brendan T Johns, Michael N Jones
Objectives: The present study aimed to characterize changes in verbal fluency performance across the lifespan using data from the Canadian Longitudinal Study on Aging (CLSA). Methods: We examined verbal fluency performance in a large sample of adults aged 45-85 (n= 12,686). Data are from the Tracking cohort of the CLSA. Participants completed a computer-assisted telephone interview that included an animal fluency task, in which they were asked to name as many animals as they could in one minute...
January 8, 2019: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30624708/social-media-bytes-daily-associations-between-social-media-use-and-everyday-memory-failures-across-the-adult-lifespan
#13
Neika Sharifian, Laura B Zahodne
Objectives: The prevalence of social media use in daily life is increasing; however, little is known about its cognitive costs and/or benefits. Social media use may help to offload memory to an external resource as well as to facilitate social relations, which could bolster or hinder everyday memory. Further, the relationship between social media use and memory may be moderated by age such that associations - whether positive or negative - could be exacerbated among older adults due to age-related declines...
January 8, 2019: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30624696/cultural-engagement-is-a-risk-reducing-factor-for-frailty-incidence-and-progression-in-non-frail-adults
#14
Nina T Rogers, Daisy Fancourt
Objectives: Given that frailty is a multi-faceted health condition of increasing importance to policy-makers and care providers, it is relevant to consider whether multi-modal interventions could provide combined psycho-physiological support. As studies have demonstrated the beneficial effects of cultural engagement (including visiting museums/theatre/cinema) for many of the components of frailty, this study sought to explore whether community cultural engagement is associated both with a reduced risk of becoming frail and a slower trajectory of frailty progression in older adults...
January 8, 2019: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30605552/inter-individual-variability-in-trajectories-of-functional-limitations-by-race-gender
#15
Jielu Lin
Objective: Several theories emphasize that systematic inter-individual divergence is a key feature of cohort aging and evidence for accumulative social inequality over the life course. While many have documented widening health gaps with age between subgroups, such divergence is only one aspect of the broader social inequality based on race and gender. This paper examines patterns of inter-individual variability in trajectories of functional limitations within each race/gender. Methods: Using data from the Health and Retirement Study (HRS)'s HRS cohort (born 1931-1941), I estimate growth curves of functional limitations with level-2 heteroscedasticity, allowing inter-individual variability to differ across four groups: white men, black men, white women, and black women...
January 3, 2019: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30597101/a-genetically-informed-study-of-neighborhoods-and-health-results-from-the-midus-twin-sample
#16
Jennifer W Robinette, Christopher R Beam
Objectives: To examine whether neighborhood income and neighborhood safety concerns influence multi-system physiological risk after adjusting for genetic and environmental selection effects that may have biased previous tests of this association. Methods: We used structural equation modeling with a genetically informed sample of 686 male and female twin pairs in the Midlife in the United States Study II (2004). Results: Controlling for additive genetic and shared environmental processes that may have biased neighborhood-health links in previous examinations, higher neighborhood safety concerns were associated with less physiological risk among women but not men...
December 31, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30590747/associations-between-cognitive-abilities-and-personality-changes-in-older-adults-across-20-years-in-the-ilse-study-does-health-matter
#17
Markus Wettstein, Benjamin Tauber, Hans-Werner Wahl
Objectives: We used data from the Interdisciplinary Longitudinal Study on Adult Development (ILSE study) to investigate whether associations of cognitive abilities with personality changes are moderated by individuals' physical health. Methods: 473 individuals born between 1930 and 1932 (mean baseline age: 62.87 years) were assessed up to four times over a period of about 20 years (M = 20.34 years). Cognitive abilities were assessed based on multiple tests representing various cognitive functions...
December 26, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30590817/the-changing-relationship-between-partnership-status-and-loneliness-effects-related-to-aging-and-to-historical-time
#18
Anne Böger, Oliver Huxhold
Objectives: Partnership status is a central predictor of loneliness. The strength of this predictive relationship, however, may decrease in the course of aging and over historical time. Moreover, there may be aging-related and historical changes in the satisfaction with partnership and singlehood. Method: Longitudinal data from the German Ageing Survey (DEAS) assessed in 2008 and 2014 (N = 6,188, age range: 40 to 85 years) was analyzed with multi-group structural equation models to disentangle aging-related and historical changes in the relationship of partnership status and loneliness and in the average level of satisfaction with partnership and singlehood...
December 22, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30576535/aging-alone-gossiping-together-older-adults-talk-as-social-glue
#19
Stacy Torres
Objectives: While older adults living alone face challenges to maintaining social ties, elders in urban areas also have unique opportunities for daily socializing that can buffer against loneliness. Method: Drawing on five years of ethnographic fieldwork among elders in New York City, this study presents empirical insights into the development of supplementary neighborhood-based networks of support for older people living alone and vulnerable to isolation. Results: This study finds that elders who lived alone, without close kin, engaged in daily gossip about other older people they encountered as regulars in local eateries...
December 20, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30566614/institutional-and-individual-factors-affecting-health-and-employment-among-low-income-women-with-chronic-health-conditions
#20
Kelsi Carolan, Ernest Gonzales, Kathy Lee, Robert Bob Harootyan
Objectives: This qualitative study explored risk and protective factors affecting employment and health among low-income older women with chronic health conditions or physical disabilities. Methods: The authors conducted a secondary data analysis of 14 intensive interviews with low-income older women with chronic health conditions who had participated in a federally funded training and employment program for workers ages 55 and older. Qualitative data were analyzed using thematic analysis (Braun & Clarke, 2006)...
December 19, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
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