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International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30985257/associations-between-lower-back-pain-and-job-types-in-south-korean-male-firefighters
#1
Min Gi Kim, Yeon-Soon Ahn
The aims of this study were to (1) compare the prevalence of LBP in firefighters according to job type and (2) identify the risk factors of LBP. A random sample of 277 male firefighters and 72 hospital office workers completed questionnaires and underwent lumbar spine MRI. The prevalence of LBP in firefighters (85.1%) was higher than in controls (54.5%). The odds ratio (OR) of LBP and severe insomnia (3.84, 95% CI [1.17, 12.06]) was statistically higher than LBP without insomnia. The OR of LBP and herniated lumbar disc 4-5 (1...
April 15, 2019: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30975043/cross-cultural-comparison-of-firefighters-perception-of-mobility-and-occupational-injury-risks-associated-with-personal-protective-equipment
#2
Shitan Wang, Juyeon Park, Yunyi Wang
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of personal protective equipment (PPE) on firefighters' perception of mobility and their experienced occupational injury risks between China and the United States. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An online survey was conducted and a total of 328 firefighters, including 203 Chinese firefighters and 125 U.S. firefighters, participated in the survey. RESULTS: Both Chinese and U.S. firefighters ranked mobility restriction as the most dissatisfactory characteristic of the current PPE...
April 11, 2019: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30966995/worker-safety-perception-analysis-of-south-korean-construction-sites
#3
Yeong-Tak Kwon, Seunghyun Son, Sunkuk Kim, Sun-Geun Ha, Kiyoung Son
PURPOSE: The aim of this article was to measure the safety perception level of workers in a South Korean construction site and investigate safety problems using NOSACQ-50 (Nordic Occupational Safety Climate Questionnaire). METHODS: The survey was carried out via NOSACQ-50 with 175 workers from five South Korean construction companies to evaluate their perception level. The results were then compared with the NOSACQ-50 criteria. RESULTS: The results indicated that the safety perception of this South Korean construction site is high when compared with the NOSACQ-50 criteria...
April 10, 2019: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30961442/informal-sector-occupational-hazards-an-observational-workplace-assessment-of-the-traditional-medicine-trade-south-africa
#4
Busisiwe Shezi, R Naidoo, S Muttoo, A Mathee, L Alfers, R Dobson, P Ndlovu, R Street
Informal traditional medicine markets are trading and processing hubs for a range of plant, animal and mineral materials; however, little is known regarding the occupational risks associated with the processing and handling of these products. The aim of this study was to identify the workplace hazards of the traditional medicine trade. A walk-through observation of the workplace was conducted by two independent observers with formal training in workplace risk evaluation. Ergonomic, physical, chemical, biological and environmental hazards were identified from the handling of plant, animal and/or mineral products...
April 8, 2019: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30957712/an-investigation-on-the-relationship-between-demographic-variables-driving-behaviour-and-crash-involvement-risk-of-bus-drivers-a-case-study-from-iran
#5
Ali Tavakoli Kashani, Mohammad Mehdi Besharati
The aim was to model the bus drivers' crash involvement risk as a function of their demographic factors and driving behaviour. 177 bus drivers completed a questionnaire containing the BDRI questionnaire. 19.2% of respondents had at least been involved in one at-fault crash during the past three years. In addition, age-group and having a second job were found to affect crash involvement rate. Smoker drivers reported significantly lower scores in Patient driving and Anxious driving factors. Results also indicated that vehicle ownership could improve hazard monitoring and thrill seeking behaviours of bus drivers...
April 8, 2019: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30940001/lifetime-vibration-dose-lvd-correlates-with-severity-of-neurological-component-of-havs-among-tyre-shop-workers-in-kelantan-malaysia
#6
Asraf Ahmad Qamruddin, Nik Rosmawati Nik Husain, Mohd Yusof Sidek, Mohd Hafiz Hanafi, Zaidi Mohd Ripin, Nizam Ali
INTRODUCTION: Cumulative lifetime exposure to vibration is believed to contributes to more severe complications of HAVS. OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of neurological component of HAVS and the correlation between lifetime vibration dose (LVD) and the neurological severity of HAVS among tyre shop workers in Kelantan. METHODS: A cross-sectional study involving 200 tyre shop workers from two districts in Kelantan. Part one data were collected at the field using questionnaire and hand-arm vibration was measured...
April 3, 2019: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30939999/occupational-accidents-in-swedish-construction-trades
#7
Leif Berglund, Maria Johansson, Magnus Nygren, Björn Samuelson, Magnus Stenberg, Jan Johansson
The purpose of this study is to anazlye accidents occurring in the Swedish construction industry focusing specifically on the situation in the individual trades. The article includes all occupational accidents with at least one day of absence from work that were reported to the Swedish Social Insurance Agency for the year of 2016. The results, focusing on accident cause, injured body parts, as well as accidents per weekday, month and age, show that although the trades share commonalities regarding occupational accidents a number of trade-specific problem areas stand out...
April 3, 2019: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30935301/alcohol-and-substance-misuse-in-the-construction-industry
#8
Joseph Flannery, Saheed O Ajayi, Adekunle S Oyegoke
The study investigates the factors contributing to the menace of Alcohol and Substance Misuse (ASM) in the construction industry, and its mitigation. Sequential exploratory mixed method design, involving interview and questionnaire were used for collecting data that were subsequently analysed using thematic analysis, factor analysis and Kruskal-Wallis test. Findings suggest that the problem of ASM is largely caused and exacerbated by mental strain, site working conditions, male dominance and ineffective HR management...
April 1, 2019: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30932748/the-effect-of-two-types-of-maximal-voluntary-contraction-and-two-electrode-positions-in-field-recordings-of-forearm-extensor-muscle-activity-during-hotel-room-cleaning
#9
Camilla Dahlqvist, Henrik Enquist, Lotta Löfqvist, Catarina Nordander
PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of using hand grip or resisted wrist extension as reference contraction, and two electrode positions, on field recordings of forearm extensor muscle activity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The right forearm extensor muscle activity was recorded using two pairs of electrodes (over the most prominent part; position 2 and proximal to that; position 1) during one working day in 13 female hotel housekeepers. Each subject performed the two maximal voluntary contractions (MVCs), and the electrical activity obtained during these (the maximal voluntary electrical activity; MVE) was used for normalisation...
April 1, 2019: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30932739/occupational-safety-and-health-at-shared-workplaces-according-to-workplace-inspection-reports
#10
Päivi Kekkonen, Arto Reiman, Seppo Väyrynen, Hanna-Kaisa Rajala
The aim of this study was to create a holistic view of shared workplaces and the ways in which these 'special situations' for organising work take place in practice. The characteristics of shared workplaces and the associated phenomena and challenges were also points of interest. Occupational safety and health inspection reports (N = 200) from the Regional State Administrative Agency of Finland were analysed to obtain information on the deficiencies observed at shared workplaces. The observations were categorised, and the categories were linked to the elements in the work system model...
April 1, 2019: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30919747/prioritization-of-the-lower-back-pain-risk-factors-among-industrial-workers-using-best-worst-method
#11
Noor Zaman Khan, Suha K Shihab, Rajesh Attri, Arshad Noor Siddiquee, Zahid A Khan
Although lower back pain (LBP) is reported to be the most prevalent musculoskeletal disorder related to the work (WMSD) amongst the workers, little systematic effort has been made to identify the factors and to determine their priority for the onset of LBP. In this paper, an attempt has been made to determine priority of LBP risk factors using a relatively new, simple and effective multi criteria decision making (MCDM) method i.e. Best-Worst method (BWM). BWM has been used in this research as it (1) makes use of relatively fewer data for comparisons and (2) provides comparisons with better consistency leading to more reliable results...
March 28, 2019: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30822268/constructing-active-health-and-safety-performance-questionnaire-in-the-food-manufacturing-industry
#12
Shyh-Yueh Cheng, Kuo-Ping Lin, Yuh-Wehn Liou, Ching-Hsiang Hsiao, Yu-Jung Liu
To design a comprehensive health and safety management performance system, extant literature on the health and safety performance indicators of and management systems for the application of occupational health and safety management systems was reviewed; additionally, the provisions of occupational health and safety laws were examined with a total of three main categories, including 28 active safety and health management performance categories. In the present study, health and safety management performance was evaluated by food manufacturing industry employees...
March 1, 2019: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30810504/obesity-effects-on-muscular-activity-during-lifting-and-lowering-tasks
#13
A Colim, P Arezes, P Flores, P R R Monteiro, I Mesquita, A C Braga
Obesity is an emerging health problem and its incidence has been increasing throughout the workforce. In industrial workstations, vertical handling tasks (VHT), including lifting and lowering, are very common and can cause a significant muscular overload for the involved workers. During these tasks, muscular activity may be considerably affected by workers' body conditions. This study aims to analyze and compare the muscular activity in subjects with different obesity levels, using surface electromyography (EMG), during predefined VHT...
February 27, 2019: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30775958/the-most-effective-ieq-factors-related-to-worker-satisfaction-and-performance-a-case-of-administrative-office-building-of-ferdowsi-university-of-mashhad
#14
Ghasem Motalebi, Anahita Sal Moslehian, Elmira Hasanzadeh
The influence of the office environment on employees has attracted inter-disciplinary research attention. This study investigates the differences in worker satisfaction and self-estimated job performance regarding Indoor Environmental Quality (IEQ) parameters in personal workspace between three office types (enclosed private offices, enclosed shared offices, and cubicle with high partitions). A standard survey conducted by the Centre for the Built Environment (CBE) has been used to collect and analyse data from 175 workers at Ferdowsi University's administrative office building...
February 18, 2019: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30775954/a-fuzzy-causal-relational-mapping-and-rough-set-based-model-for-context-specific-human-error-rate-estimation
#15
Suprakash Gupta, Pramod Kumar, Gunda Yuga Raju
Safety is paramount importance in high-risk systems. Safe and reliable operation of a system depends mainly on its key component, 'the human'. Human error is pivotal in an accident sequence and the rate of error is instrumental in the analysis of accidents which focuses on the development of interventions. However, assessing the rate of human error is a big challenge. Human performance and the rate of error are governed by the context of work. This study discusses a fuzzy rule-based causal relational mapping approach to investigate the variability of human error rate with context...
February 18, 2019: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30760129/the-effect-of-chronic-exposure-to-flour-dust-on-pulmonary-functions
#16
Ahmadreza Zamani, Narges Khanjani, Majid Bagheri Hosseinabadi, Malihe Ranjbar Homqavandi, Roholah Miri
PURPOSE: This study aimed to examine the effect of chronic exposure to flour dust on the pulmonary symptoms and pulmonary indices of mill workers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cohort study was conducted on 67 mill workers and 53 controls from 2014 to 2016. Demographic information was collected through interviews, and pulmonary indices; and flour dust exposure was measured by spirometry, and NIOSH 0500 and NIOSH 0600 methods. RESULTS: The incidences of pulmonary symptoms, including cough, sputum, dyspnea, wheezing and bronchitis were significantly more in case group than the control group...
February 14, 2019: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30758255/the-effects-of-background-music-on-the-work-attention-performance-between-musicians-and-non-musicians
#17
Chia-Chun Wu, Yi-Nuo Shih
For occupational safety and ergonomics, the relationship between work attention performance and background music is a trend for the future. Attention performance may be influenced by some personal factors, such as experience of music training. This investigation explores the difference between the attention performance of musicians and that of non-musicians based on a quasi-experimental design to gain a preliminary understanding of the possible effect of background music on the attention performance of both groups...
February 13, 2019: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30741613/relationship-between-leader-member-exchange-and-construction-worker-safety-behavior-the-mediating-role-of-communication-competence
#18
Changquan He, Guangshe Jia, Brenda McCabe, Jide Sun
PURPOSE: Leader-member exchange (LMX) had widely been adopted to explore its influence on job performance. However, most previous studies considered LMX as a unidimensional construct and neglected the effects of its sub-dimensions, thereby reducing its practicality to improve work performance. This study empirically tested the relationship between sub-dimensions of LMX and safety behaviors, while incorporating communication competence as a mediator. METHOD: The data were collected from Chinese construction industry workers...
February 11, 2019: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30735105/the-relationship-between-occupational-stress-and-health-status-temporary-and-permanent-work-disability-among-security-guards-in-serbia
#19
Jovana Jovanović, Ivana Šarac, Stefan Jovanović, Dušan Sokolović, Nenad Govedarović, Jovica Jovanović
PURPOSE: To examine the influence of occupational stress on health status and work disability among security guards in Serbia. METHODS: 399 male security guards (aged 25-65 years) were examined during their regular medical preventive check-ups at the Institute of occupational health. Data on their health status and permanent and temporary work disability were obtained, and correlations with the levels of occupational stress (measured by Occupational Stress Index- OSI questionnaire by K...
February 8, 2019: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30735099/risk-factors-for-wmsd-among-workers-in-the-footwear-industry-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Wilza Karla Dos Santos Leite, Anísio José da Silva Araújo, Jonhatan Magno Norte da Silva, Leila Amaral Gontijo, Elamara Marama de Araújo Vieira, Erivaldo Lopes de Souza, Geraldo Alves Colaço, Luiz Bueno da Silva
The aim of the study was to investigate the influence of biomechanical, psychosocial, environmental and individual factors on local and multisite work-related musculoskeletal disorder (WMSD) symptoms among workers at a footwear manufacturing company. The sample comprised 267 workers. The results showed that (1) age, a sedentary lifestyle, inappropriate posture and perceived effort were associated with symptoms in the shoulders, and the combination of these factors increased the odds four-fold, (2) inappropriate posture, perceived effort and bullying were related to symptoms in the wrists, and the combination of these factors increased the odds seven-fold and (3) inappropriate posture, perceived effort, length of work at the company and low social support were associated with multisite symptoms, and their combination increased the odds up to 30-fold...
February 8, 2019: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
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