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Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine

Lisa Lighthall Haubert, Sara J Mulroy, Philip S Requejo, Somboon Maneekobkunwong, JoAnne K Gronley, Jeffery W Rankin, Diego Rodriguez, Kristi Hong
OBJECTIVE: Shoulder pain after spinal cord injury (SCI) is attributed to increased mobility demands on the arms and negatively impacts independence and quality of life. Repetitive superior and posterior shoulder joint forces produced during traditional wheelchair (WC) locomotion can result in subacromial impingement if unopposed, as with muscular fatigue or weakness. ROWHEELS® (RW), geared rear wheels that produce forward WC movement with backward rim pulling, could alter these forces...
February 15, 2019: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
Jason Gandhi, Min Yea Lee, Gunjan Joshi, Sardar Ali Khan
CONTEXT: Surfer's myelopathy (SM) is an acute syndrome identified by nontraumatic paraparesis or paraplegia. Though traditionally tied to first-time surfers, the condition encompasses any activity involving hyperextension of the back such as gymnastics, yoga, and Pilates. METHODS: MEDLINE® and Google Scholar literature searches were gathered to identify relevant case reports for determining the etiology, pathogenesis, evaluation, and management of SM. RESULTS: While the rare nature of SM limits its full understanding, studies have pinpointed that hyperextension in the back leads to vasculature insufficiency secondary to dynamic compression of the artery of Adamkiewicz...
February 15, 2019: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
Ronak H Jani, Arpan V Prabhu, James J Zhou, Nima Alan, Nitin Agarwal
OBJECTIVE: We conducted a citation analysis in order to catalog and pay tribute to the 100 most influential clinical research articles in traumatic spinal cord injury. DESIGN: The Thomson Reuters Web of Science was searched in a two-step process without time period limitations. Review articles were excluded. In the first stage of data extraction, a Boolean query was used to identify the top 100 most cited clinical papers on traumatic spinal cord injury. One hundred and seven keywords were manually chosen and extracted from titles and abstracts...
February 14, 2019: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
Alexander Porto, Lara Anderson, Tyler Kalinich, Kyle C Deane, Lawrence C Vogel, Kathy Zebracki
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to understand facilitators of and barriers to achieving positive transition results among youth with spinal cord injury (SCI), and to identify areas for intervention to improve transition outcomes. DESIGN: This study utilized qualitative methods and analysis was completed using Interpretive Phenomenological Analysis. PARTICIPANTS: Participants included adolescents (n = 9, range = 13-18 years old), young adults (n = 14, range = 22-30 years old) with an SCI, and their respective caregivers (n = 17)...
February 13, 2019: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
Per Ertzgaard, Anand Nene, Carlotte Kiekens, Anthony S Burns
CONTEXT: Patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) are valuable for capturing the impact of spasticity on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in persons with spinal cord damage (SCD) and evaluating the efficacy of interventions. OBJECTIVE: To provide practical guidance for measuring HRQoL in persons with spasticity following SCD. METHODS: Literature reviews identified measures of HRQoL and caregiver burden, utilized in studies addressing spasticity in SCD...
February 13, 2019: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
Urban Schwegler, Marina Nützi, Albert Marti, Bruno Trezzini
OBJECTIVE: To compare pre- and post-injury job type distributions of individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI) living in Switzerland. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, self-report survey. SETTING: Community. PARTICIPANTS: Two hundred sixty-three individuals reporting a pre- and 677 a post-injury job title in the Swiss SCI Cohort Study community survey. INTERVENTIONS: Not applicable. OUTCOME MEASURES: Job titles were elicited by free-text questions and classified using the International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO-08)...
February 4, 2019: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
Robert M Lester, Mina P Ghatas, Rehan M Khan, Ashraf S Gorgey
OBJECTIVES: A rapid decline in lean mass (LM), fat-free mass (FFM) and increased intramuscular fat (IMF) predispose persons with spinal cord injury (SCI) to chronic medical conditions including dyslipidemia, insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disease. (1) To determine the relationship between dual energy x ray absorptiometry (DXA) and gold standard magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) LM values; (2) to develop predictive equations based on this relationship for assessing thigh LM in persons with chronic SCI...
February 1, 2019: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
Philip D Austin, Philip J Siddall
CONTEXT: Virtual and augmented imagery are emerging technologies with potential to reduce the severity and impact of neuropathic pain in people with spinal cord injury (SCI). OBJECTIVE: We aimed to identify and discuss studies using virtual and augmented reality applications for the management of neuropathic pain in people with spinal cord injury. Methods (data sources, data extraction): A systematic literature search was conducted using PRISMA scoping review guidelines...
February 1, 2019: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
Christine M Olney, Tamara Vos-Draper, Jason Egginton, John Ferguson, Gary Goldish, Byron Eddy, Andrew H Hansen, Katherine Carroll, Melissa Morrow
OBJECTIVE: This paper reports the iterative redesign, feasibility and usability of the Comprehensive Mobile Assessment of Pressure (CMAP) system's mobile app used by Veterans with SCI. DESIGN: This three-year, multi-staged study used a mixed-methods approach. SETTING: Minneapolis VA Health Care System, Minneapolis, Minnesota. PARTICIPANTS: Veterans with spinal cord injury (N = 18). INTERVENTIONS: Veterans with spinal cord injury engaged in iterative focus groups and personal interviews, sharing their needs and desires for the CMAP app redesign...
January 31, 2019: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
Christopher Goodrich, Henry York, Andrew Shapiro, Peter Howard Gorman
CONTEXT: Outpatient Spinal Cord Injury follow-up practice. FINDINGS: We present two cases of individuals with tetraplegia who experienced proximal arm weakness temporally related to the administration of intradetrusor onabotulinumtoxinA without other systemic effects. This arm weakness lasted approximately three months in both cases, whereas the effect of the toxin on the bladder lasted for over six months. In one of the cases, the pattern of proximal arm weakness after intravesicular botulinum toxin injection recurred after repeat injection...
January 31, 2019: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
Delgerjargal Dorjbal, Birgit Prodinger, Claudia Zanini, Baljinnyam Avirmed, Gerold Stucki, Sara Rubinelli
CONTEXT: Environmental factors play a key role in the lives of individuals with a spinal cord injury (SCI). This study identifies environmental barriers and their impacts on daily lives as perceived by individuals living with SCI in Mongolia. DESIGN: A qualitative study with semi-structured interviews was conducted. A topic guide for the interviews was structured around the components of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health. SETTING: Urban and rural areas of Mongolia...
January 11, 2019: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
Margaret A Finley, Elizabeth Euiler
OBJECTIVE: Limited evidence examines the association of psychological factors, such as fear of movement and pain catastrophizing, with musculoskeletal pain patterns in active manual wheelchair users with spinal cord injury (SCI). This study investigated the relationship among musculoskeletal pain, fear avoidance factors, quality of life (QoL), activity and duration of injury in individuals with SCI. DESIGN: Cross-sectional correlational. SETTING: Community setting...
January 11, 2019: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
Anna Ogonowska-Slodownik, Paula R Geigle, Peter H Gorman, Robert Slodownik, William H Scott
OBJECTIVE: To determine the reliability of peak VO2 testing for individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI) in deep water and on land; and to examine the relationship between these two testing conditions. DESIGN: Reliability study. SETTING: Comprehensive rehabilitation center in Baltimore, MD, USA. PARTICIPANTS: 17 participants (13 men, 4 women) with motor complete and incomplete SCI. Participants were randomized into either aquatic or arm cycle ergometer first measurements...
January 11, 2019: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
Sora Yasri, Viroj Wiwanitkit
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 9, 2019: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
Chih-Wei Sung, Kevin Li-Chun Hsieh, Yi-Jie Kuo
CONTEXT: Approximately 25% of all primary spinal cord tumors are meningiomas, and 80% of these tumors occur in the thoracic region. Few meningiomas of the lumbar spine have been presented. Extracranial metastasis of meningioma occurs extremely rare, only in about 0.1% of meningiomas. Even metastasis, the sites are seldom seen in deep soft tissue. We reported a woman original meningioma in the lumbar spine with distal deep neck metastasis. FINDINGS: A 59-year-old patient suffered from severe right drop foot, numbness, and radicular pain for the previous 6 months...
January 9, 2019: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
Raffaele Nardone, Yvonne Höller, Francesco Brigo, Viviana Versace, Luca Sebastianelli, Cristina Florea, Kerstin Schwenker, Stefan Golaszewski, Leopold Saltuari, Eugen Trinka
CONTEXT: Lewy body (LB)-related α-synucleinopathy (LBAS) is the neuropathological hallmark of several neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson disease (PD), but it is also found in neurologically asymptomatic subjects. An abnormal accumulation of α-synuclein has been reported also in the spinal cord, but extent and significance of the spinal cord involvement are still poorly defined. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to review the studies addressing the spinal cord involvement of LBAS in healthy subjects and in patients with PD or other neurodegenerative diseases...
January 8, 2019: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
Amy M Yahiro, Brooks C Wingo, Sujit Kunwor, Jason Parton, Amy C Ellis
OBJECTIVE: To describe and compare (1) classification of obesity using clinical proxies of body composition that are easily accessible in the outpatient clinic setting, (2) cardiometabolic risk using existing screening tools and staging systems, and (3) the presence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) using four commonly-used definitions in adults with spinal cord injury (SCI). DESIGN: Retrospective chart review Setting: Outpatient Veterans Affairs (VA) SCI Annual Evaluation Clinic Participants: Patients who attended an annual evaluation appointment with demographic, anthropometric, and biochemical data documented in their medical records as part of routine medical care...
January 8, 2019: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
Jun Ma, Shunchang Ma, Jun Yang, Guijun Jia, Wang Jia
CONTEXT: Primary spinal primitive neuroectodermal tumor (PNET) of the central nervous system has a low incidence. The intraspinal case is very rare. Around 30 cases have been reported so far. We summarized the cases of primary spinal PNET available in the database of our institute, either intramedullary or extramedullary cases. Then we did literature review of the same disease. FINDINGS: There were eight cases of primary spinal PNET available in our database, with one intramedullary case and seven extramedullary cases...
December 18, 2018: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
Nadia Bouattour, Olfa Hdiji, Anis Hachicha, Brahim Kammoun, Salma Sakka, Nouha Farhat, Hanen Hajkacem, Fatma Kolsi, Slim Charfi, Mariem Dammak, Zaher Boudawara, Tahya Boudawara, Chokri Mhiri
CONTEXT: Solitary bone plasmacytoma (SBP) are rare lesions, accounting for less than 5% of all plasma cell proliferations. We describe a case of a 21-year-old female with Trisomy 21 presenting with cauda equina compression from an SBP. FINDINGS: Solitary bone plasmacytoma (SBP) is a rare primary bone tumor. It is characterized by monoclonal proliferation of malignant plasma cells localized to a bone segment, without signs of systemic invasion. The vertebral location is the most common...
December 17, 2018: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
Stephanie L Silveira, Tracey A Ledoux, Craig A Johnston, Claire Kalpakjian, Daniel P O'Connor, Michael Cottingham, Ryan McGrath, Denise Tate
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: To examine how demographic and injury characteristics identify satisfaction with life (SWL), and assess the differential effects of a wellness intervention by baseline SWL groups. DESIGN: Baseline and longitudinal analysis of a randomized controlled pilot intervention using decision tree regression and linear mixed models. SETTING: Community based. PARTICIPANTS: Seventy-two individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI) were randomized to an intervention group (n = 39) or control group (n = 33)...
December 17, 2018: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
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