Journals Clinical Reviews in Allergy & ...

Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
Michael R Goldberg, Naama Epstein-Rigbi, Arnon Elizur
Gastrointestinal adverse events are common during oral immunotherapy (OIT) for food allergy and range from immediate IgE-mediated reactions to non-anaphylactic clinical presentations. This review aims to summarize recent findings on non-anaphylactic eosinophil-associated gastrointestinal adverse events during OIT. Two clinical presentations of non-anaphylactic eosinophil-associated gastrointestinal adverse events during OIT are identified, each with a different paradigm for treatment, and distinguished by their time of onset...
November 14, 2023: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
Felix Johnson, Anna Stenzl, Benedikt Hofauer, Helen Heppt, Eva-Vanessa Ebert, Barbara Wollenberg, Robin Lochbaum, Janina Hahn, Jens Greve, Susanne Trainotti
Hereditary angioedema (HAE) and acquired C1-inhibitor deficiency (AAE-C1-INH) are orphan diseases. Berotralstat is a recently licensed long-term prophylaxis (LTP) and the first oral therapy for HAE patients. No approved therapies exist for AAE-C1-INH patients. This study is the first to report real-world clinical data of patients with AAE-C1-INH and HAE who received Berotralstat. All patients treated with Berotralstat were included in this retrospective, bi-centric study. Data was collected from patients' attack calendars and the angioedema quality of life (AE-QoL) and angioedema control test (AECT) questionnaires before treatment, and at 3, 6, and 12 months after treatment and was then analyzed...
November 2, 2023: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
Hsuan-Chi Chen, Chuang-Wei Wang, Wu Han Toh, Hua-En Lee, Wen-Hung Chung, Chun-Bing Chen
Bullous pemphigoid is one of the most common autoimmune bullous diseases occurring primarily in the elderly. Pathogenic autoantibodies against BP180 and BP230 at the dermal-epidermal junction cause subepidermal blisters, erosions, and intense pruritus, all of which adversely affect the patients' quality of life and may increase their morbidity and mortality. Current systemic treatment options for bullous pemphigoid are limited to corticosteroids and immunosuppressants, which can have substantial side effects on these vulnerable patients that even exceed their therapeutic benefits...
October 28, 2023: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
Gaia Bruschi, Daniele Giovanni Ghiglioni, Laura Cozzi, Silvia Osnaghi, Francesco Viola, Paola Marchisio
Vernal keratoconjunctivitis (VKC) is a chronic, bilateral corneal and conjunctival problem which typically presents in young individuals. VKC is characterized by itching, photophobia, white mucous discharge, lacrimation, foreign body sensation, and pain due to corneal involvement of shield ulcers. Vernal keratoconjunctivitis is categorized within ocular diseases. The diagnosis is clinical, as no sure biomarkers pathognomonic of the disease have yet been identified. The VKC therapy relies on different types of drugs, from antihistamines and topical steroids to cyclosporine or tacrolimus eye drops...
September 2, 2023: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
Francesco Amati, Gabriele Bongiovanni, Antonio Tonutti, Francesca Motta, Anna Stainer, Giuseppe Mangiameli, Stefano Aliberti, Carlo Selmi, Maria De Santis
Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a chronic systemic disease within the spectrum of connective tissue diseases, specifically characterized by vascular abnormalities and inflammatory and fibrotic involvement of the skin and internal organs resulting in high morbidity and mortality. The clinical phenotype of SSc is heterogeneous, and serum autoantibodies together with the extent of skin involvement have a predictive value in the risk stratification. Current recommendations include an organ-based management according to the predominant involvement with only limited individual factors included in the treatment algorithm...
August 21, 2023: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
Rosalaura Virginia Villarreal-González, Sandra González-Díaz, Oscar Vidal-Gutiérrez, Alejandra Canel-Paredes, Carlos de la Cruz-de la Cruz, Mariano García-Campa, Alfonso López-Méndez, Sofía Alvarado-Ruiz, Mariana Castells
Taxanes in the treatment of cancer are associated with a significant incidence of hypersensitivity reactions, which may preclude their use in patients in need of first line therapy. Drug desensitization induces transient immunological tolerance and has allowed the reintroduction of taxanes in highly allergic patients. Increase the knowledge of hypersensitivity reactions (HSR) during the administration of taxanes. A systematic review regarding the safety and efficacy of rapid drug desensitization (RDD) for taxanes HSR...
August 17, 2023: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
Xianpeng Xu, Xinghong Liu, Jiongke Li, Xinxing Deng, Tianrong Dai, Qingjie Ji, Dajing Xiong, Hui Xie
Many potential environmental risk factors, protective factors, and biomarkers of AR have been published, but so far, the strength and consistency of their evidence are unclear. We conducted a comprehensive review of environmental risk, protective factors, and biomarkers for AR to establish the evidence hierarchy. We systematically searched Embase, PubMed, Cochrane Library, and Web of Science electronic database from inception to December 31, 2022. We calculated summary effect estimate (odds ratio (OR), relative risk (RR), hazard ratio (HR), and standardized mean difference (SMD)), 95% confidence interval, random effects p value, I2 statistic, 95% prediction interval, small study effects, and excess significance biases, and stratification of the level of evidence...
August 2023: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
Rithika Bhat, Antonio Tonutti, Suraj Timilsina, Carlo Selmi, M Eric Gershwin
Before becoming a cornerstone in the treatment of numerous immune-mediated diseases, mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) was first introduced as an immunosuppressive agent in transplant immunology and later received the attention of rheumatologists and clinicians involved in the management of autoimmune diseases. MMF is now a widespread immunosuppressive drug for the treatment of several conditions, including lupus nephritis, interstitial lung disease associated with systemic sclerosis, and anti-neutrophil cytoplasm antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis while being efficacious also as rescue therapy in various orphan diseases, including dermatomyositis and IgA-associated nephropathy...
August 2023: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
Sanchi Chawla, Ankur Kumar Jindal, Kanika Arora, Rahul Tyagi, Manpreet Dhaliwal, Amit Rawat
X-linked agammaglobulinaemia (XLA) is a primary immunodeficiency (PID) resulting from a defect in the B cell development. It has conventionally been thought that T cells play a major role in the development and function of the B cell compartment. However, it has also been shown that B cells and T cells undergo bidirectional interactions and B cells also influence the structure and function of the T cell compartment. Patients with XLA offer a unique opportunity to understand the effect of absent B cells on the T cell compartment...
August 2023: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
Grace T Padron, Vivian P Hernandez-Trujillo
Primary immunodeficiency (PID) may impact any component of the immune system. The number of PID and immune dysregulation disorders is growing steadily with advancing genetic detection methods. These expansive recognition methods have changed the way we characterize PID. While PID were once characterized by their susceptibility to infection, the increase in genetic analysis has elucidated the intertwined relationship between PID and non-infectious manifestations including autoimmunity. The defects permitting opportunistic infections to take hold may also lead the way to the development of autoimmune disease...
August 2023: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
Rossana Scrivo, Salvatore D'Angelo, Antonio Carriero, Chiara Castellani, Fabio Massimo Perrotta, Fabrizio Conti, Matteo Vecellio, Carlo Selmi, Ennio Lubrano
Psoriatic arthritis (PsA) is a chronic inflammatory condition characterized by psoriasis, synovitis, enthesitis, spondylitis, and the possible association with other extra-articular manifestations and comorbidities. It is a multifaceted and systemic disorder sustained by complex pathogenesis, combining aspects of autoinflammation and autoimmunity. Features of PsA autoinflammation include the role of biomechanical stress in the onset and/or exacerbation of the disease; the evidence of involvement of the innate immune response mediators in the skin, peripheral blood and synovial tissue; an equal gender distribution; the clinical course which may encounter periods of prolonged remission and overlapping features with autoinflammatory syndromes...
August 2023: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
Yekbun Adiguzel, Naim Mahroum, Sylviane Muller, Miri Blank, Gilad Halpert, Yehuda Shoenfeld
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) are extraordinary in their ability to activate autoimmunity as well as to induce diverse autoimmune diseases. Here we reviewed the current knowledge on their relation. Further, we suggested that molecular mimicry could be a possible common mechanism of autoimmunity induction in the susceptible individuals infected with SARS-CoV-2. Molecular mimicry between SARS-CoV-2 and human proteins, and EBV and human proteins, are present...
July 28, 2023: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
Uei-Hsiang Hsu, Bor-Luen Chiang
Gamma-delta (γδ) T cells play an essential role in allergic diseases and have emerged as a potential treatment target in recent decades. To clarify the effects of γδ T cells on atopic illnesses, we reviewed the literature on the physical roles and functions of various subsets of γδ T cells, including type 1 T helper (Th1)-like, type 2 T helper- (Th2)-like, and type 17 T helper (Th17)-like γδ T cells. Mouse Vγ1 T cells increase interleukin (IL)-4 levels and trigger B cell class switching and immunoglobulin E production...
July 3, 2023: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
Jean-Marc Cavaillon
The most severe forms of COVID-19 share many features with bacterial sepsis and have thus been considered to be a viral sepsis. Innate immunity and inflammation are closely linked. While the immune response aims to get rid of the infectious agent, the pro-inflammatory host response can result in organ injury including acute respiratory distress syndrome. On its side, a compensatory anti-inflammatory response, aimed to dampen the inflammatory reaction, can lead to immunosuppression. Whether these two key events of the host inflammatory response are consecutive or concomitant has been regularly depicted in schemes...
July 3, 2023: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
Stefano A Vismara, Andrea Ridolfi, Pietro B Faré, Mario G Bianchetti, Sebastiano A G Lava, Samuele Renzi, Benedetta Terziroli Beretta Piccoli, Gregorio P Milani, Lisa Kottanattu
Lipschütz genital ulcer is a self-limited, non-sexually acquired disorder characterized by the sudden onset of a few ulcers. A primary Epstein-Barr virus infection is currently considered the most recognized cause. Recent reports document cases temporally related with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) or immunization against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). We carried out a review of the literature to investigate the possible association between COVID-19 or the immunization against SARS-CoV-2 and genital ulcer...
June 26, 2023: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
Ilaria Cavazzana, Tamara Vojinovic, Paolo Airo', Micaela Fredi, Angela Ceribelli, Eleonora Pedretti, Maria Grazia Lazzaroni, Emirena Garrafa, Franco Franceschini
Disease-specific autoantibodies are considered the most important biomarkers for systemic sclerosis (SSc), due to their ability to stratify patients with different severity and prognosis. Anti-nuclear antibodies (ANA), occurring in subjects with isolated Raynuad's phenomenon, are considered the strongest independent predictors of definite SSc and digital microvascular damage, as observed by nailfold videocapillaroscopy. ANA are present in more than 90% of SSc, but ANA negativity does not exclude SSc diagnosis: a little rate of SSc ANA negative exists and shows a distinct subtype of disease, with less vasculopathy, but more frequent lower gastrointestinal involvement and severe disease course...
June 2023: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
Alice Cole, Voon H Ong, Christopher P Denton
Scleroderma renal crisis (SRC) is a life-threatening complication of systemic sclerosis (SSc) with a mortality of 20% at 6 months. Once the leading cause of mortality in scleroderma (SSc), it remains a serious complication, often necessitating level three care for patients affected. Whilst renal outcomes have significantly improved following the advent of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEi) therapy, SRC remains a precarious challenge for clinicians, due to lack of preventative measures and the fact that patients can rapidly decline despite best medical management...
June 2023: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
Giacomo De Luca, Sara Bombace, Lorenzo Monti
Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a severe connective tissue disease characterized by diffuse vascular damage and aberrant activation of immune system, resulting in inflammation and fibrosis of skin and internal organs, including the heart. Cardiac involvement is frequent in SSc, even though often unrecognized due to the occult nature at early stages and to the lack of a defined diagnostic algorithm. Once clinically evident, heart involvement is associated with a poor prognosis, representing the leading cause of death in about one third of SSc patients...
June 2023: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
Francesca Chang, Lauren Eng, Christopher Chang
The prevalence of food allergies varies by country, as does each country's food allergen labeling. While labeling laws may vary by country, most follow the Codex Alimentarius. Even developing countries have some degree of labeling guidelines for food allergies, but it is highly developed countries that tend to implement stricter labeling regulations to protect their citizens and tourists. Different organizations, both domestic and international, such as Food Allergy Research and Education (FARE), work to advance food allergen labeling laws around the globe...
May 9, 2023: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
Zhi-Bin Zhao, Zhen-Hua Bian, Zhang-Mei Lin, Shu-Fan Wu, Jie Long, Yang Cui, Yang Li, Wende Li, Er-Wei Sun, Zhe-Xiong Lian, Yi He
Axial spondyloarthritis (Ax-SpA) is a chronic inflammatory disease that predominantly affects the axial joints and is most common in young men. However, the precise immune cell subset involved in Ax-SpA remains unclear. Our study characterized the periphery immune landscape of Ax-SpA patients before and after anti-TNFα treatment using single-cell transcriptomics and proteomics sequencing and elucidated the effects of anti-TNFα treatment at the single-cell level. First, we found that peripheral granulocytes and monocytes significantly increased in Ax-SpA patients...
March 8, 2023: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
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