Journals Clinical Reviews in Allergy & ...

Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
Wai Sze Tong, Shanshan Li, Nicki Y H Leung, Wing Tak Wong, Ting Fan Leung, Patrick S C Leung, Ka Hou Chu, Christine Y Y Wai
Tropomyosin has been identified as the major cross-reactive shellfish allergen, but recent studies showed the presence of other clinically relevant allergens. This study aims at determining the allergic immune responses of mice sensitized with raw and boiled shrimp extracts in comparison to recombinant tropomyosin (rTM). Female Balb/c mice were intragastrically sensitized and challenged with raw, boiled shrimp or rTM. Systemic, cellular and humoral allergic responses were compared, while allergenicity of the extracts was also compared by skin prick test (SPT) and immunoblot on shrimp allergic subjects...
May 22, 2024: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
Elisabetta L T De Felice, Gabriel F Toti, Beatrice Gatti, Renato Gualtieri, Pietro Camozzi, Sebastiano A G Lava, Gregorio P Milani, Giorgio Treglia, Federica Vanoni, Mario G Bianchetti, Gianmaria F Bernasconi, Benedetta Terziroli Beretta Piccoli, Camilla Lavagno
An acute aseptic meningitis has been occasionally observed on intravenous polyclonal human immunoglobulin therapy. Since case reports cannot be employed to draw inferences about the relationships between immunoglobulin therapy and meningitis, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of the literature. Eligible were cases, case series, and pharmacovigilance studies. We found 71 individually documented cases (36 individuals ≤ 18 years of age) of meningitis. Ninety percent of cases presented ≤ 3 days after initiating immunoglobulin therapy and recovered within ≤ 7 days (with a shorter disease duration in children: ≤ 3 days in 29 (94%) cases)...
May 13, 2024: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
Rui Providencia, Ghazaleh Aali, Fang Zhu, Brian F Leas, Rachel Orrell, Mahmood Ahmad, Jonathan J H Bray, Ferruccio Pelone, Petra Nass, Eloi Marijon, Miryan Cassandra, David S Celermajer, Farhad Shokraneh
Secondary prevention with penicillin aims to prevent further episodes of acute rheumatic fever and subsequent development of rheumatic heart disease (RHD). Penicillin allergy, self-reported by 10% of the population, can affect secondary prevention programs. We aimed to assess the role for (i) routine penicillin allergy testing and the (ii) safety of penicillin allergy delabeling approaches in this context. We searched MEDLINE, Embase, CENTRAL,, WHO ICTRP, ISRCTN, and CPCI-S to identify the relevant reports...
May 2, 2024: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
Gabriela Assunção Goebel, Cíntia Silva de Assis, Luciana Araújo Oliveira Cunha, Fernanda Gontijo Minafra, Jorge Andrade Pinto
This study aims to perform an extensive review of the literature that evaluates various factors that affect the survival rates of patients with severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) in developed and developing countries. An extensive search of the literature was made in four different databases (PubMed, Embase, Scopus, and Web of Science). The search was carried out in December 2022 and updated in July 2023, and the terms such as "hematopoietic stem cell transplantation," "bone marrow transplant," "mortality," "opportunistic infections," and "survival" associated with "severe combined immunodeficiency" were sought based on the MeSH terms...
April 30, 2024: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
Yuzhuo Liu, Wei Lv, Weiqing Wang
Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is a heterogenic disease characterized by persistent mucosal inflammation of the upper airway. Researches of CRS have progressed from phenotype-based to endotype-based, looking more deeply into molecular biomarkers, signaling pathways, and immune microenvironment. Single-cell RNA sequencing is an effective tool in analyzing composition, function, and interaction of cells in disease microenvironment at transcriptome level, showing great advantage in analyzing potential biomarkers, pathogenesis, and heterogeneity of chronic airway inflammation in an unbiased manner...
April 30, 2024: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
Izabela Sieminska, Monika Pieniawska, Tomasz M Grzywa
Psoriasis is one of the most common inflammatory skin diseases with a chronic, relapsing-remitting course. The last decades of intense research uncovered a pathological network of interactions between immune cells and other types of cells in the pathogenesis of psoriasis. Emerging evidence indicates that dendritic cells, TH 17 cells, and keratinocytes constitute a pathogenic triad in psoriasis. Dendritic cells produce TNF-α and IL-23 to promote T cell differentiation toward TH 17 cells that produce key psoriatic cytokines IL-17, IFN-γ, and IL-22...
April 20, 2024: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
Surui Ai, Le Liu, Yuan Xue, Xiaoou Cheng, Meng Li, Qihong Deng
This systematic review aims to identify the association between prenatal exposure to air pollutants and allergic diseases in children, focusing on specific pollutants, timing of exposure, and associated diseases. We searched PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science for English articles until May 1, 2023, examining maternal exposure to outdoor air pollutants (PM1 , PM2.5 , PM10 , NO, NO2 , SO2 , CO, and O3 ) during pregnancy and child allergic diseases (atopic dermatitis (AD), food allergy (FA), asthma (AT) and allergic rhinitis (AR)/hay fever (HF))...
April 19, 2024: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
Yi Wu, Qiwei Qian, Qiaoyan Liu, Rui Wang, Xiting Pu, Yao Li, Huayang Zhang, Zhengrui You, Qi Miao, Xiao Xiao, Min Lian, Qixia Wang, Minoru Nakamura, M Eric Gershwin, Zhiqiang Li, Xiong Ma, Ruqi Tang
Osteoporosis is a major clinical problem in many autoimmune diseases, including primary biliary cholangitis (PBC), the most common autoimmune liver disease. Osteoporosis is a major cause of fracture and related mortality. However, it remains unclear whether PBC confers a causally risk-increasing effect on osteoporosis. Herein, we aimed to investigate the causal relationship between PBC and osteoporosis and whether the relationship is independent of potential confounders. We performed bidirectional Mendelian randomization (MR) analyses to investigate the association between PBC (8021 cases and 16,489 controls) and osteoporosis in Europeans (the UK Biobank and FinnGen Consortium: 12,787 cases and 726,996 controls)...
March 30, 2024: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
Umm E Salma Shabbar Banatwala, Muhammad Moiz Nasir, Reema Javed, Areeba Ahmed, Syed Ali Farhan, Ali Ajam
Peanut allergy is a leading cause of severe food reactions. This meta-analysis evaluates the efficacy and safety of epicutaneous immunotherapy (EPIT) compared to placebo for peanut-allergic individuals. After prospectively registering on PROSPERO, we searched three databases (PubMed, Google Scholar, and Cochrane CENTRAL) and 2 trial registries till September 2023. Analysis was conducted via RevMan where data was computed using risk ratios (RR). The Cochrane Risk of Bias tool and GRADE criteria were used to appraise and evaluate the evidence...
March 25, 2024: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
Rajni Kumrah, Taru Goyal, Amit Rawat, Surjit Singh
Kawasaki disease (KD) is a medium vessel vasculitis that has a special predilection for coronary arteries. Cardiovascular complications include the development of coronary artery abnormalities (CAAs) and myocarditis. Endothelial dysfunction (ED) is now recognized to be a key component in the pathogenesis of KD and is believed to contribute to the development of CAAs. ED has been evaluated by several clinical parameters. However, there is paucity of literature on laboratory markers for ED in KD. The evaluation of ED can be aided by the identification of biomarkers such as oxidative stress markers, circulating cells and their progenitors, angiogenesis factors, cytokines, chemokines, cell-adhesion molecules, and adipokines...
March 11, 2024: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
Bojin Long, Shican Zhou, Yawen Gao, Kai Fan, Ju Lai, Chunyan Yao, Jingwen Li, Xiayue Xu, Shaoqing Yu
Tissue-resident memory T (TRM) cells constitute a distinct subset within the memory T cell population, serving as the vanguard against invading pathogens and antigens in peripheral non-lymphoid tissues, including the respiratory tract, intestines, and skin. Notably, TRM cells adapt to the specific microenvironment of each tissue, predominantly maintaining a sessile state with distinctive phenotypic and functional attributes. Their role is to ensure continuous immunological surveillance and protection. Recent findings have highlighted the pivotal contribution of TRM cells to the modulation of adaptive immune responses in allergic disorders such as allergic rhinitis, asthma, and dermatitis...
February 21, 2024: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
Yuhan Xing, Xinmeng Yang, Zhaoyinqian Li, Qiyuan Zou, Ping Yang, Qinzheng Wang, Wei Ni, Dongze Wu, Guoju Li
Asthma and allergies are some of the most common chronic disorders affecting children, the prevalence of which has been increasing in countries and regions undergoing rapid development like China. To curb the rising tide of allergies and safeguard the health of future generations, it is of critical importance to understand how asthma inception is influenced by factors acting at different life stages. Birth cohorts represent a powerful tool to investigate the temporal sequence of exposures along the natural course of asthma...
February 7, 2024: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
Frances St George-Hyslop, Nicole Cherepacha, Bindiya Chugani, Yousef Alabdeen, Luis Fernando Sanchez-Espino, Quenby Mahood, Cathryn Sibbald, Ruud H J Verstegen
Effective treatment of drug reactions with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DReSS) requires early diagnosis and close monitoring. Diagnosing DReSS is especially challenging in children due to a low incidence rate, heterogeneous clinical presentation, and a lack of (pediatric) diagnostic criteria and clinical practice guidelines. We performed a scoping review, according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines, to summarize the clinical presentation and diagnostic process of DReSS in children (aged 0-18 years)...
February 2024: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
Qian Wang, Delong Feng, Sujie Jia, Qianjin Lu, Ming Zhao
In the field of contemporary medicine, autoimmune diseases (AIDs) are a prevalent and debilitating group of illnesses. However, they present extensive and profound challenges in terms of etiology, pathogenesis, and treatment. A major reason for this is the elusive pathophysiological mechanisms driving disease onset. Increasing evidence suggests the indispensable role of B cells in the pathogenesis of autoimmune diseases. Interestingly, B-cell receptor (BCR) repertoires in autoimmune diseases display a distinct skewing that can provide insights into disease pathogenesis...
February 2024: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
Kripa Ahuja, Christopher J Issa, Susan T Nedorost, Peter A Lio
Food allergy in atopic dermatitis is mediated by complex immune interactions between genetics, diet, environment, and the microbiome. When contact between inflamed skin and food antigens occurs, contact hypersensitivity can develop. Consequently, systemic contact dermatitis (SCD) can occur after ingestion of allergenic foods or food additives in the setting of a Th2 response with CLA-positive T cells, triggering dermatitis where skin resident memory lymphocytes reside. This phenomenon explains food-triggered dermatitis...
February 2024: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
Daniel Elieh-Ali-Komi, Ilze Bot, Mónica Rodríguez-González, Marcus Maurer
Mast cells (MCs) are commonly recognized for their crucial involvement in the pathogenesis of allergic diseases, but over time, it has come to light that they also play a role in the pathophysiology of non-allergic disorders including atherosclerosis. The involvement of MCs in the pathology of atherosclerosis is supported by their accumulation in atherosclerotic plaques upon their progression and the association of intraplaque MC numbers with acute cardiovascular events. MCs that accumulate within the atherosclerotic plaque release a cocktail of mediators through which they contribute to neovascularization, plaque progression, instability, erosion, rupture, and thrombosis...
January 30, 2024: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
Rodolfo Pessato Timóteo, Yago Marcos Pessoa-Gonçalves, José Rodrigues do Carmo Neto, Wellington Francisco Rodrigues, Marcos Vinícius da Silva, Carlo José Freire Oliveira
Pemphigus, an autoimmune intraepidermal bullous disease group with roughly eight distinct forms, includes pemphigus vulgaris (PV) and pemphigus foliaceus (PF) as its predominant global forms. Despite the increased utilization of global health records and reporting systems, epidemiological data remain limited and poorly categorized. Therefore, this study aimed to conduct a review to track, identify, and characterize cases of PV and PF published and categorized worldwide. A research question was formulated; studies were selected based on the inclusion criteria; and data from these publications were systematically collected, summarized, and presented using narrative descriptions...
January 30, 2024: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
Bruno Serrano-Arias, Adriana Araya-Zúñiga, Johan Waterhouse-Garbanzo, Zoe Rojas-Barrantes, Sebastián Arguedas-Chacón, Esteban Zavaleta-Monestel
Sulfonamides, which are drugs commonly prescribed in hospital and outpatient settings, have historically been associated with a high incidence of hypersensitivity reactions. It is believed that there is an increased risk of cross-reactions with other drugs that contain this functional group in their structure. However, it has not been conclusively established that the sulfonamide group is the sole cause of hypersensitivity reactions, as non-antibiotic sulfonamides do not share the same accessory groups with antibiotic sulfonamides...
January 4, 2024: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
Nicoletta Luciano, Elisa Barone, Suraj Timilsina, M Eric Gershwin, Carlo Selmi
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory disease characterized by an increased risk of cardiovascular events, due to the complex interplay between traditional and disease-related risk factors. Chronic inflammation and persistent disease activity are the key determinants of this risk, but despite great improvement in the disease management and prognosis, cardiovascular events are still the main cause of morbidity and mortality in RA cohorts1 . In the last decades, the advent of new biological and targeted-synthetic DMARDs was accompanied by an improvement in disease activity control, but the role of each class of drugs on CVD risk is still a matter a debate...
December 29, 2023: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
Leszek Blicharz, Joanna Czuwara, Lidia Rudnicka, Antonio Torrelo
Recent advances in medical genetics elucidated the background of diseases characterized by superficial dermal and epidermal inflammation with resultant aberrant keratosis. This led to introducing the term autoinflammatory keratinization diseases encompassing entities in which monogenic mutations cause spontaneous activation of the innate immunity and subsequent disruption of the keratinization process. Originally, autoinflammatory keratinization diseases were attributed to pathogenic variants of CARD14 (generalized pustular psoriasis with concomitant psoriasis vulgaris, palmoplantar pustulosis, type V pityriasis rubra pilaris), IL36RN (generalized pustular psoriasis without concomitant psoriasis vulgaris, impetigo herpetiformis, acrodermatitis continua of Hallopeau), NLRP1 (familial forms of keratosis lichenoides chronica), and genes of the mevalonate pathway, i...
December 16, 2023: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
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