Wen Jiang, Song Mei, Qionghua Deng, Chunyan Lei, Ailan Pang
INTRODUCTION: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a heterogenous, devastating autoimmune inflammatory disease with multiorgan involvement. A variety of neurological and psychiatric symptoms may be caused by nervous system involvement, termed neuropsychiatric systemic lupus erythematosus. CASE REPORT: We describe a young man newly diagnosed with SLE who had a stroke as an initial symptom and was found to have cerebral large-vessel vasculitis and Fahr syndrome. CONCLUSIONS: The novelties of this report are the extensive cerebral calcification demonstrated on head computerized tomography in a patient with SLE, and the depiction of an underlying vasculitis on high-resolution magnetic resonance vessel wall imaging...
August 25, 2023: Neurologist
Xintong Luo, Tiantian Huo, Pengkai Cao, Jingru Zhao, Yue Zhang, Guojun Tan
BACKGROUND: The safety and efficacy of intravenous thrombolysis (IVT) in acute ischemic stroke patients with large vessel occlusions and mild neurological deficits are controversial. METHODS: Data of stroke patients presenting with mild initial stroke, which was defined as the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score (NIHSS) ≤5 and large vessel occlusion, were extracted from a large provincewide stroke registry. RESULTS: A total of 619 IVT and 2170 non-IVT patients were identified in this study...
August 25, 2023: Neurologist
Stéphane Mathis, Guilhem Solé, Nathalie Damon-Perrière, Marie Rouanet-Larrivière, Fanny Duval, Julia Prigent, Louis Nadal, Yann Péréon, Gwendal Le Masson
BACKGROUND: The tongue is an essential organ for the development of certain crucial functions, such as swallowing and language. The examination of the tongue can be very useful in neurology, as the various types of lingual alterations can lead to certain specific diagnoses, the tongue being a kind of "mirror" of some neurological function. REVIEW SUMMARY: In this study, we reviewed the literature on anatomy, physiology, and the various aspects of the examination of the tongue...
August 25, 2023: Neurologist
Stéphane Mathis, Guilhem Solé, Nathalie Damon-Perrière, Marie Rouanet-Larrivière, Fanny Duval, Julia Prigent, Louis Nadal, Yann Péréon, Gwendal Le Masson
BACKGROUND: The tongue is an essential organ for the development of certain crucial functions such as swallowing and speech. The examination of the tongue can be very useful in neurology, as the various types of lingual alterations can lead to certain specific diagnoses, the tongue being a kind of 'mirror' of some neurological function. REVIEW SUMMARY: To discuss the elements of clinical examination of the tongue in relation to neurological disorders. After reviewing the different superficial lesions of the tongue, we deal with various movement disorders of the tongue (fasciculations/myokimia, orolingual tremor, choreic movements of the tongue, dystonia of the tongue, lingual myoclonus, and psychogenic movements), disorders of taste and lingual sensitivity and lingual pain...
August 25, 2023: Neurologist
Lu Liu, Weiping Wang
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to develop and validate a predictive model for the risk of poor neurological status in in-hospital patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) after intravenous thrombolysis. METHODS: This 2-center retrospective study included patients with AIS treated at the Advanced Stroke Center of the Second Hospital of Hebei Medical University and Baoding No.1 Central Hospital between January 2018 and January 2020). The neurological function status at day 7 of AIS onset was used as the endpoint of the study, which was evaluated using the National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score...
August 25, 2023: Neurologist
Cleo Zarina Reyes, Manny Villar, Kathryn Cheponis, Hussam A Yacoub
INTRODUCTION: Severe and less common neurological manifestations of SARS-CoV-2 infection include acute ischemic stroke, intracerebral hemorrhage, central venous sinus thrombosis, and vasculitis. In this report, we present a case of a 42-year-old man with acute ischemic stroke due to SARS-CoV-2 infection-associated central nervous system vasculitis that improved with steroid therapy. CASE REPORT: A 42-year-old man with SARS-CoV-2 infection presented with non-fluent aphasia and right-sided hemiparesis...
August 23, 2023: Neurologist
Esra Erkoç Ataoğlu, Hale Batur Çağlayan, Bijen Nazliel, Mehmet Çinar, Asli Akyol Gürses, Özlem Moraloğlu Tekin
BACKGROUND: The present study aimed to evaluate resting middle cerebral artery (MCA) blood flow velocities using transcranial Doppler ultrasound (TCD) in healthy women at different stages of pregnancy, and to compare these velocities with those of normal controls. METHODS: A total of 105 healthy normotensive pregnant women and 25 non-pregnant healthy controls were included in the study. We formed 3 groups according to gestational age: first trimester (7 to 13 wk pregnant), second trimester (14 to 28 wk pregnant), and third trimester (29 to 42 wk pregnant)...
August 22, 2023: Neurologist
Jonathan D Winter, J William Kerns, Katherine M Winter, Alicia Richards, Roy T Sabo
OBJECTIVES: Evaluate current prevalence and changes in prescribing of antiseizure medications (ASMs) in Virginia nursing homes for residents with and without seizures. METHODS: Retrospective cohort. De-identified claims extracted from the Virginia All-Payers-Claims-Database defined annual and biennial cohorts of all insured long-stay residents with and without any claims-based seizure diagnoses. ASM prescribing prevalence rates for these cohorts were analyzed from 2011 to 2016...
August 15, 2023: Neurologist
Zhongjun Chen, Tieping Fan, Xusheng Zhao, Teng Hu, Hengxu Qi, Di Li
BACKGROUND: Mechanical thrombectomy has become a key treatment option for acute ischemic stroke. This study compared the safety and efficacy of aspiration catheter CAT6 and 5 Fr Navien. METHODS: Thrombectomy was performed in103 patients with the acute internal carotid artery, middle cerebral artery M1 or M2 occlusions, including the CAT6 group (n=53 with stent retriever and CAT6 aspiration) and the 5 Fr Navien group (n=50 with stent retriever and 5 Fr Navien aspiration) at the Advanced Stroke Center...
August 7, 2023: Neurologist
Ruixian Wang, Yanjun Zhang, Yajuan Shao, Xiujuan Yang, Lei Chen
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the outcomes of human urinary kallidinogenase (HUK) after recombinant tissue-type plasminogen activator treatment in patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS). METHODS: In this retrospective study conducted from December 2018 to August 2020, 313 patients with AIS patients who received recombinant tissue-type plasminogen activator treatment were enrolled. Among them, 148 patients received basic therapy, and 165 patients received HUK treatment...
August 3, 2023: Neurologist
John P Mikhaiel, Melvin Parasram, Thomas Manning, Mohammed W Al-Dulaimi, Erin C Barnes, Guido J Falcone, David Y Hwang, Morgan L Prust
INTRODUCTION: Sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (sCJD) is a fatal neurodegenerative condition caused by prion proteins. Cortical and subcortical diffusion-weighted imaging restriction on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is associated with sCJD. Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) results from impaired vessel autoregulation due to an identifiable trigger, which is associated with subcortical fluid-attenuated inversion recovery changes on MRI. We report a case of sCJD initially presenting with PRES...
August 2, 2023: Neurologist
Qisong Wang, Qiang Yao, Si Yuan, Yan Shen, Yang Feng, Luji Liu, Yipu Zhu, Yanying Zhao, Junzhao Cui, Jin Qin, Jing Tian, Ruijie Zhao, Lijuan Liu, Yicong Zhou, Xiaoyun Liu
INTRODUCTION: We report a rare case of moyamoya disease caused by an RNF213 mutation, complicated with systemic lupus erythematosus. CASE REPORT: A 32-year-old woman experienced 4 cerebral ischemia stroke events within 6 months. The main symptom was left limb weakness with blurred vision in the right eye. Results of digital subtraction angiography conducted at another hospital were consistent with moyamoya disease. On genetic testing, we found that the patient carried 2 mutations in the moyamoya disease-related gene RNF213 (p...
July 19, 2023: Neurologist
Jianghua Huang, Juan Zuo, Xuan Tang, Jieqiong Zou, Yahua Zeng, Shuangqin Chen, Gufen He
BACKGROUND: Ischemic stroke, a severe disease with high disability and mortality, causes an overburden in society and demands more effective treatments. Early rehabilitation and nursing intervention (ERNI) helps the postoperative recovery of patients with hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage. However, the effect of ERNI on the recovery of people after ischemic stroke remains unclear. METHODS: Patients were treated with the ERNI program; subsequently, Mini-Mental State Examination, National Institute of Health stroke scale, Fugl-Meyer Assessment Scale, Daily living activity assessment, and Quality of life test were performed after the treatment of ERNI to evaluate the influence of ERNI on the cognitive function, motor function, and life quality of patients after ischemic stroke...
July 13, 2023: Neurologist
Jenny J Lee, Smit Patel, Jason D Hinman
INTRODUCTION: Mutations in type IV collagen gene COL4A1 are identified as a cause of autosomal dominant cerebrovascular disease. We report an unusual late-onset presentation. CASE REPORT: A 64-year-old male was found to have an ischemic stroke and diffuse white matter changes. Genetic testing revealed COL4A1 gene mutation of heterozygous Alu insertion at intron 16. Alu elements are known as "jumping genes," and Alu insertion is not previously reported in COL4A1 genetic syndromes...
July 13, 2023: Neurologist
Nour Alhayek, Ehab Harahsheh, Oana Dumitrascu, Anthony L Green
INTRODUCTION: Multiple medications have been related to triggering headache attacks or worsening headache frequency or severity in patients with migraine disease. However, the impact of direct oral anticoagulants on headache frequency and severity in patients with migraine disease is unclear. Current literature is scarce and controversial. CASE REPORT: A 45-year-old male with a history of migraine with aura for the last 20 years underwent percutaneous transcatheter closure of an atrial septal defect due to right ventricular enlargement and systolic dysfunction...
July 10, 2023: Neurologist
Nabeela Nathoo, Ralitza H Gavrilova, Jorge A Trejo-Lopez, Patrick W McGarrah, Ronald S Go, Abdulradha Alqallaf, W Oliver Tobin
INTRODUCTION: Fanconi anemia (FA) is an inherited condition associated with genetic mutations that affect DNA repair proteins. More than 20 genes involved in the FA/BRCA pathway have been implicated in FA, including BRIP1. Tumefactive brain lesions are rare in FA. CASE REPORT: We describe a patient with FA and recurrent tumefactive brain lesions preceded by calcifications on head computed tomography. A biopsy revealed white-matter gliosis with severe vasculopathy...
July 7, 2023: Neurologist
Chang Dong, Ying Li, Zhuang Ma Md
BACKGROUND: Patients with spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (sICH) are at high risk for venous thromboembolism (VTE). The administration of mechanical and pharmacological VTE prophylaxis after sICH is important but challenging. The safety and efficacy of the optimal anticoagulant dose, timing, and type of VTE chemoprophylaxis in cases of sICH are still unclear, and clinicians are concerned that it may lead to cerebral hematoma expansion, which is associated with poor prognosis. Through this literature review, we aim to summarize the latest guidelines, recommendations, and clinical research progress to support evidence-based treatment strategies...
June 29, 2023: Neurologist
Graciela Cárdenas, Luis Felipe Vargas-García, Heidy Adames-Espinal, José Luis Soto-Hernández, Laura Rocío Castañón-Olivares
BACKGROUND: Cryptococcal meningitis, one of the most severe infections affecting the central nervous system, often involves severe neurological sequels and high mortality. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed, including 76 cases admitted in a 10-year period at a neurological referral center in Mexico City. From 68 isolates, 52 fungal specimens were identified as part of the Cryptococcus neoformans var. neoformans complex, 15 as C. neoformans var gattii complex, and one as Cryptococcus non- neoformans/gattii ...
July 1, 2023: Neurologist
Sufang Xue, Risu Na, Jing Dong, Min Wei, Qi Kong, Qiujia Wang, Xue Qiu, Fangyu Li, Haiqing Song
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to analyze the characteristics and mechanisms of acute ischemic stroke (AIS) in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) who received prior anticoagulant therapy. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the data of patients with NVAF and AIS between January 2016 and December 2021. Patients were divided into non-anticoagulant, adequate anticoagulant, and insufficient anticoagulant groups according to their prior anticoagulant status...
June 27, 2023: Neurologist
Michael T Mullen, Brett L Cucchiara, Steven R Messé, Ahmad Zamzam, Scott E Kasner
BACKGROUND: A pilot randomized trial evaluating whether a social support intervention improves adherence to home blood pressure (BP) monitoring among patients with cerebrovascular disease. METHODS: Subjects with ischemic stroke, intracerebral hemorrhage, or transient ischemic attack within 5 years with BP >140/90, were given a centrally monitored home BP cuff and asked to check their BP twice a day for 90 ± 7 days. Subjects received text and/or email reminders for missed measurements and weekly reports on adherence/BP control...
June 27, 2023: Neurologist
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