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Journal of Correctional Health Care

Valerie R Anderson, Fangqian Ouyang, Wanzhu Tu, Marc B Rosenman, Sarah E Wiehe, Matthew C Aalsma
This study examined Medicaid coverage and continuity for youth with varying levels of justice system involvement and the impact of a policy change allowing Medicaid suspension, rather than termination. Data for this study were collected using a retrospective cohort design using arrest records and Medicaid enrollment tables for 20,688 youth. Age, gender, race/ethnicity, and deepest level of justice system involvement all were associated with time to de-enrollment from Medicaid. Suspension was associated with a small improvement in Medicaid continuity for justice-involved youth...
January 7, 2019: Journal of Correctional Health Care
Mary Peeler, Kevin Fiscella, Mishka Terplan, Carolyn Sufrin
Pregnant women represent a unique population for correctional facilities to care for. The incarcerated pregnant population is at an increased risk of concurrent opioid use disorder (OUD) that requires specialized care. The evidence-based best practice and standard of care for pregnant women with OUD is medication-assisted treatment (MAT) with methadone or buprenorphine pharmacotherapy. Correctional facilities that house women must be prepared to provide this care in a timely manner upon intake in order to address the serious medical needs of the pregnant woman and her fetus...
January 7, 2019: Journal of Correctional Health Care
Wendy Trimmer, Catherine Fuller, Christina Kake, Elizabeth Asbury
Whitireia New Zealand and the Department of Corrections have worked collaboratively since 2008 in developing and delivering primary mental health (PMH) training for registered correctional nurses, specifically focused on assessment and brief interventions applicable to a primary health setting. The PMH training program was undertaken and evaluated by Department of Correction nurses between 2009 and 2016. Significant improvements in PMH learning outcomes were noted among 396 participants, while 98% applied knowledge gained from the PMH workshops to their practice...
January 7, 2019: Journal of Correctional Health Care
Susan Starr Sered, Maureen Norton-Hawk
Using a mixed-method approach of interviews and ethnographic observations, the authors followed a cohort of women postincarceration in Massachusetts for a period of 9 years. The women repeatedly cycled through health care and other institutions, yet very few moved into stable housing, jobs, and family situations. Nearly all continue to suffer multiple physical and mental health challenges despite high levels of access to health care. This article is intended to provide those who work in correctional institutions a broader view of the lives of justice-involved women outside of those institutions...
January 7, 2019: Journal of Correctional Health Care
Lisa Simon, Matthew Tobey
The number of U.S. medical schools that provide clinical training in correctional facilities or classroom-based training in criminal justice-related issues is unknown. This study consisted of an online survey of deans of education at U.S. schools granting an MD degree to assess teaching regarding criminal justice and health, and clinical training in correctional settings. We compared perceptions of such training and perceptions of graduate preparedness between programs with and without correctional health curricula...
January 3, 2019: Journal of Correctional Health Care
Namkee G Choi, Diana M DiNitto, C Nathan Marti
Based on 2005 to 2014 data from the National Violent Death Reporting System, this study examined mental health treatment status of suicide decedents in correctional settings, focusing on those with prior/recent suicide ideation/plans/attempts. Of all decedents ( N = 1,727), 30% had prior/recent suicidal ideation/plans/attempts, and of them, 64% had not received mental health treatment while incarcerated. Multivariable analysis showed that those with past-month crime/violence (as a proxy for recent incarceration) and those with an alcohol problem had higher odds of not having received treatment...
January 3, 2019: Journal of Correctional Health Care
Anne C Spaulding, Jagpreet Chhatwal, Madeline G Adee, Robert T Lawrence, Curt G Beckwith, William von Oehsen
The cost of treating all incarcerated people who have hepatitis C with direct-acting antiviral agents (DAAs) greatly stresses correctional facility budgets. Complex federal laws bar pharmaceutical companies from simply discounting expensive medications to prices that facilities can afford. This article discusses means by which correctional facilities may qualify under federal law as "safety-net providers" to allow sale of DAAs at a price <10% of the average manufacturer price (AMP). No new laws would need to be enacted to implement this strategy...
October 15, 2018: Journal of Correctional Health Care
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Journal of Correctional Health Care
John R Miles
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Journal of Correctional Health Care
Rosemary A Johnson, Kerry A Milner, Christine Heng, Anna E Greer, Sue DeNisco
The purpose of this 3-month quasi-experimental pilot study was to examine the effect of a physical activity and dietary education program on body mass index (BMI) and resilience. Participants were given data-storing pedometers to record their physical activity, attended classes on healthy eating, and used portion control tools from . MyPlate usage and commissary purchases were collected weekly. BMI and resilience scores were measured at baseline, 6 weeks, and 12 weeks. Twenty-nine female prisoners completed the study...
October 2018: Journal of Correctional Health Care
Christer Priwe, Peter Carlsson
The aim of the study was to describe oral health status as well as risk factors related to the oral health in a prison inmate population at admission. A sample of 186 men admitted to one of Sweden's prisons were examined and interviewed to collect information. The results indicate a high prevalence of untreated oral disease and oral health risk factors in the sample. Seventy-one percent of the study population indicated drug abuse. Only 4.9% were assessed with completely healthy periodontal tissues, and 66% showed at least one tooth with untreated caries...
October 2018: Journal of Correctional Health Care
Amy Jo Harzke, Maria Diaz, Emily Tong, Gwen Baillargeon, Stephanie Zepeda, Angela Koranek, Robert Sandmann
This study evaluated the effectiveness of formulary substitution from products or regimens containing name brand emtricitabine to alternative regimens containing generic lamivudine among virologically suppressed HIV-infected patients in a correctional managed health care system. Results of this retrospective cohort study showed that 94.9% of patients switched from emtricitabine to lamivudine ( n = 447) and 93.0% of emtricitabine control patients ( n = 449) had an undetectable viral load at last available test over a 2-year period...
October 2018: Journal of Correctional Health Care
Lise Lafferty, Georgina M Chambers, Jill Guthrie, Tony Butler, Carla Treloar
Social capital has been associated with improved health outcomes. Measures of social capital have been developed specifically for different population groups, cultures, and contexts; however, there is no readily available measure for use among inmates in the prison setting. This study sought to translate a community concept into the prison setting through the development and piloting of the Inmate Social Capital Questionnaire (ISCQ). Thirty male inmates (living with hepatitis C) participated in the pilot phase of the ISCQ ( n = 23 sentenced and n = 7 held on remand)...
October 2018: Journal of Correctional Health Care
Jason Chertoff, Paul Stevenson, Hassan Alnuaimat
The effect of incarceration on sepsis outcomes in the United States is infrequently described in the literature. This study sought to investigate whether being incarcerated affected mortality rates in sepsis. The retrospective study used data from October 1, 2013, to November 30, 2016, of patients admitted with a diagnosis of sepsis at a tertiary care center with a primary outcome of in-hospital mortality. The study cohort included 8,568 cases of sepsis, of which 8,448 were noninmates and 120 were inmates. Overall mortality was 15...
October 2018: Journal of Correctional Health Care
Tenzin Wangmo, Violet Handtke, Wiebke Bretschneider, Bernice S Elger
This qualitative article presents and compares the views of older prisoners and expert stakeholders on the topic of nutrition and exercise. The study highlights measures for improving the health of older prisoners. Older prisoners report the need to improve quality of meals provided in prison. They note that prison food is of poor quality and not adapted to their needs. With regard to exercise, they point out the lack of proper opportunities to engage in exercise and sports, and describe several factors that make physical activities either unsuitable or unfeasible...
October 2018: Journal of Correctional Health Care
Charlotte Wheeler, Kimberley D Lucas, Gordana Derado, Orion McCotter, R Steven Tharratt, Tom Chiller, Janet C Mohle-Boetani
Two California state prisons (A and B) have very high rates of coccidioidomycosis (Valley Fever). The prison health care service sought to improve their prevention strategy by risk stratification with a newly available spherulin-based Coccidioides delayed-type hypersensitivity test. Of the 36,789 voluntarily screened inmates, 4.7% experienced adverse reactions. A positive test (8.6% of those tested) was independently associated with (1) incarceration at prisons A and B, (2) admission to prison from a Coccidioides-endemic county, (3) length of stay at prisons A and B, and (4) increasing age...
October 2018: Journal of Correctional Health Care
Rahela Bursac, Laura Raffa, Angela Solimo, Connor Bell, Elizabeth Ford
Individuals with serious mental illness detained in jail may require frequent psychiatric hospitalization due to the destabilizing nature of the jail environment. This study examined the impact of a pilot treatment program involving continuity of patient care across jail and hospital settings aimed at reducing hospitalizations and negative health outcomes for a population of high-risk, incarcerated individuals with mental illness. This study examined rate ratios of psychiatric hospitalizations, injuries, and suicide watches, comparing 15 patients in the treatment program to themselves pretreatment and to a control group of 15 frequently rehospitalized patients...
October 2018: Journal of Correctional Health Care
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Journal of Correctional Health Care
Leigh E Tenkku Lepper, Sakshi Trivedi, Adaobi Anakwe
Incarcerated women experience stress related to their prison sentence, and this can be aggravated by pregnancy-related changes, with pregnant women at higher risks of adverse maternal and fetal health outcomes related to mental health problems and infant low birth weight. In a Midwestern correctional facility, 25 pregnant women were enrolled in a 4-week health and mental health education workshop comprised of seven sessions that taught women about self and infant care. Each 90-minute session included education and guided discussions using handouts that each participant could take with them...
July 2018: Journal of Correctional Health Care
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Journal of Correctional Health Care
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