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Journals Psychiatric Services : a Journ...

Psychiatric Services : a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association

https://read.qxmd.com/read/39026468/randomized-trial-of-the-effectiveness-of-videoconferencing-based-versus-message-based-psychotherapy-on-depression
#1
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Patricia A Areán, Michael D Pullmann, Isabell R Griffith Fillipo, Jerilyn Wu, Brittany A Mosser, Shiyu Chen, Patrick J Heagerty, Thomas D Hull
OBJECTIVE: The authors compared the engagement, clinical outcomes, and adverse events of text or voice message-based psychotherapy (MBP) versus videoconferencing-based psychotherapy (VCP) among adults with depression. METHODS: The study used a sequential multiple-assignment randomized trial design with data drawn from phase 1 of a two-phase small business innovation research study. In total, 215 adults (ages ≥18 years) with depression received care from Talkspace, a digital mental health care company...
July 19, 2024: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/39026467/machine-learning-based-evaluation-of-suicide-risk-assessment-in-crisis-counseling-calls
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Zac E Imel, Brian Pace, Brad Pendergraft, Jordan Pruett, Michael Tanana, Christina S Soma, Kate A Comtois, David C Atkins
OBJECTIVE: Counselor assessment of suicide risk is one key component of crisis counseling, and standards require risk assessment in every crisis counseling conversation. Efforts to increase risk assessment frequency are limited by quality improvement tools that rely on human evaluation of conversations, which is labor intensive, slow, and impossible to scale. Advances in machine learning (ML) have made possible the development of tools that can automatically and immediately detect the presence of risk assessment in crisis counseling conversations...
July 19, 2024: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38982837/social-media-based-brief-video-interventions-to-support-youths-mental-health
#3
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Doron Amsalem
Social media platforms are communication forums with potential benefits and disadvantages for youths' mental health. In this column, the author focuses on two main themes. First, recognizing the need for carefully crafted interventions, the author advocates for the use of crowdsourcing platforms to test and refine social media-based video content. These platforms enable the development of engaging, safe, and stigma-reducing videos tailored to meet the needs of diverse youths. Second, the author proposes the establishment of strategic frameworks designed to empower youths to produce and share these videos effectively, enhancing the positive effect of social media on mental health discourse...
July 10, 2024: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38982836/analysis-of-spanish-language-news-reports-on-schizophrenia-and-psychosis
#4
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Nancy Jacquelyn Pérez-Flores, Michelle Bagwell, Ali Mora, Leopoldo J Cabassa
OBJECTIVE: Stigma toward individuals with schizophrenia and psychosis has been widely studied in the general population, but research on Spanish-language news media coverage of these mental disorders in the Latinx population is limited. The authors aimed to examine how schizophrenia and psychosis are commonly presented in U.S. Spanish-language news media, focusing on stigmatizing stereotypes, recovery themes, and the use of best practices for reporting on mental health issues. METHODS: A content analysis was conducted of reports from two leading U...
July 10, 2024: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38982835/certified-community-behavioral-health-clinic-services-for-clients-with-co-occurring-disorders-a-latent-class-approach
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yuanyuan Hu, Ran Hu, Daniel M Baslock, Victoria Stanhope
OBJECTIVE: Certified community behavioral health clinics (CCBHCs) are designed to provide comprehensive care for individuals with co-occurring mental and substance use disorders. The authors classified outpatient mental health treatment facilities on the basis of provision of services for clients with co-occurring disorders and assessed whether CCBHCs differed from other outpatient mental health facilities in services provided. METHODS: The authors used latent class analysis to identify distinct services for clients with co-occurring disorders in 5,692 outpatient mental health facilities in the 2021 National Substance Use and Mental Health Services Survey...
July 10, 2024: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38982834/an-observational-study-of-a-digital-substance-use-and-recovery-program
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Bilal Noreen Khan, Cherry Chu, Janette Brual, Marlena Dang-Nguyen, Adetola Oladimeji, Altea Kthupi, Blanca Bolea-Alamañac, Mina Tadrous, Anne O'Riordan, Donna Rubenstein, Kathleen Carlin, Philip Longum, Daryn Gibson, Ibukun-Oluwa Omolade Abejirinde
OBJECTIVE: Digital substance use treatment programs present an opportunity to provide nonresidential care for people with problematic substance use. In June 2021, the provincial government in Ontario provided free access to Breaking Free Online (BFO), a digital behavioral change program for people with substance use disorders. METHODS: An observational study was conducted with retrospective data to characterize clients' use and engagement patterns in BFO and examine changes in self-reported outcomes...
July 10, 2024: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38957052/from-rhetoric-to-action-justice-equity-diversity-and-inclusion-in-coordinated-specialty-care-for-early-psychosis
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Shannon Pagdon, Sarah S Shahriar, Samuel Murphy, Christina Bomnae Babusci, Ana T Flores, Ariana J Rivens, Arielle Ered, William R Smith, Nev Jones, Peter L Phalen, Monica E Calkins, Melanie E Bennett
Attention to inclusivity and equity in health research and clinical practice has grown in recent years; however, coordinated specialty care (CSC) for early psychosis lags in efforts to improve equity despite evidence of ongoing disparities and inequities in CSC care. This Open Forum argues that marginalization and disparities in early psychosis research and clinical care are interrelated, and the authors provide suggestions for paths forward. Commitment to equity and justice demands recentering the perspectives of those most affected by early psychosis services and investing in the integration of historically excluded perspectives across all aspects of practice, policy, and research...
July 3, 2024: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38957051/impact-of-individual-budgets-on-work-and-financial-well-being-of-supported-employment-recipients-with-serious-mental-illness
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Judith A Cook, Pamela J Steigman, Jane K Burke-Miller, Nicole Pashka, Anabel Ruiz, Drew Egli, Claudia Cortez, John Prestipino, Adrienne Brown, Mark Furlong, Lisa A Razzano
OBJECTIVE: The authors sought to determine whether providing recipients of supported employment with individual budgets from which they could purchase employment-related goods and services would improve employment and financial outcomes. METHODS: Sixty study participants were recruited from an individual placement and support (IPS) program and randomly assigned (1:1) to receive IPS services only (N=32) or IPS services with a 12-month $950 flexible fund called a career account (N=28)...
July 3, 2024: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38957050/therapist-driven-telephone-call-outreach-to-improve-depression-remission-in-a-federally-qualified-health-center
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Shannon Kinnan, Ricki Lieu, Alexander Hall, Jenny Xiao, Makenzie Maroney, Naomi Schmalz
The authors examined the feasibility and impact of a therapist-driven outreach program on depression outcomes in a primary care clinic. Patients with a diagnosis of depression but missing a 1-year follow-up Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) screening were rescreened via telephone. Eligible patients (N=241) were contacted, and implementation rates and outcomes, along with feasibility, were assessed. Of the patients contacted, 47% indicated a depression response (reduction in PHQ-9 score of ≥50%), and 33% met remission criteria (PHQ-9 score <5)...
July 3, 2024: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38938096/family-involvement-in-routine-services-for-individuals-with-severe-mental-illness-scoping-review-of-barriers-and-strategies
#10
REVIEW
Suzanne S Tham, Phyllis Solomon
OBJECTIVE: The authors investigated barriers to practices that promote family involvement in mental health services, focusing on individuals with severe mental illness, their families, and mental health providers. Additionally, the authors sought to identify strategies to facilitate family involvement in mental health provision to highlight the engagement process in routine practice and propose future directions for organizations to establish a family-friendly environment. METHODS: Systematic searches for literature published from January 1990 to March 2023 were conducted in PsycInfo, PubMed, CINAHL, Sociological Abstracts, and Scopus databases...
June 28, 2024: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38938095/intersectional-discrimination-in-mental-health-care-a-systematic-review-with-qualitative-evidence-synthesis
#11
REVIEW
Christin Hempeler, Lydia Schneider-Reuter, Anne-Sophie Windel, Jona Carlet, Lea Philipsen, Georg Juckel, Jakov Gather, Amma Yeboah, Mirjam Faissner
OBJECTIVE: Discriminatory practices in mental health care undermine the right to health of marginalized service users. Intersectional approaches enable consideration of multiple forms of discrimination that occur simultaneously and remain invisible in single-axis analyses. The authors reviewed intersectionality-informed qualitative literature on discriminatory practices in mental health care to better understand the experiences of marginalized service users and their evaluation and navigation of mental health care...
June 28, 2024: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38938094/testing-the-impact-of-a-law-enforcement-operated-co-responder-program-for-youths-a-quasi-experimental-approach
#12
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Kristina K Childs, Richard L Elligson, Caitlin M Brady
OBJECTIVE: The authors examined whether use of a co-responder program reduced the likelihood of an involuntary commitment examination as the disposition of a police encounter with youths experiencing a mental health crisis and 1 year after the initial incident. METHODS: Using a quasi-experimental design, the authors compared 206 incidents that involved the co-response program with 327 incidents that did not involve the program. Propensity score matching was used to balance groups on demographic and incident characteristics...
June 28, 2024: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38938093/mitigating-racial-bias-in-health-care-algorithms-improving-fairness-in-access-to-supportive-housing
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Krista R Noam, Timothy Schmutte, Christopher Bory, Robert W Plant
Algorithms for guiding health care decisions have come under increasing scrutiny for being unfair to certain racial and ethnic groups. The authors describe their multistep process, using data from 3,465 individuals, to reduce racial and ethnic bias in an algorithm developed to identify state Medicaid beneficiaries experiencing homelessness and chronic health needs who were eligible for coordinated health care and housing supports. Through an iterative process of adjusting inputs, reviewing outputs with diverse stakeholders, and performing quality assurance, the authors developed an algorithm that achieved racial and ethnic parity in the selection of eligible Medicaid beneficiaries...
June 28, 2024: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38938092/digital-terror-its-striking-impact-on-public-mental-health
#14
JOURNAL ARTICLE
David Roe, Eva Gilboa-Schechtman, Amit Baumel
Digital terror refers to the use of digital technology to disseminate graphic images of acts of violence to frighten the public. On October 7, 2023, militants of the Palestinian organization Hamas launched a brutal attack on Israel and used digital terror to magnify their acts. Although the purposeful spreading of terror via digital means is not new, the Hamas attack was significant for the scope, immediacy, and widespread dissemination of its digital content. This column aims to describe and analyze the psychological significance of this new form of terror, the public mental health challenges raised, and the interventions needed to assist those exposed to digital terror...
June 28, 2024: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38938091/second-opinions-for-diagnoses-of-psychotic-disorders-delivering-stage-specific-recommendations
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Carol Lim, Abigail L Donovan, Sophie Freudenreich, Corinne Cather, Sarah Maclaurin, Oliver Freudenreich
OBJECTIVE: The impact of obtaining second-opinion consultations on diagnoses of schizophrenia spectrum disorders was evaluated. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted for 177 patients referred to a psychosis consultation service at an academic medical center from January 1, 2017, to October 1, 2023; these consultations aimed to clarify a diagnosis of psychosis. Diagnoses made before and after consultations were compared, and treatment recommendations resulting from the consultation visit were summarized...
June 28, 2024: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38863328/use-of-patient-reported-outcome-measures-to-assess-the-effectiveness-of-hybrid-psychiatric-visits
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Virginia C O'Brien, Anita S Kablinger, Hayoung Ko, Sydney B Jones, Robert S McNamara, Ashlie R Phenes, Maria Stack Hankey, Alyssa J Gatto, Martha M Tenzer, Hunter D Sharp, Lee D Cooper
OBJECTIVE: Little empirical evidence exists to support the effectiveness of hybrid psychiatric care, defined as care delivered through a combination of telephone, videoconferencing, and in-person visits. The authors aimed to investigate the effectiveness of hybrid psychiatric care compared with outpatient waitlist groups, assessed with patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs). METHOD: Participants were recruited from an adult psychiatry clinic waitlist on which the most common primary diagnoses were unipolar depression, generalized anxiety disorder, and bipolar disorder...
June 12, 2024: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38863327/racial-ethnic-disparities-in-quality-of-care-among-medicaid-beneficiaries-with-schizophrenia
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Sharon-Lise Normand, Katya Zelevinsky, Molly Finnerty, Emily Leckman-Westin, Qingxian Chen, Junghye Jeong, Haley Abing, Jeannette Tsuei, Marcela Horvitz-Lennon
OBJECTIVE: The authors sought to update and expand the evidence on the quality of health care and disparities in care among Medicaid beneficiaries with schizophrenia. METHODS: Adult beneficiaries of New York State Medicaid with schizophrenia receiving care during 2016-2019 were identified. Composite quality scores were derived from item response theory models by using evidence-based indicators of the quality of mental and general medical health care. Risk-adjusted racial-ethnic differences in quality were estimated and summarized as percentiles relative to White beneficiaries' mean quality scores...
June 12, 2024: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38835255/considerations-for-opioid-use-disorder-treatment-from-policy-makers-experiences-with-covid-19-policy-flexibilities
#18
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Lavonia Smith LeBeau, Mackenzie C White, Rachel Mosher Henke, Justeen Hyde, Alexis Sarpong, Risa B Weisberg, Nicholas A Livingston, Norah Mulvaney-Day
OBJECTIVE: This qualitative study aimed to examine how states implemented COVID-19 public health emergency-related federal policy flexibilities for opioid use disorder treatment from the perspective of state-level behavioral health policy makers. Recommendations are given for applying lessons learned to improve the long-term impact of these flexibilities on opioid use disorder treatment. METHODS: Eleven semistructured interviews were conducted with 13 stakeholders from six state governments, and transcripts were qualitatively coded...
June 5, 2024: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38835254/employment-outcomes-of-a-distance-learning-system-for-formerly-incarcerated-veterans-with-mental-illness
#19
JOURNAL ARTICLE
James P LePage, Scott T Walters, Daisha J Cipher, April M Crawford, Edward L Washington
OBJECTIVE: People with previous incarceration and a mental disorder, a substance use disorder, or both are less likely to obtain employment than are those without these characteristics. Distance learning and education (DLE) systems are increasingly being integrated into clinical care and provide a pathway to disseminate vocational services. DLE systems can help reach people with barriers to accessing services, including people without transportation, experiencing homelessness, living in rural areas, or who are homebound...
June 5, 2024: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38835253/peer-run-respite-approaches-to-supporting-people-experiencing-an-emotional-crisis
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Lauren Spiro, Margaret Swarbrick
Research shows that guests experience peer-run respites as empowering and safe places where they feel more seen, heard, and respected than they do in conventional settings. This column describes the successful and unique processes of peer-run respites that support guests in emotional crisis and facilitate healing. In a discussion informed by their experiences and the literature, the authors examine how peer-run respites differ from conventional psychiatric crisis response services in their basic philosophy: how emotional crisis is understood, the goal of crisis response, how trauma is viewed, the importance of self-determination, power dynamics, and relationality...
June 5, 2024: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
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