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Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30757936/measurement-properties-of-instruments-to-assess-mental-function-during-activity-and-participation-in-individuals-surviving-traumatic-brain-injury-a-systematic-review-protocol
#1
Marie Almkvist Muren, Lola Qvist Kristensen, Annemette Krintel Petersen, Maurits W van Tulder, Lisa Gregersen Oestergaard
BACKGROUND: Most studies assessing mental function in individuals with traumatic brain injury (TBI) assess the impairments through pen and paper tests. However, weak correlation has been found between the results from pen and paper tests and the results from performance-based tests during activity and participation. OBJECTIVE: To investigate measurement properties of performance-based instruments that are used to assess mental function during activity and participation in individuals with a TBI...
February 13, 2019: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30734615/interest-of-children-with-unilateral-spastic-cerebral-palsy-in-bimanual-daily-activities
#2
Rachel Helena Silva de Oliveira, Marina de Brito Brandão, Juliana Vaz de Melo Mambrini, Marisa Cotta Mancini
BACKGROUND: Many bimanual activities are challenging for children with unilateral spastic cerebral palsy (USCP). AIMS: To investigate hand use by children with USCP in daily activities of their interest. Material e methods: Sample included twenty children with USCP, aged 8 to 14 years old. Participants identified bimanual activities of their interest and no interest. Children's performance on these activities were videotaped. Videos were coded according to the affected extremity's forms and effectiveness of use, caregiver provision and types of assistance, and child's satisfaction...
February 8, 2019: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30706746/group-leader-and-participant-perceptions-of-balancing-everyday-life-a-group-based-lifestyle-intervention-for-mental-health-service-users
#3
Kristine Lund, Jenny Hultqvist, Ulrika Bejerholm, Elisabeth Argentzell, Mona Eklund
BACKGROUND: There exist few recovery and occupation-based interventions for mental health service users. Balancing Everyday Life (BEL) is a new occupation-based lifestyle intervention that was created to fill this need. AIM: To gain group leaders' and participants' perspectives of the BEL intervention content and format, including factors that helped, hindered, and could be improved. METHODS: A constructivist grounded theory method guided data collection and analysis...
February 1, 2019: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30706745/older-women-s-engagement-in-community-occupations-considerations-of-lifespan-and-place
#4
Carri Hand
BACKGROUND: To reach the promise of age-friendly communities, more complete understandings of how participation in community occupations occurs, in place and over time, is needed. AIM: To explore older Canadian women's engagement in community occupations as it occurs over the lifespan and in context. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data from three selected participants were drawn from an exploration of older adults' social connectedness in neighbourhoods, which involved an ethnographic approach involving narrative interviews, go-along interviews, and activity tracking and follow-up interviews...
February 1, 2019: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30696320/being-a-co-worker-or-a-manager-of-a-colleague-returning-to-work-after-stroke-a-challenge-facilitated-by-cooperation-and-flexibility
#5
Annika Öst Nilsson, Gunilla Eriksson, Eric Asaba, Ulla Johansson, Therese Hellman
BACKGROUND: The process of return to work is complex. Knowledge is scarce regarding the experiences from co-workers and employers about this process. AIM: To explore and describe how co-workers and managers experience the return to work process involving a colleague with stroke who is participating in a person-centred rehabilitation programme focusing on return to work including a work trial. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Seven co-workers and four managers were interviewed during the work trial of a colleague with stroke...
January 29, 2019: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30661484/lessons-learned-about-occupation-focused-and-occupation-based-interventions-a-synthesis-using-group-concept-mapping-methodology
#6
K T Nielsen, K la Cour, J R Christensen, M S Pilegaard, C von Bülow, A A Brandt, H Peoples, H Jonsson, E E Wæhrens
INTRODUCTION: Occupational therapy (OT) is based on the core assumption that humans are active beings through engagement in occupations. Within OT, occupation is typically used as primary means and/or ends i.e. occupation-focused and/or occupation-based interventions are employed. Studies evaluating such interventions are limited. OBJECTIVES: To synthesize experiences about occupation-focused and/or occupation-based interventions. Hence, to identify, organize and prioritize experiences with employing occupation as a core element in OT intervention studies...
January 20, 2019: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30661444/changes-in-participation-patterns-of-youth-with-physical-disabilities-following-the-pathways-and-resources-for-engagement-and-participation-intervention-a-time-geography-approach
#7
Dana Anaby, Katerina Vrotsou, Ulla Kroksmark, Kajsa Ellegård
BACKGROUND: The PREP (Pathways and Resources for Engagement and Participation), an innovative 12-week occupational therapy intervention that focuses on changing the environment, was found effective in improving the participation of youth in specific chosen community-based activities. OBJECTIVE: To complement existing evidence, this study explored changes in overall participation patterns of youth with physical disabilities following the PREP intervention. METHODS: Guided by time-geography approach, 13 youth aged 12-17 completed a 24-hr diary using the Aday app during one typical weekday and another day during the weekend, pre- and post-intervention...
January 20, 2019: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30661438/everyday-life-when-growing-up-with-a-mother-with-an-intellectual-or-developmental-disability-four-retrospective-life-stories
#8
Ingrid Weiber, Per-Anders Tengland, Johan Sanmartin Berglund, Mona Eklund
BACKGROUND: The voices of those who have grown up in a family with maternal intellectual or developmental disability (IDD) are valuable for gaining an understanding of their situation, which is essential in order to be able to support these families and avoid potentially detrimental situations. AIM: The study aim was to describe the experience of having grown up in a family where the mother has an IDD, with a focus on everyday life and perceived health consequences in adult life...
January 20, 2019: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30663477/occupational-challenges-in-a-digital-society-a-discussion-inspiring-occupational-therapy-to-cross-thresholds-and-embrace-possibilities
#9
Maria Larsson-Lund, Anneli Nyman
The digital transformation of society and the increased need for digital competence implies extensive changes in peoples' everyday lives and occupations. Heretofore, the discussion in the field of occupational therapy about the consequences of digitalisation has been vague. The aim of this discussion paper is to outline some reflections and to offer some arguments on how to meet the changes following digitalisation and its impact on occupational therapy. The discussion focuses on three issues: the new conditions for participation in a digital society and the role of occupational therapy and occupational therapists in the evolving digital society as well as what occupational therapists need to be pro-active and to embrace the ongoing changes in a digital society...
January 19, 2019: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30663474/impact-of-a-person-centred-group-intervention-on-life-satisfaction-and-engagement-in-activities-among-persons-aging-in-the-context-of-migration-%C3%A2
#10
Annikki Arola, Synneve Dahlin-Ivanoff, Greta Häggblom-Kronlöf
BACKGROUND: There is a growing need to support the health and wellbeing of older persons aging in the context of migration. OBJECTIVES: We evaluated whether a group-based health promotion program with person-centred approach, maintained or improved life satisfaction and engagement in activities of older immigrants in Sweden. METHODS: A randomised controlled trial with post-intervention follow-ups at 6 months and 1 year was conducted with 131 older independently living persons aged ≥70 years from Finland and the Balkan Peninsula...
January 19, 2019: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30663472/rett-syndrome-teenagers-and-young-adults-activities-usage-of-time-and-responses-during-an-ordinary-week-a-diary-study
#11
Åsa-Sara Sernheim, Helena Hemmingsson, Helene Lidström, I Witt Engerström, G M Liedberg
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the everyday life of individuals with Rett syndrome. AIM/OBJECTIVE: To describe ten participants' (teenagers/young adults) activities during a period of seven days, the time-use, where and with whom the activities were performed and the participants' responses in the form of visible/audible reactions during activities. MATERIAL AND METHOD: A time-geographic self-administered diary was filled in by 63 informants (parents/support staff) and analysed using the software, DAILY LIFE 2011...
January 19, 2019: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30663470/begging-abroad-in-sweden-an-interview-study
#12
Petra Wagman, Ann Johansson, Sofi Fristedt
BACKGROUND: The occurrence of begging by poor people from other countries in the European Union (EU) is now common in Scandinavia. They have a challenging life, but there is little knowledge about their own perceptions of their stay abroad. AIM: To explore the experiences of EU citizens begging in Sweden. MATERIAL: A descriptive design was used. Data were gathered through individual interviews conducted in Romanian and translated into Swedish...
January 19, 2019: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30663465/encounters-between-older-adults-and-occupational-therapists-during-the-assistive-technology-application-process
#13
Stina Meyer Larsen, Lise Hounsgaard, Karin Johansson, Hanne Kaae Kristensen
ABSTACT Background: From the perspective of older adults, the assistive technology application process is complex and their perceived involvement varies. Occupational therapists find it challenging to satisfy their clients' needs while complying with the eligibility criteria of the service provision system. Research has shown that, from the perspective of both clients and occupational therapists, the application process is perceived to be challenging. However, little is known about which specific actions and experiences during the application process give rise to this perceived complexity...
January 19, 2019: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30646791/participatory-research-a-promising-approach-to-promote-meaningful-engagement
#14
Eric Asaba, Yolanda Suarez-Balcazar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 15, 2019: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30632860/the-unsustainability-of-occupational-based-model-diagrams
#15
Heleen A J Reid, Clare Hocking, Liz Smythe
BACKGROUND: Occupation-based models are generic explanations of occupational engagement. Their associated diagrams are conceptual tools that represent the key concepts and their interrelationships, which have withstood substantial shifts in the profession's knowledge base and scope over the last 30-40 years. AIMS: We aim to bring into question the sustainability of the diagrams used to represent models. METHODS: Intellectual history and semiotic analysis are combined as tools for examining the history of selected occupation-based models and the convention of representing them diagrammatically...
January 11, 2019: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30632858/community-based-occupational-therapy-in-norway-content-dilemmas-and-priorities
#16
Cathrine Arntzen, Unni Sveen, Cathrine Hagby, Tore Bonsaksen, Anne-Stine Dolva, Sissel Horghagen
BACKGROUND: Profound changes in municipal health services, are calling for new models for community-based occupational therapy services. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study is to explore how Norwegian occupational therapists position themselves in relation to the tasks delivered. METHOD: Focus group interviews were conducted with ten community-based occupational therapists. Systematic text condensation was then used in the data analysis. RESULTS: Norwegian occupational therapists description of professional practices can be constructed into four ideal types; being 'the all-rounder', 'the provider of assistive device', 'the fire extinguisher', or 'the innovator'...
January 11, 2019: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30457401/defining-sensory-modulation-a-review-of-the-concept-and-a-contemporary-definition-for-application-by-occupational-therapists
#17
Anahita Brown, Tamara Tse, Tracy Fortune
BACKGROUND: Sensory interventions are prevalent amongst adult mental health practitioners and are supported by major stakeholders and policy makers across the world. The term commonly used by occupational therapists applying sensory practices is sensory modulation, however this term has evolved. AIMS: This paper aims to investigate and clarify the definition of 'sensory modulation' for application by occupational therapists. METHOD: A framework guided this concept analysis on sensory modulation...
November 20, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30457392/child-and-parent-perspectives-of-life-quality-of-children-with-physical-impairments-compared-with-non-disabled-peers
#18
Linda Björk Ólafsdóttir, Snaefrídur Thóra Egilson, Unnur Árnadóttir, Stefan C Hardonk
BACKGROUND: Life quality has become a widely used concept within rehabilitation and occupational therapy practice. AIM: This study explored child and parent perspectives of life quality of children with physical impairments compared with a group of non-disabled children. METHOD: Data were collected with the Icelandic self- and proxy-reported versions of the KIDSCREEN-27. For children with physical impairments, reports from 34 children and 40 parents were included in the analyses, and in control group reports from 429 children and 450 parents were included...
November 20, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30422027/the-norwegian-occupational-balance-questionnaire-obq11-n-development-and-pilot-study
#19
Lisa Uhrmann, Ida Hovengen, Petra Wagman, Carita Håkansson, Tore Bonsaksen
BACKGROUND: The concept occupational balance has been linked with health and well-being, and it is therefore viewed as an important concept for occupational therapy practice, theory and research. To operationalize and measure occupational balance, the Occupational Balance Questionnaire (OBQ) was developed in Sweden. To date, no Norwegian translations of the OBQ exists. AIM: To describe the process of developing a Norwegian version of the 11-items Occupational Balance Questionnaire (OBQ11-N) and to evaluate its feasibility and face validity...
November 13, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30421626/measuring-perceived-outcomes-from-participating-at-a-clubhouse-for-persons-with-mental-illness-psychometric-properties-and-associated-factors
#20
Victoria C Ritter, Orsolya R Fekete, Hege Nordli, Tore Bonsaksen
BACKGROUND: The clubhouses are part of a growing international movement concerned with providing work-oriented psychosocial rehabilitation for people with a history of mental illness. Instruments used for measuring outcomes from clubhouse participation is in a developing phase. AIMS: This study aimed to assess psychometric properties of an outcome survey tool used at a Norwegian clubhouse, and to explore factors associated with members' perceived outcomes from participation at the clubhouse...
November 13, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
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