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Journals Malawi Medical Journal : the J...

Malawi Medical Journal : the Journal of Medical Association of Malawi

https://read.qxmd.com/read/36406103/health-workers-knowledge-and-practice-of-isoniazid-preventive-treatment-guidelines-in-health-facilities-in-ebonyi-state-nigeria
#1
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ifeyinwa Chizoba Akamike, Ijeoma Nkem Okedo-Alex, Chigozie Jesse Uneke, Ugochukwu Chinyem Madubueze, Urudinachi Nnenne Agbo, Ifeyinwa Maureen Okeke, Lawrence Ulu Ogbonnaya
BACKGROUND: Isoniazid preventive therapy is recommended as part of a comprehensive HIV and AIDS care strategy. IPT is used as prophylaxis to reduce the incidence of TB in HIV-infected persons. However, its implementation has been very slow and has been influenced by several factors. This study assessed health workers' knowledge and adherence to Isoniazid Preventive Therapy guidelines. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study in six health facilities providing HIV care in Ebonyi State using a semi-structured, self-administered questionnaire...
September 2022: Malawi Medical Journal: the Journal of Medical Association of Malawi
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36406102/tracheostomy-without-mechanical-ventilation-in-patients-with-traumatic-brain-injury-at-a-tertiary-referral-hospital-in-malawi-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Gift Mulima, Stein Atle Lie, Anthony Charles, Asma Bilal Hanif, Carlos G Varela, Leonard N Banza, Sven Young
BACKGROUND: Tracheostomy alone, without mechanical ventilation, has been advocated to maintain a free airway in patients with traumatic brain injury in low-income settings with minimal critical care capacity. However, no reports exist on the outcomes of this strategy. We examine the results of this practice at a central hospital in Malawi. METHODS: This is a retrospective review of medical records and prospectively gathered trauma surveillance data of patients admitted to Kamuzu Central Hospital, with traumatic brain injury from January 2010 to December 2015...
September 2022: Malawi Medical Journal: the Journal of Medical Association of Malawi
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36406101/the-integration-of-vertical-and-horizontal-programmes-for-health-systems-strengthening-in-malawi-a-case-study
#3
Joseph J Sakala, Chancy S Chimatiro, Racheal Salima, Arnold Kapachika, Josephine Kalepa, William Stones
A challenge for the health system in Malawi is that funding allocation is heavily influenced by donor priorities. As a result, mandated routine elements of service delivery may not be fully offered owing to lack of resources or programmatic priority. Integration of currently active 'vertical' programmes (those focused on a specific priority disease entity) into existing 'horizontal' services (meaning provision across the range of clinical and public health need) has potential to improve access and quality of service delivery for Reproductive, Maternal, Newborn, Child and Adolescent Health (RMNCAH) in Malawi...
September 2022: Malawi Medical Journal: the Journal of Medical Association of Malawi
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36406100/the-2022-malawi-polio-outbreak
#4
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Penjani Chunda, Mike N Chisema, Annie Mwale, Dzinkambani Kambalame, Daniel Mapemba, Adamson S Muula
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2022: Malawi Medical Journal: the Journal of Medical Association of Malawi
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36406099/quality-of-life-of-primary-caregivers-of-children-living-with-cerebral-palsy-at-two-clinics-in-blantyre-malawi
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Alice Namanja, Vincent Samuel Phiri
INTRODUCTION: In Malawi, Primary Caregivers (PCGs) of children living with Cerebral Palsy report challenges such as physical strain and lack of resources that affect care giving. Although such experiences affect the PCGs' Quality of Life (QoL), there is paucity of data for Malawi. Understanding their QoL would inform establishment of holistic intervention(s) tailored to meet their needs. Therefore, the purposes of this study were to determine QoL of PCGs of the children who were receiving rehabilitation at Queen Elizabeth Central Hospital (QECH) and Feed the Children (FtC), to identify PCG's and children's socio-demographic factors that may attribute to the perceived QoL, and to compare the PCGs' QoL between the sites...
September 2022: Malawi Medical Journal: the Journal of Medical Association of Malawi
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36406098/exploring-perceived-barriers-to-effective-utilization-of-learner-centred-teaching-methods-by-tutors-at-holy-family-college-of-nursing-and-midwifery-phalombe-malawi
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ireneo Matewere, Annie Msosa, Joseph Mfuni
INTRODUCTION: Learner-centred teaching implies a paradigmatic shift in roles of a teacher from being a source of knowledge to that of a facilitator in the process of knowledge construction. Literature shows that perceptions which teachers hold about barriers to utilisation of learner-centred teaching methods influence how the teachers teach. Anecdotal records as well as observation of classroom teaching demonstrate that tutors at Holy Family College of Nursing and Midwifery dominantly use traditional teacher-centred teaching methods...
September 2022: Malawi Medical Journal: the Journal of Medical Association of Malawi
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36406097/how-much-has-been-achieved-to-prevent-and-control-leprosy-in-malawi-since-2012
#7
EDITORIAL
Adamson S Muula
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2022: Malawi Medical Journal: the Journal of Medical Association of Malawi
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36406096/trauma-related-oral-lesions-angina-bullosa-haemorrhagica-a-rare-case-presentation
#8
Merve Osoydan Satici, Mehmet Muzaffer ─░slam, Gokhan Aksel, Serkan Emre Eroglu
Angina bullosa haemorrhgica is a relatively uncommon condition characterized by blood-filled subepithelial lesions in the oral mucosa that is idiopathic and not caused by a systemic disease or a hemostatic abnormality. Middle-aged and elderly patients are usually affected and lesions heal spontaneously without scarring. A rapidly expanding hemorrhagic blister in the oropharynx can induce upper airway obstruction, so recognizing the lesion as soon as possible is essential. Because of its rarity, we wanted to highlight a 42-year-old male patient who presented with hemorrhagic bullae associated with insignificant local trauma in the oral mucosa and to emphasize that Angina bullosa haemorrhagica is a rare but recognizable lesion that clinicians should be aware of...
September 2022: Malawi Medical Journal: the Journal of Medical Association of Malawi
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36406095/an-audit-of-heart-failure-management-among-ambulatory-adult-patients-at-queen-elizabeth-central-hospital-qech-malawi
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Emmanuel S Mwabutwa, Steve Kateta, Louis Kinley, Tadala Ulemu, Patrick Goodson, Adamson S Muula, Johnstone Kumwenda
BACKGROUND: There are limited data on the clinical characteristics and use of guideline directed medical therapy among patients with heart failure in Malawi. We conducted a study to assess patient characteristics and clinical management given to heart failure patients at Queen Elizabeth Central hospital in Malawi. METHODS: In a cross sectional study, patients with a diagnosis of heart failure who were followed up in the adult chest clinic at QECH were recruited to ascertain their characteristics and the therapy they were receiving...
September 2022: Malawi Medical Journal: the Journal of Medical Association of Malawi
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36406094/knowledge-of-senior-secondary-school-students-in-nigeria-about-head-and-neck-cancer-implications-on-prevention-strategies
#10
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Kehinde Kazeem Kanmodi, Omotayo Francis Fagbule, Mike Eghosa Ogbeide, Kayode Emmanuel Ogunniyi, Taiwo Oyebamiji Isola, Victor Okpe Samuel, Emmanuel Onyemaechi Aliemeke, Habeeb Omoponle Adewuyi
BACKGROUND: The high prevalence of the risk factors of head and neck cancer (HNC) amongst senior secondary (high) school students in Nigeria is an issue of serious public health concern. Therefore, this study aimed to assess the knowledge of HNC among them. METHODS: This cross-sectional study surveyed 2,530 senior secondary school students in Nigeria, assessed their knowledge of HNC, using a self-administered questionnaire. Data collected were analyzed using the SPSS version 25 software...
September 2022: Malawi Medical Journal: the Journal of Medical Association of Malawi
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36406093/a-case-of-a-pregnant-woman-with-a-special-splenic-artery-aneurysm
#11
REVIEW
Yujia Xu, Zhoupeng Wu
Visceral artery aneurysm, especially splenic artery aneurysm, is rare and is usually associated with pregnancy. When such aneurysms rupture, they can be fatal, and they often require emergency surgery. This case report includes a review of the literature and describes a effective multidisciplinary approach to managing this type of aneurysm. We describe the treatment of a ruptured splenic artery aneurysm and the careful coordination of obstetric, vascular surgery, and intensive care teams. The uniqueness of this case arose from the metal embolization coil that was found to have fallen off from a recently embolized ruptured splenic artery aneurysm...
September 2022: Malawi Medical Journal: the Journal of Medical Association of Malawi
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36406092/ethics-and-regulatory-complexities-posed-by-a-pragmatic-clinical-trial-a-case-study-from-lilongwe-malawi
#12
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Tiwonge Kumwenda Mtande, Gonasagrie Nair, Stuart Rennie
BACKGROUND: Pragmatic clinical trials generally rely on real world data and have the potential to generate real world evidence. This approach arose from concerns that many trial results did not adequately inform real world practice. However, maintaining the real world setting during the conduct of a trial and ensuring adequate protection for research participants can be challenging. Best practices in research oversight for pragmatic clinical trials are nascent and underdeveloped, especially in developing countries...
September 2022: Malawi Medical Journal: the Journal of Medical Association of Malawi
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36406091/prevalence-of-performance-enhancing-substance-use-among-elite-football-players-in-two-super-league-teams-in-blantyre-malawi
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Enock M Chisati, Dorothy Undi, Samuel Ulili, Sarai Nkhoma, Mathews Mlongoti
BACKGROUND: Use of performance enhancing substances (PES) is common among athletes with a worldwide prevalence ranging from 5% to 31%. There has been little knowledge of PES use in African athletes with no available data for Malawian football players. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of PESs use among elite football players in two super league teams in Blantyre, Malawi. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study conducted in two super league football teams in Blantyre, Malawi...
September 2022: Malawi Medical Journal: the Journal of Medical Association of Malawi
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36406090/anaesthesia-management-for-cleft-lip-in-a-child-with-unrepaired-tetralogy-of-fallot-in-malawi-a-case-report
#14
Furaha Nzanzu Blaise Pascal, Beauty Anusa, Stella Chikumbanje, Gregor Pollach
BACKGROUND: Children with clefts lips often present with cardiac abnormalities, among them the tetralogy of Fallot. Anaesthesia for patients with unrepaired Tetralogy of Fallot coming for a non-cardiac surgery represents an additional risk of increased perioperative morbidity and mortality. CASE PRESENTATION: We present a case of a 8 years old boy with unrepaired Tetralogy of Fallot scheduled for cleft lip repair. The Child was referred to Mercy James Centre for Paediatric Surgery and Intensive Care from an Operation Smile Mission campaign...
September 2022: Malawi Medical Journal: the Journal of Medical Association of Malawi
https://read.qxmd.com/read/35991823/sufficient-informed-consent-to-medical-treatment-of-adults-legal-and-ethical-perspectives-from-malawi
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Eva Maria Mfutso Bengo, Adamson Muula, Joseph Mfutso Bengo
This special communication discusses the current legal and ethical requirements for informed consent to medical treatment of adults in Malawi. It analyzes the scope of the laws and code of ethics on professional discipline, including criminal privilege for surgeries and clarifies when insufficient disclosures entitle patients to compensation under civil law. Inconsistencies and uncertainties in the law are made apparent. It evaluates to which degree disclosure standards of other Commonwealth jurisdictions (e...
June 2022: Malawi Medical Journal: the Journal of Medical Association of Malawi
https://read.qxmd.com/read/35991822/rhabdomyolysis-after-bnt162b2-mrna-covid-19-vaccine-in-an-adolescent-male
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Murat Sutcu, Doruk Gul, Fatih Atik, Manolya Kara
Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 (BNT162b2) conferred a high level of protection against Covid-19 with a proven short-term safety profile. Although cases of vaccine-associated myopericarditis have been reported, the existence of rhabdomyolysis without myocarditis has not yet been published. A 16-year-old, healthy male patient, who did not use any herbal or illegal drugs before, was admitted with muscle pain that developed after the second dose of BNT162b2 vaccine. Cardiac examination and heart enzymes were normal and the patient had significantly higher creatinine kinase levels...
June 2022: Malawi Medical Journal: the Journal of Medical Association of Malawi
https://read.qxmd.com/read/35991821/prevalence-and-correlates-of-common-mental-disorders-among-children-and-adolescents-in-blantyre-urban-malawi
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ian Matandika, Donnie Mategula, Stephen Kasenda, Yetunde Adeniyi, Adamson Muula
Background: The high global prevalence of mental disorders justifies the need to quantify their burden in the sub-Saharan Africa where there is a dearth of information. These mental disorders are linked to different socio-demographic factors. Objective: To determine the prevalence of, and factors associated with mental disorders among children and adolescents in Blantyre City, Malawi. Methods: Children and adolescents aged 6 to 17 years were interviewed to determine their socio-demographic characteristics and assess their mental health status using the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) and Kiddie Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia (K-SADS)...
June 2022: Malawi Medical Journal: the Journal of Medical Association of Malawi
https://read.qxmd.com/read/35991820/reversal-of-roe-vs-wade-implications-on-women-s-health-in-malawi
#18
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Chisale Mhango
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2022: Malawi Medical Journal: the Journal of Medical Association of Malawi
https://read.qxmd.com/read/35991819/folate-levels-in-children-with-sickle-cell-anaemia-on-folic-acid-supplementation-in-steady-state-and-crises-at-a-tertiary-hospital-in-enugu-nigeria-a-prospective-comparative-study
#19
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Uchenna C Nnajekwu, Chukwubike O Nnajekwu, Vivian O Onukwuli, Bartholomew F Chukwu, Anthony N Ikefuna, Ifeoma J Emodi
Introduction: Folic acid supplementation is an integral aspect of the management of children with sickle cell anaemia (SCA) especially in Africa. In spite of this, there have been concerns about lower folate levels, especially during crisis. Aim: To determine red cell folate levels of children with sickle cell anaemia in steady state and during crisis and compare with those with haemoglobin AA genotype. Method: This study was prospective, hospital based, and comparative...
June 2022: Malawi Medical Journal: the Journal of Medical Association of Malawi
https://read.qxmd.com/read/35991818/exploring-the-cultural-appropriateness-of-a-psychosocial-intervention-the-thinking-healthy-programme-peer-delivered-thpp-for-perinatal-depression-in-lilongwe-malawi
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Mwawi Ng'oma, Najia Atif, Samantha Meltzer-Brody, Robert C Stewart, Ellen Chirwa
Background: Perinatal depression is a common and disabling mental health problem in Malawi and other Low- and middle-income countries. There is evidence for effective psychosocial interventions for perinatal depression, but no such intervention has been developed for use in Malawi. The broad aim of this study was to explore the cultural appropriateness of a psychosocial intervention for perinatal depression called the Thinking Healthy Programme-Peer delivered for adaptation and use in Lilongwe, Malawi...
June 2022: Malawi Medical Journal: the Journal of Medical Association of Malawi
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