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Environmental Science and Pollution Research International

Zeinab Ghaedrahmat, Mehdi Vosoughi, Yaser Tahmasebi Birgani, Abdolkazem Neisi, Gholamreza Goudarzi, Afshin Takdastan
In recent years, concerns over the issue of air pollution have increased as one of the significant environmental and health problems. Air pollutants can be toxic or harmful to the life of plants, animals, and humans. Contrast to primary pollutants, ozone is a secondary pollutant that is produced by the reaction between primary precursors in the atmosphere. The average of air pollutant data was compiled for the purpose of analyzing their correlation with the pulmonary function of students and the FENO biomarker from the air pollutants of the Environmental Protection Agency...
February 20, 2019: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Hong Yang, Yanling Hu, Xiaoyu Wang, Weng Fu, Huijuan Tian, Easar Alam
Removal of the heavy metal ions in aqueous solution is an important technology for waste water treatment. The effects of using ultrasonic and microwave on synthesizing Pb2+ , Zn2+ , and Cu2+ imprinted mesoporous adsorbents (Pb-IMA-UM, Zn-IMA-UM, and Cu-IMA-UM) and their dynamic adsorption properties were studied. The microstructure and composition of the ion-imprinted mesoporous adsorbents were discussed in detail by TEM, FTIR, N2 adsorption-desorption, XRD, and EDS. The pore sizes of mesoporous absorbents were improved more uniformly by using ultrasonic agitation than magnetic stirring...
February 20, 2019: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Dan Dai, Mingdong Sun, Xiangqin Xu, Kun Lei
With the rapid economic development in the past decades, industrialization and urbanization in China has also rapidly developed and will continue in the next decades. However, the regional water shortage has posed great challenges for the sustainable development of big cities especially in north China. Here, we used the water ecological footprint model combined with the system dynamic model to assess the water resource carrying capacity and its sustainability in Zhangjiakou City, a typical water shortage city in north China...
February 20, 2019: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Özge Gürsoy, Neşe Yüğrük Akdağ
Not only the appeal of the sun, natural, and historical beauties but also architectural features and business advantages of the accommodation facilities emerge as important factors in tourism development. Holiday villages differ from other types of accommodation facilities in terms of their functions and services. It is important to provide tourists acceptable levels of comfort in holiday villages offering various functions. One of these comfort conditions is acoustic comfort, which involves noise control. Noise emitted from various indoor and outdoor facilities is the main component impacting acoustic comfort in holiday villages...
February 20, 2019: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Maria Paches, Remedios Martínez-Guijarro, Daniel Aguado, Jose Ferrer
A comprehensive study was carried out to evaluate the occurrence, significance of concentrations and spatial distribution of heavy metals (Cr, Cd, Ni, Cu, Pb, Hg, Zn and As) in sediments along the Valencia coastline (Spain). The sampling campaign covered 476 km of the coastline in a 4-year period. The highest concentrations of metals in the sediments were mainly Cr, Ni, Zn and Cd (up to 28.93 mg Cr kg-1 dw, 15.80 mg Ni kg-1 dw, 57.13 mg Zn kg-1 dw and 0.293 mg Cd kg-1 dw), obtained in the northern areas, some central areas and in an isolated area on the southern coastline...
February 19, 2019: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Xiaodong Lai, Chao Lu, Jixian Liu
Climate change calls for worldwide public concern and effort to cut down carbon dioxide (CO2 ) emissions and globally realize sustainable development. As one of the largest energy consumers, the construction industry plays a crucial role in achieving the national carbon emission reduction goal. This paper, by employing an improved Kaya model, explored the relationships and trends among carbon emission, energy consumption, and GDP growth rate and carbon emission intensity of the Chinese construction industry...
February 19, 2019: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Meiru Wang, Wen Zhao, Jie Wei, Shan Wang, Xi Xie
Daphniopsis tibetana Sars lives in elevation, usually with strong solar UV radiation. We speculate that UV may have an effect on the ecology and evolutionary biology of this species. However, the regulatory effect and mechanism of UV on D. tibetana have not been studied previously. Here, our results showed that UVB could act as a positive factor in the relative body lengths, reproductive parameters, and population growth parameters of D. tibetana when UVB radiation is 20-170 mJ cm-2 , compared with the control group...
February 19, 2019: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Hanieh Bamdad, Kelly Hawboldt, Stephanie MacQuarrie, Sadegh Papari
Acid gases such as carbon dioxide and hydrogen sulfide are common contaminants in oil and gas operations, landfill gases, and exhaust stacks from power plants. While there are processes currently used to treat these effluents (e.g., amine absorption and adsorption using zeolite), many of these processes require high energy, space, and hazardous chemicals. Removal using biochar derived from the fast pyrolysis of forestry residues represents a more sustainable option. In this study, adsorption using CO2 as a surrogate for acid gases was investigated using various biochars produced from fast pyrolysis of sawmill residues...
February 19, 2019: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Laura Fragoso-Campón, Elia Quirós, Julián Mora, José Antonio Gutiérrez Gallego, Pablo Durán-Barroso
In forested watersheds, density, land cover, and its vertical structure are crucial factors for flood management, ecosystem monitoring, and biomass inventory. Nowadays, producing land cover maps with high accuracy has become a reality with the application of remote sensing techniques, but in some situations, it is not so easy to distinguish between the overstory and understory vegetation with only spectral information. The main goal of this study was to analyze the accuracy enhancement in overstory and understory land cover mapping at the watershed scale when using the data fusion of seasonal and annual time series of Sentinel-2 images complemented with low-density LiDAR and soil and vegetation indices...
February 19, 2019: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Ekabal Siddiqui, Jitendra Pandey
We investigated eight heavy metals (Cr, Cd, Cu, Ni, Pb, Zn, Mn, and Fe) in water and bed sediment at 9 study sites along with 2320 km stretch of the Ganga River. Principal component analysis (PCA) and indices such as geo-accumulation index (Igeo ), contamination factor (CF), enrichment factor (EF), pollution indices, and sediment quality guidelines were used to assess source apportionment and magnitude of contamination. Concentrations of Cr, Cd, Pb, Ni, Cu, and Fe in water have exceeded their respective standards in the middle and lower reaches of the river...
February 19, 2019: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Roland Kallenborn, Georg Becher, Yngvar Thomassen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 19, 2019: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Jean-François Picron, Mélanie Herman, Els Van Hoeck, Séverine Goscinny
Pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PAs) and related N-oxides (PANOs) are secondary plant metabolites thought to be found in approximately 3% of the flowering plants worldwide and exhibiting hepatotoxic properties to humans. As a consequence, beehive products are prone to be contaminated with those compounds by bees foraging PA-producing plants. Downstream contamination can also occur through food items containing honey. Analytical methods based on UHPLC separation and MS/MS detection were developed with a focus on very low LOQs and validated for the analysis of 16 PAs and 14 PANOs in honey, honey-based candies and snacks, as well as beehive product-based food supplements...
February 18, 2019: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Dalia Khatun, Md Yeamin Hossain, Fairuz Nawer, Ashraf A Mostafa, Abdulaziz A Al-Askar
The Batchwa vacha, Eutropiichthys vacha is commercially important, supporting a viable small- and large-scale fishery throughout the Ganges River, NW Bangladesh. This study provides detail information on reproduction of E. vacha including size at sexual maturity, spawning and peak spawning season, and fecundity based on 734 female specimens through regular monthly sampling using cast net, gill net, and square lift net in the Ganges River during January to December 2016. Also, our study estimated the effects of climate change including temperature and rainfall on reproduction of E...
February 18, 2019: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Li-Chuan Cheng, Chun-Ju Lin, Huei-Ju Liu, Lih-Ann Li
Cigarette sidestream smoke particulate matter (CSSP) is a major source of airborne metals in the indoor environment. However, the health impacts of inhalation of CSSP-bound metals are rarely studied. In this study, we quantify the amount of 37 metals discharged through CSSP from a leading Taiwan brand of cigarette, Long Life. We also estimate cancer and non-cancer risks due to inhalation of these metals and investigate possible modes of toxic action. Long Life CSSP exhibits a distinctive carcinogenic metal profile compared with Western brands...
February 18, 2019: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Tong Xuan Nguyen, Binh Thanh Nguyen, Huong Thu Thi Tran, Trinh Thi Le, Tham Thi Trinh, Thuy Thi Trinh, Minh Binh Tu, Ngoc-Dan-Thanh Cao, Hien Dieu Thi Vo
The current study was conducted in the Cua Dai estuary, Vietnam, (1) to assess the status of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) and (2) to examine the interactive effect of season and estuary position on the concentration of the pollutants in surface water and sediment. Fifty-two water and sediment samples were taken in the dry and rainy seasons from inner- and outer-estuary positions to analyze for six POPs, including hexachlorocyclohexane isomers (HCHs), dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane and its metabolites (DDTs), heptachlor, aldrin, dieldrin, and polychlorinated biphenyl (PCBs)...
February 18, 2019: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
David Melero, Belén Lobato, Maria Antonia López-Antón, Maria Rosa Martínez-Tarazona
Because of its low concentration, its unique physico-chemical properties and the analytical difficulties associated with its measurement, the determination of mercury species in solids is not an easy task. Thermal desorption (HgTPD) is an attractive option for the identification of mercury species in solids due to its simplicity and accessibility. However, there are still issues that need to be solved for it to reach its full potential. One such issue is the availability of reference materials that will reproduce real mercury associations...
February 18, 2019: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Mengmeng Kang, Qingguo Chen, Jingjing Li, Mei Liu, Yisong Weng
In the transportation of petroleum, large amount of oil polluted water will be produced, and the oil polluted water pumping into ocean will destroy ocean environment. To address oil-bearing ballast water, we fabricated a novel type of Fe-C microelectrolysis filler by using magnet powder, coconut shell biochar powder, bentonite, ammonium oxalate, and nickel powder. The COD and oil content removal efficiencies of 100 g/L oily wastewater were approximately 79.82% and 91.68%, respectively, after 100 min treatment at the following conditions: Fe-C mass ratio, 5:1; bentonite content, 20%; calcination temperature, 900 °C; calcination time, 2 h; ammonium oxalate content, 1...
February 18, 2019: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Weiyun Wang, Jin Zhang, Xueshen Li, Ying Zang, Rundong Li
The sewage sludge contains abundant organic substances as well as a complex variety of inorganic substances (such as heavy metals). The extraction of protein from sludge is a new treatment approach to promote the utilization of sludge as a resource. However, heavy metals in sludge are extracted together with organic matter during the extraction process. In this study, the amounts of protein and heavy metal in the supernatant extracted from sewage sludge were investigated, and the effects of different passivator (modified fly ash and modified sepiolite) on the speciation of different heavy metals in the sludge were examined...
February 18, 2019: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Chao Xu, Chuanhong Wang, Weizhi Sun, Wenhao Yu, Chai Yin, Fusheng Liu, Mo Xian, Shitao Yu
A nitrosation-reduction method had been applied for the modification of DCE-4 h. It was a kind of non-polar hypercrosslinked resin and synthesized by our group. The functional resin, NR-07, exhibited good adsorption performance for NACs (Nitroaromatics). The adsorption capacity of NR-07 for p-nitrobenzoic acid was almost 1.3 times as much as that of H-103 in 24 h. The adsorption rate of NR-07 calculated by the kinetic function was 1.6 times as much as that of DCE-4h. According to the EA analysis and IR spectrum, the amine and carbonyl group were introduced onto the polymer chains of NR-07...
February 18, 2019: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Congcong Zhao, Jingtao Xu, Xiaoli Xu, Qian Wang, Qiang Kong, Fei Xu, Yuanda Du
Fish are important in constructed wetland (CW) ecosystem. An 80-day experiment was conducted by exposing juvenile grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idellus) to 0, 0.5, 2.0, 4.5, 9.0, and 18.0 mg L-1 total ammonia nitrogen (TAN) stress to determine the severity of physiological changes in fish organs (liver, gills, and muscle) in CW. Specific growth rate results indicated that low TAN (≤ 2.0 mg L-1 ) help maintain or enhance grass carp growth. Fish physiological indexes did not significantly change during exposure, except for the gill's reactive oxygen species (ROS) level that is susceptible to TAN exposure...
February 18, 2019: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
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