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Türk Patoloji Dergisi

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30715725/the-relationship-between-obesity-insulin-resistance-and-conjunctival-impression-cytology
#1
Murat Dağdeviren, Mustafa Altay, Zennure Yildiz, Gülçin Şimşek, Mehmet Çitirik, İhsan Ateş, Tanyel Sema Dağdeviren, Canan Yildiz, Tuğba Şahin
OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to determine whether obesity causes the development of metaplasia in conjunctival epithelial cells. MATERIAL AND METHOD: A total of 61 volunteer participants who had no previous history of illness or drug use were involved in this study. Of those, 20 were obese, and 41 were of normal weight. We measured the glucose and insulin values of all volunteers. We also measured the Body Mass Index (BMI) and Homeostasis Model Assessment for Insulin Resistance (HOMA IR)...
February 4, 2019: Türk Patoloji Dergisi
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30715724/high-resolution-image-sharing-his-on-whatsapp-a-method-to-facilitate-instant-and-high-quality-case-consultations-in-cytopathology
#2
Fikret Dirilenoğlu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 4, 2019: Türk Patoloji Dergisi
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30632126/pediatric-tonsillar-synovial-sarcoma-very-rare-localization-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#3
Koray Yalçin, Gülen Tüysüz, Mine Genç, İrem Hicran Özbudak, Alper Tunga Derin, Kamil Karaali, Alphan Küpesiz, Elif Güler
Tonsillar synovial sarcoma is an extremely rare entity and only 9 adult patients have been reported up to now. Here, we describe the first pediatric tonsillar synovial sarcoma of the literature in a patient who presented with a 2-month history of dysphagia and snoring. Clinical and radiological examinations showed that the tumor arose from the right palatine tonsil and narrowed the parapharyngeal space. An incisional biopsy from the palatine tonsil revealed the diagnosis of synovial sarcoma. The patient has underwent total tonsillectomy and received radiotherapy and chemotherapy because of the positive surgical margins...
January 11, 2019: Türk Patoloji Dergisi
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30632125/brafv600e-immunohistochemistry-in-papillary-thyroid-carcinomas-relationship-between-clinical-and-morphological-parameters
#4
Faruk Erdem Kombak, Naziye Özkan, Mustafa Ümit Uğurlu, Handan Kaya
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association of the BRAFV600E mutation with papillary thyroid carcinoma using clinical, morphological and prognostic parameters. We also intend to assess the utility of the BRAFV600E immunohistochemistry and compare it with BRAF polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). MATERIAL AND METHOD: We applied BRAFV600E immunohistochemistry in a cohort of 107 papillary carcinomas, 19 adenomas and 13 normal thyroid tissues that was chosen retrospectively between 2011 and 2015...
January 11, 2019: Türk Patoloji Dergisi
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30632124/endoscopic-submucosal-dissection-of-seborrheic-keratosis-like-lesion-of-the-esophagus-a-new-entity
#5
Nese Ekinci, Eylül Gün, Fatih Aslan
Seborrheic keratosis, one of the most common lesions of the epidermis, is rarely seen on mucosal surfaces. We report a case of a distinctive epithelial neoplasm of the esophagus showing close resemblance to seborrheic keratosis that was resected with endoscopic submucosal dissection. A 65-year-old patient's previous esophageal biopsy showed suspicious low grade dysplasia and the patient was referred for endoscopic submucosal dissection of a flat lesion in the mid-esophagus. Macroscopic examination revealed a well circumscribed, pigmented and elevated lesion with a diameter of 20 mm...
January 11, 2019: Türk Patoloji Dergisi
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30632123/core-biopsy-diagnosis-of-alk-positive-inflammatory-myofibroblastic-tumor-of-lung-an-interesting-case
#6
Ritesh Sachdev, Ishani Mohapatra, Shalini Goel, Kulbir Ahlawat, Neelam Sharma
Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor (IMT) of lung is a rare tumor, accounting for ~0.7% of all lung tumors with varied clinical and radiological presentations. The origin of this tumor is unknown but some studies suggest that it might be a true neoplasm as some mutations on chromosome 2p23 of anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) have been found to be related to this tumor. The morphology of IMT is quite vague and the histopathological diagnosis is predominantly given on excision specimens; in fact, only 6.3% of cases are diagnosed based on analysis of biopsy specimens alone...
January 11, 2019: Türk Patoloji Dergisi
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30632122/spontaneous-regression-of-primary-thyroid-lymphoma-two-rarities-at-the-same-time
#7
Francisco Illán-Gambín, Pablo Manresa-Manresa, Estefanía Rodríguez-Aleo, Ignacio Aranda-López
Primary thyroid lymphomas are pretty uncommon, and constitute about 5% of the neoplasms of this organ. Spontaneous tumor regression is defined as the total or partial disappearance of a tumor as proven by microscope without treatment or under inadequate treatment. It is estimated to happen in one out of 60,000-100,000 cases. We present a case of primary thyroid lymphoma with spontaneous regression after diagnostic puncture and corroborated with hemithyroidectomy at four months. The patient died after twenty-six months of follow-up because of endocarditis and there was no relapse at any time...
January 11, 2019: Türk Patoloji Dergisi
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30632121/histopathological-changes-of-placenta-in-meconium-stained-liquor-and-its-relevance-in-fetal-distress-a-case-control-study
#8
Tanima Roy Mondal, Goutam Bandyopadhyay, Sabuj Ghana Mukhopadhyay, Dyuti Ganguly
OBJECTIVE: Meconium passage during labour is a quite common finding. Studies describing correlation between meconium stained liquor, fetal distress and specific placental pathology are sparse. This case control study had been designed to ascertain these lacunae of knowledge. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Placentae from 41 cases of otherwise uncomplicated antenatal and intranatal pregnancies with meconium stained liquor at 37 completed weeks of gestation were studied, both grossly and microscopically, comparing them with controls of 41 cases of clear liquor...
January 11, 2019: Türk Patoloji Dergisi
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30632120/are-all-granulomatous-mastitis-cases-tuberculous-a-study-on-the-role-of-cytology-in-evaluation-of-granulomatous-mastitis
#9
Charu Agarwal, Kanika Singh, Mukta Pujani, Sujata Raychaudhuri, Nimisha Sharma, Varsha Chauhan
OBJECTIVE: Granulomatous mastitis is a rare inflammatory condition of the breast clinically mimicking breast carcinoma and pyogenic abscess, thereby creating a diagnostic dilemma. Tuberculous mastitis is a rare clinical entity accounting for approximately 3% of all mammary lesions. All cases of granulomatous mastitis diagnosed cytologically over a period of 3 years were evaluated to ascertain the cases with tuberculous etiology. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Fine needle aspiration cytology of the breast lump was performed and all the cytological parameters were evaluated...
January 11, 2019: Türk Patoloji Dergisi
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30632119/usefulness-of-whatsapp-for-discussing-difficult-cases-in-pathology-practice-a-moroccan-experience
#10
Amal Bennani, Mohammed Sekal
OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of the study was to evaluate whether the WhatsApp application can be used for obtaining a quick second opinion on histopathological and cytological diagnosis and also for discussing difficult cases in pathology practice. MATERIAL AND METHOD: A WhatsApp group named "FESPATH" was created with total of 17 pathologists (the authors of this manuscript as group administrators and 15 general pathologists from 7 different cities in Morocco, working in 12 different institutions as members)...
January 11, 2019: Türk Patoloji Dergisi
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30632118/an-autopsy-case-report-prune-belly-syndrome-with-overlapping-presentation-of-partial-urorectal-septum-malformation-sequence
#11
Çiğdem Kunt Işgüder, Mine Kanat Pektaş, Doğan Köseoğlu, Şahin Takçi
Prune belly syndrome (PBS) is characterized by a classical triad of congenitally absent abdominal muscles, bilateral cryptorchidism, and a malformed urinary tract. Urorectal septum malformation sequence (URSM) is identified with the absence of urogenital and anal openings. This case report describes a 15-week-old female fetus with megacystis, ascites and oligohydramnios in a 19-year-old nulliparous woman. The patient underwent preterm labor at the 33rd gestational week and delivered a female newborn weighing 2250 grams who died three days later due to progressive respiratory insufficiency...
January 11, 2019: Türk Patoloji Dergisi
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30596395/detection-of-anaplastic-lymphoma-kinase-gene-re-arrangement-in-non-small-cell-lung-carcinoma-in-the-indian-population-comparison-of-techniques-and-immunohistochemistry-clones
#12
Saumya Shukla, Rahul Kumar Pandey, Surya Kant, Rajiv Garg, Nidhi Anand, Ram Kushwaha, Kiran Preet Malhotra, Anand Srivastava, Madan Bhatt, Nuzhat Husain
OBJECTIVE: Predictive and prognostic markers have revolutionized personalized therapy in non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC). Crizotinib is now approved for locally advanced or metastatic NSCLC that is anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) positive by either Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) or immunohistochemistry (IHC). The current study aimed to detect the incidence of ALK gene re-arrangement in the Indian population, to compare the various IHC antibodies with FISH as a gold standard, and to analyze the morphology of cases with ALK phenotype...
December 31, 2018: Türk Patoloji Dergisi
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30596394/differential-expression-of-egfr-1-mmp-3-and-mmp-9-in-spontaneous-abortions-induced-abortions-and-tubal-pregnancies
#13
Mahi Balci, Gülhan Özdemir
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of our study was to assess trophoblastic and uterine sufficiency in miscarriage pathogenesis with immunohistochemical methods and to determine if they could be used as a screening tool for the risk of miscarriage in the future. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Placental tissue specimens that were comprised of 20 spontaneous abortions, 23 voluntarily terminated (induced) abortions, and 12 tubal pregnancies were included in this study. Trophoblastic cells and implantation area were evaluated for staining with EGFR-1, MMP-3, and MMP-9 by immunohistochemistry...
December 31, 2018: Türk Patoloji Dergisi
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30614512/placenta-secret-witness-of-infant-morbidities-the-relationship-between-placental-histology-and-outcome-of-the-premature-infant
#14
Ufuk Çakir, Duran Yildiz, Dilek Kahvecioğlu, Emel Okulu, Serdar Alan, Ömer Erdeve, Aylin Okçu Heper, Begüm Atasay, Saadet Arsan
OBJECTIVE: The microscopic and macroscopic features of the placenta can contribute to the clinical understanding of premature delivery. The aim of our study was to figure out the relationship between the histopathological findings of the placentas of premature deliveries and its effects on neonatal morbidity and mortality. MATERIAL AND METHOD: The placentas of 284 singleton preterm infants with < 35 weeks of gestation were examined. Three groups were created as the normal, chorioamnionitis and vasculopathy groups according to the histopathological findings in the placentas of the subjects...
2019: Türk Patoloji Dergisi
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30614511/frozen-section-evaluation-in-head-and-neck-oncosurgery-an-initial-experience-in-a-tertiary-cancer-center
#15
Sangeetha K Nayanar, Aswathi Krishnan M, Mrudula K I, Sajith Babu Thavarool P, Shivakumar Thiagarajan
OBJECTIVE: Frozen section evaluation is routinely used by oncosurgeons across specialties for rapid assessment of the presence of tumor in any tissue and its most common use is in surgical margins. Today, the use of intraoperative frozen-section evaluation of surgical margins is an accepted and frequent practice in head and neck oncology. This study aims to determine the efficacy and accuracy of frozen sections in head and neck cancer patients and compare the results with the respective paraffin sections and also to analyze the reasons for any disparity between them...
2019: Türk Patoloji Dergisi
https://read.qxmd.com/read/28272669/teratoid-wilms-tumor-report-of-three-cases-and-review-of-the-literature
#16
Doaa Al Ghamdi, Nasir Bakshi, Mohammed Akhtar
Teratoid Wilms tumor is a rare variant of Wilms tumor composed predominantly of well-differentiated epithelial and/or mesenchymal heterologous elements. Like the classical Wilms tumor, this variant may also occur as a renal mass or may be found in extra renal locations. This tumor may be treated effectively by surgical resection; however, it generally fails to respond to chemotherapy. A review of the literature revealed 30 reported cases of intra renal and 5 reports of extra renal teratoid Wilms tumor. We report our experience with an additional three cases of renal teratoid Wilms tumor adding to the 30 cases previously reported...
2019: Türk Patoloji Dergisi
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30117519/endobronchial-ultrasound-guided-transbronchial-needle-aspiration-in-the-diagnosis-of-hilar-and-mediastinal-lymph-node-metastases-of-melanoma
#17
José-Fernando Val-Bernal, María Martino, Elena Yllera, Félix Romay, María Sánchez-Ares, Ihab Abdulkader Nallib
OBJECTIVE: Endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) is a minimally invasive technique for investigating hilar and mediastinal lymphadenopathy. This study reports eleven cases in which EBUS-TBNA was used to assess mediastinal and hilar lymph nodes for the presence of metastatic melanoma. MATERIAL AND METHOD: A retrospective study was performed of all patients who had a history of melanoma and underwent EBUS-TBNA to assess hilar or mediastinal lymphadenopathy for the presence of metastatic melanoma...
August 17, 2018: Türk Patoloji Dergisi
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30070306/proliferation-marker-ki67-in-sub-categorization-of-neuroendocrine-tumours-of-the-lung
#18
Rashi Garg, Amanjit Bal, Ashim DAS, Navneet Singh, Harkant Singh
OBJECTIVE: The 2015 WHO classification classifies neuroendocrine tumours (NET) of the lung into typical carcinoid, atypical carcinoid, large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma and small cell carcinoma based on morphology alone. Mitosis is the major parameter for this classification, and thus several studies have focused on the role of Ki67 in these tumours but without conclusive results. The aim of the study was to categorize neuroendocrine tumours of the lung based on morphology and to assess the utility of Ki67 in diagnosis...
August 2, 2018: Türk Patoloji Dergisi
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30035295/diagnostic-value-of-glucose-transporter-1-glut-1-expression-in-nested-variant-of-urothelial-carcinoma
#19
Ceren Boyaci, Kemal Behzatoğlu
OBJECTIVE: Nested variant is bland-looking but aggressive subtype of urothelial carcinoma (UC). Cases having significant muscle invasion do not cause problems but small and superficial biopsies may be challenging due to morphological similarities between nested variant urothelial carcinoma and benign urothelial lesions. MATERIAL AND METHOD: We studied Glucose transporter 1 (GLUT-1), which is an integral membrane protein providing glucose pass through plasma membrane down its concentration gradient, to see if it is useful for the differential diagnosis...
July 23, 2018: Türk Patoloji Dergisi
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30035294/clinical-significance-of-granulation-pattern-in-corticotroph-pituitary-adenomas
#20
Sema Çiftçi Doğanşen, Bilge Bilgiç, Gülşah Yenidünya Yalin, Seher Tanrikulu, Sema Yarman
OBJECTIVE: The granulation pattern of pituitary tumors may be important to predict tumor behavior, treatment outcomes, and recurrences. Therefore, we compared densely granulated corticotroph tumor (DGCT) and sparsely granulated corticotroph tumor (SGCT) in terms of clinicopathologic findings. MATERIAL AND METHOD: A total of 41 patients (31 females/10 males) were assessed in the study. The granulation patterns were detected by Periodic Acid-Schiff (PAS) and adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) immunoreactivity...
July 23, 2018: Türk Patoloji Dergisi
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