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Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition

Gaga Irawan Nugraha, Paulus Anam Ong, Cut Novianti Rachmi, Sri Hartini Ks Karyadi, Anna Alisjahbana
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Resting metabolic rate and cognitive function may be associated with several factors, such as birth weight, growth, and fat-free mass in adulthood. The Tanjungsari Cohort Study (TCS) of 1988, to do with a maternal-child Risk Approach Strategy (RAS), provided the opportunity to determine the associations between birth weight, growth at 2 years, and body composition with adult resting metabolic rate and cognitive function. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: In 2009 some 197 and, in 2017,144 of these representative participants from the TCS were assessed for energy intake, anthropometry, body composition, indirect calorimetry, and cognitive function in relation to low (ALBW, n=66) or normal (ANBW, n=78) birth weight...
2019: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Elsa Pudji Setiawati Sasongko, Eko Fuji Ariyanto, Noormarina Indraswari, Cut Novianti Rachmi, Anna Alisjahbana
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Health status during adolescence may predetermine that during adulthood. Being short because of nutritional and health adversity, where stunting is indicative, is a global health concern, possibly in adolescence. This study assessed the prevalence of shortness (defined by HAZ <-2 SD) at age 12 and its determinants. STUDY DESIGN: This Tanjungsari birth cohort of 1988/1989 was revisited in 2001-2002 with 3093 participating children, their parents and households...
2019: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Yulia Sofiatin, Asterlila Pusparani, Tina Dewi Judistiani, Annisa Rahmalia, Aly Diana, Anna Alisjahbana
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Low birth weight leads to growth faltering, attributable inter alia to malnutrition and maternal health and literacy. Risk for growth faltering in rural children under five is studied. STUDY DESIGN: The Risk Approach Strategy in Tanjungsari, West Java has been analysed for all pregnancies during 1988-1989 and 4,698 singleton infants born between 1 January 1988 and 31 April 1990. Weight and body length/height measurements were repeated over 60 months, and plotted against WHO standards...
2019: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Bachti Alisjahbana, Dwi Savitri Rivami, Lestari Octavia, Nopi Susilawati, Mathilda Pangaribuan, Anna Alisjahbana, Aly Diana
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) is related to mortality and morbidity. However, defining IUGR by suitable field methods remains a challenge. A maternal-child Risk-Approach- Strategy (during 1988-1989) and follow-on Tanjungsari Cohort Study (TCS) (1989-1990), aimed to generate a practical classification of IUGR and explore its usage in predicting growth, mortality and morbidity of infants in the cohort. STUDY DESIGN: Some 3892 singleton live-birth infants were followed...
2019: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Widjaja Lukito, Lindawati Wibowo, Mark L Wahlqvist
Perinatal and maternal mortalities in Java became of concern in the 1980s. Since some 90% of births took place at home, the Tanjungsari (TS) district of West Java was identfied as a locality where community-based risk management strategy might reduce this health burden. In 1987, traditional birth attendants (TBA) were trained to identify risk factors for unfavourable birth outcomes.From January 1st 1988 to December 1989 , some 4,000 pregnant women in TS were followed and assigned either a trained or untrained TBA...
2019: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Yan Wang, Leizhen Duan, Songcheng Yu, Xinxin Liu, Han Han, Jun Wang, Wenjie Li
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: In China, some studies have been reported that solute carrier family 30 member 8 (SLC30A8) gene polymorphism might increase the risk of T2DM, but some are not. The aim of this meta-analysis was to systematically investigate the association between the rs13266634 polymorphism of the SLC30A8 gene and T2DM in Chinese Han and ethnic minority populations. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: All published electronic articles were retrieved from Pubmed, Web of Knowledge, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Wanfang database, VIP database and Google scholar...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Chang Su, Tianlong Yu, Rencheng Zhao, Yunan Wang, Haihan Jia, Miao Jing, Peng Liu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: When iodine intake is in excess, a susceptible population that has a genetic predisposition will have an increased risk of hypothyroidism or autoimmune thyroiditis. This study evaluated the vulnerability to iodine excess and subclinical thyroid disease through screening of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in reproductive-age women to provide evidence to be used for the prevention of subclinical thyroid disease. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: In Shanxi province, four areas where a range of iodine exposures from low to high were chosen in each region, 60 women were anticipated to enrol, including 20 pregnant women, 20 lactating women, and 20 non-pregnant, non-lactating women...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Rati Jani, Elaine Rush, Nic Crook, David Simmons
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Examine availability and price of healthier foods-vs-regular counterparts and their association with obesity. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey of weight and height among Māori in 2 urban and 96 rural areas in the Waikato/Lakes Districts-NZ (year 2004-06) was undertaken. Concurrently, availability of 11 'healthier' food in fast-food-outlets was examined by location (urban vs rural) and median income (high-low). In supermarkets, five-specific 'regular' foods were scored against 'healthier' counterparts (white-vs-wholemeal bread, with-skin-vs-skinless chicken, regular-vs-trim meat, standard-vs-trim milk, sugarsweetened- beverages vs-water) for in-store availability and price according to the Nutrition Environment Measures Survey...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Rongrong Li, Kang Yu, Chunwei Li
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the associations of dietary factors and the risk of gout and hyperuricemia. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: PubMed and Embase databases were searched from inception to June 2017 for eligible studies. Nineteen prospective cohort or cross-sectional studies with adequate sample sizes are included, all involving red meat, seafoods, alcohol, fructose, dairy products, soy foods, high-purine vegetables and coffee. RESULTS: Meta-analysis revealed several dietary associations with gout risk: red meat: OR 1...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Deksha Kapoor, Romaina Iqbal, Kalpana Singh, Lindsay M Jaacks, Roopa Shivashankar, Vasudevan Sudha, R M Anjana, Masood Kadir, Viswanathan Mohan, Mohammed K Ali, K Mv Narayan, Nikhil Tandon, Dorairaj Prabhakaran, Anwar T Merchant
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association of dietary patterns and dietary diversity with cardiometabolic disease risk factors among South Asians. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: In a population based study conducted in 2010-11, we recruited 16,287 adults aged >20 years residing in Delhi, Chennai, and Karachi. Diet was assessed using an interviewer-administered 26-item food frequency questionnaire. Principal component analysis identified three dietary patterns: Prudent, Indian, and Non-Vegetarian...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Wen-Jiun Chou, Ming-Fen Lee, Mei-Lin Hou, Lien-Shu Hsiao, Min-Jing Lee, Miao-Chun Chou, Liang-Jen Wang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Nutritional and dietary habits may affect children's behaviors and learning. The etiology of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), a common neurodevelopmental disorder in children, may be associated with unhealthy diets or nutrients deficiencies. The purpose of this study was to examine whether children with ADHD exhibited different dietary habits or nutrient profiles from healthy control subjects. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: We recruited 42 patients with ADHD (mean age: 8...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
William Kwame Amakye, Zheqing Zhang, Yuanhuan Wei, Nitin Shivappa, James R Hebert, Jue Wang, Yixiang Su, Limei Mao
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The dietary inflammatory index (DII®) is a measure of the overall inflammatory potential of a person's diet. However, there have been no studies looking at the effect of DII on measures of muscle mass and strength. We aimed to examine the association between DII and skeletal muscle mass and strength in Chinese children. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: A total of 466 children aged 6-9 years completed the study. Total body skeletal muscle mass (TSM), appendicular skeletal mass (ASM) and appendicular lean mass (ALM) were determined using Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Malin Garemo, Amal Elamin, Andrew Gardner
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Eating habits established during childhood affect health in later life. The United Arab Emirates (UAE) has a high prevalence of obesity in adolescents and adults; however, data on the health of preschool children are scarce. This study assessed the weight status and dietary habits of Emirati and non-Emirati children attending nurseries in Abu Dhabi, UAE. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Weight and height were measured in children aged 18 months-4 years...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Ni Jia, Guixiong Gu, Lu Zhao, Shousen He, Fei Xiong, Yuli Chai, Li Quan, Haiou Hou, Yaohua Dai
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To explore advantages and challenges for exclusive breastfeeding (EBF), compared to non-exclusive breastfeeding (nEBF). METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Mothers from 7 cities in China were visited at 3, 10, 60, 120, and 180 days postpartum. Data about feeding practices, infant growth, and the macronutrient contents of human milk (HM) were collected. RESULTS: 130 lactating mothers attended 5 visits. 59 mothers (45.4%) exclusively breastfed infants for 0-4 month...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Arif Sabta Aji, Eti Yerizel, Desmawati, Nur Indrawaty Lipoeto
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: An adequate level of maternal vitamin D is essential for maternal and fetal health during pregnancy. We examined the relationship between lifestyle, maternal vitamin D intake and the vitamin D status of pregnant women. Methods and Study designs: The sample of the cross-sectional study was 203 third trimester pregnant women in September-November 2016 in four different districts of West Sumatra, Indonesia. Questionnaire was used to assess lifestyles, dietary intake, anthropometry, maternal characteristics, demography and socioeconomic data...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Mariko Nakamoto, Emi Shuto, Akiko Nakamoto, Akiko Hata, Nanako Aki, Yosuke Shikama, Yukiko Bando, Takako Ichihara, Takako Minagawa, Ayako Tamura, Yumi Kuwamura, Makoto Funaki, Tohru Sakai
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the associations of intake of soy products and isoflavones with allergic diseases. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a cross-sectional study in 1437 participants (aged 20-64 years) who were living in Tokushima Prefecture, Japan during the period 2010- 2011. We obtained anthropometric data and information on life style characteristics including dietary intake and current medical histories of allergic diseases using a structural self-administered questionnaire...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Yongye Sun, Jianping Sun, Jianxun Wang, Tianlin Gao, Huaqi Zhang, Aiguo Ma
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The relationship between vitamin C intake and hyperuricemia among the general US adult population has seldom been reported; thus, the present study examined the associations of total vitamin C (dietary vitamin C plus supplementary vitamin C) and dietary vitamin C intake with the risk of hyperuricemia. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Pooled data from three 2-year cycles (2007-2012) of the cross-sectional National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were used in the present study...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Jing Luo, Zhenyu Quan, Song Lin, Lianhua Cui
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Associations between blood 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) concentration and sarcopenia remain controversial; thus, this meta-analysis was conducted to explore the relationship between blood 25(OH)D concentration and sarcopenia. DESIGN: We searched the PubMed and EMBASE databases for relevant published observational studies that investigated blood 25(OH)D concentration and sarcopenia up to June 2017.We then investigated data from these studies that compared blood 25(OH)D concentrations between the sarcopenia and healthy control groups...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Min Lei, Chunhua Guo, Yong Wang, Limei Hua, Sujuan Xue, Dan Yu, Chunhua Zhang, Dawei Wang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Probiotic treatment has proven to increase the density of bone mass, prevent against bone loss, and improve bone formation. We aimed to assess the effect of oral administration of the probiotic Lactobacillus casei Shirota (LcS) on pain relief in patients with single rib fracture. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: A total of 283 eligible patients who had a single rib fracture were enrolled and randomly assigned to receive skimmed milk containing either a commercial probiotic LcS or placebo every day through oral administration for 1 month after the fracture...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Sulagna Bandyopadhyay, Srishti Sinha, Sumithra Selvam, Anura V Kurpad, Rebecca Kuriyan
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Some cereals, consumed at breakfast, have shown lower glycemic responses. Limited data exist in the Indian context, where the effect could be modified due to genetic or racial differences. This study aimed to investigate the effect of cereal and milk, with or without fruits/nuts, on the glycemic response in healthy Indian men. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: A randomized cross-over study was carried out on 16 men (18 - 45 years), with 3 interventions providing equal amounts of glycemic carbohydrate: a glucose drink (Reference), cereal and milk (CM), and cereal, milk, fruits and nuts (CMO), on separate days...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
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