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Journals Asia Pacific Journal of Clinic...

Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition

https://read.qxmd.com/read/38794985/the-role-of-dietary-fats-on-cognition-and-sarcopenia-in-the-elderly
#1
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Xianyun Wang, Chengyan Qi, Xiaoying Li, Dajun Li, Huini Ding, Jing Shen, Yijia Liu, Yuandi Xi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To elucidate the role of dietary fats on the relationship between mild cognitive impairment and sarcopenia and help identifying and preventing the decline of cognitive and muscle function in elderly individuals. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: The study conducted involving a group of 1812 individuals between the ages of 61 and 92. Body composition and BMR were assessed by bioelectrical impedance analysis. Cognitive function and dietary nutrition were evaluated by neuropsychological assessments and questionnaire of food intake frequency...
June 2024: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38794984/start-with-muscle-mass-or-muscle-strength-in-diagnosis-and-management-of-sarcopenia-a-systematic-review-of-guidance-documents
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yu Zhang, Jia-Yu Guo, Fang Wang, Chun-Wei Li, Kang Yu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Sarcopenia has garnered extensive attention in clinical practice since its high prevalence and significant impact on clinical outcomes. Multiple organizations have published guidance documents on sarcopenia, offering evidence-based recommendations for clinical practice and/or research. We aimed to appraise the methodological quality of the included documents and synthesize available recommendations for the screening, diagnosis, and intervention of sarcopenia...
June 2024: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38794983/dried-fruit-intake-can-lower-the-risk-of-ulcerative-colitis-evidence-from-a-mendelian-randomization-study
#3
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Zhijun Bu, Xuehui Wang, Xuefeng Wang, Zhirui Huang, Zhaoxia Feng, Xueping Huang, Pengyu Wang, Nan Jiang, Feng Xu, Jianping Liu, Zhaolan Liu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This study aims to examine the causal relationship between dietary factors and ulcerative colitis (UC). METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: The analysis utilized data from genome-wide association studies (GWAS). Dried fruit, vegetables, processed meat, fresh fruit, and cereal intake were examined as exposure factors. UC was considered the outcome. Two-sample Mendelian randomization (TSMR) analysis was performed using methods. Heterogeneity and horizontal pleiotropy assessments were conducted to ensure the robustness of our findings...
June 2024: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38794982/comparative-study-of-eating-behavior-between-patients-with-mental-illness-and-healthy-controls-using-the-japanese-version-of-the-dutch-eating-behavior-questionnaire
#4
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Satoko Okabe, Shinya Ito, Aya Goto, Nobuhiro Konno
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To examine the reliability and validity of the Japanese version of the Dutch Eating Behavior Questionnaire (DEBQ-J) for patients with mental illness, and to determine the characteristics of eating behavior among these patients when compared with healthy controls. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: In May 2018, 120 outpatients with mental illness and 132 healthy controls were surveyed. First, exploratory factor analysis was conducted on the DEBQ-J statement responses for both patients and healthy controls...
June 2024: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38794981/relationship-between-dietary-knowledge-food-preference-and-long-short-term-health-status-among-chinese-adults
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Shujuan Wang, Yajing Shang, Xiaoli Guo, Lingling Cui
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: In recent years, with the improvement of people's living standards and changes in dietary patterns, dietary knowledge and food preference have been playing an increasingly crucial role in health. The aim of our study was to examine the relationship between dietary knowledge, food preference, and long-short term health status among Chinese adults aged 18-70. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: This study employed cross-sectional data from the 2015 China Health and Nutrition Survey obtained from 4822 adults...
June 2024: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38794980/a-very-low-calorie-diet-vlcd-intervention-for-the-management-of-prediabetes-and-early-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-a-multi-ethnic-cohort-in-aotearoa-new-zealand-the-progress-nz-feasibility-study
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Patricia Louise Whitfield, Rosemary Megan Hall, Lorène Théaude, Ryan Phillip Sixtus, Rami Kanaan, Ana Simone Holley, A Margot Umpleby, Mark Weatherall, David Stephen Rowlands, Jeremy David Krebs
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Very-low calorie diets (VLCD) achieve weight loss and remission of Type 2 diabetes (T2DM), but efficacy and acceptability in non-European populations is less clear. This feasibility study examines the impact of 10% weight loss through VLCD on metabolic and body composition outcomes in a multi-ethnic cohort of Aotearoa New Zealand (AoNZ) men with prediabetes/early T2DM, and VLCD tolerability/cultural acceptability. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Participants followed a VLCD intervention (mean energy 3033kJ/day) until achievement of 10% weight loss...
June 2024: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38794979/phentolamine-and-b-vitamins-for-feeding-intolerance-in-late-preterm-infants-a-randomised-trial
#7
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Yuan-Yuan Lv, Ning Gao, Xin He, Jing Fu, Yue Shen, Ming-Yue Li, Qian Zhang, Hong-Ya Li
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Feeding intolerance (FI) is a common problem in late preterm infants (34 weeks ≤ gestational age < 37 weeks). This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of phentolamine combined with B vitamins in treating FI in late preterm infants and to explore its effects on gastrointestinal symptoms, inflammation and complications. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: We randomly assigned 118 late preterm infants with FI to a treatment group (n = 56) or a control group (n = 62)...
June 2024: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38794978/association-between-maternal-iron-status-and-the-risk-of-pre-eclampsia-a-case-control-study
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jin Jin, Ze Xu, Zhizuo Liu, Ludi Huang, Furong Liu, Min Liu, Yongye Sun
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess the associations of maternal iron status and placental iron transport proteins expression with the risk of pre-eclampsia (PE) in Chinese pregnant women. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: A total of 94 subjects with PE and 112 healthy pregnant women were enrolled. Fasting blood samples were collected to detect maternal iron status. The placenta samples were collected at delivery to detect the mRNA and protein expression of divalent metal transporter 1 (DMT1) and ferroportin-1 (FPN1)...
June 2024: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38794977/a-practical-approach-to-nutritional-intervention-for-people-with-chronic-kidney-disease-in-vietnam
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Lan Huong Thi Nguyen, Anh Kim Dang, Giang Thu Nguyen, Anh Minh Tran, Tien Thanh Nguyen, Phuong Thi Duong, Ha Ngoc Vu, Huong Thi Le
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: A comprehensive nutritional management is necessary for favourable outcomes in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). We aimed to assess the changes in nutritional status and disease progression with nutritional management where renal replacement therapy (RRT) was not in place. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: A quasi-experiment intervention was conducted on 70 CKD patients at stages 3-5 from July to December 2022. Participants were excluded if they underwent RRT, including dialy-sis (hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis), or kidney transplantation...
June 2024: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38794976/post-bariatric-surgery-complications-nutritional-and-psychological-status
#10
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Nor Latifah Ab Majid, Divya Vanoh, Nur Zetty Sofia Zainuddin, Mohd Nizam Md Hashim
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Bariatric surgery becomes the final option for managing severe obesity. This study aims to identify the complications, changes in anthropometry, adherence to dietary recommendations, and psychological well-being of post-bariatric surgery patients. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: An observational study was conducted on 63 post-bariatric surgery patients who had undergone bariatric surgery between two weeks and five years after surgery. The participants were assessed for the complications experienced, current comorbidities, anthropometric changes, dietary intake, and psychological well-being...
June 2024: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38794975/role-of-dietary-nutrients-and-metabolism-in-colorectal-cancer
#11
REVIEW
Jinjun Ye, Xing Bao, Jiufeng Wei, Yuanpeng Zhang, Yu Liu, Le Xin
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most common malignancies and the leading causes of cancer related deaths worldwide. The development of CRC is driven by a combination of genetic and environmental factors. There is growing evidence that changes in dietary nutrition may modulate the CRC risk, and protective effects on the risk of developing CRC have been advocated for specific nutrients such as glucose, amino acids, lipid, vitamins, micronutrients and prebiotics. Metabolic crosstalk between tumor cells, tumor microenvironment components and intestinal flora further promote proliferation, invasion and metastasis of CRC cells and leads to treatment resistance...
June 2024: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38794974/chinese-guidelines-for-medical-nutrition-therapy-for-patients-with-diabetes-2022-edition
#12
JOURNAL ARTICLE
(no author information available yet)
Medical nutrition therapy (MNT) is the foundation of the comprehensive treatment of patients with diabetes. In 2010, the Chinese Clinical Nutritionist Center of the Chinese Medical Doctor Association developed the first Chinese guideline on MNT for patients with diabetes, and it was updated in 2015. Since then, new evidence has emerged in the field of MNT and metabolic therapy in patients with diabetes. The Nutrition and Metabolic Management Branch of the China International Exchange and Promotive Association for Medical and Health Care organized a team of experts from related institutions, including the Clinical Nutrition Branch of the Chinese Nutrition Society, Chinese Diabetes Society, Chinese Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutri-tion, and Chinese Clinical Nutritionist Center of the Chinese Medical Doctor Association...
June 2024: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38494693/decaffeinated-green-tea-polyphenols-supplementation-had-no-adverse-health-effects-in-girls-with-obesity-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Die Yao, Luyao Xie, Kun Du, Xinyuan Yao, Xiuhua Shen
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: While the health promoting effects of green tea polyphenols have been identi-fied among adult, research on children is scarce probably due to safety concerns about caffeine. This study aims to evaluate the safety of decaffeinated green tea polyphenols (DGTP) supplementation in girls with obesity and lay the foundation for its application in children population. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: This 12-week randomized, double-blinded, parallel-controlled trial was performed among 62 girls with obesity aged 6 to 10 years old...
March 2024: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38494692/effects-of-coffee-and-tea-on-postprandial-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-in-healthy-individuals-a-randomized-crossover-trial
#14
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Chunmei Zhang, Jiayu Zhang, Duo Li, Xiaojie Hu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The effect of different coffee and tea consumption on postprandial glucose and lipid metabolism has never been reported previously. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of different coffee or tea consumption at breakfast on postprandial cardiometabolic risk factors in healthy individuals. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Eighteen healthy young subjects completed the trial. After 8-hour overnight fast, volunteers either ingested water, freeze-dried coffee, spray-dried coffee, green tea, black tea or oolong tea together with a breakfast consisting of an egg and 180g deep-fried dough sticks...
March 2024: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38494691/validity-of-the-modified-versions-of-sarc-f-ebm-for-sarcopenia-screening-and-diagnosis-in-china-the-pplss-study
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jia-Yu Guo, Kang Yu, Chun-Wei Li, Yuan-Yuan Bao, Yu Zhang, Fang Wang, Rong-Rong Li, Hai-Yan Xie
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: It is recommended by Asian Working Group for Sarcopenia to early identify people at risk for sarcopenia using simple screening tools like SARC-F. The modified version SARC-F+EBM showed higher diagnostic performance. However, this cut-off value of body mass index (BMI) remained uncertain to be used in Chinese population. In this study, we used appropriate BMI recommended for Chinese older population and further modified SARC-F+EBM by combining calf circumference...
March 2024: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38494690/nomogram-for-predicting-the-risk-of-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-older-adults-in-qingdao-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Zhi Wang, Jing Cui, Xiaojing Li, Ruili Gao, Enqiang Feng, Guoqiang Luo, Baozhu Guo, Haojia Wu, Yongye Sun, Jianping Sun
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To explore the risk factors for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and to establish a non-invasive tool for the screening of NAFLD in an older adult population. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: A total of 131,161 participants were included in this cross-sectional study. Participants were randomly divided into training and validation sets (7:3). The least absolute shrinkage and selection operator method was used to screen risk factors. Multivariate logistic regression was employed to develop a nomogram, which was made available online...
March 2024: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38494689/maternal-fermented-food-intake-and-infant-neurodevelopment-the-japan-environment-and-children-s-study
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Tomomi Tanaka, Kenta Matsumura, Akiko Tsuchida, Kei Hamazaki, Haruka Kasamatsu, Hiroko Hirai, Shohei Kusabiraki, Akiko Hiraiwa, Kazushi Miya, Yuichi Adachi, Hidekuni Inadera
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Fermented foods play an important role in establishing intestinal bacterial flora, and the composition of the intestinal bacterial flora might be associated with neurodevelopment. This study investigated the association between maternal intake of fermented foods during pregnancy and early neuro-development in offspring. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Data were analyzed for 73,522 pregnant women participating in the Japan Environment and Children's Study...
March 2024: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38494688/obesity-and-mortality-in-patients-with-covid-19-a-meta-analysis-of-prospective-studies
#18
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Heram Cho, Yunseo Park, Seung-Kwon Myung
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Previous prospective studies have reported inconsistent findings on the associ-ation between obesity and mortality in patients with COVID-19. This study aimed to investigate the associa-tion between them by using a meta-analysis of prospective studies. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: We searched PubMed and EMBASE to retrieve studies using keywords related to this topic on January 3, 2022. Data were extracted for a random-effects meta-analysis to calculate a pooled odds ratio (OR), relative risk (RR), or hazard ratio (HR) with a 95% confidence interval (CI)...
March 2024: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38494687/vitamin-d-nutritional-status-in-early-pregnancy-and-its-relationship-with-periconceptional-multiple-micronutrients-supplementation
#19
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Chun-Jing Wang, Zhao Li, Yin-Xiao Bai, Wen-Ying Meng, Chun-Yi Liu, Lei Jin, Jie Zhang, Ming-Yuan Jiao, Lei Jin
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To assess the vitamin D nutritional status (VDN) of pregnant women in early pregnancy and investigate the effects of periconceptional supplementation with multiple micronutrients (MMs) on this status. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Data were taken from the Pregnancy Health Care System and Hospital Information System in 2018 in Beijing. Vitamin D nutritional status in early pregnancy was evaluated among 4,978 pregnant women, and 4,540 women who took folic acid only (FA) or multiple mi-cronutrients supplements (MM) during the periconceptional period, were include to estimate the associations between periconceptional supplementation with MM and prevalence of vitamin D deficiency or insufficiency with logistic regression model...
March 2024: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38494686/perioperative-nutrition-management-in-patients-with-spinal-tuberculosis-taking-eras-measures
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jiaojie Ma, Zhuo Li, Yang Chen, Yachao Zhang, Qian Wang, Guangxuan Yan, Weijie Dong, Shanshan Li
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To explore the effect of nutrition management under ERAS concept in patients with spinal tuberculosis. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: The study was conducted in an orthopedic ward of a tertiary grade A special hospital in Beijing. The patients admitted from January 1, 2021 to June 27, 2023 were screened for inclusion. The qualified patients were randomized into experimental group or control group. The experimental group received perioperative nutrition management under the concept of ERAS while the control group received routine perioperative management in hospital...
March 2024: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
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