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Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse

Mary M Sweeney, Olga Rass, Cara DiClemente, Rebecca L Schacht, Hoa T Vo, Marc J Fishman, Jeannie-Marie S Leoutsakos, Miriam Z Mintzer, Matthew W Johnson
Adolescent cannabis use is associated with working memory impairment. The present randomized controlled trial assigned adolescents ages 14 to 21 enrolled in cannabis use treatment to receive either working memory training (experimental group) or a control training (control group) as an adjunctive treatment. Cognitive function, drug use, and other outcomes were assessed before and after training. We observed few differences in cognitive, functional, or self-reported drug use outcomes as a function of training group, although tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) urinalysis results favored the experimental group...
2018: Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse
Ivan Miskulin, Corinne Peek-Asa, Maja Miskulin
The aim of this study was to describe the alcohol consumption patterns and to identify the association of injury with excess drinking among Croatian students. This cross-sectional study was conducted among 845 university students by the use of the WHO AUDIT questionnaire. A total of 39.9% of the university students reported some level of excess drinking and 21.3% reported that injury to themselves or others occurred as a result of their alcohol use. Conclusively, these results demonstrate a significant need for comprehensive programs to reduce alcohol intake and associated alcohol problems, as well as programs to reduce injuries among Croatian university students...
2018: Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse
Michelle L Rogers, Kristina M Jackson
Multiple assessments of age of onset of alcohol use milestones may produce inconsistent reports, yielding potentially different results, depending on the report utilized. Using data from a prospective study of 1,023 middle-school students, we modeled risk of onset of four drinking milestones as a function of multiple correlates of alcohol use and compared models using first versus last reported age for each milestone. . While forward telescoping was evident, no significant differences were obtained for any models examined...
2017: Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse
Kayla M Martineau, Emily C Cook
This study examined racial differences across African American, Hispanic, and White participants in the impact that individualand social risk factorshave on drinking behaviortrajectories.Data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health was usedfrom 7-9th graders (N = 4,372).Participants reported on frequency of drinking across the four waves and risk factors at wave 1. Growth mixture modeling revealed four trajectories for alcohol use that includedAbstainers, Early Starters, Late Starters, and De-Escalators...
2017: Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse
Aaron Hogue, Molly Bobek, Sarah Dauber, Craig E Henderson, Bryce D McLeod, Michael A Southam-Gerow
This article describes several barriers to widespread dissemination of manualized family-based treatments for adolescent substance use (ASU). We then offer a highly promising solution for adopting and sustaining family therapy in usual care: distilling the core practice elements of empirically validated family therapy models for ASU. We present a conceptual distillation of family therapy for ASU grounded in existing observational fidelity measures for three manualized models, a process that yielded four core elements: Family Engagement, Relational Reframing, Family Behavior Change, and Family Restructuring...
2017: Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse
Suzanne Spinola, Aesoon Park, Stephen A Maisto, Tammy Chung
Studies have shown that motivation to change is related to better substance use outcomes among treatment-seeking adolescents. Goal setting, which may be related to motivation, also has been shown to be associated with positive treatment outcomes. However, relationships between motivation and goal setting as mediators of change in cannabis use over time among treated youth have not been investigated. This study tested direct and indirect associations of motivation and goal setting with cannabis use frequency over 12 month follow-up among treated adolescents...
2017: Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse
Brady A Garrett, Bethany J Livingston, Melvin D Livingston, Kelli A Komro
We examined frequency and intensity of racial/ethnic discrimination and the longitudinal relationship to substance use. The sample included ( N = 1,421) American Indian, American Indian and White, and White adolescents. A high frequency of perceived racial discrimination was associated with an increased risk for heavy alcohol use, prescription drug misuse, and other illicit drug use. Experiences of perceived racial discrimination high in intensity were associated with further increased risk of prescription drug misuse and other illicit drug use...
2017: Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse
Karlene Cunningham, David A Martinez, Lori A J Scott-Sheldon, Kate B Carey, Michael P Carey
Adolescents with psychiatric disorders appear to be at increased risk for acquiring HIV and other sexually transmitted infections; however, little is known about the prevalence of behavioral risk factors in this population. This meta-analysis aimed to assess the prevalence of alcohol use and sexual risk behaviors among adolescents with psychiatric disorders. Electronic database searches identified studies sampling adolescents diagnosed with psychiatric disorders and assessing both alcohol and sexual risk behaviors...
2017: Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse
Megan E Roberts, Nichea S Spillane, Suzanne M Colby, Kristina M Jackson
Substance use contributes to health disparities across race/ethnicity, gender, and socioeconomic status (SES). Although adolescent research indicates group-based differences in regular use, few studies have examined patterns when initiation is just beginning. Using a sample of 917 Rhode Island middle schools students (54% female, 26% non-Hispanic White), we collected demographic information at baseline (M age 12.2); we then examined ever-puff (cigarettes), ever-sip (alcohol), and ever-use (marijuana) behaviors three years later...
2017: Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse
Stephen Miller, James Pike, Jared Chapman, Bin Xie, Brian N Hilton, Susan L Ames, Alan W Stacy
This study examines the point-of-sale marketing practices used to promote electronic cigarettes at stores near schools that serve at-risk youth. One hundred stores selling tobacco products within a half mile of alternative high schools in Southern California were assessed for this study. Seventy percent of stores in the sample sold electronic cigarettes. Convenience stores heavily frequented by youth had the highest number of interior ads for e-cigarettes and were the most likely to employ in-store product placement strategies...
2017: Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse
Pia M Mauro, Michael R McCart, Ashli J Sheidow, Sarah E Naeger, Elizabeth J Letourneau
While juvenile drug courts (JDCs) require treatment participation , youth and parent engagement in treatment cannot be mandated. We compared youths' and parents' self-reports of engagement in Risk Reduction Therapy for Adolescents (RRTA) and Treatment as Usual (TAU) in JDCs. Parents and youth receiving RRTA were more likely than those receiving TAU to report high engagement in treatment. High parent engagement in RRTA early in treatment predicted fewer missed appointments and lower youth substance use at 3 months...
2017: Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse
Jacob C Warren, K Bryant Smalley, K Nikki Barefoot
The use of addictive substances by adolescents is a major public health concern; however, rural vs. urban variations are poorly understood. The purpose of the current study was to examine rural-urban differences in the prevalence of recent use of 11 substances in grades 6-12 in a statewide sample of students from the Georgia Student Health Survey II (n = 513,909). We found that rural-urban differences in substance use depend largely upon grade level, with rural middle school students demonstrating higher rates of alcohol, smoking tobacco, and chewing tobacco use, and urban high school students demonstrating higher rates of illicit drugs...
2017: Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse
Wendee M Wechsberg, Felicia A Browne, William A Zule, Scott P Novak, Irene A Doherty, Tracy L Kline, Monique G Carry, Jerris L Raiford, Jeffrey H Herbst
HIV/sexually transmitted infection (STI) risk-reduction interventions are needed to address the complex risk behaviors among African-American female adolescents in disadvantaged communities in North Carolina. In a two-group randomized trial, we reached 237 sexually active, substance-using African-American female adolescents, to test a risk-reduction intervention, the Young Women's CoOp (YWC), relative to a nutrition control. In efficacy analyses adjusting for baseline condom use, at three-month follow-up participants in the YWC were significantly less likely to report sex without a condom at last sex relative to control...
2017: Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse
Charlotte Lyn Bright, Paul Sacco, Karen M Kolivoski, Laura M Stapleton, Hyun-Jin Jun, Darnell Morris-Compton
This study explores gender-specific patterns and transitions of adolescent substance use and delinquency in a sample of youths at ages 12, 15, and 18 (N = 803). Latent transition analysis identified "Primary Delinquent," "Delinquency and Substance Use," and "Low Risk" classes. Females were less likely to be in the "Primary Delinquent" class at age 12 than males. From 15 to 18, females were approximately equally likely to transition from "Primary Delinquent" to both other classes, whereas males were more likely to transition from "Primary Delinquent" to "Delinquency and Substance Use...
2017: Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse
Sarah M Bagley, Bradley J Anderson, Michael D Stein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse
Richard Dembo, Julie Krupa, Jennifer Wareham, James Schmeidler, Ralph J DiClemente
Truant youth are likely to engage in a number of problem behaviors, including sexual risky behaviors. Previous research involving non-truant youth has found sexual risk behaviors to be related to marijuana use and depression, with differential effects for male and female youth. Using data collected in a NIDA funded, prospective intervention project, results are reported of a male-female, multi-group, longitudinal analysis of the relationships among truant youth baseline sexual risk behavior, marijuana use, and depression, and their sexual risk behavior over four follow-up time points...
2017: Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse
Lynn Hernandez, Mary Kathryn Cancilliere, Hannah Graves, Thomas H Chun, William Lewander, Anthony Spirito
The current study examined associations between substance use and depressed mood by gender and type of substance used (no use, alcohol, marijuana or both alcohol and marijuana) in a sample of 713 adolescents (Mage = 15.3) recruited from a Pediatric Emergency Department (PED). Adolescents who reported any marijuana use had higher overall depressed mood scores compared to all other adolescents. When examined by gender, females with both alcohol and marijuana use reported the highest overall depressed mood symptoms...
March 1, 2016: Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse
Lindsay M Squeglia, Whitney A Brammer, Lara A Ray, Steve S Lee
OBJECTIVE: Positive alcohol expectancies and attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are independent risk factors for adolescent alcohol problems and substance use disorders. However, the association of early ADHD diagnostic status, as well as its separate dimensions of inattention and hyperactivity, with alcohol expectancies is essentially unknown. METHOD: At baseline (i.e., Wave 1), parents of 139 6-to 9-year-old children (71% male) with (N = 77; 55%) and without (N = 62; 45%) ADHD completed structured diagnostic interviews of child psychopathology...
March 1, 2016: Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse
Lisa A Melander, Kimberly A Tyler, Rachel M Schmitz
Substance use among homeless young people is a pervasive problem, and there have been many efforts to understand more about the dynamics of this health compromising behavior. The current study examined perceived substance use norms within homeless youths' social networks utilizing in-depth interviews. The sample included 19 homeless individuals aged 16 to 21. Four elements of substance use within networks emerged: substance use choices, drug use safety issues, encouragement and/or discouragement, and appropriate situations in which substance use is condoned...
January 2, 2016: Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse
Clifford L Broman
This study examines how the availability of substances in the home during adolescence and its influence on substance use in young adulthood. Data are drawn from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (ADD Health). The final sample consisted of approximately 15,000 cases from waves 1, 3 and 4. Multivariate analyses indicate that the availability of substances in the home affects young adult substance use and substance use in later young adulthood. We also find that the availability of substances in the home during adolescence is associated with an earlier age at first substance use...
2016: Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse
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