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International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30942199/the-incidence-of-lidocaine-allergy-in-dentists-an-evaluation-of-100-general-dental-practitioners
#1
Anna Janas-Naze, Piotr Osica
OBJECTIVES: Local anesthetics are some of the most common drugs used in dentistry and about 6 million people daily around the world are subjected to their effect in procedures performed by a similar number of dentists who, in turn, are usually not aware of the fact of being allergic to this group of medications. Assuming that dentists are also patients, and that in their daily practice the contact with the allergen is very frequent, it is essential to assess the incidence of allergy to lidocaine in general dental practitioners...
April 2, 2019: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30938371/health-risk-in-road-transport-workers-part-i-occupational-exposure-to-chemicals-biomarkers-of-effect
#2
REVIEW
Jolanta Gromadzińska, Wojciech Wąsowicz
Motor vehicle emissions constitute a mixture of different chemicals: volatile organic solvents, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, heavy metals, isocyanates, etc. Drivers working in car cabins are exposed to chemicals deriving from incomplete combustion of fuels, exhaust emissions from working engines and fuel evaporation. Concentrations of these substances are rather low and do not exceed the applicable hygiene standards, but some of them pose, or are suspected to pose, carcinogenic risk. The interaction of chemical substances with human cells and tissues can lead to a number of modifications of metabolic pathways at a cellular level...
April 2, 2019: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30938370/occupational-stress-and-musculoskeletal-symptoms-in-firefighters
#3
Elpidoforos S Soteriades, Lilia Psalta, Stavroula Leka, George Spanoudis
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential association between occupational stress and musculoskeletal symptoms in firefighters. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data were collected among Cypriot firefighters through a battery of adapted questionnaires completed anonymously. RESULTS: A total of 430 firefighters (a response rate of 68%) completed the survey (the age range: 21-60 years). A total of 11% of firefighters reported moderate to extremely severe stress through the <i>Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire</i> and <i>Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale</i>...
March 29, 2019: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30919829/a-systematic-review-of-the-health-impacts-of-occupational-exposure-to-wildland-fires
#4
REVIEW
Emily Groot, Alexa Caturay, Yasmin Khan, Ray Copes
The aim of the paper is to summarize the evidence of health impacts of occupational exposure to wildland fires. The authors searched 3 databases for relevant articles and screened the results. After full-text review, articles were included based on pre-determined criteria. The authors identified 32 relevant articles. Occupational exposure to wildland fires affects lung function in the short term and may increase the risk of hypertension in the long term. Exposure to wildland fires is also associated with post-traumatic stress symptoms...
March 26, 2019: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30912528/development-and-implementation-of-work-related-medical-rehabilitation-in-cancer-patients-using-organizational-ethnography-and-action-research-methodology
#5
Betje Schwarz, Julian Wienert, Matthias Bethge
OBJECTIVES: To develop a work-related medical rehabilitation (WMR) program for cancer patients based on the best available evidence, the expertise of rehabilitation professionals and the perspective of the patients, to ensure the fidelity of its implementation and to prepare its subsequent outcome evaluation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The implementation study was based on organizational ethnography and action research, and followed a multimethod, participatory and iterative approach to data collection and analysis...
March 26, 2019: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30900697/the-mediating-role-of-self-efficacy-in-the-relationship-between-workplace-bullying-mental-health-and-an-intention-to-leave-among-nurses-in-taiwan
#6
Yu-Hui Hsieh, Hsiu-Hung Wang, Shu-Ching Ma
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to examine the relationship between workplace bullying, mental health and an intention to leave among nurses, and the mediating role of self-efficacy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted among 385 nurses in Taiwan. Data were collected by means of self-report questionnaires, including the <i>Negative Acts Questionnaire-Revised</i>, the <i>General Self-Efficacy Scale</i>, the <i>Chinese Health Questionnaire</i>, and the <i>Employee's Turnover Intentions and Job Destination Choices Scale</i>...
March 21, 2019: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30900696/factors-determining-the-effectiveness-of-conservative-treatment-in-patients-with-carpal-tunnel-syndrome
#7
Jolanta Zwolińska, Andrzej Kwolek
OBJECTIVES: The study aims to assess selected factors contributing to the long-term effects of the conservative treatment of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty-nine individuals diagnosed with CTS were enrolled in the study. The symptoms resulted from occupational hand overuse in 37 patients. The assessment involved 78 hands before the therapy (study 1) and 1 year after the end of the therapy (study 2). The clinical symptoms assessed included: pain, numbness, tingling, morning stiffness, vegetative disorders and difficulties in activities of daily living (ADL)...
March 19, 2019: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30896680/cytostatics-as-hazardous-chemicals-in-healthcare-workers-environment
#8
REVIEW
Anna Pałaszewska-Tkacz, Sławomir Czerczak, Katarzyna Konieczko, Małgorzata Kupczewska-Dobecka
Cytostatics not only induce significant side-effects in patients treated oncologically but also pose a threat to the health of occupationally exposed healthcare workers: pharmacists, physicians, nurses and other personnel. Since the 1970s numerous reports from various countries have documented the contamination of working areas with cytostatics and the presence of drugs/metabolites in the urine or blood of healthcare employees, which directly indicates the occurrence of occupational exposure to these drugs...
March 19, 2019: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30855602/work-related-stress-in-the-italian-banking-population-and-its-association-with-recovery-experience
#9
Gabriele Giorgi, Giulio Arcangeli, Antonio Ariza-Montes, Venerando Rapisarda, Nicola Mucci
OBJECTIVES: Over the past decade, there has been a markedly growing interest in issues involving work-related stress in Europe. In Italy, according to Eurofound, research has demonstrated high levels of stress in the banking sector. With this in mind, a study was conducted to evaluate the peculiarities of hindrance and challenge stressors, and their links with recovery in the Italian banking population. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The health and safety managers of a major Italian banking group were contacted and invited to participate in a stress assessment procedure, not only for research purposes but also to help them fulfill their obligations with regard to work-related stress...
March 11, 2019: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30855601/occupational-burnout-and-its-overlapping-effect-with-depression-and-anxiety
#10
Krystyna Golonka, Justyna Mojsa-Kaja, Mateusz Blukacz, Magda Gawłowska, Tadeusz Marek
OBJECTIVES: The problem of defining burnout concerns its overlapping effect with other syndromes and disorders, such as depression and anxiety. Additionally, some individual characteristics influence susceptibility to burnout (e.g., neuroticism). Therefore, the question arises whether burnout is or is not a distinct syndrome. The aim of the study is to compare 2 distinct burnout measures by analyzing their connections with organizational and individual variables. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was conducted in the Institute of Applied Psychology at the Jagiellonian University, Kraków, Poland on a group of employees (N = 100; 40 men; mean age 36...
March 8, 2019: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30829342/duration-of-breastfeeding-and-psychomotor-development-in-1-year-old-children-polish-mother-and-child-cohort-study
#11
Iwona Stelmach, Paulina Ewa Kwarta, Joanna Jerzyńska, Włodzimierz Stelmach, Jan Krakowiak, Michał Karbownik, Daniela Podlecka, Wojciech Hanke, Kinga Polańska
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to evaluate the association between breastfeeding duration and child neurodevelopment based on the Polish Mother and Child Cohort Study. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The current analysis included 501 mother-child pairs. The analysis evaluating the association between the length of breastfeeding and child neurodevelopment considered the following variables: maternal age and body mass index, weight gain during pregnancy, parental level of education, marital status, socioeconomic status, child gender, birthweight, type of delivery, preterm delivery, pre- and postnatal exposure to tobacco constituents and child day care attendance...
February 28, 2019: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30793708/the-associations-of-work-style-and-physical-exercise-with-the-risk-of-work-related-musculoskeletal-disorders-in-nurses
#12
Yongcheng Yao, Shan Zhao, Zhen An, Shouying Wang, Hongbin Li, Lingeng Lu, Sanqiao Yao
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSD) in nurses, and to explore the association of work style and physical exercise with WMSD in this professional group. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this study, a cross-sectional survey design was applied. A questionnaire survey was conducted on 692 nurses in 5 municipal hospitals, in the period August-October 2015. The survey included personal information, lifestyle, physical exercise and symptoms of WMSD...
February 21, 2019: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30785127/the-impact-of-balint-work-on-alexithymia-perceived-stress-perceived-social-support-and-burnout-among-physicians-working-in-palliative-care-a-longitudinal-study
#13
Ovidiu Popa-Velea, Liliana Veronica Diaconescu, Carmen Trutescu
OBJECTIVES: Physicians working with palliative patients have a substantial risk of emotional exhaustion because of their daily confrontation with suffering and death. Common concerns include alexithymia, high stress, low perceived social support and a greater burnout risk. This longitudinal study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of Balint training in preventing the development of these symptoms in these medical professionals. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The design of the study was longitudinal...
February 20, 2019: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30783295/assessing-the-impact-of-certain-exercises-on-the-spatial-head-posture
#14
Elżbieta Szczygieł, Bartosz Sieradzki, Agata Masłoń, Joanna Golec, Dorota Czechowska, Karolina Węglarz, Radosław Szczygieł, Edward Golec
OBJECTIVES: The head constitutes 6% of the total body weight, which is linked to the cervical spine and all other joints through the kinematic chain by various muscles. The forward head posture is one of the most common postural disorders and seems to be especially dangerous. The goal of the work was to assess the impact of 4 weeks of training neck and nape muscles on the head posture. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The subjects were 20 participants, who performed neck exercises for 20 days...
February 5, 2019: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30679876/the-awareness-of-caregivers-about-their-children-s-exposure-to-ionizing-radiation-accompanying-medical-procedures-the-assessment-study
#15
Katarzyna Jończyk-Potoczna, Beata Pucher, Lidia Strzelczuk-Judka, Beata Buraczyńska-Andrzejewska, Barbara Więckowska, Hanna Krauss, Przemysław Biliński, Paulina Wojtyła-Buciora
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was a survey-based assessment concerning parents of children undergoing CT examinations and their knowledge of detailed information about procedures involved in imaging diagnostics. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A statistical analysis of 108 surveys of parents of children undergoing CT studies in the Department of Pediatric Radiology in Poznan, Poland was done, with the use of Statistica software. RESULTS: In result of the evaluation of all subsections of the substantive question number, the majority of answers were incorrect (68-98%)...
January 24, 2019: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30675876/energy-expenditure-of-endurance-and-strength-athletes-in-the-light-of-the-polish-energy-intake-standards
#16
Barbara Frączek, Andrzej Grzelak, Andrzej Tadeusz Klimek
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study was to estimate training energy expenditure (TEE) and daily energy expenditure (DEE) in the Polish elite athletes engaged in endurance sports and power sports, and to compare their levels with the Polish energy intake standards. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study sample consisted of 30 athletes (15 women and 15 men) whose energy expenditure was estimated based on heart rate monitoring. RESULTS: The mean values of DEE obtained for women engaged in endurance sports (WE - women endurance) and power sports (WP - women power) were 3201±533 kcal and 3217±554 kcal, respectively...
January 22, 2019: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30666057/efficacy-of-the-use-of-the-mckenzie-and-vojta-methods-to-treat-discopathy-associated-syndromes-in-the-pediatric-population
#17
Arkadiusz Żurawski, Wojciech Kiebzak, Anna Zmyślna, Justyna Pogożelska, Ireneusz Kotela, Tomasz J Kowalski, Zbigniew Śliwiński, Grzegorz Śliwiński
OBJECTIVES: This paper evaluates the efficacy of using the McKenzie and Vojta methods for patients with low back pain and the use of the DIERS Formetric 4D system as an objective diagnostic tool. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study enrolled 28 patients aged 15-17 years old. The patients were hospitalized at the Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology of the Świętokrzyskie Center for Pediatrics in Kielce with a diagnosis of back pain associated with a discopathy...
January 21, 2019: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30860206/assessment-of-manual-dysfunction-in-occupationally-active-women-with-carpal-tunnel-syndrome
#18
Tomasz Wolny, Paweł Linek, Edward Saulicz
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to evaluate 2-point discrimination sense (2PD), strength and kinesthetic differentiation of strength (KDS), range of motion (ROM) and kinesthetic differentiation of movement (KDM) dysfunctions in occupationally active women with mild and moderate forms of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) compared to a healthy group. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The 2PD sense, muscle strength and KDS, as well as the ROM and KDM of the radiocarpal articulation were assessed...
April 3, 2019: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30855101/the-introduction-of-health-behavior-profiles-in-the-hungarian-defense-forces-a-cluster-analysis-of-lifestyle-factors-according-to-the-health-screening-tests-performed-in-2011%C3%A2-2015
#19
Attila Novak, Beatrix Hornyák, Zsófia Rázsó, Szabolcs Szalánczi, Andrea Sótér, Zsolt Juhász, Csaba Nyakas
Objectives: The main aim of this study was to examine the health behavior patterns of soldiers in the Hungarian Defense Forces and to introduce health behavior profiles according to the cluster analysis of lifestyle factors. Material and Methods: The soldiers (N = 5475) who underwent health tests in 2011–2015 participated in this cross-sectional study. The factors included in the analysis are the following: age, sex, diseases diagnosed, the body mass index, eating habits, the smoking status, daily physical activity, sporting habits, the presence of psychosomatic symptoms, mental toughness and sleep apnea...
February 27, 2019: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30855100/the-relationship-between-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-burnout-job-satisfaction-social-support-and-age-among-academics-at-a-tertiary-institution
#20
Nicoleen Coetzee, David Jacobus Francois Maree, Byron Nel Smit
Objectives: Over the last 20 years, tertiary institutions have been subjected to several changes. This has resulted in increased workloads for academics. Some academics have started to experience symptoms that are related to chronic fatigue syndrome and burnout. Researchers, however, cannot agree whether the 2 syndromes are two sides of the same coin or actually 2 separate constructs. This study that was conducted at a tertiary institution in South Africa therefore aimed to determine if these constructs accounted for the evidence of the same syndrome within an academic setting or if they were 2 separate, distinguishable constructs...
February 27, 2019: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
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