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European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/31095835/transactions-between-early-binge-eating-and-personality-predict-transdiagnostic-risk
#1
Heather A Davis, Anna Marie L Ortiz, Gregory T Smith
Psychiatric comorbidities are prevalent in youth eating disorders. In a sample of 1,906 youth from the United States (49.2% female), followed from elementary school into high school, we found support for a model to help explain this comorbidity. Endorsement of binge eating in fifth grade (elementary school) predicted increases in negative urgency, negative affect, and lack of planning in seventh grade (middle school). In turn, seventh grade negative urgency predicted increases in 10th grade (high school) externalizing dysfunction (binge eating, alcohol use problems, and smoking) and internalizing dysfunction (depressive symptoms)...
May 16, 2019: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31063264/a-feasibility-study-comparing-a-web-based-intervention-to-a-workshop-intervention-for-caregivers-of-adults-with-eating-disorders
#2
Gina Dimitropoulos, Ashley Landers, Victoria Freeman, Jason Novick, Ulrike Schmidt, Marion Olmsted
OBJECTIVE: To assess for the validity of a future trial, the current feasibility study aimed to compare the feasibility and efficacy of a web- and workshop-based education intervention for caregivers of adults with eating disorders. METHODS: Psychoeducation was provided to caregivers, who were randomly assigned to a web or workshop condition. Independent samples t tests were conducted to analyse the between-group effect sizes for intervention condition with regard to change over time...
May 7, 2019: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31062912/gastrointestinal-alterations-in-anorexia-nervosa-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Martha A Schalla, Andreas Stengel
OBJECTIVE: Anorexia nervosa (AN) is an eating disorder characterized by body schema disruptions, underweight (>15% reduction of the ideal body weight or a body mass index <17.5 kg/m2 ), self-induced weight reduction, and endocrine impairments. The three latter features greatly impact on most physiological functions including the cardiovascular, skeletal, reproductive, and the gastrointestinal system, which results in an increased mortality rate in affected individuals. Especially, gastrointestinal alterations are described as particularly bothersome by patients...
May 7, 2019: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31020776/identity-statuses-in-prebariatric-patients-with-obesity-associations-with-eating-disorder-symptoms-psychological-complaints-and-coping-behaviour
#4
Laurence Claes, Els Boekaerts, Margaux Verschueren, Wim Boukaert, Koen Luyckx
OBJECTIVE: In the present study, we focused on the associations between identity processes/statuses and eating and general psychopathology and coping in prebariatric patients suffering from morbid obesity. METHOD: Our sample consisted of 369 prebariatric patients (68.8% female) who filled out self-report questionnaires to assess identity processes, eating and general psychopathology, and coping. RESULTS: Concerning identity processes, ruminative exploration was positively related to eating-related and general psychopathology and maladaptive coping, whereas commitment processes were protective against psychopathology and maladaptive coping...
April 24, 2019: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31020754/anxiety-and-depressive-symptoms-are-related-to-core-symptoms-general-health-outcome-and-medical-comorbidities-in-eating-disorders
#5
Josune Martín, Inmaculada Arostegui, Ane Loroño, Angel Padierna, Josu Najera-Zuloaga, José M Quintana
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study is to identify potential factors that have a significant effect on anxiety and depression of patients with eating disorders (ED) using the beta-binomial regression (BBR) approach on a broad sample of patients. METHOD: This cross-sectional study involved 520 ED patients. The effect of sociodemographics, core symptoms, general health outcomes, and medical comorbidities in anxiety and depression were analysed jointly using the beta-binomial mixed-effects model...
April 24, 2019: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31016786/weight-trajectories-and-disordered-eating-behaviours-in-11-to-12-year-olds-a-longitudinal-study-within-the-danish-national-birth-cohort
#6
Pernille Stemann Larsen, Anne-Marie Nybo Andersen, Else Marie Olsen, Per Kragh Andersen, Nadia Micali, Katrine Strandberg-Larsen
OBJECTIVE: To examine how childhood weight trajectories are associated with disordered eating behaviours (DEBs) in early adolescence. METHODS: Self-reports on DEBs (fasting, purging, and binge eating) were obtained from 18,337 children in the 11-year follow-up of the Danish National Birth Cohort. For this population, birth register information on gestational age and birth weight was categorized into the following: small, appropriate, and large for gestational age...
April 23, 2019: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30997724/disordered-eating-and-the-perinatal-period-a-systematic-review-and-best-evidence-synthesis-of-mental-health-and-psychosocial-correlates
#7
REVIEW
Rachel Baskin, Roslyn Galligan
OBJECTIVE: This paper systematically reviews the literature to date on the relationship between disordered eating and mental health, psychological and social factors during pregnancy and the post-partum period, as well as the direction of associations. METHODS: Peer reviewed articles were sourced from seven databases: PsycINFO, CINAHL, Psychology and Behavioural Sciences Collection, Academic Search Complete, Scopus (MEDLINE), Web of Science, and Proquest. A quality review and best evidence synthesis was conducted...
April 17, 2019: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30997721/a-controlled-study-of-an-integrated-prevention-program-for-improving-disordered-eating-and-body-image-among-mexican-university-students-a-3-month-follow-up
#8
Iraís Castillo, Santos Solano, Ana R Sepúlveda
Obesity and eating disorders are currently two significant health problems in Mexico. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of an integrated prevention program on university students through an exploratory controlled study that targeted specific predisposing factors of disordered eating and obesity related to healthy eating, physical activity, body image satisfaction and perceived pressure to be thin. A total of 388 university students participated (264 females and 124 males) and were assigned either to an intervention condition or one of the two control conditions (study skills vs...
April 17, 2019: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30968474/associations-between-interoceptive-sensitivity-intuitive-eating-and-body-mass-index-in-patients-with-anorexia-nervosa-and-normal-weight-controls
#9
Anna Richard, Adrian Meule, Claudio Georgii, Ulrich Voderholzer, Ulrich Cuntz, Frank H Wilhelm, Jens Blechert
Reduced perception of bodily signals and low levels of intuitive eating have been reported in patients with anorexia nervosa (AN) compared with normal-weight individuals. However, findings have been inconsistent and treatment progress might account for some of these inconsistencies. Thirty-seven inpatients with AN and 39 normal-weight controls completed a heartbeat perception task and the Intuitive Eating Scale-2. Patients with AN reported lower intuitive eating than controls, whereas interoceptive sensitivity did not differ between groups...
April 9, 2019: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30895707/ten-year-time-trends-in-mental-and-physical-health-correlates-of-weight-shape-overvaluation
#10
Danilo Dias Santana, Deborah Mitchison, Scott Griffiths, Jose Carlos Appolinario, Gloria Valeria da Veiga, Stephen Touyz, Phillipa Hay
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationships between weight/shape overvaluation, health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and functional role impairment (days out of role [DOR]) in the general population over 11 years. METHOD: Five cross-sectional surveys of men and women representative of the South Australian population were conducted in 2005, 2008, 2009, 2015, and 2016 (ntotal  = 15,140). Data were collected on demographics, overvaluation, HRQoL, DOR, and eating disorder behaviours...
March 21, 2019: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30887695/mechanisms-and-moderators-in-mindfulness-and-acceptance-based-treatments-for-binge-eating-spectrum-disorders-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Jennifer L Barney, Helen B Murray, Stephanie M Manasse, Cara Dochat, Adrienne S Juarascio
OBJECTIVE: Increasing evidence suggests that mindfulness- and acceptance-based psychotherapies (MABTs) for bulimia nervosa (BN) and binge eating disorder (BED) may be efficacious; however, little is known about their active treatment components or for whom they may be most effective. METHODS: We systematically identified clinical trials testing MABTs for BN or BED through PsychINFO and Google Scholar. Publications were categorized according to analyses of mechanisms of action and moderators of treatment outcome...
March 19, 2019: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30884049/characteristics-and-content-of-intrusive-images-in-patients-with-eating-disorders
#12
Fortesa Kadriu, Laurence Claes, Cilia Witteman, Jan Norré, Elske Vrieze, Julie Krans
The aim of this study was to examine the characteristics and content of intrusive images in patients with different subtypes of eating disorders (EDs). Data were collected from 74 ED patients, 22 dieting, and 29 nondieting controls. Participants completed a set of self-report questionnaires. Intrusive images of ED patients were significantly more repetitive, detailed, vivid, and distressing than intrusive images of dieting and/or nondieting controls. Most of the intrusive images were the same for the ED subtypes; however, patients with anorexia nervosa were more likely to report an observer vantage perspective than patients with bulimia nervosa, who were more likely to report a field vantage perspective...
March 18, 2019: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30868707/exploring-the-cooccurrence-of-behavioural-phenotypes-for-avoidant-restrictive-food-intake-disorder-in-a-partial-hospitalization-sample
#13
Erin E Reilly, Tiffany A Brown, Emily K Gray, Walter H Kaye, Jessie E Menzel
OBJECTIVE: Literature providing clinical characterizations of avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID) has proposed the occurrence of three functions for food refusal: fear of negative consequences, lack of hunger, or sensory sensitivity. Recent studies have suggested that these functions may be used to subtype patients presenting with ARFID; however, other work suggests that these categories are not mutually exclusive and instead represent neurobiological dimensions that can cooccur...
March 13, 2019: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30848056/pathways-to-specialist-care-for-eating-disorders-an-italian-multicentre-study
#14
Umberto Volpe, Alessio M Monteleone, Valdo Ricca, Elisa Corsi, Angela Favaro, Paolo Santonastaso, Serafino De Giorgi, Caterina Renna, Giovanni Abbate Daga, Federico Amianto, Matteo Balestrieri, Gian Luigi Luxardi, Massimo Clerici, Alberto Alamia, Cristina Segura-Garcia, Marianna Rania, Palmiero Monteleone, Mario Maj
Two hundred forty six patients with eating disorders (EDs) recruited from eight Italian specialized treatment centres were administered with the World Health Organization "Encounter Form," a standardized schedule that makes it possible to characterize the clinical pathways that patients follow to reach specialized care. The median time from symptoms onset to specialized care was 114 weeks. Primary "points of access to care" were general practitioners (25%), psychiatrists (18%), and clinical nutritionists (17%), followed by various other carers...
March 7, 2019: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30848019/clinical-management-of-females-seeking-fertility-treatment-and-of-pregnant-females-with-eating-disorders
#15
REVIEW
Georgios Paslakis, Martina de Zwaan
The presence of eating disorders (EDs) might have a significant impact upon pregnancy, birth, and the offspring's well-being. Thus, several specific aspects are to be considered by medical professionals when females with EDs either become pregnant or intend to undergo fertility treatment. Clinical management algorithms for gynaecologists and fertility specialists are missing. Here, based on currently available evidence on the topic, specific clinical recommendations are presented. Treatment by a mental health professional may be necessary for pregnant females suffering from acute EDs or prior to fertility treatment...
March 7, 2019: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30084217/illness-pathways-between-eating-disorder-and-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-understanding-comorbidity-with-network-analysis
#16
Irina A Vanzhula, Benjamin Calebs, Laura Fewell, Cheri A Levinson
Eating disorders (EDs) and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are highly comorbid. However, specific mechanisms by which PTSD-ED comorbidity is maintained are unknown. The current study constructed two PTSD-ED comorbidity networks (25 EDs and 17 PTSD symptoms) in two samples: a clinical (N = 158 individuals with an ED diagnosis) and a nonclinical sample (N = 300 college students). Glasso networks were constructed to identify (1) pathways between disorders (bridge symptoms) and (2) core symptoms. Three illness pathways emerged: between binge eating and irritability, between desire for a flat stomach and disturbing dreams, and between concentration problems and weight and shape-related concentration problems...
March 2019: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30761671/effect-of-the-catechol-o-methyltransferase-val-158-met-polymorphism-on-theory-of-mind-in-obesity
#17
Xavier Caldú, Jonatan Ottino-González, Consuelo Sánchez-Garre, Imma Hernan, Encarnació Tor, María-José Sender-Palacios, Jean-Claude Dreher, Maite Garolera, María Ángeles Jurado
Obesity is often accompanied with psychosocial adjustment problems, such as difficulties in social interactions and social withdrawal. A key aspect of social cognition is theory of mind, which allows inferring mental states, feelings, motivations, and beliefs of others and to use this information to predict their future behaviour. Theory of mind is highly dependent on prefrontal dopaminergic neurotransmission, which is regulated by catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) activity. We aimed at determining whether theory of mind is altered in obesity and if this ability is modulated by COMT...
February 13, 2019: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30761665/predictors-of-early-response-in-conjoint-and-separated-models-of-family-based-treatment-for-adolescent-anorexia-nervosa
#18
Elizabeth K Hughes, Susan M Sawyer, Erin C Accurso, Simar Singh, Daniel Le Grange
OBJECTIVE: Early response, as indicated by early weight gain, in family-based treatment (FBT) for adolescent anorexia nervosa (AN) predicts remission at end of treatment. However, little is known about what factors contribute to early response. Further, no previous studies have examined early response to separated forms of FBT. METHOD: Data from a randomised clinical trial of conjoint FBT and separated FBT (parent-focused treatment, PFT) were analysed to examine the timing and amount of early weight gain that predicted remission and identify factors associated with early response...
February 13, 2019: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30734406/rituals-and-preoccupations-associated-with-bulimia-nervosa-in-adolescents-does-motivation-to-change-matter
#19
Sasha Gorrell, Kathryn Kinasz, Lisa Hail, Lindsey Bruett, Sarah Forsberg, James Lock, Daniel Le Grange
This study evaluated the effects of two treatments for adolescent bulimia nervosa (BN), family-based treatment (FBT-BN), and cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT-A), on both attitudinal and behavioural outcomes at end-of-treatment. These associations were examined specifically relative to motivation for change in obsessive-compulsive (OC) features of eating disorder (ED) symptoms. Adolescents (N = 110) were randomly assigned to FBT-BN or CBT-A and completed assessments of eating pathology and OC-ED behaviour...
February 7, 2019: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30734402/investigating-transdiagnostic-factors-in-eating-disorders-does-self-esteem-moderate-the-relationship-between-perfectionism-and-eating-disorder-symptoms
#20
Louise Puttevils, Marie-Anne Vanderhasselt, Myriam Vervaet
OBJECTIVE: According to Fairburns transdiagnostic model of eating disorders (EDs), high levels of perfectionism and low self-esteem are two core traits across EDs. This study investigates the role of self-esteem as a transdiagnostic moderator of the relationship between perfectionism and ED symptoms across EDs. METHOD: A large group of patients (n = 732) completed several questionnaires measuring perfectionism, self-esteem, and disordered eating symptomatology, more specifically, drive for thinness (DFT) and body dissatisfaction (BD)...
February 7, 2019: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
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