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Nurse Researcher

Rikki Jones, Cindy Woods, Kim Usher
BACKGROUND: Health research through review of medical charts is a useful way to understand presentations related to the effects and burden of illness, disease and substance misuse. However, the design and methods used in studies can affect their validity and reliability. It is therefore vital to ensure a strong study design and to use appropriate methodologies. AIM: To highlight some of the challenges nurse researchers face when designing and conducting research using reviews of medical charts...
December 4, 2018: Nurse Researcher
Meg Polacsek, Gayelene Boardman, Terence McCann
BACKGROUND: A fundamental decision when planning a study is the selection of the most appropriate approach to the research. Researchers choosing grounded theory must consider which approach is best suited to for collecting and analysing data. AIM: To enable nurse researchers to choose and apply a grounded theory methodology, using a worked example to illustrate the main elements and considerations. DISCUSSION: Grounded theory provides a helpful framework to guide data collection and analysis, and to generate theory from the data...
December 3, 2018: Nurse Researcher
Jaclene A Zauszniewski, Abir Bekhet, Kayla Herbell
BACKGROUND: It is critically important to determine the effectiveness of an intervention before it can be translated into clinical practice. However, the future implementation and sustainability of the intervention may be diminished if other intervention parameters are not assessed. This requires obtaining feedback from intervention recipients so interventions will be perceived as appealing, relevant, meaningful and beneficial to them; otherwise recipients may be unlikely to perform them over time, resulting in unsuccessful health outcomes...
November 26, 2018: Nurse Researcher
Hannah Rettie, Jakob Emiliussen
BACKGROUND: Interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA) is an approach to qualitative analysis that has increasingly been used in health and psychology over the past 10-15 years. AIM: To address the practical impressions of applying IPA, from the perspective of novice researchers. DISCUSSION: The authors have observed two areas to which they would like to draw novice researchers' attention: interpretations of the six steps of IPA and what 'interpretation' means in IPA...
September 21, 2019: Nurse Researcher
Preetha Krishnan
BACKGROUND: Quantitative research designs are broadly classified as either experimental or quasi-experimental. The main distinguishing feature of the quasi-experiment is the manipulation of the independent variable without randomisation. When randomisation or use of a control group is unfeasible, a researcher can choose from a range of quasi-experimental designs. AIM: To present the features of the quasi-experimental 'non-equivalent control group post-test-only' design, which aims to demonstrate causality between an intervention and an outcome...
September 21, 2019: Nurse Researcher
Gillian Janes, Laura Serrant, Magi Sque
BACKGROUND: The Silences Framework ( Serrant-Green 2011 ) originated from research exploring ethnicity, gender and sexual health decision-making, and provides a useful tool for researching underrepresented groups and topics. AIM: To present the lessons learned from the application of the Silences Framework in the context of a qualitative study exploring the experiences of people under the age of 60 recovering from a fragility hip fracture. DISCUSSION: The authors explore current conceptions of marginalisation in healthcare with reference to nursing research and provide practical tips for others interested in applying and further testing the framework...
September 21, 2019: Nurse Researcher
Alison Hackett, Karen Strickland
BACKGROUND: Data management and analysis are crucial stages in research, particularly qualitative research, which accumulates large volumes of data. There are various approaches that can be used to manage and analyse qualitative data, the framework approach being one example widely used in nursing research. AIMS: To consider the strengths and challenges of the framework approach and its application to practice. To help the novice researcher select an approach to thematic analysis...
September 21, 2019: Nurse Researcher
Paul Sutton, Bob Gates
BACKGROUND: Mental ill-health is more prevalent among adults with intellectual disabilities (ID) than in the wider population. An interest in the mental health needs of people with ID has developed in recent decades, which corresponds with implementation of the health and social policy of deinstitutionalisation. Much clinical and research activity has focused on how such mental health needs may be addressed. The literature indicates that the views of people with ID concerning their mental health care have received limited attention...
September 21, 2019: Nurse Researcher
Saeed Pahlevan Sharif, Imtiaz Mostafiz, Vinitha Guptan
BACKGROUND: A growing number of nursing studies have used structural equation modelling (SEM) analysis. However, there is little research assessing the use of SEM analysis in nursing research. AIM: To present a systematic review of nursing research that uses SEM. DISCUSSION: The review revealed poor reporting of information about the determination of sample size, missing data, normality and outliers. Most studies neither computed composite reliability nor assessed convergent and discriminant validity...
September 21, 2019: Nurse Researcher
Nicole Pope, Mary Tallon, Gavin Leslie, Sally Wilson
BACKGROUND: In recognising the capability and rights of children to express their experiences, 'draw, write and tell' (DWT) has emerged as a participatory qualitative research method. DWT enables children to communicate their experiences by drawing, writing words and telling the story of their pictures in response to interview questions. AIM: To discuss the challenges and benefits of using DWT to explore children's experiences of pain. DISCUSSION: Aspects that affect the quality of data in DWT include the materials used and the influences of the primary caregiver...
September 21, 2019: Nurse Researcher
Lisa Lewis
BACKGROUND: Qualitative research skills, especially those used in narrative inquiry, are challenging to develop. While the literature provides guidance on some techniques, such as collecting data, few authors share the complex process of data analysis. AIM: To offer a possible road map for novice researchers learning to analyse data generated by narrative inquiry. DISCUSSION: The author describes how a novice qualitative researcher analysed data collected using narrative inquiry with nursing students who failed and then repeated a course...
September 21, 2019: Nurse Researcher
Meg Polacsek, Gayelene Boardman, Terence McCann
BACKGROUND: Grounded theory is one of the most widely used qualitative research methodologies. However, it is complex and frequently misinterpreted and misapplied. AIM: To provide a critical overview of grounded theory, to support neophyte researchers' understanding of a methodology for systematically generating theory from data. DISCUSSION: The uniqueness of grounded theory is evident in the way researchers explicate concepts from the data during research, rather than entering the field with a list of predefined concepts...
December 6, 2018: Nurse Researcher
Ahtisham Younas, Caroline Porr
BACKGROUND: While questionnaires and scales are some of the simplest methods of collecting data, their development requires a rigorous process. In recent years, several new questionnaires and scales have been developed. Although various papers have outlined how to develop questionnaires, their use in survey research, as well as how to ensure their validity and reliability, the actual development of scales - including the generation of items, scaling, the testing of validity and reliability, and refinement of the scale - is missing in the literature...
November 20, 2018: Nurse Researcher
Marie Hutchinson, Leah East
BACKGROUND: Measurement tools are a common method to collect data in observational and survey research. Nurse researchers have developed numerous scales and instruments, many derived from published literature. However, few studies report systematic or replicable approaches to analysing the literature from which measures were derived. This is a significant challenge to construct validity. AIM: To provide a method exemplar of meta-summary and categorical factor analysis to refine scale items and establish construct definition...
November 15, 2018: Nurse Researcher
Adrienne Grech, Maria Cassar
BACKGROUND: Many higher education institutions use virtual learning environments (VLEs), with one in seven students learning exclusively online. The use of online research methods and approaches has also gained momentum over the past decade. AIM: To explore the use of VLEs for qualitative research. DISCUSSION: Using VLEs for purposes beyond teaching and learning functions offers various opportunities, providing a method of collecting data that has minimal costs, requires few resources, offers maximum flexibility, has apt technical support and engages participants...
November 8, 2018: Nurse Researcher
Kat Leung, Lyndal Trevena, Donna Waters
BACKGROUND: The authors designed the evidence-based nursing practice assessment tool (EBNPAT) to measure the competence of nurses in using the five-step evidence-based practice model: ask, acquire, appraise, apply and assess. However, they needed to assess its content validity to show it is a valid tool. Assessing the content validity of a newly developed measurement scale is often challenging. Although the content validity index (CVI) is widely used in nursing research, it is limited to evaluating the chance of variation in agreement and consistency among reviewers of the content...
June 7, 2018: Nurse Researcher
Tuan-I Tsai, Lauretta Luck, Diana Jefferies, Lesley Wilkes
BACKGROUND: The increase in the number of international research studies means more surveys need to be adapted for use in different languages. To obtain valid cross-cultural study results, researchers often use translated surveys. AIM: To describe the translation process used, and lessons learned by a bilingual English/Mandarin PhD student and her three English-speaking supervisors when developing and translating an English-language survey for use in a study in Taiwan...
June 7, 2018: Nurse Researcher
Rasmieh Mustafa Al-Amer, Lucie Ramjan, Paul Glew, Tamara Taysir Darwish, Sue Randall, Yenna Salamonson
BACKGROUND: Cultural beliefs and ways of thinking need to be considered when interviewing Arab participants with chronic diseases. AIM: To provide insights into the challenges of interviewing Arab participants. DISCUSSION: This paper taps into the first author's experiences of interviewing ten Arab participants with type 2 diabetes and coexisting depression. Issues relating to gatekeeping, gender, participants' privacy and superstitious thinking need to be taken into consideration, particularly when discussing sensitive topics that may challenge social norms...
June 7, 2018: Nurse Researcher
Nirmala Arunasalam
BACKGROUND: The interpretive paradigm and hermeneutic phenomenological design are the most popular methods used in international cross-cultural research in healthcare, nurse education and nursing practice. Their inherent appeal is that they help researchers to explore experiences. The ethnographic principle of cultural interpretation can also be used to provide meaning, clarity and insight. AIM: To examine the use of hermeneutic phenomenology and the ethnographic principle of cultural interpretation in a research study conducted with Malaysian nurses on part-time, transnational, post-registration, top-up nursing degree programmes provided by one Australian and two UK universities...
June 7, 2018: Nurse Researcher
Isaac Tuffour
BACKGROUND: There is a growing body of literature providing reflective accounts and critical examination of the challenges faced by insider researchers. However, there is little research about the specific challenges that black African insider nurse researchers face. AIM: To reflect on the complexities black African insider nurse researchers face in the context of research sites, participants and the interpretation of data. DISCUSSION: Insider researchers are susceptible to various entanglements and dilemmas...
June 7, 2018: Nurse Researcher
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