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Social Work Research

Adrienne Juliet Michele Baldwin-White, Elizabeth Kiehne, Adriana Umaña-Taylor, Flavio F Marsiglia
Guided by Bronfenbrenner's ecological systems framework and informed by the rejection-identification model, this study examined the relationship between acculturation, discrimination, and ethnic-racial identity (ERI) searching and affirmation among a sample of Latino youths ( N =  830; mean age = 12.2 years). Results revealed that higher levels of acculturation were associated with lower levels of searching and affirmation. Furthermore, higher perceived discrimination was associated with higher affirmation, but unrelated to searching...
March 2017: Social Work Research
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Social Work Research
Huairen Ye, Sungkyu Lee, Hyun Kim
Using a nationally representative U.S. sample, this study examined the extent to which neighborhood characteristics affected length of inpatient stay (LOS) in the United States. Data were obtained from the 2012 Area Health Resource Files. A total of 3,148 U.S. counties were included in the study. Generalized linear models and the geographically weighted regression model were used to examine the extent to which neighborhood characteristics affected LOS and its spatial variation. Exploratory spatial data analysis was also conducted to examine the geographic patterns in LOS...
June 2016: Social Work Research
Yvonne Smith, Matthew C Spitzmueller
The term "milieu therapy" (MT) is commonly used in mental health literatures. However, because MT has historically encompassed a wide range of practices, it has invited the criticism that it is simply an attractive theoretical packaging of the time clients spend between other specified interventions, such as individual and group therapies. Some have suggested that, because of its conceptual ambiguity, MT should be abandoned altogether. Despite these challenges, MT endures as a common approach to social work practice in a range of clinical settings...
June 2016: Social Work Research
Soonhee Roh, Catherine E Burnette, Kyoung Hag Lee, Yeon-Shim Lee, R Turner Goins
Research has consistently documented lower colorectal cancer (CRC) screening rates for racial and ethnic minority populations, with the lowest screening rates among American Indians (AIs). Given the low CRC screening rates among AIs residing in the Northern Plains region, the objective of this research was to identify CRC screening correlates for Northern Plains AIs. With a sample of 181 AIs age 50 years or older, the authors used Andersen's behavioral model to examine the following factors related to receipt of CRC screening: (a) predisposing factors-age, education, marital status, and gender; (b) need factors-personal and family history of cancer; and (c) enabling factors-having a particular place to receive medical care, annual health checkup, awareness of the availability of CRC screening, knowledge of CRC, and self-efficacy of CRC...
June 2016: Social Work Research
Lauren B McInroy
Online research methodologies may serve as an important mechanism for population-focused data collection in social work research. Online surveys have become increasingly prevalent in research inquiries with young people and have been acknowledged for their potential in investigating understudied and marginalized populations and subpopulations, permitting increased access to communities that tend to be less visible-and thus often less studied-in offline contexts. Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ) young people are a socially stigmatized, yet digitally active, youth population whose participation in online surveys has been previously addressed in the literature...
June 2016: Social Work Research
Huei-Wern Shen, Tam Perry
Relocation in older adulthood may occur due to triggering events, such as widowhood. Guided by Kahn and Antonucci's convoy model, this study explores the influence of volunteering on decision to relocate following the death of a spouse. Using three waves of data from the Health and Retirement Study (2006, 2008, and 2010), 5,146 community-dwelling married older individuals who were 65 years or older in 2008 were included. Findings from two multinomial logistic regression models showed that widows and widowers who were not volunteering in 2008 were more likely to move out of area in 2010 than their married counterparts, whereas the relationship between widowhood and relocation was not detected among those involved in volunteering...
June 2016: Social Work Research
James Herbert Williams
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Social Work Research
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2016: Social Work Research
Winnie Kung
This article examines the tangible needs and external stressors experienced by Chinese American families with a member living with schizophrenia, in the context of a six-month pilot study of family psychoeducation. Therapists' notes from 117 family and group sessions were analyzed. The families expressed concerns regarding housing, finance, work, study, and the shortage of bilingual psychosocial services. Interacting with government offices and social services agencies caused anxiety and frustration, partly due to the high stakes involved given their low socioeconomic status, and partly due to the bureaucracy...
March 2016: Social Work Research
Philip Young P Hong, In Han Song, Sangmi Choi, Jang Ho Park
The Short Employment Hope Scale (EHS-14) has been developed in the United States to assess an individual's level of psychological self-sufficiency-a complementary measure to the widely used economic self-sufficiency in workforce development programs. This study examined the comparability of the EHS-14 between U.S. and South Korean low-income job seeker groups. A multisample confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) and a series of invariance tests were conducted to validate EHS-14 using two independent samples. A latent means analysis (LMA) was used to test the latent mean difference between the two samples...
March 2016: Social Work Research
Sarah Fierberg Phillips, Jacob F S Rowley
Recently revised standards for social work practice in schools encourage data-informed school climate interventions that implicitly require invariant measures of school climate. Invariant measures have the same meaning, scale, and origin across different groups of respondents. Although noninvariant measures bias statistical analyses and can lead users to erroneous conclusions, most school climate measures have not been tested for invariance. This study examines the invariance of the Tripod School Climate Index...
March 2016: Social Work Research
Sarah Carter Narendorf, Eusebius Small, Jodi A Berger Cardoso, Richard W Wagner, Sheara Williams Jennings
Support from research assistants (RAs) is often framed as a resource to facilitate faculty research productivity, yet most assistant professors have received minimal training on how to effectively make use of this resource. This study collected data from a national sample of assistant professors to examine tasks RAs are asked to perform, satisfaction with RA work, challenges in working with RAs, and lessons learned to be successful. Authors used a sequential mixed-methods design, first conducting a Web-based survey with 109 assistant professors in social work schools with doctoral programs, then qualitative interviews with a subset of 13 respondents who volunteered to talk more about their experiences...
March 2016: Social Work Research
Orion Mowbray, Bowen McBeath, Lew Bank, Summer Newell
This article seeks to establish time-based trajectories of health and behavioral health services utilization for community corrections-involved (CCI) adults and to examine demographic and clinical correlates associated with these trajectories. To accomplish this aim, the authors applied a latent class growth analysis (LCGA) to services use data from a sample of rural CCI adults who reported their medical, mental health, and substance use treatment utilization behavior every 60 days for 1.5 years. LCGA established 1...
March 2016: Social Work Research
James Herbert Williams, Eric A Des Marais
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2016: Social Work Research
Kevin M Gorey, Nancy L Richter, Isaac N Luginaah, Caroline Hamm, Eric J Holowaty, GuangYong Zou, Madhan K Balagurusamy
This historical study estimated the protective effects of a universally accessible, single-payer health care system versus a multi-payer system that leaves many uninsured or underinsured by comparing breast cancer care of women living in high poverty neighborhoods in Ontario or California between 1996 and 2011. Women in Canada experienced better care particularly as compared to women who were inadequately insured in the United States. Women in Canada were diagnosed earlier (rate ratio [RR] = 1.12) and enjoyed better access to breast conserving surgery (RR = 1...
May 21, 2015: Social Work Research
Tiffany Washington, Sheryl Zimmerman, John Cagle, David Reed, Lauren Cohen, Anna Song Beeber, Lisa P Gwyther
This article advances the discussion of treatment fidelity in social and behavioral intervention research by analyzing fidelity in an intervention study conducted within participating long-term care settings of the Collaborative Studies of Long-Term Care. The authors used the Behavior Change Consortium's (BCC) best practices for enhancing treatment fidelity recommendations in the areas of study design, provider training, treatment delivery, treatment receipt, and treatment enactment to evaluate fidelity-related decisions...
September 2014: Social Work Research
Amy B Smoyer, Alana Rosenberg, Kim M Blankenship
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2014: Social Work Research
Brandy R Maynard, Kevin M Beaver, Michael G Vaughn, Matthew DeLisi, Gregory Roberts
School disengagement is associated with poor academic achievement, dropout, and risk behaviors such as truancy, delinquency, and substance use. Despite empirical research identifying risk correlates of school disengagement across the ecology, it is unclear from which domain these correlates arise. To redress this issue, the current study used intraclass correlation and DeFries-Fulker analyses to longitudinally decompose variance in three domains of engagement (academic, behavioral, and emotional) using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health...
September 1, 2014: Social Work Research
David A Patterson Silver Wolf Adelv Unegv Waya, Catherine N Dulmus, Eugene Maguin, Nicole Fava
Barriers to adopting evidence-based practices into real-world mental health organizations have received considerable attention and study. One particular attempt is Aarons's Evidence-Based Practice Attitude Scale (EBPAS), which measures a worker's attitudes toward adopting new treatments, interventions, and practices. This study follows Aarons's work by conducting a confirmatory factor analysis of the EBPAS administered in a large child and family human service agency in New York state (N = 1,273). Replicating Aarons et al...
March 2014: Social Work Research
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