Journals Acta Microbiologica et Immunol...

Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica
Amita Rao, Ballamoole Krishna Kumar
Atherosclerosis is a progressive disease marked by the accumulation of lipids and fibrous components in the large arteries. It is one of the primary causes of heart disease and stroke. Periodontal diseases encompass conditions like gingivitis and periodontitis, which are multifactorial diseases associated with dysbiotic plaque biofilms that trigger an immune-inflammatory host response, eventually resulting in the destruction of periodontal tissues. Links between periodontal disease and atherosclerosis may be based on direct invasion of periodontal pathogens or inflammatory mechanisms triggered by bacteria related to periodontal lesions, locally or systemically, that may impact the initiation of the atherosclerotic lesion...
November 16, 2023: Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica
Morena Sciuto, Roberto Catanzaro
The intestinal microbiota is a microenvironment that has been the subject of studies for several decades. Over time, it has been reconsidered as a possible cofactor of multiple acute and chronic human diseases. In fact, alterations of the intestinal bacterial flora have been found in various neurological diseases. There are three modes of interaction between the intestinal microbiota and the gut-brain-axis: chemical signals, neural pathways and immune system. Even at the gastrointestinal level, the gut microbiota plays certainly an important role in the etiopathogenesis of chronic intestinal inflammatory diseases but also in irritable bowel syndrome...
November 8, 2023: Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica
Alexandra Sashova Alexandrova, Ivo Nikolaev Sirakov, Lena Petrova Setchanova, Kalina Ionkova Mihova, Daniela Rosenova Pencheva, Raina Tsvetanova Gergova
Haemophilus influenzae is one of the main bacteria responsible for otitis media (OM) among children worldwide. We aimed to estimate the distribution of encapsulated and non-capsulated variants (NTHi), biotypes, antibiotic susceptibility, and molecular epidemiology of H. influenzae isolates recovered from pediatric OM cases in Bulgaria.Capsule detection was done by PCR for bexB gene, absent in NTHi. All encapsulated strains were subjected to PCR serotyping. MIC susceptibility testing was performed according to the criteria of EUCAST...
November 8, 2023: Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica
Mbudzeni Ramashia, Thabiso D Phofa, Granny M Nkawane, Noel-David Nogbou, John Y Bolukaoto, Maphoshane Nchabeleng, Andrew M Musyoki
This study aimed to investigate phenotypic and genotypic characteristics of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacterales isolates (CRE) at a tertiary laboratory in South Africa. A total of 99 CRE isolates were collected between 2019 and 2021. Carbapenemase production was tested using modified carbapenem inhibitory method. Colistin susceptibility testing was performed using the ComASP™ Colistin broth microdilution method. Conventional PCR assays were conducted for detection of mcr-1 gene and common carbapenemase genes (blaVIM, blaNDM, blaIMP, blaKPC, blaOXA-23, blaOXA-51 and blaOXA-48)...
November 2, 2023: Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica
Snežana Mugoša, Vuk Vračar, Nadežda Tešin, Jana Mitrović, Dragana Tomanić, Zorana Kovačević
Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) poses a significant threat in veterinary medicine due to the excessive and inappropriate use of antimicrobial agents, compromising the effectiveness of these drugs. To combat AMR, the collection of data on the consumption of antibiotics is paramount, as there is a well-established connection between antibiotic use and AMR in both humans and food-producing animals. Hence, the current study aimed to generate measurable data concerning the sales patterns of antimicrobial drugs used in animal treatment in Montenegro over a five-year period (from 2017 to 2021)...
October 30, 2023: Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica
Mehdi Goudarzi, Mehrdad Haghighi, Yousef Mirzaei, Behzad Pourhossein, Masoud Dadashi, Mohammad Javad Nasiri
The prevalence of Streptococcus agalactiae infections in adult populations is increasing. The current study aimed to characterize the genetic features of S. agalactiae strains responsible for different infections. A cross-sectional study was performed on 65 S. agalactiae strains (30 invasive and 35 noninvasive) isolated from non-pregnant women. All S. agalactiae isolates were confirmed by atr and dltS PCR assays. Antibiotic susceptibility patterns were determined using the disk diffusion method. Biofilm production was investigated by microtiter plate assay...
October 25, 2023: Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica
Zahra Rahmani, Sareh Sadat Hosseini, Parmida Bagheri, Mehdi Goudarzi
Increase in antibiotic resistance in Staphylococcus aureus isolated from ear infection is a serious public health problem. The objective of this investigation was to determine the antibacterial resistance profile and genetic variability of the S. aureus isolated from adult patients with otitis externa (OE) and otitis media (OM) infections, Tehran- Iran. The disk diffusion was employed to detect the susceptibility of 45 S. aureus strains. Biofilm production was evaluated by microtiter plate assay. Genetic diversity of the isolates was determined by staphylococcal cassette SCCmec, spa, and MLST techniques...
September 18, 2023: Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica
Sanja Zornic, Ivana Petrovic, Bojana Lukovic
The study aimed to investigate prevalence of carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (CRKP) blood culture isolates and their susceptibility to two new antibiotics, imipenem/relebactam and ceftazidime/avibactam. Out of 765 isolates recovered from blood cultures in a tertiary care hospital in Serbia between 2020 and 2023, 143 non-repetitive K. pneumoniae strains were included in this study. Minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) values of the examined antimicrobial drugs was determined by VITEK 2 system, MIC test strip (imipenem/relebactam and ceftazidime/avibactam), and broth microdilution method (tigecycline and colistin)...
August 3, 2023: Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica
Preethesh Shetty, Shishir Shetty, Praveen Rai, Ballamoole Krishna Kumar, Raksha Bhat
Irreversible pulpitis is an inflammation of the tooth pulp caused by an opportunity-driven invasion of the pulp space by oral microbiota typically prevalent in the oral cavity. Microbial organisms are extensively recognised to be the fundamental cause of endodontic infections and treatment failures. Previously, bacterial species responsible for these infections were largely recognised using conventional microbial culture techniques, lending credence to the widely held belief that anaerobic Gram-negative bacteria frequently enter the pulp space and trigger endodontic infections...
July 28, 2023: Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica
Gábor Reuter, Ákos Boros, Péter Pankovics
Hepatitis A virus (HAV) is one of the most important etiological agents of acute viral hepatitis but comprehensive molecular epidemiological study with chrono-phylogeographical data are not available from Hungary.Between 2003 and 2022, a total of 8,307 HAV infections were registered officially in Hungary of which 400 (4.8%) HAV IgM antibody-positive serum samples were collected countrywide. HAV genomic RNA was successfully detected in 216/400 (54%) sera by RT-PCR subsequently confirmed by sequencing. The complete nucleotide sequences of VP1 region were determined in 32 representative HAV strains...
July 25, 2023: Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica
Souhir Hmissi, Anis Raddaoui, Siwar Frigui, Mohamed Salah Abbassi, Wafa Achour, Yosra Chebbi, Lamia Thabet
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is one of the major infectious agents in burn patients. Globally, high rates of antimicrobial resistance in P. aeruginosa have been reported, which is a cause of concern. The objective of this study was to determine the rate of resistance to carbapenems in P. aeruginosa isolates recovered from burn patients in Tunisia, to search genes encoding for carbapenemases and to determine their epidemiological markers (serotypes). A retrospective study was conducted in the Burn Intensive Care Unit (BICU) of the Trauma and Burn Centre of Ben Arous, Tunisia, and P...
July 25, 2023: Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica
Bahareh Hajihashemi, Ali Abbasi, Dariush Shokri
Acinetobacter baumannii is a major causative agent of serious nosocomial infections. This study was carried out to investigate the molecular characterization of colistin resistant isolates of A. baumannii from hospitalized patients, based on multilocus sequence typing (MLST). A cross-sectional study was conducted to collect A. baumannii from clinical samples in Isfahan from 2021 to 2022. Isolates were identified as A. baumannii using biochemical tests and PCR of blaOXA-51. Antibiotic susceptibility testing was carried out using the Kirby-Bauer method and minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) values were determined for colistin...
July 24, 2023: Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica
Qingyu Wang, Xinyi Wang, Chunling Chen, Li Zhao, Jie Ma, Kai Dong
Object of our study was to analyze the carriage of resistance genes in carbapenem-resistant Raoultella planticola (CRRP) by whole genome sequencing (WGS). Three strains of CRRP (named WF0027, WF3597 and WF3648) were collected for clinical analysis and susceptibility of antimicrobial agents was determined. The WGS of three strains was done by Illumina platform and strain identification was performed by average nucleotide identity, and the antibiotic resistance genes carried by the three strains were detected by ABRicate software...
July 21, 2023: Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica
Sofia Maraki, Viktoria Eirini Mavromanolaki, Anna Kasimati, Dimitra Stafylaki, Effie Scoulica
Nocardiosis is a rare disease affecting both immunocompromised and immunocompetent hosts, presented in various clinical forms ranging from localized to disseminated infection. Aim of the present study was to investigate the clinical and microbiological characteristics of nocardiosis, antimicrobial resistance profiles, treatment, and outcomes of Nocardia infection over the last 5 years at our institution. The medical records and microbiological data of patients affected by nocardiosis and treated at the university hospital of Heraklion, Crete, Greece, between 2018 and 2022, were retrospectively analyzed...
July 17, 2023: Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica
Tanya Strateva, Angelina Trifonova, Alexander Stratev, Slavil Peykov
The present study aimed to explore the virulence characteristics in 221 Bulgarian nosocomial Stenotrophomonas maltophilia isolates (2011-2022) via screening for the presence of virulence genes, their mutational variability, and the corresponding enzyme activity. PCR amplification, enzymatic assays, whole-genome sequencing (WGS), and biofilm quantification on a polystyrene plate were performed. The incidence of virulence determinants was as follows: stmPr1 (encoding for the major extracellular protease StmPr1) 87...
July 4, 2023: Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica
Hassan Thoulfikar A Alamir, Mustafa Gheni Taher, Mazin Razooqi Mohammed, Saja Hameed Kareem, Abduladheem Turki Jalil
BACKGROUND: Due to the rise of bacteria that are resistant to multiple drugs, treating infections in burn wounds has become a worldwide problem. It is important to find new ways to treat these infections. Lipid-based drug delivery systems have emerged as a promising type of carrier for antibiotics as well as antibacterial agents, such as antimicrobial peptides and nucleic acids, for wound infections. To this end, the current study assessed the antibacterial effects and wound healing properties of vancomycin-loaded solid lipid nanoparticles (SLN) against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) surgical wound infections...
June 27, 2023: Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica
Gülfem Terek Ece, Doğukan Pira, Gökçe Lara Bodur
Human Papillomavirus (HPV) is a primarily sexually transmitted human pathogen linked with the formation of anogenital warts and several types of cancer including cervical cancer, oropharyngeal cancer, penile cancer, and anal cancer. HPV genotypes are divided into high-risk and low-risk in accordance with their potential for carcinogenesis. The most notable high-risk genotypes are HPV-16 and HPV-18. In this study we report on the PCR analysis results of the cervical smear results of 328 females, and 50 males who have presented to a tertiary care university hospital in the port city of İzmir, Türkiye between August 2019 and August 2022...
June 22, 2023: Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica
Maryam Nazari, Hadi Ahmadi, Shahnaz Hosseinzadeh, Amirhossein Sahebkar, Farzad Khademi
Globally, the spread of carbapenem-resistant strains has limited treatment options for multidrug-resistant (MDR) Pseudomonas aeruginosa infections. This study aimed to determine the role of point mutations as well as the expression level of the oprD gene in the emergence of imipenem-resistant P. aeruginosa strains isolated from patients referred to Ardabil hospitals. A total of 48 imipenem-resistant clinical isolates of P. aeruginosa collected between June 2019 and January 2022 were used in this study...
June 21, 2023: Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica
Sukrit Kashyap, Asmita Das
Recent scientific research has indicated that the gut microbiota constitutes a nuanced, diverse ecosystem of microorganisms that have gained significant attention due to its crucial involvement in shaping human health and diseases. In particular, the gut microbiota plays a pivotal role in cancer prevention, and disturbances in its composition and function, known as dysbiosis, that have been linked to an increased risk of developing various malignancies. The gut microbiota exerts a myriad of effects on the production of anti-cancer compounds, the host's immune system and inflammation, underscoring its crucial involvement in cancer...
June 16, 2023: Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica
Nhu Ngoc Nguyen, Pierre Dudouet, Catherine Dhiver, Philippe Gautret
Cardiovascular involvement has been described in acute and recovered COVID-19 patients. Here, we present a case of symptomatic pericarditis with persistent symptoms for at least six months after the acute infection and report 66 published cases of pericarditis in discharged COVID patients. Patient mean age ± SD was 49.7 ± 13.3 years, ranging from 15 to 75 years and 57.6% were female. A proportion of 89.4% patients reported at least one comorbidity, with autoimmune and allergic disorders, hypertension and dyslipidaemia, as the most frequent...
June 16, 2023: Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica
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