Journals Journal of Manual & Manipulati...

Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
Matthew Kuik, Darren Calley, Ryan Buus, John Hollman
INTRODUCTION: The primary purpose of this study was to examine the perceptions and utilization of spinal thrust manipulation (STM) techniques of physical therapists who treat patients with low back pain (LBP) in the State of Minnesota. A secondary purpose was to investigate differences between physical therapists who perform STM and those who do not. METHODS: A cross-sectional design was utilized through the completion of an electronic survey. 74 respondents completed the survey...
November 8, 2023: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
William M Scogin, David Sanford, Mary Beth Greenway, Maria Ledbetter, Nicholas B Washmuth
OBJECTIVES: Current literature remains inconclusive regarding the best methodology to accurately palpate lumbar spinous processes (SP). Body painting (BP) uses markers to draw anatomical structures on the skin's surface. While BP can be a useful tool for engaging learners, it is unknown whether it improves palpation accuracy. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the addition of body painting to palpation education improves lumbar spinous process palpation accuracy in first-year Doctor of Physical Therapy (DPT) students...
November 6, 2023: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
Logan J Rodgers, Joel E Bialosky, Sophie A Minick, Rogelio A Coronado
BACKGROUND: Changes in quantitative sensory testing (QST) after manual therapy can provide insight into pain relief mechanisms. Prior systematic reviews have evaluated manual-therapy-induced QST change. This overview of systematic reviews aims to consolidate this body of literature and critically review evidence on the hypoalgesic effects of manual therapy in clinical populations. METHODS: A comprehensive search was conducted on PubMed, CINAHL, PsycInfo, and Embase...
October 31, 2023: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
Sara Riazi, Olena Klahsen, Merwa Al-Rasheed, Shawn M Beaudette, Stephen H M Brown
BACKGROUND: Sacroiliac joint (SIJ) motion has been documented using invasive and noninvasive kinematic techniques. No study has explored SIJ angular positions in functional postures using noninvasive techniques. The purpose of this study was to quantify SIJ positioning among different seated postures in a healthy population. METHODS: Twelve female and 11 male healthy young participants participated. Left and right anterior and posterior superior iliac spines were manually digitized during standing, neutral sitting and four different seated postures...
October 26, 2023: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
Damian L Keter, Jennifer A Bent, Joel E Bialosky, Carol A Courtney, Jorge E Esteves, Martha Funabashi, Samuel J Howarth, H Stephen Injeyan, Anna Maria Mazziari, Casper Glissmann Nim, Chad E Cook
Force-Based Manipulation (FBM) including light touch, pressure, massage, mobilization, thrust manipulation, and needling techniques are utilized across several disciplines to provide clinical analgesia. These commonly used techniques demonstrate the ability to improve pain-related outcomes; however, mechanisms behind why analgesia occurs with these hands-on interventions has been understudied. Neurological, neuroimmune, biomechanical, neurovascular, neurotransmitter, and contextual factor interactions have been proposed to influence response; however, the specific relationships to clinical pain outcomes has not been well established...
October 16, 2023: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
Chad E Cook, Bryan O'Halloran, Amy McDevitt, Francis J Keefe
BACKGROUND: Treatment mechanisms involve the steps or processes through which an intervention unfolds and produces change in an outcome variable. Treatment mechanisms can be specific to the intervention provided (i.e. pain modulation) or shared with other treatments (i.e. reduced fear of movement). Whether specific and shared treatment mechanisms are different across interventions and whether they lead to the outcomes seen in trials is largely unknown. The management of individuals with chronic neck pain routinely include manual therapy (MT) and resistance exercise (RE), as both approaches are included in clinical practice guidelines and both yield similar outcomes...
October 11, 2023: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
Justine McCuen Dee, Benjamin Littenberg
BACKGROUND: A history of traumatic life events is associated with chronic pain in later life. Physical therapists utilize a variety of methods to treat pain, however, they have struggled to find effective interventions to improve patient outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To compare impairment-based, regional (REGION-PT) physical therapy (PT) to a global (GLOBAL-PT) model consisting of pain neuroscience education, graded motor imagery, and exercise for adults with chronic pain and history of trauma...
October 2023: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
Prajakta Bhosale, Sona Kolke Pt
BACKGROUND: Stiffness is a common complication following trauma and surgeries around the elbow, which can result in upper limb functional disabilities. Soft tissue mobilization techniques such as Instrument-assisted Soft Tissue Mobilization (IASTM) and Muscle Energy Technique (MET) have limited evidence in elbow rehabilitation. This study aimed to compare their effects on postoperative elbow stiffness. METHODOLOGY: 26 subjects were recruited (13 each group) with postoperative elbow stiffness (minimum 6 weeks post surgery) and randomly allocated in two groups: IASTM and MET...
October 2023: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
Saurab Sharma, Arianne P Verhagen, Mark Elkins, Jean-Michel Brismée, George D Fulk, Jakub Taradaj, Lois Steen, Alan Jette, Ann Moore, Aimee Stewart, Barbara J Hoogenboom, Anne Söderlund, Michele Harms, Rafael Zambelli Pinto
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 28, 2023: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
A Alt, H Luomajoki, K Roese, K Luedtke
BACKGROUND: Long-term effectiveness of physiotherapy (PT) for low back pain (LBP) depends on the adherence of patients. Objectives: (1) Identify aspects associated with the adherence of patients with LBP to physiotherapy, and (2) identify factors to facilitate adherence of patients with LBP to PT. METHOD: Focus group interviews were conducted with 10 patients with LBP ( n  = 10, 5 women) and 11 physiotherapists (5 women) from Germany and Switzerland, treating patients with LBP...
September 19, 2023: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
David Griswold, Ken Learman, Giacomo Rossettini, Alvisa Palese, Edmund Ickert, Mark Wilhelm, Chad Cook, Jennifer Bent
OBJECTIVE: To establish priority gaps related to contextual factors (CFs) research and force-based manipulation (FBM). METHODS: A three-round Delphi following recommended guidelines for conducting and reporting Delphi studies (CREDES) involving international and interdisciplinary panelists with expertise in CFs and FBM. Round 1 was structured around two prompting questions created by the workgroup. Ranking of each priority gap was done by calculating composite scores for each theme generated...
September 12, 2023: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
Emily J Slaven, Nick Alarico, Chandler Fields, Mallory Hayes, Emily Weiss, Nathanial R Eckert
BACKGROUND: Ankle sprains are a commonly occurring musculoskeletal injury potentially resulting in persistent pain and/or altered motion. Thrust manipulation may serve as an interventional strategy but limited evidence exists on the mechanism(s) by which a change to symptoms might occur. OBJECTIVE: The study sought to quantify the immediate effect of a thrust manipulation to the ankle to determine a mechanism by which change to symptoms occurred. METHODS: Eleven participants (6 m/5f, 26...
September 11, 2023: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
Kesava Kovanur Sampath, Loïc Treffel, Oliver P Thomson, Jerry Draper Rodi, Michael Fleischmann, Steve Tumilty
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review was to update the current level of evidence for spinal manipulation in influencing various biochemical markers in healthy and/or symptomatic population. METHODS: This is a systematic review update. Various databases were searched (inception till May 2023) and fifteen trials (737 participants) that met the inclusion criteria were included in the review. Two authors independently screened, extracted and assessed the risk of bias in included studies...
September 6, 2023: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
Lucy Caroline Thomas, Elizabeth Holliday, John R Attia, Christopher Levi
OBJECTIVES: Cervical arterial dissection (CAD) is an important cause of stroke in young people which may be missed because early features may mimic migraine or a musculoskeletal presentation. The study aimed to develop a diagnostic support tool for early identification of CAD. DESIGN: Retrospective observational study. SETTING: Tertiary hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Radiologically confirmed CAD cases ( n  = 37), non-CAD stroke cases ( n  = 20), and healthy controls ( n  = 100)...
August 31, 2023: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
Manuela Deodato, Serena Saponaro, Boštjan Šimunič, Miriam Martini, Luigi Murena, Alex Buoite Stella
BACKGROUND: Trunk muscles' function and characteristics are of great importance for both static and dynamic tasks in different sports, and abnormalities of trunk flexors and extensors might be associated with low back pain (LBP). The aim of this study was to provide a comprehensive evaluation of the functional, morphological and contractile properties in trunk flexors and extensors of young gymnasts with and without LBP. METHODS: Young gymnasts (14/25 females, 14-18 y) were screened for the presence of chronic LBP...
August 31, 2023: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
Kiran Satpute, Rashi Rathod, Toby Hall
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to determine reliability of sagittal plane range of motion (ROM) assessment in a healthy population and in people with cervicogenic headache (CGH). METHODS: Upper cervical flexion/extension ROM was measured using an iPhone magnetometer sensor and retraction/protraction ROM measured by linear displacement. Two independent raters evaluated these movements in 33 subjects with CGH and 33 age and gender matched asymptomatic healthy controls on two occasions...
August 30, 2023: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
Sean P Riley, Brian T Swanson, Stephen M Shaffer, Daniel W Flowers, Margaret A Hofbauer, Richard E Liebano
OBJECTIVES: To perform a 'trustworthy' systematic review (SR) with meta-analysis on the potential mechanisms of manual therapy used to treat spinal impairments. DESIGN: SR with meta-analysis. LITERATURE SEARCH: Articles published between January 2010 and October 2022 from CENTRAL, CINAHL, MEDLINE, PubMed, ProQuest, and PEDro. METHODS: This SR included English-language randomized clinical trials (RCTs) involving manual therapy to treat spinal impairments in adults...
August 25, 2023: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
Michael Vitt, Sarah Macaraeg, Zachary Stapleton, Angeli Mata, Brendon S Ross
OBJECTIVES: The primary purpose of this study is to investigate the feasibility of using ultrasound to verify the placement of narrow-gauge dry needles within the supraspinatus and infraspinatus muscles utilizing palpation-based dry needle techniques. METHODS: This is a prospective observational study with 10 participants recruited. Each participant had a dry needle placed within the infraspinatus and supraspinatus muscles by a trained physical therapist utilizing palpation-based methods...
August 13, 2023: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
Sean P Riley, Brian T Swanson, Stephen M Shaffer, Daniel W Flowers, Chad E Cook, Jean-Michel Brismée
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2023: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
Rohil Chauhan, William Boissonnault, Nicholas Gormack, Steven White
Physical therapists (PTs) working in primary care settings commonly encounter mechanical causes of knee pain. Non-mechanical causes of knee pain, such as bone tumors, are rare, and therefore, PTs often have a low index of suspicion regarding sinister pathology. The purpose of this case report is to describe the physical therapist's clinical reasoning process for a 33-year-old female presenting with medial knee pain and a subsequent history of metastatic melanoma. Initially, subjective and objective testing pointed to a mechanical internal derangement of the knee...
August 2023: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
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