Journals Journal of Manual & Manipulati...

Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
William R Reed, Chad Cook, Vitaly Napadow, Dawn M Elliott, Greg Kawchuk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 11, 2023: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
Tricia Hayton, Anita Gross, Annalie Basson, Ken Olson, Oliver Ang, Nikki Milne, Jan Pool
INTRODUCTION: Risks and benefits of spinal manipulations and mobilization in pediatric populations are a concern to the public, policymakers, and international physiotherapy governing organizations. Clinical Outcome Assessments (COA) used in the literature on these topics are contentious. The aim of this systematic review was to establish the quality of clinician-reported and performance-based COAs identified by a scoping review on spinal manipulation and mobilization for pediatric populations across diverse medical conditions...
December 9, 2023: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
Kesava Kovanur Sampath, Steve Tumilty, Liana Wooten, Suzie Belcher, Gerard Farrell, Angela Spontelli Gisselman
BACKGROUND: Spinal manipulation (SM) has been hypothesized to influence the autonomic nervous system (ANS). Further, it has been proposed that the effects may vary depending on the segment manipulated. The aim of this systematic review was to synthesize the current level of evidence for SM in influencing the ANS in healthy and/or symptomatic population. METHODS: Various databases ( n  = 8) were searched (inception till May 2023) and 14 trials ( n  = 618 participants) were included in the review...
December 3, 2023: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
Jean-Michel Brismée
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2023: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
Tugba Ozudogru Celik
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2023: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
B Chang, R J Schenk
BACKGROUND: There is little consensus on the conservative management of lateral patellar dislocations (LPD). Mechanical diagnosis and therapy (MDT) is an established classification system in the spinal and extremity population. This case report describes the use of MDT in the management and classification of a patient with LPD. CASE DESCRIPTION: The patient was a 20-year-old female with a 3-month history of left knee pain precipitated by a lateral patellar dislocation...
December 2023: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
Serdar Arslan, Engin Dinç, Tuğba Arslan
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: YouTube has become a digital visual library in almost all fields of life, including medicine. Healthcare professionals and students frequently use YouTube to gain new skills and knowledge; however, the content of these videos has not been scientifically evaluated. Therefore, this study aimed to determine the descriptive adequacy and quality of YouTube videos on lumbar spine manipulation techniques (LSMTs) prepared by different healthcare professionals. METHODS: The first 50 most relevant videos retrieved on searching YouTube for the keyword 'lumbar spinal manipulation techniques' were included in the study...
December 2023: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
Douglas Creighton, David Fausone, Brian Swanson, William Young, Spencer Nolff, Amanda Ruble, Noraan Hassan, Emily Soley
The purpose of this three-part narrative review is to examine the anatomy of, and the research which supports, either the lumbar myofascia or intervertebral disc (IVD) as principal sources of our patient's low back pain. A comprehensive understanding of anatomical lumbar pain generators in combination with the current treatment-based classification system will further improve and enhance clinical decision-making skills. Section I reviews the anatomy of the spinal myofascia, myofascial sources of lumbar pain, and imaging of myofascial tissues...
December 2023: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
Matt H Hammerle, Julia M Treleaven
BACKGROUND: The neck has been implicated as a potential generator of symptoms such as dizziness and headache in individuals with persistent symptoms post concussion. Anatomically, the neck could also be a potential trigger for autonomic or cranial nerve symptoms. The glossopharyngeal nerve which innervates the upper pharynx is one possible autonomic trigger that might be affected by the upper cervical spine. CASE DESCRIPTION: This is a case series of three individuals with persistent post-traumatic headache (PPTH) and symptoms of autonomic dysregulation who also had signs of intermittent glossopharyngeal nerve irritation associated with certain neck positions or movements...
December 2023: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
Lan Lin Pu, Eric Miller, Ronald Schenk
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Headaches are among the most common complaints requiring medical care, and annual expenditures for this condition are estimated to be 14 billion US dollars. The International Headache Society (IHS) describes cervicogenic headache (CGH) as a secondary type of headache emanating from the cervical spine which may be referred to one or more regions of the head and/or face. Mechanical Diagnosis and Therapy (MDT) is an approach shown to be effective in the management of spinal musculoskeletal disorders; however, there is limited evidence as to its efficacy in the management of CGH...
December 2023: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
Musa Sani Danazumi, Jibril Mohammed Nuhu, Shehu Usman Ibrahim, Mubarak Abubakar Falke, Salim Abubakar Rufai, Usman Garba Abdu, Isa Abubakar Adamu, Musbahu Hamisu Usman, Abah Daniel Frederic, Abdulsalam Mohammed Yakasai
OBJECTIVES: To determine the long-term clinical effects of spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) or mobilization (MOB) as an adjunct to neurodynamic mobilization (NM) in the management of individuals with Lumbar Disc Herniation with Radiculopathy (DHR). DESIGN: Parallel group, single-blind randomized clinical trial. SETTING: The study was conducted in a governmental tertiary hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Forty (40) participants diagnosed as having a chronic DHR (≥3 months) were randomly allocated into two groups with 20 participants each in the SMT and MOB groups...
December 2023: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
Gerard Farrell, Matthew Reily-Bell, Cathy Chapple, Ewan Kennedy, Kesava Sampath, Angela Spontelli Gisselman, Chad Cook, Rajesh Katare, Steve Tumilty
BACKGROUND: Cervical spine mobilizations may differentially modulate both components of the stress response, consisting of the autonomic nervous system and hypothalamic pituitary adrenal-axis, depending on whether the target location is the upper or lower cervical spine. To date, no study has investigated this. METHODS: A randomized, crossover trial investigated the effects of upper versus lower cervical mobilization on both components of the stress response simultaneously...
December 2023: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
Matthew Kuik, Darren Calley, Ryan Buus, John Hollman
INTRODUCTION: The primary purpose of this study was to examine the perceptions and utilization of spinal thrust manipulation (STM) techniques of physical therapists who treat patients with low back pain (LBP) in the State of Minnesota. A secondary purpose was to investigate differences between physical therapists who perform STM and those who do not. METHODS: A cross-sectional design was utilized through the completion of an electronic survey. 74 respondents completed the survey...
November 8, 2023: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
William M Scogin, David Sanford, Mary Beth Greenway, Maria Ledbetter, Nicholas B Washmuth
OBJECTIVES: Current literature remains inconclusive regarding the best methodology to accurately palpate lumbar spinous processes (SP). Body painting (BP) uses markers to draw anatomical structures on the skin's surface. While BP can be a useful tool for engaging learners, it is unknown whether it improves palpation accuracy. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the addition of body painting to palpation education improves lumbar spinous process palpation accuracy in first-year Doctor of Physical Therapy (DPT) students...
November 6, 2023: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
Logan J Rodgers, Joel E Bialosky, Sophie A Minick, Rogelio A Coronado
BACKGROUND: Changes in quantitative sensory testing (QST) after manual therapy can provide insight into pain relief mechanisms. Prior systematic reviews have evaluated manual-therapy-induced QST change. This overview of systematic reviews aims to consolidate this body of literature and critically review evidence on the hypoalgesic effects of manual therapy in clinical populations. METHODS: A comprehensive search was conducted on PubMed, CINAHL, PsycInfo, and Embase...
October 31, 2023: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
Sara Riazi, Olena Klahsen, Merwa Al-Rasheed, Shawn M Beaudette, Stephen H M Brown
BACKGROUND: Sacroiliac joint (SIJ) motion has been documented using invasive and noninvasive kinematic techniques. No study has explored SIJ angular positions in functional postures using noninvasive techniques. The purpose of this study was to quantify SIJ positioning among different seated postures in a healthy population. METHODS: Twelve female and 11 male healthy young participants participated. Left and right anterior and posterior superior iliac spines were manually digitized during standing, neutral sitting and four different seated postures...
October 26, 2023: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
Damian L Keter, Jennifer A Bent, Joel E Bialosky, Carol A Courtney, Jorge E Esteves, Martha Funabashi, Samuel J Howarth, H Stephen Injeyan, Anna Maria Mazziari, Casper Glissmann Nim, Chad E Cook
Force-Based Manipulation (FBM) including light touch, pressure, massage, mobilization, thrust manipulation, and needling techniques are utilized across several disciplines to provide clinical analgesia. These commonly used techniques demonstrate the ability to improve pain-related outcomes; however, mechanisms behind why analgesia occurs with these hands-on interventions has been understudied. Neurological, neuroimmune, biomechanical, neurovascular, neurotransmitter, and contextual factor interactions have been proposed to influence response; however, the specific relationships to clinical pain outcomes has not been well established...
October 16, 2023: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
Chad E Cook, Bryan O'Halloran, Amy McDevitt, Francis J Keefe
BACKGROUND: Treatment mechanisms involve the steps or processes through which an intervention unfolds and produces change in an outcome variable. Treatment mechanisms can be specific to the intervention provided (i.e. pain modulation) or shared with other treatments (i.e. reduced fear of movement). Whether specific and shared treatment mechanisms are different across interventions and whether they lead to the outcomes seen in trials is largely unknown. The management of individuals with chronic neck pain routinely include manual therapy (MT) and resistance exercise (RE), as both approaches are included in clinical practice guidelines and both yield similar outcomes...
October 11, 2023: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
Justine McCuen Dee, Benjamin Littenberg
BACKGROUND: A history of traumatic life events is associated with chronic pain in later life. Physical therapists utilize a variety of methods to treat pain, however, they have struggled to find effective interventions to improve patient outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To compare impairment-based, regional (REGION-PT) physical therapy (PT) to a global (GLOBAL-PT) model consisting of pain neuroscience education, graded motor imagery, and exercise for adults with chronic pain and history of trauma...
October 2023: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
Prajakta Bhosale, Sona Kolke Pt
BACKGROUND: Stiffness is a common complication following trauma and surgeries around the elbow, which can result in upper limb functional disabilities. Soft tissue mobilization techniques such as Instrument-assisted Soft Tissue Mobilization (IASTM) and Muscle Energy Technique (MET) have limited evidence in elbow rehabilitation. This study aimed to compare their effects on postoperative elbow stiffness. METHODOLOGY: 26 subjects were recruited (13 each group) with postoperative elbow stiffness (minimum 6 weeks post surgery) and randomly allocated in two groups: IASTM and MET...
October 2023: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
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