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Journals Journal of Clinical Neuroscien...

Journal of Clinical Neuroscience : Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia

https://read.qxmd.com/read/38718612/current-relation-between-durante-conheim-theory-and-radiation-resistance-commentary-on-embryonic-stem-cell-like-subpopulations-are-present-within-schwannoma
#21
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Salvatore Marrone, Amer A Alomari, Luciano Mastronardi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 7, 2024: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38718611/comparative-efficacy-of-craniotomy-versus-craniectomy-in-surgical-management-of-acute-subdural-hematoma-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#22
REVIEW
Areeba Shoaib, Fakiha Hussain, Maryam Khan, Affan Sohail, Muhammad Hasnain Panjwani, Muhammad Talal Ashraf, Anood Choudhary
INTRODUCTION: Acute subdural hematoma (ASDH), a predominantly lethal neurosurgical emergency in the settings of traumatic brain injury, requires surgical evacuation of hematoma, via craniotomy or craniectomy. The clinical practices vary, with no consensus over the superiority of either procedure. AIM: To evaluate whether craniotomy or craniectomy is the optimal approach for surgical evacuation of ASDH. METHODS: After a comprehensive search of PubMed, Google Scholar, Scopus, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) up to January 2024, to identify relevant studies, a meta-analysis was performed using a random-effects model, and risk ratios were calculated with 95% confidence intervals (CIs)...
May 7, 2024: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38718610/can-serum-nse-predict-and-evaluate-sepsis-associated-encephalopathy-a-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#23
REVIEW
Jiyun Hu, Shucai Xie, Ya Liao, Wei Chen, Zhaoxin Qian, Lina Zhang
INTRODUCTION: Brain dysfunction in sepsis is known as sepsis-associated encephalopathy (SAE), which often results in severe cognitive and neurological sequelae and increases the risk of death. Neuron specific enolase (NSE) may serve as an important neurocritical biomarker for detection and longitudinal monitoring in SAE patients. Our systematic review and meta-analysis will aim to explore the diagnostic and prognostic value of serum NSE in SAE patients. Currently, no systematic review and meta-analysis have been assessed that NSE as a biomarker of SAE...
May 7, 2024: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38705027/anticoagulation-therapy-in-non-valvular-atrial-fibrillation-after-intracerebral-hemorrhage-a-propensity-score-matched-study
#24
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Xing Wang, Wuqian Chen, Jiulin Guo, Dingke Wen, Chao You, Lu Ma
BACKGROUND: The effect of antithrombotic therapy on patients with atrial fibrillation who sustained previous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) remains uncertain. Data regarding antithrombotic therapy use in these patients are limited. This study aims to compare the clinical and overall outcomes of antithrombotic therapy and usual care in patients with atrial fibrillation who sustained ICH. METHODS: We assembled consecutive patients with atrial fibrillation sustaining an ICH from our institution...
May 4, 2024: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38705026/letter-to-the-editor-prednisolone-20%C3%A2-mg-vs-40%C3%A2-mg-in-complex-regional-pain-syndrome-type-i-an-imperative-consideration
#25
LETTER
N Aamir, M T A Shaikh, S M Hasan
Corticosteroids are a potential treatment to combat Complex Regional Pain Syndrome, however the adverse effect profile far outweighs the benefits of using them. Avascular necrosis and Osteonecrosis are among well defined adverse effects. Postmenopausal women are especially affected by corticosteroids due to loss of estrogen. Diabetics are an interesting study as their pain perception is altered due to either high cortisol levels or the development of peripheral neuropathy.
May 4, 2024: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38705025/implementation-of-perioperative-blood-glucose-monitoring-and-insulin-infusion-protocol-can-decrease-postoperative-infection-rate-in-diabetic-patients-undergoing-elective-craniotomy-an-observational-study
#26
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Alexander Kulikov, Yulia Krovko, Timur Zagidullin, Federico Bilotta
BACKGROUND: Severe perioperative hyperglycemia (SH) is a proven risk factor for postoperative complications after craniotomy. To reduce this risk, it has been proposed to implement the standardized clinical protocol for scheduled perioperative blood glucose concentration (BGC) monitoring. This would be followed by intravenous (IV) insulin infusion to keep BGC below 180 mg/dl in the perioperative period. The aim of this prospective observational study was to assess the impact of this type of protocol on the postoperative infection rate in patients undergoing elective craniotomy...
May 4, 2024: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38703473/anatomical-analysis-of-white-fiber-tracts-in-sma-and-its-implications-related-to-en-masse-tumor-resection-technique
#27
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Abhidha Shah, Ravikiran Vutha, Apurva Prasad, Atul Goel
OBJECTIVE: Anatomy and connections of the supplementary motor area (SMA) are studied essentially to analyze the SMA syndrome. Experience with surgical treatment of 19 tumors located in SMA is analyzed. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The cortical anatomy and subcortical connectivity of the SMA was studied on ten previously frozen and formalin fixed human cadaveric brain specimens. The white fiber dissection was performed using Klingler's method. Nineteen patients with low grade gliomas in the region of the SMA treated surgically were clinically analyzed...
May 3, 2024: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38703471/hyponatremia-as-a-predictor-of-cognitive-deterioration-in-hospitalized-post-stroke-patients
#28
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yoshihiro Yoshimura, Hidetaka Wakabayashi, Fumihiko Nagano, Ayaka Matsumoto, Sayuri Shimazu, Ai Shiraishi, Yoshifumi Kido, Takahiro Bise, Aomi Kuzuhara, Kota Hori, Takenori Hamada, Kouki Yoneda, Kenichiro Maekawa
PURPOSE: Evidence is scarce regarding the association between hyponatremia and alterations in cognitive function among hospitalized older patients. We aimed to investigate the associations between hyponatremia and the baseline cognitive status, as well as the improvement in cognitive function, in hospitalized post-stroke patients. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included consecutive hospitalized post-stroke patients. Serum sodium concentrations were extracted from medical records based on blood tests performed within 24 h of admission, with hyponatremia defined as a serum sodium concentration < 135 mEq/L...
May 3, 2024: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38696975/intracranial-aneurysms-in-patients-with-acute-ischemic-stroke-prevalence-and-influence-on-mechanical-thrombectomy-over-14%C3%A2-years-in-a-tertiary-care-center
#29
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Diogo Moniz-Garcia, Krishnan Ravindran, Aaron Wessell, Mohamed S Muneer, Eglal Ahmed, Carlos Perez Vega, Samir Kashyap, Prasanna Vibhute, Vivek Gupta, William D Freeman, Sukwhinder Sandhu, Rabih Tawk
INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of intracranial aneurysms (IA) in patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) requiring mechanical thrombectomy (MT) is unclear. OBJECTIVE: To describe the prevalence of IA in patients with AIS and their influence on MT. MATERIALS & METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study on all patients admitted with a diagnosis of AIS from January 2008 to March 2022 at a tertiary academic center. The records were reviewed for demographic, clinical, imaging, and outcomes data...
May 1, 2024: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38685181/predictors-of-salvage-therapy-for-parasagittal-meningiomas-treated-with-primary-surgery-radiosurgery-or-surgery-plus-adjuvant-radiotherapy
#30
JOURNAL ARTICLE
S Joy Trybula, Khizar R Nandoliya, Mark W Youngblood, Constantine L Karras, Luis G Fernandez, Daniel E Oyon, Pavlos Texakalidis, Osaama H Khan, Maciej S Lesniak, Matthew C Tate, Joshua M Rosenow, Virginia B Hill, Tarek A Hijaz, Eric J Russell, Sean Sachdev, John A Kalapurakal, Craig M Horbinski, Stephen T Magill, James P Chandler
OBJECTIVE: Parasagittal meningiomas (PM) are treated with primary microsurgery, radiosurgery (SRS), or surgery with adjuvant radiation. We investigated predictors of tumor progression requiring salvage surgery or radiation treatment. We sought to determine whether primary treatment modality, or radiologic, histologic, and clinical variables were associated with tumor progression requiring salvage treatment. METHODS: Retrospective study of 109 consecutive patients with PMs treated with primary surgery, radiation (RT), or surgery plus adjuvant RT (2000-2017) and minimum 5 years follow-up...
April 28, 2024: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38678972/prospective-evaluation-of-flow-regulated-valves-for-idiopathic-normal-pressure-hydrocephalus-1-year-results
#31
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Lukas Goertz, Julia Pieczewski, David Zopfs, Christoph Kabbasch, Marco Timmer, Roland Goldbrunner, Christian Wetzel
OBJECTIVE: Overdrainage and frequent reprogramming are common problems with programmable valves after ventriculoperitoneal shunt surgery for idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH). Non-adjustable, flow-regulated valves offer a potential solution to these problems, but there is limited data on their efficacy. This study will evaluate neurological improvement and overdrainage rates within one year of treatment with a flow-regulated valve. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This prospective study analyzes 45 iNPH patients (median age: 73 years) treated with a flow-regulated valve...
April 27, 2024: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38677201/antipsychotic-medications-associated-with-increased-length-of-hospital-stay-in-autoimmune-encephalitis-and-multiple-sclerosis-a-retrospective-study
#32
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Stephen Sai Folmsbee, Gavin Hui, Ye Yuan, Saurabh Gombar, May Han, Scheherazade Le
BACKGROUND: Antipsychotic medications (APMs) and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are frequently utilized in patients with neuroinflammatory disorders, such as autoimmune encephalitis and multiple sclerosis (MS). This retrospective study investigates how in-hospital treatment with APMs and SSRIs in patients with these neuroinflammatory diseases are associated with differences in hospital length-of-stay (LOS) and mortality. METHODS: We evaluated all the inpatients in the Stanford University Hospital from 2008 to 2023 diagnosed with either non-infectious encephalitis or MS and subdivided them into those who did or did not receive APMs or SSRIs while hospitalized...
April 26, 2024: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38669906/delayed-onset-seizures-after-subthalamic-nucleus-deep-brain-stimulation-surgery-for-parkinson-s-disease
#33
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Bin Wu, Jinlong Liu, Lulu Jiang, Jiakun Xu, Ruoheng Xuan, Yuting Ling, Qianqian Guo, Nan Jiang, Ling Chen, Changming Zhang
BACKGROUND: Delayed-onset seizures after deep brain stimulation (DBS) surgery were seldom reported. This study summarized the clinical characteristics of delayed-onset seizures after subthalamic nucleus (STN) DBS surgery for Parkinson's disease (PD) and analyzed risk factors. METHODS: A single-center retrospective study containing consecutive STN-DBS PD patients from 2006 to 2021 was performed. Seizures occurred during the DBS surgery or within one month after DBS surgery were identified based on routine clinical records...
April 25, 2024: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38669905/igg4-related-disease-involving-the-cervical-spinal-cord
#34
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yanqi Huang, Yitong Liu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 25, 2024: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38669904/safety-and-anatomical-outcome-analysis-after-flow-diverter-coverage-of-the-anterior-cerebral-artery
#35
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Wu Lin Ma, Xin Deng, Meng Si An, Shuo Liu, Xin Bin Guo
OBJECTIVES: Few studies on ischemic complications and flow changes after a flow diverter covering the anterior cerebral artery. The purpose of the study was to explore the ischemic complications and anatomical alterations associated with the flow diverter after it covers the anterior cerebral artery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this single-center study, patients treated with FD covering the anterior cerebral artery at the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University were retrospectively collected...
April 25, 2024: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38657488/evaluation-of-carotid-intima-media-thickness-imt-in-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-disease-using-ultrasonography
#36
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Maryam Rezaee Semnani, Zahra Mirzaasgari, Armin Ariaei, Bahram Haghi Ashtiani
BACKGROUND: Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) is a progressive neurodegenerative disease with multi-mechanisms as; inflammation, oxidative stress, glutamate excitotoxicity, protein aggregation, etc. This study aimed to evaluate the carotid Intima-Media Thickness (IMT) in ALS and healthy groups, as a possible indicator of these mechanisms. METHODS: 42 patients with ALS along with 53 normal age and body mass index (BMI) matched participants were recruited from the Firoozgar hospital...
April 23, 2024: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38652929/development-and-validation-of-a-risk-prediction-model-for-aspiration-in-patients-with-acute-ischemic-stroke
#37
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yina Wang, Weijiao Feng, Jie Peng, Fen Ye, Jun Song, Xiaoyan Bao, Chaosheng Li
BACKGROUND: Aspiration is a frequently observed complication in individuals diagnosed with acute ischemic stroke, leading to potentially severe consequences. However, the availability of predictive tools for assessing aspiration probabilities remains limited. Hence, our study aimed to develop and validate a nomogram for accurately predicting aspiration probability in patients with acute ischemic stroke. METHODS: We analyzed 30 potential risk factors associated with aspiration in 359 adult patients diagnosed with acute ischemic stroke...
April 22, 2024: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38643652/thrombus-histology-does-not-predict-stroke-etiological-subtype-but-influences-recanalization
#38
JOURNAL ARTICLE
K Y Manisha, Rajalakshmi Poyuran, Deepthi Narasimhaiah, Naveen Kumar Paramasivan, Harikrishnan Ramachandran, Sapna Erat Sreedharan, Jayadevan Er, Santhosh Kumar, Jissa Vinoda Thulaseedharan, P N Sylaja
BACKGROUND: There is conflicting data on whether clot retrieved from mechanical thrombectomy can predict stroke etiology or the success of recanalization. We aimed to analyse the relation between thrombus histology and stroke aetiology as well as recanalization. METHODOLOGY: Histopathological analysis of clots retrieved from patients with acute ischemic stroke and large vessel occlusion was done. Quantification of the amount of fibrin, red blood cells(RBC), platelets and white blood cells (WBC) in the clots were done...
April 20, 2024: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38643651/safety-and-effectiveness-of-anticoagulation-in-the-management-of-acute-stroke-and-transient-ischemic-attack-due-to-intracranial-and-extracranial-non-occlusive-thrombus
#39
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Aysenur Onalan, Erdem Gurkas, Cetin Kursad Akpinar, Ozlem Aykac, Zehra Uysal Kocabas, Hasan Dogan, Musa Temel, Atilla Ozcan Ozdemir
INTRODUCTION: The awareness of nonocclusive thrombus has increased with the increasing frequency of imaging methods used for acute ischemic stroke; however, the best treatment for nonocclusive thrombi is still unknown. In this study, we examined how anticoagulants affect supra-aortic artery nonocclusive thrombus and clinical outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study included 52 patients with transient ischemic attack or stroke who were diagnosed with nonocclusive thrombi on computed tomography angiography at admission...
April 20, 2024: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38642434/targeting-the-tumor-microenvironment-in-primary-central-nervous-system-lymphoma-implications-for-prognosis
#40
REVIEW
Han Shi, Xuefei Sun, Yuchen Wu, Qu Cui, Shengjun Sun, Nan Ji, Yuanbo Liu
Primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) is a rare extranodal non-Hodgkin lymphoma, and there is limited research on its tumor microenvironment (TME). Nevertheless, more and more studies have evidence that TME has essential effects on tumor cell proliferation, immune escape, and drug resistance. Thus, it is critical to elucidate the role of TME in PCNSL. The understanding of the PCNSL TME is gradually unfolding, including factors that distinguish it from systemic diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL)...
April 19, 2024: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
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